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Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Penyerapan Tenaga Kerja Pada Usaha Mikro, Kecil dan Menengah (UMKM) di Kota Jambi

Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah Vol 2 No 2 (2014): Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah
Publisher : Program Magister Ilmu Ekonomi Pascasarjana Universitas Jambi

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Abstract

Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kesempatan kerja dan faktor yang paling dominan dalam mempengaruhi penyerapan tenaga kerja pada usaha mikro dan kecil menengah (UMKM) di Kota Jambi. Metode analisis data adalah model regresi linier berganda (OLS), dengan menggunakan data sekunder time series dari tahun 1993-2010 yang bersumber dari Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS) dan Kota Jambi Bank Indonesia. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa upah riil memiliki efek negatif yang signifikan terhadap kesempatan kerja dan pembentukan modal tetap bruto dan memiliki pengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kesempatan kerja pada usaha mikro di kota Jambi. Tingkat bunga riil memiliki efek signifikan negatif dan upah regional riil memiliki pengaruh positif yang signifikan. Variabel upah riil lebih dominan dalam mempengaruhi kesempatan kerja pada UMKM di kota Jambi.. Kata kunci : Upah riil, Tingkat bunga riil, Pembentukan Modal Tetap Bruto,.     Abstract The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors that affect employment and the most dominant factor in influencing the labor absorption in the small micro and medium enterprises in the city of Jambi. Methods of data analysis used in this research is the model of multiple linear regression (OLS), by using data from the years 1993-2010 time series derived from the Central Statistics Agency (BPS) and Bank Indonesia Jambi. The results of data analysis showed that real wages and a significant negative effect on employment in micro and gross fixed capital formation has positive and significant impact on employment in micro businesses in the town of Jambi. The real interest rate significant negatif and the regional real wages in small and medium enterprises in the city of Jambi has positive and significant. Variable the real wage is more dominant in affecting employment in micro, small and medium enterprises in the town of Jambi. Keywords: real wages, real interest rates, and gross fixed capital formation

UPAYA PEMANTAPAN KETAHANAN PANGAN NASIONAL MELALUI REVITALISASI DI SEKTOR PERTANIAN DALAM RANGKA MENGURANGI FENOMENA ALIH FUNGSI LAHAN PERTANIAN MENJADI KAWASAN INDUSTRI

Jurnal Ilmiah Universitas Batanghari Jambi Vol 14, No 3 (2014): Oktober
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmiah Universitas Batanghari Jambi

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Abstract

The problem of malnutrition was the inability of the community to satisfy their need especially food. Moreover, the community that was in the rural area, they commonly as the farmer. The farmers in Indonesia suppose increase their productivity, but farming which oriented to the market and the improvement of the agricultural system that was based on agricultural technology, so itcould increase their income. If the community could not increase the income, then the role of the government in order to reduce poverty and the unemployment is to increase the activity by revitalized the sector of agriculture, so it will be able to reduce the unemployment. Because, most Indonesian inhabitants are the farmer and it match with geographical condition in Indonesia.Overseas, many countries that majority of their community as the farmer and could increase their income that was relied on from the sector of agriculture. But the problem of the land change in function could resulting from the policy that was not directed become the phenomenon for the farmer to maintain his life from the sector of agriculture. The farmer is a job that almost some Indonesian communities relied on his life from this sector. Necessarily this sector must be maintained with renovation of agricultural technology. Overseas, their community relied on their life from the sector of agriculture that caused their country could develop. If the matter continued to be developed with the modern agricultural system, then the industrial group will not dare to shift the function of the agricultural land to the industrial region. But the policy of this change in function sometimes the farmers group always treated as a stepchild by the government compared with the group indistri resulting from interest politics that happened.If the rice cultivation land already changed, then it will influence the income of the farmer and had a bad impact on national food endurance. Food endurance not only means of the availability of food, but also the capacity to buy food and not the occurrence of the dependence with any side. National food endurance depends on the production of the rice that keeps it increase and not causes the instability of food. The destiny of the rice farmer in Indonesia also will affect many social problems, they will become the unemployment and will become the social problem and protracted economics.Keywords:  rice cultivation, farmers, economy, agriculture