Yusman Syaukat
Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Jln. Kamper, Kampus IPB Dramaga Bogor

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STRATEGI PENINGKATAN KINERJA GABUNGAN PERKUMPULAN PETANI PEMAKAI AIR (GP3A) DI KABUPATEN BOGOR

Jurnal Manajemen Pembangunan Daerah Vol 6, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Program Studi Manajemen Pembangunan Daerah. Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen. IPB

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Abstract

ABSTRACTThis study aimed to obtain Current overview about the implementation of program WISMP in Bogor Regency as study for local government policy-making, by identifying the internal and external factors and formulating strategies for improving the performance of Water User Associations Federation (WUAF) in Bogor Regency.The study was conducted in Bogor Regency, by using primary and secondary data. Problems in this study is how the performance of Water User Associations Federation (WUAF) as Program recipients WISMP I in the first five years has been as planned, How are the WUAF conditions of DI that receiving and DI did not receive WISMP I program in Bogor Regency. The method of analysis used is the Importance Performance Analisys (IPA), Farmers' Income Analysis, SWOT Analysis (Strangths-Weaknesses-Opportunities-Threats) Analysis of Quantitative Strategies and Planning Matrix (QSPM). Results Importance Performance Analisys (IPA) shows there are 6 variables in quadrant A (level of performance), 6 variables in quadrant B (maintain performance), 6 variables in quadrant C (low priority) and 2 variables in quadrant D (likely exaggerated). Based on the results of the study, priority strategies for improving the Water User Associations Federation (WUAF) in Bogor Regency is based on the level of performance and quality aspects of performance WUAF in Bogor Regency by 30% is considered to be enhanced performance. Emphasis strategy by utilizing external opportunities to existing internal weaknesses (WO strategy). The strategy is the first priority is to program management plan participatory irrigation network for increased production and increase the welfare of farmers in Bogor Regency RPJMD with TAS value 8.34.Keywords: Performance, Strategy, WISMP, WUAFABSTRAKPenelitian ini dimaksudkan untuk memperoleh gambaran aktual tentang pelaksanaan program WISMP di Kabupaten Bogor, sebagai bahan pembelajaran untuk pengambilan kebijakan selanjutnya bagi pemerintah daerah, dengan cara mengidentifikasi faktor-faktor internal - ekternal dan merumuskan strategi peningkatan kinerja Gabungan Perkumpulan Petani Pemakai Air (GP3A) di Kabupaten Bogor. Penelitian dilakukan di Kabupaten Bogor, dengan mengunakan data primer dan sekunder. Perumusan masalah dalam kajian ini yaitu bagaimanakah kinerja Gabungan Perkumpulan Petani Pemakai Air (GP3A) penerima Program WISMP I pada lima tahun pertama ini sudah sesuai dengan yang direncanakan, Bagaimanakah kondisi GP3A pada DI yang menerima dan DI tidak menerima Program WISMP I di Kabupaten Bogor. Metoda analisis yang digunakan adalah Importance Performance Analisys (IPA), Analisis Pendapatan Petani, Analisis SWOT (Strangths-Weaknesses-Opportunities-Threats) dan Analisis Quantitative Strategies Planning Matrix (QSPM). Hasil Importance Performance Analisys (IPA) menunjukan ada 6 variabel di kuadran A (tingkat kinerja), 6 variabel di kuadran B (pertahankan kinerja), 6 variabel di kuadran C (prioritas rendah) dan 2 variabel di kuadran D (cenderung berlebihan). Berdasarkan hasil kajian, prioritas strategi peningkatan kinerja Gabungan Perkumpulan Petani Pemakai Air (GP3A) di Kabupaten Bogor didasarkan pada aspek tingkat kinerja dan kualitas kinerja GP3A di Kabupaten Bogor sebesar 30% yang dinilai harus ditingkatkan kinerjanya. Penekanan strategi dengan memanfaatkan peluang eksternal terhadap kelemahan internal yang ada (Strategi WO). Strategi yang menjadi prioritas pertama adalah memprogramkan rencana pengelolaan jaringan irigasi secara partisipatif untuk peningkatan produksi dan peningkatan kesejahteraan petani dalam RPJMD Kabupaten Bogor dengan nilai TAS 8,34.Kata Kunci : GP3A, Kinerja, Strategi, WISMP

STRATEGI PENGELOLAAN SAMPAH PADA TEMPAT PEMBUANGAN AKHIR BANTARGEBANG, BEKASI

Jurnal Manajemen Pembangunan Daerah Vol 5, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Program Studi Manajemen Pembangunan Daerah. Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen. IPB

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Abstract

TPA Bantargebang is an asset owned by DKI Jakarta Provincial Government and the only final disposal site for all solid waste from Jakarta. The increase of solid waste volume buried in the site will have concequence of shorter use. The bad practice of sanitary landfill also makes the condition worse. The research is intended to know the existing condition of TPA Bantargebang and to determine the alternatives of management strategy of TPA Bantargebang that could be adopted by DKI Jakarta Provincial Government using qualitative approach with analytic descriptive design. The sample of the research is the stakeholder in solid waste sector namely government, expert and community. The data collection is through questionnaire, interview, observation and documentation. The technique of data analysis using SWOT analysis. Based on the result of analysis, can be conclude that optimizing the management of TPA Bantargebang could be achieved through four alternatives of strategy increasing infrastructures, involving investors in the construction and operation of TPA, promoting social participation and promoting the quality of human resources. The result of the research shows that priority of the choice is the development of investors in the construction and operation of TPA with a big government role in its management.Keywords: Final Disposal Site, SWOT Analysis, Waste ManagementABSTRAK Tempat Pembuangan Akhir (TPA) Bantargebang merupakan aset milik Pemerintah Provinsi DKI Jakarta dan satu-satunya TPA bagi seluruh sampah dari DKI Jakarta. Semakin meningkatnya volume sampah yang dibuang ke TPA tersebut akan memperpendek usia pemanfaatannya. Kondisi ini diperparah dengan belum diterapkannya SOP Sanitary Landfill. Penelitian ini ditujukan untuk mengevaluasi kinerja pengelolaan sampah TPA Bantargebang dan menentukan strategi pengelolaan TPA Bantargebang yang dapat digunakan oleh Pemerintah Provinsi DKI Jakarta dengan menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif analitik dengan metode kualitatif. Sampel penelitian ini adalah para pakar di bidang persampahan baik dari pihak pemerintah, pakar maupun masyarakat. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui kuesioner, wawancara, observasi dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis SWOT. Berdasarkan hasil analisis, dapat disimpulkan bahwa optimalisasi pengelolaan TPA Bantargebang dapat dicapai melalui empat alternatif strategi, yaitu: peningkatan infrastruktur, yang melibatkan investor dalam pembangunan dan pengoperasian TPA, mempromosikan partisipasi social, dan meningkatkan kualitas sumberdaya manusia. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa prioritas pilihan adalah mengembangkan dari investor dalam pembangunan dan pengoperasian TPA dengan peran pemerintah yang besar dalam pengelolaannya.Kata kunci: Tempat Pembuangan Akhir, Analisis SWOT, Pengelolaan Sampah

Estimasi nilai ekonomi air irigasi pada usaha tani padi sawah di daerah irigasi van der wijce, kabupaten sleman, Yogyakarta

Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 14, No 3 (2009): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Demand for rice increases with population and over time. However, the challenges to meet the increasing demand for rice are constrained by some factors: conversion of agricultural wetland (paddy field) to nonagricultural uses, deterioration of irrigation channals, increase scarcity of water, and increase intersectoral competition of water use. These conditions have raised the concern of water irrigation distribution efficiency in rice production. Agricultural sector has to produce more rice with less irrigation water. In addition, water irrigation charges (IPAIR) are also problematic in the area, since there is no water charge. The purpose of this research is to estimate the economic value of water irrigation at Vander Wijce irrigation areas in Yogyakarta, to determine the more appropriate water charges; and to evaluate the differences in water values with respect to their locations (upper, middle, and lower areas), cropping intensity, and rice productivity. Farmers at the upper irrigation areas could plant rice up to three times a year, while at the lower areas only twice a year. The productivities of rice were also different between these two areas, where the upper areas used more water and resulted in higher yields compared to the lower ones. Water values was estimated using Wicksteeds product exhaustion approach. These results implied that the values of water were higher at the upper areas compared to the lower ones. The estimated value of water was about Rp 44/m3 in the upper areas, while in the middle and lower areas were about Rp 32 m3/ha and Rp 23 m3/ha, respectively. Since there is no water charge in the area, there is no fund to cover the costs of water distribution and maintenance. This could lead to unsustainable irrigation management. The above estimated water values could be used as benchmark, the maximum level, by the local government of Sleman and the farmers groups in the irrigation areas in determining the irrigation water charges and maintaining the sustainability of irrigation water services. However, this water charge has to be followed by the improvement in water management system to maintain effective and efficient water distribution among the farmers. Keywords: Rice production, efficient water use, water value and tariff, sustainable irrigation services.

PERKEMBANGAN DAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KONVERSI LAHAN SAWAH SERTA DAMPAK EKONOMINYA

SOCA (SOCIO-ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURRE AND AGRIBUSINESS) Vol. 5, No. 2 Juli 2005
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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Abstract

Economic growth needs more and more land for infrastructures development.It was suggested that the development would convert wet rice field to non-agricultureuse. This problem suggested will threaten sustainability of national rice production.The aims of this study are: (1) to analyze growth of wetland conversion in Indonesia.(2) To identify factors that affect wet land conversion. (3) To identify economicimpacts of wetland conversion, especially on rice production. The data source is fromBPS as time series data from 1978 to 2000. The data and information was analyzed bydescriptive and using tabulation. Some important conclusions are: (1) the wetlandconversion in Java bigger than other region and tend to increase. This conditionindicated that government effort to control wetland conversion was not effective yet.(2) At the macro level, wetland conversion positive associated with GDP growth,negative associated with farmer change value, no associated with increasing population.(3) The rice production losses caused wetland conversion cannot be supported by newwetland construction, so that Indonesia must import rice to suffice staple food, (4)beside improving the accuracy data and law enforcement, the construction newwetland, improvement technology on wet land and up land rice cultivation and,improvement of extension activity should be realized.

Analysis of Economic Efficiency and Competitiveness of Dryland Maize at Kabupaten Tanah Laut, South Kalimantan

Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol 31, No 2 (2008): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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Abstract

South Kalimantan is a province with large dryland area.  This potency can be used for maize cultivation that will contribute to national maize production and play an important role as import substitution.  One of the major problems in maize cultivation is its low productivity that might be caused by its low efficiency of input use.  The objectives of this research are (1) to estimate factors influencing maize production and to analyze dryland farming efficiency, both in technical and allocative efficiency of dryland farming, and (2) to analyze dryland maize farming competitiveness in Kabupaten Tanah Laut, South Kalimantan, and the efficiency effect to its competitiveness.  The methods used are the stochastic frontier production function and the dual frontier cost function for the first objective, and criterion of private cost ratio and domestic resources cost ratio for the second objective.  The results showed that land, seed, organic fertilizer, P-fertilizer, pesticide, labor and land treatment significantly influence production.  Generally, the farmers at research area have been technically efficient but allocatively inefficient. In order to increase economic efficiency, reduction in N-fertilizer is suggested.  The maize commodity in Kabupaten Tanah Laut is profitable and has competitive and comparative advantages.  The increasing of allocative efficiency will increase the competitiveness.   Key words: dryland maize farming, efficiency, competitiveness

Analysis of Capital Source Effect on Shrimp Pond Production and Profit in Muara Badak District, Kutai Kartanegara Regency

Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol 33, No 3 (2010): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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Abstract

The government of Kutai Kartanegara Regency indicates that the problem of shrimp pond’s business production and profit has been going down and being stagnant in Muara Badak.  It is caused by capital source i.e own capital, ponggawa, bank loan and government loan.  And directly capital source influenced different of quantity, input and output cost.  In fact, the performance of lending mechanism is inefficient.  The objectives of this research were to analyze the effect and capital source condition and lending mechanism of capital source to production and profit.  Econometrics approach was used to solve the problem through production and profit function.  OLS and IPA were applied in this research.  The result of estimated parameter and perception of fish farmer related to lending mechanism were used as policy implication.  The result showed that capital loan from ponggawa, bank, and government were used only as working capital and the mechanism of capital loan from ponggawa was better than the other.  It was caused by easier requirement and procedure application for lending is better facility and its services, free of charge lending mechanism and relatively clearance time of credit.  Production rate of fish farmer who related to ponggawa were lower than the other.  However, profit rate of fish farmer who related own capital were higher than the other.   Key words: capital source effect, shrimp pond production, Muara Badak, Kutai Kartanegara

Impact of Integrated Crop-Livestock Systems Program on Farmers’ Income and Expenditures: Household Economy Simulation Analysis

Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol 31, No 1 (2008): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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Abstract

Integrated crop-livestock systems program with special reference to rice field and beef cattle is a potential alternative to support the development of agriculture sector in Indonesia.  The implementation on this integrated program was to enhance rice production and productivity through a system involving beef cattle with its goal on increasing farmers’ income.  The impact of integrated crop- livestock systems program to household economy farmers was studied in order to identify factors influencing behavior of farmer’s decision-making along with its interrelation between factors.  Impact of changes due to the external policy options was also assessed and farmer’s characteristics were described descriptively.  Five districts in the province of DIY, Central Java and East Java with 274 farmers were purposively used in the study. Simultaneous equations model with two SLS method was used to estimate the parameter, followed by the non-linear simulation approach.  The results show that most of the explanatory variables significantly affected to its endogenous variables.  Rice production is responsive to harvested land area which influenced by its volume of input rice derived demand.  The volume of its input derived demand also influences cattle and compost production.  Family labor utilization for rice and cattle production and their time allocation on non-farm and off farm jobs are related to each other. Input price of rice and live cattle are affected to their derived demand function.  Rice consumption is responsive to its price which the lower the price, the higher its consumption.  Credit on crops farm that has to be paid by farmers is also responsive and positively related to its commercial credit rate.  Effect of a 10 percent increase on output and input price of production rice, cattle and compost will increase their production; hence will also increase farmers’ income and the expenditures. This will apply to farmers that involved in a program of integrated crop-livestock systems.  On the other hand, alternative policy of combination between a 10 percent increase of output price along with 5 percent increase on its input price yield in the increasing production for farmers that are not involved in the crop-livestock systems program, hence will also increase the income.   Key words: household economics, simulation analysis, crop-livestock systems

Pemodelan Sistem Dinamik Ketercapaian Kontribusi Biodiesel dalam Bauran Energi Indonesia 2025

Jurnal Manajemen Teknologi Vol 11, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : SBM ITB

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Abstract

AbstractBiodiesel industry in Indonesia commercially emerged in 2005 driven by concerns on energy security triggered by high oil price, increasing environmental demand to reduce CO2 emission, while leveraging on Crude Palm Oil feed stock availability. The Government of Indonesia mandated biodiesel to contribute 10.22 million kilo litre in 2025 energy mix target, beside current weak industry performance of 27% low utilization ratio of biodiesel plant installed capacity of 4.2 million ton per annum. A system dynamic model, called Indonesia Biodiesel Industry Dynamic Model, has been developed as a platform to study the structure and behaviour of the biodiesel industry enriched with inputs from biodiesel related experts panel discussion and interview and to simulate the impact of energy policy interventions, such as biodiesel subsidy, diesel subsidy reduction and removal, blending mandate, and diesel environmental tax to the performance of biodiesel production, industry profitability EBITDA and Carbon Emission Reduction (CER) during simulation period of 2005-2030. Based on the scenario 1 of MDIBI, targeted 10.22 million tones per annum contribution of biodiesel in 2025 Indonesias energy mix would not be achieved with current structure and condition, mainly due to three factors, which are  (i) low mixture of biodiesel-diesel mandate, (ii) a relatively limited supply of CPO raw materials which must be allocated for competing demand from cooking oil, oleofoods, oleochemicals and biodiesel industries, and (iii) currently available limited public service obligation (PSO) market.Keywords: biodiesel industry, system dynamic modelling, energy policy, energy mix, Indonesian                biodiesel.

INTERNALISASI BIAYA LINGKUNGAN PADA BUDIDAYA IKAN KARAMBA JARING APUNG DI WADUK CIRATA

IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia ) Vol 2, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia )

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Abstract

Activity floating net cage (Karamba Jaring Apung-KJA) in Reservoir Cirata have beenover capacity, so that give the serious problems such as water quality degradation,algae-blooming, and up-welling. The objective of this research is to find the optimuminput cage net without and with cost externality. The objective, was solved by costfunction of KJA (cage net) culture activity with/without externality model. Theexternality of cage net culture to water body of Waduk Cirata has been gived a sedimentaccumulation until 325711 ton/year and make degradate of water quality. For cage netculture, water quality is environment input. Model research involved this externality inmodel of cost function. It is by internalize cost environmet as the one’s of costproduction. Input of production factor of KJA culture activity without externality werecost of seed, feed and labour, and with externality was added by cost of recoverysediment by dredging or exploition. Optimal input of seed 46,28 kg/plot, feed 1685,02kg/plot, 122,09 work person daya (wpd)/unit, activity without externality and optimalharvest product 938,16 kg. While for KJA activity with cost environment, seed wassignificant change, 31,66 kg and feed 756,24 kg, 50,92 work person day person/unit,and amount of sediment 15,25 kg/unit with optimal harvest 644,6 kg/plot. Using of theCirata Data Environment and CAD_S tool software, the carrying capacity of ReservoirCirata for KJA culture activity have found was 43.679 ton/year. For activity withoutexternality, amounts optimal of KJA 15585 plots, and seed using 1464,7 kg/plot. Forwith-externality activity 21133 plots KJA, and seed using 756,24 kg/plot. It is mean adecreasing feed costs 44,88%.Keywords: externality, cost, cost function, optimal input, optimal product, carryingcapacity

STRATEGI PENINGKATAN PENGELOLAAN BARANG MILIK DAERAH PADA PEMERINTAH KABUPATEN KEPULAUAN ANAMBAS

Jurnal Manajemen Pembangunan Daerah Vol 10, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Manajemen Pembangunan Daerah. Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen. IPB

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Abstract

ABSTRACTReformation agenda is in various fields. One of the reformation agenda is in implementing the good governance. Regulation of the home affairs minister No. 19 Year 2016 is the regulation to rule local government wealth becoming adequated, informative, transparent and accountable. The purpose of this study are evaluating, knowing and describing the regional management assets. This study also formulating priority strategies to improve regional assets management of the Anambas government. The data consists of primary and secondary data. Primary data was obtained from direct observation, interview and questioners with purposive sampling method. While the secondary data was obtained from literature and related documents. This study use rating scale analysis, SWOT and QSPM analysis. This study has shown the weaknesses of the human resources competeny in assets management was caused by lackig in guidance, supervision and controlling which influenced the assets managements performance. The priority strategy was improving the quality of human resources in managing and reporting the local goverment assets.Key words :  Strategy, improvement  management of BMDABSTRAKReformasi diberbagai bidang di pemerintahan salah satunya adalah manisfestasi pelaksanaan prinsip tata kelola pemerintahan yang baik (good governance), Permendagri No. 19 Tahun 2016 tentang pengelolaan BMD adalah wujudnya aturan yang mengatur suatu sistem pengelolaan kekayaan daerah yang memadai, informatif, transparan dan akuntabel. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengevaluasi, mengetahui dan mendeskripsikan proses pengelolaan BMD dan merumuskan strategi yang perlu diprioritaskan dalam meningkatkan pengelolaan BMD pada Pemerintah Kabupaten Kepulauan Anambas. Data penelitian ini terdiri dari data primer dan data sekunder, data primer diperoleh dengan cara observasi langsung, wawancara dan penyebaran kuesioner kepada responden yang dipilih secara sengaja (purposive sampling). Sedangkan untuk mendapatkan data sekunder berasal dari studi pustaka dan kajian terhadap dokumen terkait. Metode analisis yang digunakan untuk menjawab tujuan penelitian adalah : analisis rating scale, analisis SWOT dan metode QSPM.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa lemahnya komptensi SDM pengelola BMD tidak terlepas dari kurang optimalnya pembinaan, pengawasan dan pengedalian pada pengurus BMD dan ini juga berdampak pada kinerja aparatur pengelola BMD. Strategi prioritas yang tepat untuk diimplementasikan yaitu peningkatan kualitas SDM pengurus BMD dalam mengelola dan menyusun laporan BMD.Kata kunci: Strategi, Peningkatan Pengelolaan BMD.