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Journal : Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan Spermonde

SINTASAN DAN PERTUMBUHAN TRANSPLANTASI KARANG HIAS ACROPORA SP DI DESA TONYAMAN, KECAMATAN BINUANG, KABUPATEN POLEWALI MANDAR Haris, Abdul; Rani, Chair; Tahir, Akbar; Burhanuddin, Andi Iqbal; Samawi, Muh. Farid; Tambaru, Rahmadi; Werorilangi, Shinta; Arniati, Arniati; Faizal, Ahmad
Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan SPERMONDE Vol 3, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

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Abstract

Culture of ornamental corals applying transplantation technique was aimed to know the successful of this transplantation technique in the ornamental coral culture based on its growth and survival rate of various coral fragments. The location of the medium settlement was in the western side of the waters of Tonyaman Village, Binuang Subdistrict, Polewali Mandar Regency with 3-4 meter depth during low tide. One of coral species i.e. Acropora  sp with 48 fragments was put on 4 transplantation tables. During the experiment, cleaning of fungi and biofouling at the transplant tables and the culture tables. Measurements of the absolute growth and survival rate were done at the 21st day using calliphers and numbers of dead and live fragments were counted directly. Coral transplantation workshop for ornamental coral culture was attended by 4 fisherman groups with total 23 participants. This event was understood by the training participants from the seed selection to the monitoring. Number of coral fragment cultured was 48 fragments obtained from one of stony corals (Scleractania), i.e. Acropora  sp. The range of survival rate that has been cultured for 21 days was adequately high i.e. 91.7 – 100 %. The highest survival rate was observed at the transplant table B, i.e. 100%, whereas, the table A, C, and D were 91.7 %. Average absolute growth of the coral Acropora  sp cultured during this study were ranged from 4.2 – 4.9 mm/month. Aaverage absolute growth was found at table transplant B and C, while the lowest value was observed at the transplant table D.Keywords: cultivation, ornamental coral, transplantation technique, Tonyaman
BEACH DEBRIS ON LABUANGE BEACH, BARRU DISTRICT, SOUTH SULAWESI PROVINCE, INDONESIA. Isyrini, Rantih; Tambaru, Rahmadi; La Nafie, Yayu Anugrah; Ukkas, Marzuki; Cordova, Muhammad Reza
Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan SPERMONDE Vol 4, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan SPERMONDE

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Abstract

To support the efforts of the Indonesian government in managing marine debris that has a broad potential negative impact in various aspects, beach debris monitoring activities are urgently required in various locations. This research was carried out from June to August 2018 in the west coast region, on Labuange beach, Barru Regency, South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia, which was exposed by the Indonesian Through-Flow. The study aimed to determine the amount, weight and composition of marine debris on Labuange beach. Marine debris was sampled from a permanent line transect with an area of 150 m2 (three replications). Samples were then cleaned, sorted, counted, and weighed. The average amount of marine debris was 5.98 + 2.13 items/m2 per month, with a total weight was 138.69 ± 91.32 g/m2 per month. Plastic and rubber category dominated every sampling period in the location. The abundance of marine debris, both regarding quantity and weight, fluctuated in high amount during the sampling period, which indicated the magnitude of the role of oceanographic factors, including the direction of waves, and lack of community awareness on marine debris impacts and management. The great amount and weight of marine debris and the type of waste, which was dominated by plastic and rubber is a potential threat to humans, marine biota, and the local or global environment. 
ACCUMULATION OF HEAVY METALS WITHIN HARD CORAL Porites lutea IN SPERMONDE ARCHIPELAGO, SOUTH SULAWESI Samawi, Muhammad Farid; Werorilangi, Shinta; Tambaru, Rahmadi; Rastina, Rastina
Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan SPERMONDE Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

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Abstract

Hard coral Porites lutea is an animal that lives on the ocean floor. This species may live for years and accumulate heavy metals from its surrounding environments. The aims of this study was to know accumulation of heavy metals (Pb, Cd, and Cu) pollution by Porites lutea at different islands in Spermonde Archipelago waters. This study used field surveys around Laelae, Bonebatang and Badi Islands of South Sulawesi. Field parameters measured were oceanographic parameters, metals in water and sediment. Hard coral was extracted using nitric acid, then measured its heavy metal levels using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. Several field parameters such as temperature, salinity, turbidity, pH and dissolved oxygen indicated no differences at each location, whereas the difference was observed in the values of Total Suspended Solid and dissolved oxygen. The results showed the accumulation of heavy metals in the skeleton of Porites lutea was Pb>Cu>Cd and Laelae>Bonebatang>Badi Island.
SPATIAL-TEMPORAL DISTRIBUTION OF CHLOROPHYLL-A IN SOUTHERN PART OF THE MAKASSAR STRAIT Daming, Wasir Samad; Amran, Muhammad Anshar; Muhiddin, Amir Hamzah; Tambaru, Rahmadi
Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan SPERMONDE Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan SPERMONDE

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Abstract

Surface chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) distribution have been analyzed with seasonal variation during southeast monsoon in southern part of Makassar Strait and Flores Sea. Satellite data of Landsat-8 is applied to this study to formulate the distribution of chlorophyll concentration during monsoonal wind period. The distribution of chlorophyll concentration was normally peaked condition in August during southeast monsoon. Satellite data showed that a slowdown in the rise of the distribution of chlorophyll in September with a lower concentration than normal is likely due to a weakening the strength of southeast trade winds during June – July – August 2016. Further analysis shows that the southern part of the Makassar strait is likely occurrence of upwelling characterized by increase in surface chlorophyll concentrations were identified as the potential area of fishing ground.
ANALYSIS OF CAUSING FACTORS ON THE APPEARANCE OF HABS IN COASTAL WATER OF MAKASSAR Tambaru, Rahmadi; La Nafie, Yayu A. La Nafie; Junaidi, Astrid W.
Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan SPERMONDE Vol 4, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

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Abstract

HABs were types of phytoplankton considered dangerous in the sea. Its appearance was triggered by an increase in nutrients and the presence of physical and chemical factors in the optimal conditions to support its growth. For that reason, research on the analysis of the causes of the emergence of HABs in the coastal waters of Makassar has been carried out. The implementation is carried out from March to June 2017 using non-experimental methods. The results showed that there were seven types of HABs, such as Protoperidinium, Gymnodinium, Ceratium, Prorocentrum, Gyrodinium, Gonyaulax, and Dinophysis. That types from the Dinophyceae Class. The appearance of the types of HABs was due to the influence of temperature with the relationship were very strong and positive.
BEACH DEBRIS ON LABUANGE BEACH, BARRU DISTRICT, SOUTH SULAWESI PROVINCE, INDONESIA Isyrini, Rantih; Tambaru, Rahmadi; La Nafie, Yayu A.; Ukkas, Marzuki; Cordova, Muhammad Reza
Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan SPERMONDE Vol 4, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (20.847 KB)

Abstract

To support the efforts of the Indonesian government in managing marine debris that has a broad potential negative impact in various aspects, beach debris monitoring activities are urgently required in various locations. This research was carried out from June to August 2018 in the west coast region, on Labuange beach, Barru Regency, South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia, which was exposed by the Indonesian Through-Flow. The study aimed to determine the amount, weight and composition of marine debris on Labuange beach.  Marine debris was sampled from a permanent line transect with an area of 150 m2 (three replications). Samples were then cleaned, sorted, counted, and weighed. The average amount of marine debris was 5.98 + 2.13 items/m2 per month, with a total weight was 138.69 ± 91.32 g/m2 per month. Plastic and rubber category dominated every sampling period in the location. The abundance of marine debris, both regarding quantity and weight, fluctuated in high amount during the sampling period, which indicated the magnitude of the role of oceanographic factors, including the direction of waves, and lack of community awareness on marine debris impacts and management. The great amount and weight of marine debris and the type of waste, which was dominated by plastic and rubber is a potential threat to humans, marine biota, and the local or global environment.