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Antibacterial Activity of Germacrone Sesquiterpene from Curcuma Xanthorrhiza Rhizomes

ALCHEMY Jurnal Penelitian Kimia Vol 12, No 2 (2016): Alchemy Jurnal Penelitian Kimia
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET (UNS)

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Abstract

The aim of this research was to isolate and indentify the terpenoid compound from Curcuma xanthorrhiza rhizomes and its antibacterial activity. Isolation was carried out by using vacuum liquid chromatography and centrifugal chromatography. The structure was determined by NMR spectroscopy (1H-NMR, 13C-NMR 1D and 2D), then compare with data from literatures. Antibacterial test was carried out by using  microdillution methods and evaluated against eight bacteria. They are Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Enterobacter aerogenes, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhi, Shigella dysentriae and Vibrio cholerae. The result showed that the isolate was a white crystal which was indetified as germacron-type sesquiterpene. Germacron have highest activity againts P. aeruginosa, MIC 15.6 µg/mL and MBC 31.2 µg/mL.

Synthesis of quinine N-oxide and an NMR tutorial in its structure determination

Jurnal Penelitian Teh dan Kina Vol 17, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Research Institute for Tea and Cinchona

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Abstract

Cinchona alkaloids are one of abundant natural chiral pool for organocatalysts. The application of an N-oxide group containing molecule in asymmetric reaction is currently wide developed. The structure of quinine consist two amine groups that could be oxidized to the N-oxide groups at N-1’ of quinoline and at N-1 of quinuclidine moieties. The oxidation reaction took place selectively at quinuclidine moiety by controlling the concentration of oxidizing agents. In this study we showed that N-1-oxide quinine could be occurred chemo­selectively by using a low concentration of ozone thana palladium catalyzed oxidation. The structure of products N1-oxide quinine was elucidated by spectroscopy data including 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, 2D-NMR, infra-red and mass spectrometry. The developed method is a chemoselectively and eco-friendly method for synthesis N1-oxide quinine.

IN VITRO ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF CHALCONE DERIVATIVES FROM Kaempferia pandurata RHIZOMES AGAINST CLINICAL ISOLATE BACTERIA

ALCHEMY Jurnal Penelitian Kimia Vol 13, No 1 (2017): Alchemy Jurnal Penelitian Kimia
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET (UNS)

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Abstract

In vitro antibacterial activity of chalcone derivatives from “temu kunci” (K. pandurta) rhizomes against clinical isolate bacteria has been done. Two chalcone derivatives, panduratin A (1) and 4-hydroxypanduratin A (2) were isolated from Kaempferia pandurata rhizomes. Isolation of the chemical components were done with extraction (maceration), vacuum liquid chromatography and radial chromatography methods. The structures were determined by NMR spectroscopy (1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, 1D and 2D), then compare with data from literatures. Antibacterial activity was carried out with reference to the CLSI microdilution method, against eight clinical isolate bacteria such as Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Enterobacter aerogenes, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhi, Shigella dysentriae and Vibrio cholerae. Compounds 1 and 2 showed significant antibacterial activity with highest activity against S. aureus and B. subtilis with MIC values of 2.4 to 18.8 µg/mL and MBC values of 4.8 to 37.5 µg/mL. These results showed these compounds as potential antibacterial agent for clinical isolate bacteria.

Senyawa Morusin dari Tumbuhan Murbei Hitam (Morus nigra)

Jurnal Penelitian Sains Vol 15, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Faculty of Mathtmatics and Natural Sciences

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Abstract

Tumbuhan murbei hitam merupakan salah satu spesies dari genus Morus. Tumbuhan dari genus ini telah dilaporkan kaya akan senyawa turunan fenol seperti flavonoid, 2-arilbenzofuran dan stilben. Dalam rangka pencarian senyawa turunan fenol dari tumbuhan murbei Indonesia maka telah berhasil diisolasi suatu senyawa flavon terprenilasi yaitu morusin dari ekstrak metanol kayu batang murbei hitam (M. nigra). Struktur senyawa tersebut telah ditetapkan berdasarkan data-data spektroskopi yang meliputi spektrum UV dan IR serta membandingkan KLTnya dengan senyawa morusin standar.

Artoindonesianin-E suatu senyawa baru turunan flavanon dari tumbuhan Artocarpus Champeden

Journal of Mathematical and Fundamental Sciences Vol 33, No 3 (2001)
Publisher : ITB Journal Publisher, LPPM ITB

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Abstract

Sari. Suatu senyawabaru turunan flavanon, yakni 5,7-dihidroksi-2',4',6'-trimetoksiflavanon yang diberi nama artoindonesianin-E(1 ), telah ditemukan untuk pertama kalinya bersama-samad engan artokarpin (2) dan heteroflavanon-A (3) pada ekstrak benzena kulit batang tumbuhan Artocarpus champeden Spreng (Moraceae), suatu tumbuhan yang endemik untuk Indonesia, serta dikenal dengan narna Cempedak. Struktur molekul senyawa tersebut telah ditetapkan berdasarkan data fisika dan spekroskopi (MS, 1H dan 13C NMR).Artoindonesianin-E a New Flavanone Derivative from Artocarpus ChampedenAbstract. A new flavanone derivative, 5,7-dihydroxy-2',4',6'-trimethoxyflavanone named artoindonesianin-E (1) had been isolated for the first time, together with artocarpin (2) and heteroflavanone-A (3) from benzene extract of the tree bark of Artocarpus champeden Spreng. (Moraceae), a species endemic to Indonesia and locally known as Cempedak. The structure of this compound was elucidated based on physical and spectroscopic data (MS, 1H and 13C NMR).

Synthesis and Characterization of Oligomer 4-Vinylpyridine as A Corrosion Inhibitor for Mild Steel in CO2 Saturated Brine Solution

Indonesian Journal of Chemistry Vol 16, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

In this work, the oligomer of 4-vinylpyridine designated as O(4-VP) was synthesized by hydrogen peroxide initiated chain growth polymerization and characterized in terms of molecular weight and structure by matrix assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectroscopy (MALDI-TOF MS). The oligomer was tested as corrosion inhibitor of mild steel in brine solution saturated with carbon dioxide, with the main purpose to investigate the effect of inhibitor concentrations and temperatures on the inhibition activity defined in terms of corrosion rate and percent of protection. The inhibition tests were carried out using the methods of weight loss (WL) and linear polarization (LP). Characterization using MALDI-TOF MS revealed that the oligomer has the mass (m/z) in the range 200-2400, which corresponds to chain length of 2-22 repeating units. The results of corrosion rate measurements show that the corrosion rate with the use of oligomer is significantly lower than that without inhibitor, demonstrating that the oligomer functioned as effective corrosion inhibitor, while the 4-vinyl pyridine monomer was found to promote the corrosion. It was also found that the protection by the oligomer increased with increasing temperature and it was predicted the oligomer was chemically adsorbed by the surface of the metal.

FLAVANONES FROM THE WOOD OF Morus nigra WITH CYTOTOXIC ACTIVITY

Indonesian Journal of Chemistry Vol 13, No 3 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Two flavanone derivatives, norartocarpanone (1) and euchrenone a7 (2) had been isolated for the first time from the methanol extract of the wood of Morus nigra. The structures of these compounds were determined base on spectral evidence, including UV, IR, and NMR. The first compound also confirmed by comparison with the reported data. Cytotoxic properties of these compounds were evaluated against murine leukemia P-388 cells. Euchrenone a7 (2) was found more cytotoxic than norartocarpanone (1) with their IC50 7.8 and 12.7 mg/mL respectively.

Antibacterial Activity of Germacrane Type Sesquiterpenes from Curcuma heyneana Rhizomes

Indonesian Journal of Chemistry Vol 14, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The isolation of terpenoids from C. heyneana rhizomes and their antibacterial activity have been conducted. The terpenoids were isolated by using vacuum liquid chromatography and radial chromatography. The structures of the compounds were determined based on spectroscopic data (1H-NMR, 13C-NMR (1D and 2D)). The antibacterial activity was carried out by using microdilution method and evaluated against eight bacteria. Three germacrane type sesquiterpenes have been isolated from C. heyneana rhizhomes and were identified as germacrone, dehydrocurdione, and 1(10),4(5)-diepoxygermacrone. Germacrone showed highest antibacterial activity against P. aeruginosa with MIC values of 15.6 µg/mL and MBC values 31.2 µg/mL. Dehydrocurdione showed highest antibacterial activity against B. subtilis with MIC values of 31.2 µg/mL and MBC values of 31.2 µg/mL. However, 1(10),4(5)-diepoxygermacrone showed a weak antibacterial activity.

RESVERATROL DIMERS FROM STEM BARK OF Hopea gregaria AND THEIR CYTOTOXIC PROPERTIES

Indonesian Journal of Chemistry Vol 8, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Six resveratrol dimers have been isolated from the stem bark of H. gregaria, ampelopsin A (1), balanocarpol (2), ε-viniferin (3), hopeafuran (4), heimiol A (5), and parviflorol (6). The structures of these compounds were determined based on spectroscopic evidence such as UV, IR, 1-D, 2-D NMR and comparison with the reported data. These compound inventions are strengthen conclusion that Hopea tends to produce resveratrol dimers. Biological activity of those compounds against murine leukemia P-388 cells showed that ε-viniferin (3) is the most active compound with IC50 value 5.1 ± 0.3 μg/mL.   Keywords: H. gregaria, resveratrol dimers, murine leukemia P-388 cells

(-)-AMPELOPSIN A : A DIMER RESVERATROL FROM Dryobalanops oblongifolia (dipterocarpaceae)

Indonesian Journal of Chemistry Vol 6, No 1 (2006)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

A dimer resveratrol compound named (-)-ampelopsin A was isolated from acetone extract of the stem bark of  Dryobalanops oblongifolia (Dipterocarpaceae). The structure of this compound was determined on the basis of NMR spectroscopic data.   Keywords: (-)-ampelopsin A, Dryobalanops oblongifolia, Dipterocarpaceae