Syahri Syahri
Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian Sumatera Selatan Jl. Kolonel H. Berlian Km 6, No. 83 Palembang

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Produktivitas dan Ketahanan Galur Harapan Padi terhadap Penyakit Tungro di Sumatera Selatan Thamrin, Tumarlan; Marpaung, Imelda Suryani; Syahri, Syahri
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 1, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal

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Abstract

Thamrin et al. 2012. Productivity and Resistancy of the Tungro-resistant Rice Variety in South Sumatra. JLSO 1(2):130-137. The establishment of new varieties is required to have the advantage of being more diverse and specific according to agroecosystem, problems in the field, the specific location and consumers’ preference. Prior to its establishment, a tungro-resistant rice variety needs to be tested locally. This research was carried out on the rain-fed rice field at the village of Lubuk Seberuk Sub-district Lempuing, Ogan Ilir Komering Regency (OKI)  in 2009.  This research employed randomized block design (RGD) with 10 treatments consisted of eight strains and two improved varieties as a comparison. Each treatment was repeated 3 times. The results indicated that strain B-10018G-TB-42-1 has the least tungro attacks and the highest number of tillers and production compared to the other strains and varieties.
Potensi Pengembangan Jagung di Sumatera Selatan Soehendi, Rudy; Syahri, Syahri
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal

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The demand of corn continues to increase along with the increasing of populations and industries. Compliance efforts could be done by increasing productivity through extensification and intensification farming. Statistical data showed that corn harvested area and production in South Sumatra over the period 2000-2012 was very volatile but had a tendency to increase since 2006. The area of ​​land suitable for development of corn in South Sumatra, which amounted to 898,877 ha. This area consists of the intensification of land (205,709 ha), extensification of land (159,444 ha) and the diversification of land (533,724 ha). Land use for corn so far has been done in some districts/cities having dry land like Ogan Komering Ulu (OKU), OKU Timur, Ogan Ilir, Ogan Komering Ilir well as in several districts that have ups and downs like agro Banyuasin and Musi Banyuasin. South Sumatra AIAT demonstration plots showed that significant productivity of corn. In 2010, IPM demplot of Mulyasari village, sub district of Tanjung Lago, District of Banyuasin showed that productivity of Bima 4 (8.8 t/ha), Bima 5 (8.3 t/ha), and Bisi 2 (8.4 t/ha), whereas in 2011 Banyuurip demplot showed that productivity of Bima 3 (11.27 t/ha) and Sukmaraga (8.13 t/ha).
TRICHODERMA SPP. DAN PENICILLIUM SPP. DARI TANAH RIZOSFER LAHAN RAWA LEBAK DALAM MENGINDUKSI KETAHANAN TANAMAN CABAI TERHADAP SERANGAN PENYAKIT REBAH KECAMBAH Muslim, Ahmad; Syahri, Syahri; Hamidson, Harman; Salim, Abdullah
Jurnal Fitopatologi Indonesia Vol 10 No 1 (2014)
Publisher : The Indonesian Phytopathological Society (Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (291.422 KB) | DOI: 10.14692/jfi.10.1.31

Abstract

Soil microbes associated with rhizosphere are important for promoting plant growth and inducing resistance to diseases. The research was conducted to study the ability of Trichoderma spp. and Penicillium spp. isolated from rhizosphere in lowland swampy area for controlling damping-off disease caused by Rhizoctonia solani Khun. Trichoderma spp. and Penicillium spp. were cultured in bran, corn meal, and rice straw containing media and applied as inoculum to 2-weeks old seedlings. Application of two fungi isolates effectively induced resistance of chili plants to damping-off disease. Trichoderma spp. and Penicillium spp. were significantly reduced disease incidence by 61.5?100% to 46.2?100%, respectively and disease severity by 50?100% and 30?95.9%, respectively. This experiment showed the potential of Trichoderma spp. and Penicillium spp. as biocontrol agents to control damping-off disease on chili.  
Respon Pertumbuhan Tanaman Padi Terhadap Beberapa Rekomendasi Pemupukan Hasil Litbang Pertanian Syahri, Syahri; Somantri, Renny Utami
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 2, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal

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Abstract

Indonensian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development (IAARD) has issued some fertilization recommendations, such as fertilization based on Soil Test Kit for Low Land Rice (PUTS) and Planting Calendar (PC). The reasearch aimed to introduce and examine the effects of various fertilizer recommendations, especially on low land. The research was conducted in Lubuk Sakti village, Indralaya sub-district, Ogan Ilir district from April to Agustus 2013. The research was arranged in 3 treatments fertilization based on PUTS,  PC and farmer practice (control). The rice varieties used Inpari 12. Legowo plating system was applied by 4:1 (plant spacing 25 x 50 x 12.5 cm) and farmers practice (plant spacing 25 x 25 cm). The plot size was 13 m x 27.5 m. The results showed that both of fertilizer recommendations issued by IAARD were able to increase rice productivity than control.  STK, PC and control with the yield 5.60 t/ha, 6.56 t/ha and 5,20 t/ha, respectively. Fertilizer recommendations also reduced rice pests and diseases.
Produktivitas dan Ketahanan Galur Harapan Padi terhadap Penyakit Tungro di Sumatera Selatan Thamrin, Tumarlan; Marpaung, Imelda Suryani; Syahri, Syahri
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 1, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Thamrin et al. 2012. Productivity and Resistancy of the Tungro-resistant Rice Variety in South Sumatra. JLSO 1(2):130-137. The establishment of new varieties is required to have the advantage of being more diverse and specific according to agroecosystem, problems in the field, the specific location and consumers’ preference. Prior to its establishment, a tungro-resistant rice variety needs to be tested locally. This research was carried out on the rain-fed rice field at the village of Lubuk Seberuk Sub-district Lempuing, Ogan Ilir Komering Regency (OKI)  in 2009.  This research employed randomized block design (RGD) with 10 treatments consisted of eight strains and two improved varieties as a comparison. Each treatment was repeated 3 times. The results indicated that strain B-10018G-TB-42-1 has the least tungro attacks and the highest number of tillers and production compared to the other strains and varieties.
Potensi Pengembangan Jagung di Sumatera Selatan Soehendi, Rudy; Syahri, Syahri
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The demand of corn continues to increase along with the increasing of populations and industries. Compliance efforts could be done by increasing productivity through extensification and intensification farming. Statistical data showed that corn harvested area and production in South Sumatra over the period 2000-2012 was very volatile but had a tendency to increase since 2006. The area of ​​land suitable for development of corn in South Sumatra, which amounted to 898,877 ha. This area consists of the intensification of land (205,709 ha), extensification of land (159,444 ha) and the diversification of land (533,724 ha). Land use for corn so far has been done in some districts/cities having dry land like Ogan Komering Ulu (OKU), OKU Timur, Ogan Ilir, Ogan Komering Ilir well as in several districts that have ups and downs like agro Banyuasin and Musi Banyuasin. South Sumatra AIAT demonstration plots showed that significant productivity of corn. In 2010, IPM demplot of Mulyasari village, sub district of Tanjung Lago, District of Banyuasin showed that productivity of Bima 4 (8.8 t/ha), Bima 5 (8.3 t/ha), and Bisi 2 (8.4 t/ha), whereas in 2011 Banyuurip demplot showed that productivity of Bima 3 (11.27 t/ha) and Sukmaraga (8.13 t/ha).
Respon Pertumbuhan Tanaman Padi Terhadap Beberapa Rekomendasi Pemupukan Hasil Litbang Pertanian Syahri, Syahri; Somantri, Renny Utami
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 2, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Indonensian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development (IAARD) has issued some fertilization recommendations, such as fertilization based on Soil Test Kit for Low Land Rice (PUTS) and Planting Calendar (PC). The reasearch aimed to introduce and examine the effects of various fertilizer recommendations, especially on low land. The research was conducted in Lubuk Sakti village, Indralaya sub-district, Ogan Ilir district from April to Agustus 2013. The research was arranged in 3 treatments fertilization based on PUTS,  PC and farmer practice (control). The rice varieties used Inpari 12. Legowo plating system was applied by 4:1 (plant spacing 25 x 50 x 12.5 cm) and farmers practice (plant spacing 25 x 25 cm). The plot size was 13 m x 27.5 m. The results showed that both of fertilizer recommendations issued by IAARD were able to increase rice productivity than control.  STK, PC and control with the yield 5.60 t/ha, 6.56 t/ha and 5,20 t/ha, respectively. Fertilizer recommendations also reduced rice pests and diseases.
Preferensi Petani di Lahan Rawa Lebak Sumatera Selatan Terhadap Padi Varietas Unggul Baru (VUB) Hasil Litbang Pertanian (Studi Kasus: Poktan Sinar Sakti Desa Lubuk Sakti Kecamatan Indralaya Kabupaten Ogan Ilir) Somantri, Renny Utami; Syahri, Syahri
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 4, No 2 (2015): JLSO
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

The dissemination of new varieties produced Agricultural Research are usually constrained by farmer preference at the farm level. The level of preferences determined the admissibility of a high-yielding varieties those were introduced. The study of preference was conducted in Lubuk Sakti village, Indralaya District, Ogan Ilir Regency, South Sumatra from April until August 2013. The location is the location of the demonstration plot studies testing new varieties (VUB) Agricultural Research results. Preference test conducted on rice and rice from Ciherang, Inpari 10, Inpari Inpari 12 and 14. Respondents consisted of 20 farmers who are members of farmer groups Rays Way. Parameter assessment consists of rice appearance, color and aroma while the rice is composed of taste, color, texture and aroma. As for the scale for the assessment of rice and rice namely: (1) Very dislike, (2) Dislike, (3) Somewhat Like, (4) Like and (5) Very Like it. The results showed that Inpari 10, Inpari 14 and Ciherang has the potential to be developed in the swampy marsh areas have a preference for rice and rice were good enough that somewhatlike to like. Most farmers in the swampy wetlands preferred rice varieties have furnished (rice fluffier texture).
Usahatani Padi Rawa Lebak Berbasis Pengelolaan Tanaman Terpadu di Sumatera Selatan Syahri, Syahri; Utami Somantri, Renny
Seminar Nasional Lahan Suboptimal 2018: Prosiding Seminar Nasional Lahan Suboptimal "Tantangan dan Solusi Pengembangan PAJALE dan Kel
Publisher : Seminar Nasional Lahan Suboptimal

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Abstract

Syahri et al, 2019. Rice Farming System Based on Integrated Crop Management in Swampy Area of South Sumatera. pp. 436-441.Abiotic stress namely soil acidity and droughout are known as major problem in farming systems on swampy area. They need good agricultural practices in order to manage them, such Integrated Crop Management (IPM). One of them is rice varieties which adaptative for swampy area, such as Inpari 30, Inpari 33, Inpara 2 and Inpara 4. These varieties were cultivated on 3-ha farmer’s field in Rambutan sub-district, district of Banyuasin.  Technology was used are legowo 4:1 system, 21 days seedling, 2-3 seedling per hole and integrated pest management. Plant growth and yield were observed in this research. The result showed that ICM could increase benefit for farmer (R/C > 1) through increasing of rice yield. Productivity of Inpara 2 and Inpara 4 about 4,4 t dried grains per ha.
Potensi Hasil Beberapa Varietas Unggul Baru (VUB) Kedelai di Lahan Kering Sumatera Selatan Somantri, Renny Utami; Syahri, Syahri; Thamrin, Tumarlan
Seminar Nasional Lahan Suboptimal 2018: Prosiding Seminar Nasional Lahan Suboptimal "Tantangan dan Solusi Pengembangan PAJALE dan Kel
Publisher : Seminar Nasional Lahan Suboptimal

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Abstract

Somantri et al, 2019. Potential of Several Soybean Varieties in Dry Land of South Sumatera. pp. 473-481. Soybean productivity is determined by climate, land suitability also innovations applied such as the use of superior varieties.  Soybean cropping areas mostly covers ricefield and dry land in South Sumatera, in where rice field fertility is better than dry land.  With total of 364.583 Ha dry land, soybean cultivation is potential to be developed in South Sumatera to obtain self-sufficiency and minimize soybean imports.  The activity was carried out in Talang Ubi Sub-district in Penukal Abab Lematang Ilir (PALI) District in 2018.  The study was aimed to understand the growth and yield of some adaptive soybean superior varieties (VUB) in dry land of South Sumatera.  Technologies applied was the use of several soybean VUB i.e. Burangrang, Dering 1. Demas 1 dan Anjasmoro, fertilizer based on Dry Land Test Kit (PUTK), the use of manual grains seeder (ATBJ), Rhizobium application on seeds and integrated pest control. The result showed that the highest yield was obtained from Dering 1 for 2,3 t/ha of dry seed and the lowest was Burangrang for 1,36 t/ha.