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Journal : Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Isolation and Identification of Volatile Components in Tempe by Simultaneous Distillation-Extraction Method by Modified Extraction Method Syahrial, Syahrial; Muchalal, M.
Indonesian Journal of Chemistry Vol 1, No 2 (2001)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijc.21945

Abstract

An isolation and identification of volatile components in temps for 2, 5 and 8 days fermentation by simultaneous distillation-extraction method was carried out. Simultaneous distillation-extraction apparatus was modified by Muchalal from the basic Likens-Nickersons design. Steam distillation and benzena as an extraction solvent was used in this system. The isolation was continuously carried out for 3 hours which maximum water temperature In the Liebig condenser was 8 °C. The extract was concentrated by freeze concentration method, and the volatile components were analyzed and identified by combined gas chromatography-mass spectrophotometry (GC-MS). The Muchalals simultaneous distillation extraction apparatus have some disadvantage in cold finger condenser, and its extractor did not have condenser. At least 47, 13 and 5 volatile components were found in 2, 5 and 8 days fermentation, respectively. The volatile components in the 2 days fermentation were nonalal, ɑ-pinene, 2,4-decadienal, 5-phenyldecane, 5-phenylundecane, 4-phenylundecane, 5-phenyldodecane, 4-phenyldodecane, 3-phenyldodecane, 2-phenyldodecane, 5-phenyltridecane, and caryophyllene; in the 5 days fermentation were nonalal, caryophyllene, 4-phenylundecane, 5-phenyldodecane, 4-phenyldodecane, 3-phenyldodecane, 2-phenyldodecane; and in the 8 days fermentation were ethenyl butanoic, 2-methy1-3-(methylethenyl)ciclohexyl etanoic and 3,7-dimethyl-5-octenyl etanoic.
Co-Authors ABD. ASHAL ALAM, ABD. ASHAL Adelina Meria Uli Sagala, Herlina ADITYA FITRIANSYAH Afdhal Afdhal ALINDA NOVITA SARI, ALINDA NOVITA ANAA ISTIMAROH Anna Lilian Aras Mulyadi ARIAN DWI PEANUS, ARIAN DWI Arono Arono Asrial Asrial ASYER AGRISELIUS Azwandi Azwandi Bintal Amin Bobby Yuhanda, Bobby Boy Tarigan Boy Tarigan Chairunas Chairunas Depari, Riky Oktavianus DERI MUHAMAD NURENDI, DERI MUHAMAD Desi Purnamasari Taher, Desi Purnamasari Dietriech G Bengen Erlidawati Erlidawati Fadlisyah Fadlisyah Fahriansyah Fahriansyah Faisal Faisal Firnanda, Ary FITRA PADILLAH Frimasary, Amelia Eka HARI WASKITO IHFAZH NURDIN EKA NUGRAHA Ilham Ilahi Irwan Koto, Irwan Karsim, Nanang Khairul Mukmin Lubis, Khairul Mukmin Kurniawan, Dwi Agus Lestari, Meri Lestari, Surya Liana Rahmayani M. Muchalal Maisura Maisura Mena Uly Tarigan Muhammad Fahmi Muhammad Irhamsyah Muhammad Nazar Mukhlis Mukhlis Mukroji, Mukhroji NANDANG TARYANA Nasaruddin Nasaruddin NASRUN HARIYANTO Nazaruddin Nazaruddin Novita MZ, Novita MZ Nur Amalina Nur Atikah Nurhamsih, Yeli Oktavian, Bayu Pamela, Issaura Sherly Purwanti, Neneng R. GERHA TERIMANANDA, R. GERHA Rasoel Hamidy RIKI ARNANDO, RIKI Rina Febriana Rizal Munadi Saifuddin Ishak, Saifuddin SALISTIA PUTRA PERDANA Saputri, Dewi Sarfina, Ega Aulia Sastra, Hasan Yudie Simbolon, Novhitasari SITI SAODAH Sofyan H Siregar Sofyan, Dedi Sri Winarni subandiyo, may Sulastri Sulastri Suwarno, Bambang Syahputra, Muhammad Reza Tanjung, Cahyani Fitrah Teuku Yuliar Arif Thursina Andayani TIRZA NOVA TRI PRARTONO TRIWAHYU RUBIANTO Veranita, Desi Verid Aria Susammesin, Verid Aria Wahyudi Wahyudi Waluyo Waluyo WILDAN BUDIMAN Yeni Sustriani, Yeni Yogi Irawan Yudi Pratama, Yudi Yudi Sastriawan Yulina Sari, Yulina Yunirwan, Teuku Zuhar Musliyana, Zuhar Zulfaneti Zulfaneti