Lusianawaty Tana
Pusat Teknologi Terapan Kesehatan dan Epidemiologi Klinik, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Jl. Percetakan Negara 29 Jakarta

Published : 15 Documents
Articles

Found 15 Documents
Search

Determinant of Back Pain among Several Hospitals Paramedics in Jakarta Tana, Lusianawaty; Halim, Frans Xaverius Suharyanto
Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association Vol. 61 No. 4 April 2011
Publisher : Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Back pain is a major health problem for workers in the world. Many risk factors are related to backpain, such as manual handling of the patient, physical stretching, psychological factor, and age. The purpose of this study was to analyze determinants of the back pain among paramedics who are working in several hospitals in Jakarta. A cross sectional study was conducted to paramedics who are working in medical care unit in three hospitals in Jakarta. Backpain was diagnosed based on clinical diagnosis by general practitioner and neurologist. The inclusion criterias were age 20-45 years old, have been working in the hospital for at least 1 year, without spinal congenital disorder, and not pregnant. There were 382 samples that fulfilled the study criteria. The percentage of back pain is 28.5%. Determinant factors of backpain among paramedics were trauma history, back pain prevention practice, smoking habit, age, and psychological distress (p<0.05). Increasing back pain prevention practice is important to prevent back pain.Keywords: occupation, back pain, determinant, paramedics
Musculoskeletal Pain among Industrial Workers in Pulo Gadung Industrial Estate, Jakarta Riyadina, Woro; Suharyanto, Frans X; Tana, Lusianawaty
Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association Vol. 58 No. 1 January 2008
Publisher : Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Abnormalities of musculoskeletal system was the main cause of chronic and physical pain. The objective of this study is to describe musculoskeletal pain among workers in many types of industries related to the risk factors. The design was cross sectional that involved 950 workers. The sample were workers in production division from seven types of industries (garment, printing, chemical, spare parts, food, steel, and constructions) in Pulo Gadung Industrial Estate, East Jakarta in 2006. Data collection was done by interview using questionnaires. The result of this study showed that the majority of workers in the production division were as follows: age 20-39 years old (33.9 %), male (68.1%), education senior high school (65.7%), married (78.3%), Javanese ethnics (59.1%), middle physical activity during work (71.7%) and standing position during work (61.9%). Number of industrial workers who suffered musculoskeletal pain were 502 workers (52.8%) and the most three types of industry were garment (65.2%), printing (63%) and constructions (60%). Parts of the body often suffered musculoskeletal pain were leg (22.7%), back (17.1%) and shoulder (9.5%). Musculoskeletal pain was significantly related to the distress condition with OR 1.62 times (95% CI 1.25-2.11), anemia OR 1.56 times (95% CI 1.07-2.28) and the risk of sitting position 1.51 times (95% CI 1.15-1.96). The proportion of pain among industrial workers of production division in Pulogadung Industrial Estate was still high. Therefore, accurate intervention model to decrease and to cure musculoskeletal pain is needed to improve mental health, nutrition and ergonomics of the workers.Keywords: pain, musculoskeletal, worker, industry
The Association of Fuel Use and Cataract Among Housewives in Indonesia: National Basic Health Research 2007 Tana, Lusianawaty; Delima, Delima; Kristanto, Antonius Yudi
Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association Vol. 59 No. 8 August 2009
Publisher : Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Cataract is a lens opacity that can cause visual problems, from mild visual acuity disorder until blindness. Environmental factor is one of many factors associated with cataract formation. One of the environmental sources of exposure is the type of fuel used in household. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association of household fuel and cataract among housewives in Indonesia. A cross-sectional study was conducted using National Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) 2007 data. The study involved housewife aged 30 years and above. Cataract diagnosis was based on interview result and was defined as presence of history of cataract diagnosed by the health professionals and/or had cataract symptoms in the past 12 months. There were 95,800 samples that fulfilled the study criteria. The type of household fuel were associated with cataract (p<0.05). Compared to housewives using gas fuel, cataract was more prevalent in housewives using charcoal (OR 1.83; 95%CI 1.43-2.34), wood (OR 1.49; 95%CI 1.31-1.68), and kerosene (OR 1.37; 95%CI 1.22-1.54) (p<0.05). But the proportion of cataract in housewives using electricity and other types of fuel were not significantly different from housewives using gas fuel (p>0.05). Efforts to delay cataract development are needed; for example through education to increase knowledge, attitude, and practice related to cataract risk factors, especially the use household fuel for cooking.Keywords: cataract, environmental, household fuel, National Basic Health Research
Besaran Masalah Low Vision dan Kebutaan di Indonesia Serta Berbagai Faktor Risiko Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2007 Berskala Nasional Yekti, Rabea P.; Tana, Lusianawaty
Jurnal Biotek Medisiana Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Pusat BTDK

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Objectives: To assess the magnitude of low vision and blindness problems in Indonesia generally, and specifically, to get low vision and blindness proportions, tracing the trend of problems magnitude, and inventarizing the suspected causes of those visual impairments. Methods: This study analyzed the secondary data collected in the national scope Basic Health Research (BHR) 2007. Enumerators peiformed questionnaires based interview for demographic characteristics, cataract, glaucoma, diabetes mellitus (DM), and hypertension histories, and also measured visual acuity without refractive error correction and calculated the body mass index. Pterygium, lens opacity, corneal scar, and strabismus were identified by enumerators using penlight assistance. Results: We analyzed 765,650 respondents data (6 years old and above). The low vision proportion among those people is 4.8% and the blindness proportion is 0.9%. Those severe visual impairment proportions are higher on females (low vision 5.4%:4,1%; blindness 1.3%:0.9%). All tested independent variables increase the visual impairment risks. Age is the most potential factor increasing the risk to get a visual impairment, followed by the lens opacity. Cataract history and lens opacity are the leading causes of visual impairments among people (30 years old and above). Conclusions: The low vision and blindness proportions due to correctable causes are still high in Indonesia. Those severe visual impairments maybe influenced by multi-factors. Further investigation to identify the definitive causes for severe visual impairment should be peiformed, especially in provinces with higher severe visual impairment proportion compared to the national proportion.   Key words: Blindness, Low Vision, Basic Health Research, Cataract, Refractive Error.
GAMBARAN NYERI PINGGANG PADA PARAMEDIS DI BEBERAPA RUMAH SAKIT DI JAKARTA Tana, Lusianawaty; Delima, Delima
Media Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Vol 23, No 1 Mar (2013)
Publisher : Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/MPK/article/view/3059

Abstract

Abstrak Nyeri pinggang merupakan gangguan otot rangka yang paling sering di antara gangguan otot rangka, dan masih merupakan masalah bagi paramedis.Penelitian ini bertujuan mendapatkan gambaran nyeri pinggang pada paramedis di beberapa rumah sakit di Jakarta. Disain penelitian adalah belah lintang pada paramedis di bagian perawatan dari 3 rumah sakit di Jakarta. Diagnosis nyeri pinggang berdasarkan anamnesis dan pemeriksaan fisik oleh dokter. Kriteria inklusi adalah berusia 20-45 tahun dan masa kerja minimal 1 tahun. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan proporsi nyeri pinggang dalam 1 tahun terakhir pada paramedis 28,5% (n=382 orang). Nyeri pinggang terjadi saat memindahkan pasien di tempat tidur 55% dan saat memindahkan pasien ke/dari kursi roda 23,9%. Nyeri pinggang yang mengalami kekambuhan lebih dari 1 kali/tahun 90,8%, yang mengalami rasa nyeri lebih buruk dari sebelumnya 11%, dan yang mencari pengobatan ke dokter 43,1%. Persentase nyeri pinggang lebih tinggi pada umur 40 tahun ke atas dibandingkan umur kurang dari 40 tahun, pada lama kerja lebih dari 15 tahun dibandingkan lama kerja 15 tahun ke bawah (p<0,05). Persentase nyeri pinggang tidak berbeda berdasarkan jenis kelamin, status pegawai, dan lokasi kerja (p>0,05). Paramedis sebaiknya mengangkat dan menangani pasien dengan cara yang benar untuk mencegah nyeri pinggang. Kata kunci:  nyeri pinggang, paramedis, rumah sakit Abstract Back pain is the most frequent musculosceletal diorders and still be a  problem in paramedics.The objective of this study was to identify back pain among paramedics who work in several hospitals in Jakarta. A cross sectional study was conducted to paramedics who were working at care unit of three hospitals in Jakarta. Back pain was diagnosed by anamnesis and physical examination by physicians. The inclusion criteria were aged 20 – 45 years old and had been working in the hospitals for more than 1 year. The percentage of back pain in the last one year  was 28.5 % (N=382). Fifty five percents of the back pain occurred when moving patients in bed, 23.9 % when moving patients to or from wheel chair. Almost all paramedics with back pain (90.8 %) experienced recurrent back pain more than once in a year, 11 % had been worse back pain than before, and 43.1 % went to see a physician. The percentage of back pain was higher in paramedics aged 40 years old and above and also in paramedics with working period more than 15 years (p<0.05). Back pain was not significantly different between sex, employment status, and workplace. (p>0.05). Paramedics should  follow the correct method for lifting  and handling patients to prevent back pain. Key words:  back pain, paramedics, hospital
HUBUNGAN LAMA KERJA DAN POSISI KERJA DENGAN KELUHAN OTOT RANGKA LEHER DAN EKTREMITAS ATAS PADA PEKERJA GARMEN PEREMPUAN DI JAKARTA UTARA Tana, Lusianawaty; Delima, Delima; Tuminah, Sulistyowati
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan Vol 37, No 1 Apr (2009)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/view/129

Abstract

ABSTRACT Background: Neck and upper extremity musculoskeletal complaints are the common symptoms in occupational diseases that can cause workers disability and absenteeism. Objectives: to evaluate the percentage of neck and upper extremity musculoskeletal symptoms and its relation with occupational and individual factors (socioeconomic, smoking habit, blood sugar level, and body mass index). Methods: a cross sectional study among 778female garment workers in North Jakarta in 2005. Samples were selected purposively with inclusion criteria (age 18—55 years old, minimal 1 year working period). Results: The percentage of neck and upper extremity musculoskeletal symptom was 75.7 % (in detail 59.9 % on hands, 32 % on neck, 11.8% on shoulders, 11.1 % on back, and 9.6 % on elbow). The symptoms were weariness 81.2 %, hyperesthesia 50.6 %, pain 16.1 %, parasthesia 12.4 %, and weakness 11 %. The factors significantly related to neck and upper extremity musculoskeletal symptoms were working period and work position. The musculoskeletal symptoms in persons who had 1—10 years working period was higher than 11—25 years working period (OR 1.78 95 %CI 1.15-2.76 p=0.01), and working in sitting position was higher than standing position (OR 1.44 95 %CI 1.02-2.05p=0.038). Intervention through workplace modification such as the table or the chair height can protect workers from neck and upper extremity musculoskeletal symptoms.   Keyword : neck and upper extremity musculoskeletal symptoms, female workers, garment
PENERAPAN KESEHATAN DAN KESELAMATAN KERJA DI PUSKESMAS DI TIGA PROVINSI DI INDONESIA Tana, Lusianawaty; Halim, FX Suharyanto; Delima, Delima; Lisdawati, Vivi; Tjitra, Emiliana
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan Vol 41, No 3 Sep (2013)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (124.466 KB)

Abstract

Abstract Active pulmonary Tuberculosis (TB) cases and drug resistance Myco-baterium tuberculosis strain increase the risk of health workers who contact to TB patients. Primary Health Care (PHC) workers in Indonesia have the risk to be exposed to M. tuberculosis in workplace. This study aimed to evaluate the implementation of occupational health and safety concerning prevention of M. tuberculosis transmission in PHC and the obstacles. It was a cross sectional study in 50 microscopic referral PHCs (PRM) and PHCs with capability in microscopic examination (PPM) in Banten Province, Gorontalo Province, and South Kalimantan Province. Data collection was conducted in 2012 through interview and observation to obtain data on PHC characteristic, occupational health and safety implementation, the completeness of guidelines, and facilities. Occupational health and safety implementation on pulmonary TB prevention in PHCs had not fulfilled all the WHO M. tuberculosis transmission prevention guideline yet. Training on TB prevention for the PHC workers had been conducted. Only 58 % of PHCs implemented the program and 56 % had regular health check-up and TB screening activities. Health promotion equipments and facilities for occupational health and safety were still lacking in 26 % of PHCs. Personal Protection Equipments (PPE) such as gloves and disposable maskers were available in almost all PHCs (98 % and 96 %). General facilities and laboratory facilities were still lacking in 68 % and 40 % of PHCs (n=50), respectively. Conclusions : Occupational health and safety implementation in PRM/PPM need to be improved by completing the facilities of PHC, laboratory, and health promotion. Key words : Primary health care, occupational health and safety   AbstrakMunculnya kasus TB paru aktif dan kedaruratan strain TB resisten obat, meningkatkan risiko bagi pekerja yang kontak dengan penderita TB. Pekerja puskesmas di Indonesia mempunyai risiko terpajan kuman TB dari lingkungan kerja. Penelitian bertujuan mengevaluasi penerapan kesehatan dan keselamatan kerja (K3) dalam pencegahan penularan Mycobaterium tuberculosis di puskesmas dan hambatannya. Disain cross sectional, pada 50 puskesmas (PRM/PPM puskesmas rujukan mikroskopis/puskesmas pelaksana mandiri) di provinsi Banten, Gorontalo, dan Kalimantan Selatan,  tahun 2012, data dikumpulkan melalui wawancara dan pengamatan. Data yang dikumpulkan meliputi karakteristik puskesmas, penerapan K3, kelengkapan pedoman, sarana dan prasarana. Penerapan K3 dalam rangka pencegahan TB paru di puskesmas belum seluruhnya sesuai dengan Pedoman Pencegahan Penularan M. tuberculosis WHO. Pelatihan pekerja puskesmas terhadap pencegahan penularan TB telah dilaksanakan oleh puskesmas. Penerapan K3 yang masih kurang adalah pelaksanaan kegiatan yang perlu dilakukan dan pemeriksaan kesehatan berkala/skrining TB masing-masing pada 58 % dan 56 % puskesmas. Alat promosi kesehatan terkait K3 masih kurang pada 26 % puskesmas.  Alat pelindung diri berupa sarung tangan dan masker tersedia pada hampir semua puskesmas  98% dan 96%. Sarana prasarana masih kurang pada 68 % puskesmas dan sarana prasarana laboratorium masih kurang pada 40 % puskesmas (n=50). Penerapan K3 di PRM/PPM perlu ditingkatkan dengan melengkapi sarana dan prasarana puskesmas dan laboratorium, serta alat promosi kesehatan.Kata kunci : puskesmas, kesehatan dan keselamatan kerja
Dampak Nyeri Pinggang terhadap Kehadiran Kerja Paramedis di Tiga Rumah Sakit di Jakarta Tana, Lusianawaty; Ghani, Lannywati
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan Vol 16, No 2 Apr (2013)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (156.858 KB)

Abstract

Latar belakang: Nyeri pinggang adalah nyeri pada pinggang yang dapat menimbulkan keterbatasan gerak sementara maupun menetap, dapat menyebabkan seseorang tidak dapat bekerja dan memerlukan pengobatan. Penelitian bertujuan menganalisis dampak nyeri pinggang terhadap kehadiran kerja paramedis pada 3 rumah sakit di Jakarta. Metode: Desain penelitian potong lintang, dengan sampel paramedis pada 3 rumah sakit di Jakarta yang mengalami nyeri pinggang dalam1 tahun terakhir, berusia 20–45 tahun, dan minimal masa kerja 1 tahun. Sampel yang memenuhi kriteria 109 orang. Hasil: Nyeri pinggang yang terjadi pertama kali di tempat kerja 2 kali lebih tinggi dibandingkan yang terjadi di luar tempat kerja. Dari 109 orang, 16,5% mengambil cuti sakit pada saat pertama nyeri pinggang, dengan lama cuti sakit tertinggi berturut turut 1–3 hari dan 7–14 hari. Sebagian besar mengalami kekambuhan lebih dari 1 kali dalam setahun. Cuti sakit akibat nyeri pinggang berhubungan bermakna dengan skala nyeri. Cuti sakit lebih tinggi pada skala nyeri 6–10 dibandingkan skala 1–5 (p = 0,006 OR 4,5 95% CI 1,5–13,2). Kesimpulan: nyeri pinggang dapat mengalami kekambuhan dan berdampak pada kehadiran kerja paramedis di rumah sakit.
Besaran Masalah Low Vision dan Kebutaan di Indonesia Serta Berbagai Faktor Risiko Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2007 Berskala Nasional Yekti, Rabea P.; Tana, Lusianawaty
Jurnal Biotek Medisiana Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Pusat BTDK

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Objectives: To assess the magnitude of low vision and blindness problems in Indonesia generally, and specifically, to get low vision and blindness proportions, tracing the trend of problems magnitude, and inventarizing the suspected causes of those visual impairments. Methods: This study analyzed the secondary data collected in the national scope Basic Health Research (BHR) 2007. Enumerators peiformed questionnaires based interview for demographic characteristics, cataract, glaucoma, diabetes mellitus (DM), and hypertension histories, and also measured visual acuity without refractive error correction and calculated the body mass index. Pterygium, lens opacity, corneal scar, and strabismus were identified by enumerators using penlight assistance. Results: We analyzed 765,650 respondents data (6 years old and above). The low vision proportion among those people is 4.8% and the blindness proportion is 0.9%. Those severe visual impairment proportions are higher on females (low vision 5.4%:4,1%; blindness 1.3%:0.9%). All tested independent variables increase the visual impairment risks. Age is the most potential factor increasing the risk to get a visual impairment, followed by the lens opacity. Cataract history and lens opacity are the leading causes of visual impairments among people (30 years old and above). Conclusions: The low vision and blindness proportions due to correctable causes are still high in Indonesia. Those severe visual impairments maybe influenced by multi-factors. Further investigation to identify the definitive causes for severe visual impairment should be peiformed, especially in provinces with higher severe visual impairment proportion compared to the national proportion.   Key words: Blindness, Low Vision, Basic Health Research, Cataract, Refractive Error.
Determinan Kejadian Cedera pada Kelompok Pekerja Usia Produktif di Indonesia Tana, Lusianawaty; Ghani, Lannywati
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan Vol 43, No 3 Sep (2015)
Publisher : Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (278.636 KB)

Abstract

AbstractInternational Labor Organization (ILO) in 2008 estimated that 14 % of the 2.34 million people died as a result of work-related accidents. In Indonesia, work-related accidents data are still limited and only focus on the formal sector. The research purpose was to identify the determinant of the injury in Indonesia productive age (15-64 years old) workers.This study was a further analysis of National Health Research (Riskesdas data) in 2013. The data were analyzed by complex sample with significancelevel 0.05 and 95% confidence intervals. The workers who met the study criterias were 405,984 persons. The determinant of injury was age, gender, hypertension, region area, visual and hearing impairment, education, diabetes mellitus, marrital status, body mass index, occupation, economical status, subdistrict area (OR adjusted 1.1-2.17 p≤0.009). The injury of the 15-24 years old group was 2.17 times higher than55-64 years old group, males were injured 1.8 times higher than females, workers who had hypertension were 1.6 times than normotension. Workers stayed in Eastern Indonesia Region was injured 1.5 times higher than in Sumatra Region, and workers with hearing impairment in both ears were injured 1.5 times higher than normal hearing. The main determinant of injury in productive age workers was age, gender, hypertension, and hearing impairment. Efforts to prevent injury were required, especially foryoung workers.Keywords : workers, injury, productive age, Indonesia, Riskesdas 2013 AbstrakInternational Labor Organization (ILO) memperkirakan 14% dari 2,34 juta orang meninggal dunia akibat kecelakaan kerja (2008). Di Indonesia, data terkait kecelakaan yang berhubungan dengan pekerjaan masih terbatas dan hanya fokus pada pekerja sektor formal. Penelitian ini bertujuan menentukan determinan kejadian cedera pada pekerja usia produktif (15-64 tahun) di Indonesia, menggunakan data Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) Tahun 2013. Data dianalisis dengan kompleks sampel, tingkat kemaknaan 0,05 dan confidence interval 95%. Jumlah pekerja yang dianalisis 405,984 orang. Determinan kejadian cedera adalah umur, jenis kelamin, hipertensi, kawasan tempat tinggal, gangguan penglihatandan pendengaran, pendidikan, diabetes mellitus, status perkawinan, status gizi, jenis pekerjaan, status ekonomi, dan lokasi tempat tinggal (OR adjusted 1.1-2.17 p≤0.009). Kejadian cedera pada pekerjaumur 15-24 tahun 2,17 kali dibandingkan umur 55-64 tahun, pada laki-laki 1,8 kali dibandingkan perempuan, mereka yang menderita hipertensi 1,6 kali dibandingkan yang tidak hipertensi. Pekerjayang tinggal di Kawasan Timur Indonesia 1,5 kali lebih banyak yang cedera dibandingkan di Kawasan Sumatera, sedangkan yang menderita gangguan pendengaran kedua telinga 1,5 kali lebih banyak cederadibandingkan pendengaran normal. Determinan utama cedera pada pekerja usia produktif adalah umur diikuti jenis kelamin, hipertensi, dan gangguan pendengaran. Upaya untuk mencegah kejadian cederadiperlukan khususnya bagi pekerja usia muda.Kata kunci : pekerja, cedera, usia produktif, Indonesia, Riskesdas 2013