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PENGELOLAAN PANGAN UNTUK PENANGGULANGAN BENCANA DI KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 3, No 3 (2008): November 2008 (Edisi Suplemen Ketahanan Pangan)
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

Food management is important to understand to avoid food insecurity particularly during disaster. The desain of research was desk study and using secondary data which analysed descriptively at West Lampung district. Food requirement for disaster mitigation were consist of milk formula 668 kg/day, milk mush 721 kg/day, rice 33 436 kg/day, noodles instant 23 812 kg/day, sardines 12 719 kg/day, corned beef 8 919 kg/day, abon 7 677 kg/day and drinking water 358 638.500 ml/day. Food stock utililized for 15 days disaster emergency consist of milk formula 10 020 kg, milk mush 10 815 kg, rice 501 540 kg, instant noodles 357 180 kg, sardines 189 075 kg, corned beef 133 785 kg, abon 115 115 kg, and drinking water 5 378 577 500 ml. Budged required by goverment of West Lampung district for food stock at 15 days disaster emergency is Rp. 12 108 365 000. Mechanism and mobilization of food distribution for disaster mitigation conduct by organization unit called Satlak PBP and done by operation unit called Satgas PB. Keywords: food management, disaster mitigation.

KARAKTERISTIK PERTUMBUHAN REMAJA BERDASARKAN EKOSISTEM WILAYAH DI PROVINSI JAWA BARAT

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 7, No 3 (2012): November 2012
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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ABSTRACTThe study aimed to analyze growth characteristic of adolescents using height-for-age (HAZ) and BMI-for-age (BAZ) z scores based on regional ecosystem in West Java Province namely coastal area (Cirebon), mountainous area (Bandung), and mixture between coastal and mountainous area (Garut). The design of the study was cross sectional study using secondary data from Riskesdas 2007. Total number of adolescents was 1,674 subjects. The growth characteristics of adolescents in Garut District based on HAZ was correlated with occupation of the head family (p=0.001; r=-0.145), while based on BAZ it was correlated with per capita protein intake (p=0.028; r=-0.093). Adolescents in Bandung District based on HAZ index correlated with education of the head family (p=0.040; r=0.081), occupation of the head family (p=0.003; r=-0.118), per capita energy intake (p=0.031; r=-0.085), and per capita protein intake (p=0.002; r=-0.124), while the BAZ correlated with education of the head of the family (p=0.017; r=0.095). Growth characteristics of adolescents in Cirebon District for HAZ was correlated with per capita energy intake (p=0.044; r=-0.086), while BAZ was correlated with education of the head family (p=0.016; r=0.102).Keywords: adolescents, ecosystem, growth, West JavaABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis karakteristik pertumbuhan remaja dengan menggunakan indikator TB/U dan IMT/U berdasarkan ekosistem wilayah di Provinsi Jawa Barat yaitu wilayah pantai (Cirebon), pegunungan (Bandung), dan campuran wilayah pantai dan pegunungan (Garut). Desain penelitian ini adalah cross sectional dengan data sekunder Riset Kesehatan Dasar (RISKESDAS) 2007. Jumlah subjek dalam penelitian ini adalah 1 674 orang. Karakteristik pertumbuhan remaja di Kabupaten Garut menurut TB/U berkorelasi dengan pekerjaan kepala keluarga (p=0.001; r=-0.145), dan IMT/U berkorelasi erat dengan asupan protein perkapita (p=0.028; r=-0.093). Pada remaja Kabupaten Bandung, karakteristik pertumbuhan TB/U berkorelasi dengan pendidikan kepala keluarga (p=0.040; r=0.081), pekerjaan kepala keluarga (p=0.003; r=-0.118), asupan energi perkapita (p=0.031; r=-0.085), dan asupan protein perkapita (p=0.002; r=-0.124) dan untuk IMT/U berkorelasi erat dengan pendidikan kepala keluarga (p=0.017; r=0.095). Karakteristik pertumbuhan remaja Kabupaten Cirebon TB/U berkorelasi pada faktor asupan energi perkapita (p=0.044; r=-0.086), sementara IMT/U berkorelasi pada pendidikan kepala keluarga (p=0.016; r=0.102).Kata kunci: ekosistem, Jawa Barat, pertumbuhan, remaja

KEBIASAAN JAJAN SISWA SEKOLAH DASAR (Studi Kasus di SDN Lawanggintung 01 Kota Bogor)

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 4, No 3 (2009): November 2009
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

Healthy foods contribute to elementary school student proper growth and development. During school time they have greater access and sufficient opportunity to consume street food that available at  school. However, poor street food choices can result in unbalance diet. Availability of street food in school play significant role to elementary school student diet. Street food can contribute 10-20% nutrients toward student daily consumptions. Street food devide into main dishes, snacks, and beverages. The aim of this study was to assess snacking habit of elementary school student in SDN Lawanggintung 01 Kota Bogor. Snacking habits devined as number of street food type and frequency of snacking in school area included canteen merchants and outside school permanent merchants. Design of this study was cross sectional. Fifty student were selected using simple random sampling. Street food contributed to 26.0% energy; 18.7% protein; 22.9% lipid, 20.0% iron; 19.1% vitamin A; dan 24.8% vitamin C to total daily intake. Street food had contribute to 23.0% energy; 21.7% protein; 30.9% lipid, 19.5% iron; 24.1% vitamin A; dan 26.6% vitamin C to adequate intake level. Age and gender had not related to street food habits. Pocket money to purchased food is related to street food habits. Childrens familiy social economic characteristic not related to street food habits. Pocket money to purchased food affected street food habits.   Keyword: snacking habits, street food, elmentary school student.

Study of Iodium Content in Seaweed Juice as an Alternative for GAKIs Prevention

Media Gizi dan Keluarga Vol 24, No 1 (2000): Jurnal Media Gizi dan Keluarga
Publisher : Media Gizi dan Keluarga

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Abstract

This research was conducted to study the iodium level in seaweed (Euchema cottonii) juice as the alternative to pprevent the iodium deficiency disorders. The result showed that fresh seaweed contained 91,19 % water, 5,07 % ash, 0,27 % fat, 0,27 % protein, 3,22 % carbohydrate and 2,81 ppm iodium. However, the most preferred seaweed juice contained 83,41 % water, 0,04 % ash, 0,48 % fat, 0,15 % protein, 15,93 % carbohydrate and 1,03 ppm iodium. The characteristics of seaweed juice were as follows : iodium level ranged from 0,62 - 1,99 ppm, pH 3,14 - 3,42, acid total 0,32 - 0,51 %, glucose level 11,00 - 18,13 % and dissolved suspension total 1,35 - 1,36 Brix. The organoleptic test showed that the most preferred seaweed juice was one in comparison with water 1:7 and 25 % glucose (A3B3) supplemented

The Influence of Family Strength on the Quality of Pregnancy

Media Gizi dan Keluarga Vol 27, No 1 (2003): Media Gizi dan Keluarga
Publisher : Media Gizi dan Keluarga

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Abstract

The Objectives of this study were to anaylize the influence of family strength on pregnancy quality. The data were analyzed from the study of "Effect of multinutrient fortified food suplement on pregnancy outcomes", which had been done previously by the Departement of Community Nutrition and Family Resources of IPB. Some additional information on family strength was also collected retrospectively. Of the 615 pregnant mothers in Luwiliang district (19 villages) and Cibungbulang district (15 villages), 233 mothers met the sample criterias were selected Pregnancy quality was measured by pregnancy weight gain. Family strength data (q=0.7) consisted of informations on physical resources, non-physical resources. Family problems, capping mechanism, physical well-being, social well-being, and psychologycal well-being. Applying a multiple linear regression model, body weight at the beginning of pregnancy and family strength has a significant effect on pregnancy weight gain. The items of Family strength are health factor, family goal, free from anger, and social support. The above results implied that, increasing family strength should he the important factor in pregnancy quality.

Measurement of Family Strength

Media Gizi dan Keluarga Vol 27, No 1 (2003): Media Gizi dan Keluarga
Publisher : Media Gizi dan Keluarga

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Abstract

Based on the family theory of structural functionalism, family is the first and the main porosity of human resource development. Family is the basic unit of society. The objectives of this study were to develop a measurement of family strength with high reliability and validity and to formulate policy implications to increase the family strength. 233 families from Leuwiliang district (19 villages) and Cibungbulang district (15 villages) were analyzed. Family strength data consisted of informations on physical resources, non-physical resources, family problems, copping mechanism, physical well-being, social welll-being, and psychological well-being. Applying Alpha Cronbach analysis, the family strength measurement had internal consistency coeficient of reliability 0.7 and applying factor analysis and Lisrel (Linear Structural Relationship) shared that there were there major latent variables of family strength, viz physical, social, and psychological. Strengthening the family should be an entegrated part of social economic, and family funcitioning development.

SUPLEMENTASI STEROL LEMBAGA GANDUM (Triticum sp.) PADA MARGARIN

Jurnal Teknologi Dan Industri Pangan Vol 21, No 1 (2010): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

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Abstract

SUPLEMENTASI STEROL LEMBAGA GANDUM (Triticum sp.) PADA MARGARIN (Supplementation of Margarine with Wheat Germ Sterol) Sri Anna Marliyati1)*, Hidayat Syarief1), Deddy Muchtadi2), Latifah K. Darusman3), dan Rimbawan1) 1) Departemen Gizi Masyarakat, FEMA IPB 2) Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, Fateta IPB 3) Departemen Kimia, F-MIPA IPB   Diterima  25 November 2009 / Disetujui 26 April  2010 ABSTRACT   Margarine is a water in oil (w/o) emulsion product which is widely used for household cooking and baking industry. Consuming of margarine, which contains trans fatty acid may cause health problem due to the increase of LDL cholesterol. Since margarine is also a good carrier of phytosterol which prevent the absorption of cholesterol, there is a possibility to formulate a healthier margarine. In this research formulation and characteristics of products was investigated. The research work consisted of two steps: (1) supplementation of wheat germ sterol into margarine (two methods) and  (2) analysis of physical, chemical characteristics and hedonic score. Parameters of physical characteristics were melting point and emulsion stability, whereas chemical characteristics were water and oil contents. The hedonic test was carried out based on product’s color, odor, taste, texture, and spreadability. Results showed that method II of supplementation produced better margarine than method I, in which the concentration of sterol in the margarine was higher with a melting point similar to that of control, better emulsion stability, and higher hedonic score. Supplementation process was carried out by mixing sterol into fat phase melted at 50 0C, followed by mixing with aqueous phase at 4 0C. Sterol used for method II was extracted using mixed solvent of hexane and ethanol at the ratio of 1:2 (v/v), which was resulted from previous experimentation.   Key words: supplementation, wheat germ sterol, margarine

Extraction and analysis of Phytosterol from wheat germ (Triticum sp.)

Jurnal Teknologi Dan Industri Pangan Vol 16, No 1 (2005): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

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Abstract

Phytosterol may reduce the absorption of cholesterol, and used for preventing atherosclerosis. It is limited in soybean, but potentially abundant in wheat germ. Research on the utilization of wheat germ sterol had not been reported so far. Many aspects of germ sterol extraction from wheat germ and its characteristics were still unknown. In this research, the best extraction method, kinds and content of phytosterol from wheat germ were investigated. This research consisted of two steps: (1) extraction of phytosterol directly form whole germ and ground germ using hexane, and indirect extraction through germ oil using hexane and mixed solvent of hexane and ethanol, and direct extraction from ground germ using ethanol; (2) analysis of the type and content of phytosterol in the crude extract through the following steps: preparation of crude extract, fractionation, and analysis. Results showed that indirect extraction through germ oil was considered as the best method which yielded 1.37% of phytosterol. The highest yield was obtained when extracted using a mixed solvent of hexane – ethanol 82:18. However, the odor of ethanol and hexane (gasoline like odor) was still detected. The solvent’s ratio of hexane to ethanol at 1:2 resulted better odor of the extract. Extraction of sterol using ethanol yielded 18.39% of sterol when the ratio of germ to ethanol at 1:10 (w/v) was applied. Results of quantitative analysis on the main component of crude extract of wheat germ sterol showed that the total content of sterol extracted with mixed solvent was higher than those extracted with ethanol. The ratio of hexane to ethanol at 1:1 (v/v) gave higher content of total sterol, stigmasterol and campesterol, whereas higher content of -sitosterol was produced at the solvent’s ratio of hexane to ethanol at 1:2 (v/v). Keywords: Wheat germ sterol, extraction, β-sitosterol, stigmasterol, campesterol

In Vitro Antioxidant Activity of Stabilized Rice Bran and Its Fraction

Jurnal Teknologi Dan Industri Pangan Vol 15, No 1 (2004): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

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Abstract

Some Researches indicated that oryzanol had antioxidant activity, however, the information about the oryzanol role in the prevention of low density lipoprotein (LDL) and human lymphocyte from oxidation under oxidative stress was still limited. The objective of this study was the investigate the antioxidant activity of oryzanol at concentrations based on rice bran beverage model in preventing LCL and lymphocyte from oxidation. Human plasma were supplemented with the samples of : rice bran oil (RBO), unsaponifiable matter and oryzanol IR-64, oryzanol IR-64 3x and oryzanol standard at the concentrations of 308.3, 22.2, 5.2, 10.4, and 10.4 µg/ml, respectively. Afterward, the human LDL were collected by ultracentrifuge and diluted until a concentration of 200 µg protein/ml was reached. Human LDL isolates were then oxidized with CuSO4 5 µM for measuring antioxidant activity of the sample. The length of incubation, H2O2 concentration, period of sample supplemented into human lymphocyte culture were determined before the antioxidant activity of RBO and its fraction in lymphocyte was measured. The samples used in the lymphocyte were RBO IR-64, unsaponifiable matter IR-64, and oryzanol standard at the concentrations of 133.2 – 2, 132.0 µg/ml, 9.6 – 153.6 µg/ml, and 2.4 – 37.7 µg/ml, consecutively. The result showed that malonaldehyde concentration in human LDL decreased significantly (α = 0.05), 15 – 41% and 39 – 56% compared to the control. The absorbance of living lymphocyte cell in culture was not influenced by the type and concentration of RBO and its fraction. The addition of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) 3 mM into culture sifnificantly lowered the absorbance as compared to culture without (H2O2). Key words :Oryzanol, oxidative stress, LDL-oxidized, lymphocyte and antioxidant activity.

SUPLEMENTASI DAUN TORBANGUN (COLEUS AMBOINICUS LOUR) UNTUK MENURUNKAN KELUHAN SINDROM PRAMENSTRUASI PADA REMAJA PUTRI (SUPPLEMENTATION OF TORBANGUN LEAVES [COLEUS AMBOINICUS LOUR] IN REDUCING THE COMPLAINST OF PRE-MENSTRUAL SYNDROME [PMS] AMONG TEENAGE G

Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan Vol 33, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan

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Abstract

ABSTRACT Background: Torbangun leaves (Coleus ambonicus Lour) is one of type of species from Labiatae family which contains a lot of micronutrient and active element which have been examined as beneficial for human health and quality of life. The plants containing iridoid and flavonoid as well as phytochemical which deal with reproduction hormone is applicable to traditional medication toward PMS cases. Methods: The present study was aimed to assess the efficacy of CAL leaves in the management of PMS. An experimental clinical trial was conducted in 35 teenagers with PMS. Three intervention groups were defined: CAL leaves; commercial preparation; and placebo. Participants were followed-up individually for 1 month. Result: The results showed average menarche occurred around age 13 years, with menstruation lasting 5 days. During each successive treatment cycle, participants experienced a lower pain intensity score. Chi Square test, after adjusting each cycle for baseline pain, treatment compliance and other variables, showed that the group receiving CAL extract had significantly reduced pain intensity (p<0.05) compared with commercial preparation and placebo. Conclusion: The torbangun leaves supplement can be used as treatment to relief symptoms of the premenstrual syndrome. [Penel Gizi Makan 2010, 33(2):180-194]   Keywords: Torbangun leaves (Coleus amboinicus Lour), pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS), teenage girls