Bambang Suwignyo
Lab. Hijauan Makanan Ternak dan Pastura, Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jl. Fauna No 3 Kampus Bulaksumur UGM, Yogyakarta

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Penggunaan Complete Feed Berbasis Jerami Padi Fermentasi Pada Sapi Australian Commercial Cross Terhadap Konsumsi Nutrien dan Pertambahan Bobot Badan Harian Agus, Ali; Suwignyo, Bambang; Utomo, Ristanto
Buletin Peternakan Vol 29, No 1 (2005): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 29 (1) Februari 2005
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/1147

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EFEK PENGURANGAN DAN PEMENUHAN KEMBALI JUMLAH PAKAN TERHADAP KONSUMSI DAN KECERNAAN BAHAN PAKAN PADA KAMBING KACANG DAN PERANAKAN ETAWAH (Aryanto), Aryanto; Suwignyo, Bambang; (Panjono), Panjono
Buletin Peternakan Vol 37, No 1 (2013): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 37 (1) Februari 2013
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

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Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui efek pengurangan dan pemenuhan kembali jumlah pakan terhadap konsumsi dan kecernaan bahan pakan pada kambing Kacang dan Peranakan Etawah. Delapan ekor kambing jantan yang terdiri atas 4 ekor kambing Kacang dan 4 ekor kambing Peranakan Etawah digunakan dalam penelitian ini. Kedua jenis kambing tersebut diberikan perlakuan yang sama. Pertama, pakan dikurangi dengan pemberian bahan kering 1,7% berat badan untuk masing-masing ternak, kedua, ternak diberi pakan secara ad libitum. Variabel yang diamati adalah konsumsi dan kecernaan pakan. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis dengan uji Sidik Ragam menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) pola faktorial 2x2. Uji Jarak Berganda Duncan digunakan untuk menguji perlakuan yang berbeda nyata. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa bangsa kambing dan volume pakan tidak saling berinteraksi untuk mempengaruhi kemampuan konsumsi dan kecernaan pakan. Perbedaan bangsa kambing tidak berpengaruh terhadap konsumsi bahan kering dan bahan organik, akan tetapi kambing Peranakan Etawah mampu mencerna bahan kering dan bahan organik secara lebih baik (P<0,05) daripada kambing Kacang. Perbedaan volume pakan mempengaruhi (P<0,01) konsumsi bahan kering, konsumsi bahan organik, kecernaan bahan kering, dan kecernaan bahan organik. Disimpulkan bahwa konsumsi dan kecernaan pada kedua bangsa kambing mempunyai pola yang sama, yang akan menurun saat pakan dikurangi dan meningkat secara signifikan ketika pakan diberikan ad libitum.(Kata kunci: Kambing, Pengurangan pakan, Konsumsi dan kecernaan)
PRODUKSI TANAMAN SORGUM (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) VARIETAS LOKAL ROTE SEBAGAI HIJAUAN PAKAN RUMINANSIA PADA UMUR PANEN DAN DOSIS PUPUK UREA YANG BERBEDA Koten, Bernadete Barek; Soetrisno, R. Djoko; Ngadiyono, Nono; Suwignyo, Bambang
Buletin Peternakan Vol 36, No 3 (2012): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 36 (3) Oktober 2012
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/1622

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Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi kemampuan produksi tanaman sorgum varietas lokal Rote sebagai pakan ternak ruminansia pada umur panen dan dosis urea yang berbeda. Penelitian dilaksanakan di rumah kaca Laboratorium Hijauan Makanan Ternak dan Pastura Fakultas Peternakan UGM selama 4 bulan dari tanggal 11 November 2011 hingga 27 Februari 2012. Penelitian ini dirancang dengan Rancangan Acak Lengkap pola faktorial dengan 2 faktor perlakuan yaitu umur panen (UP) sebagai faktor pertama (UP1= 50 hari, UP2 = 70 hari, dan UP3 = 90 hari) dan dosis pupuk urea (P0 = tanpa urea sebagai kontrol, P1 = 50 kg/ha, dan P2 = 100 kg/ha) sebagai faktor kedua. Kombinasi perlakuan ini diulang 4 kali. Variabel yang diamati adalah produksi bahan kering (BK), bahan organik (BO), dan protein kasar (PK) (g/polibag). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa produksi BK tertinggi terdapat pada perlakuan UP3P2 (107,27 g/polibag) dan berbeda sangat nyata (P<0,01) dengan UP3P1, UP3P0, UP2P2, UP2P1, UP2P0, UP1P2, UP1P1, dan UP1P0. Perlakuan UP3P2 dan UP3P1 menghasilkan produksi BO yang lebih tinggi yaitu 108,07 dan 84,70 g/polibag, dibandingkan dengan UP3P0, UP2P2, UP2P1, dan UP2P0. Produksi BO terendah terdapat pada kombinasi perlakuan UP1P0 (25,60 g/polibag) dan tidak berbeda nyata dengan UP1P2 (32,88 g/polibag) dan UP1P1 (28,70 g/polibag). Produksi PK tertinggi terdapat pada perlakuan UP2P2 (5,57 g/polibag) dan tidak berbeda nyata dengan UP3P2 (5,14 g/polibag) dan UP1P2 (5,03 g/polibag). Produksi PK berbeda dengan UP3P1, UP2P1 dan UP1P1. Produksi PK juga berbeda dengan UP1P0 dan UP2P0. Perlakuan UP3P0 merupakan kombinasi perlakuan yang menghasilkan produksi PK terendah yaitu 2,22 g/polibag. Disimpulkan bahwa tanaman sorgum yang dipanen pada umur 90 hari dengan dosis pupuk urea 100 kg/ha, menghasilkan hijauan terbaik sebagai pakan ruminansia.(Kata kunci: Sorgum, Umur panen, Dosis urea, Produksi bahan kering, Produksi protein kasar)
PENAMBAHAN INOKULUM DALAM MENINGKATKAN KUALITAS JERAMI KEDELAI EDAMAME (Glycine max var Ryokhoho) SEBAGAI PAKAN TERNAK Umami, Nafiatul; Marlina Wijayanti, Heny; Miftah Nurdani, Dyah Afryana; Utomo, Ristianto; Soetrisno, R. Djoko; Suhartanto, Bambang; Suwignyo, Bambang; Wulandari, Cahyo
Pastura : Jurnal Ilmu Tumbuhan Pakan Ternak Vol 2 No 1
Publisher : Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/Pastura.2012.v02.i01.p06

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This research was conducted to investigated the effect of rhizobium inoculation and harvesting time on the productivity of edamame and the chemical composition in the straw edamame. This study was planted edamame soy bean seed. This experiment was carried out in green house used regosol soil in polybag, 2x2 factorial experiment with five replication was arranged in completely randomized design, continued by Duncan’s multiple range test (DMRT) for the significant result. The first factor was harvesting time (U) consisting of harvested at 65 days (U1) and harvested at 75 days (U2); the second factor was inoculant (I) consisting of with inoculation (I1) and without inoculant (I0). The result of the study showed, that underground dry weight (DW) mass yield and DM and OM straw productions, crude protein (CP), nitrogen free extract (NFE) of UP1 were higher (P<0.01) and ash of straw were higher(P<0.05) than UP2. DM and OM pod productions of UP1 was also superior (P<0.05) than UP2. UP2 resulted better fiber crude (FC) (P<0.01) than UP1. Inoculation (L1) resulted better DM and OM straw productions and CP of straw (P<0.01), and underground DW mass yield, FC, NFE of straw were affected (P<0.05) by interaction between treatments. Underground DW mass yield, FC, NFE, DM and OM of straw, and pods productions were not affected by interaction. And all the treatments were also not affected ether extract (EE) of straw.The results of experiment shown that legin factor not signification of in vitro digestibility. The harvest time (U1) was higher (P<0.05) than harvested at 75 days. Interaction among two factors not significant on in vitro organic matter digestibility.
Pengaruh Perbedaan Fase Silvopastural pada Produksi dan Komposisi Kimia Sorgum di Gunungkidul Yogyakarta Suwignyo, Bambang; Harjono, Marhen; Utomo, Ristanto
Buletin Peternakan Vol 38, No 2 (2014): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 38 (2) JUNI 2014
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

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PRODUKTIVITAS TANAMAN KALIANDRA (Calliandra calothyrsus) SEBAGAI HIJAUAN PAKAN PADA UMUR PEMOTONGAN YANG BERBEDA (Abqoriyah), Abqoriyah; Utomo, Ristanto; Suwignyo, Bambang
Buletin Peternakan Vol 39, No 2 (2015): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 39 (2) JUNI 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science UGM

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This research aimed to determine the production and nutrient content of calliandra (Caliandra calothyrsus) as a forage for ruminant in the different defoliation time. This research was conducted for 48 weeks (June 2012–June 2013) at Kaligesing forage feed area, Animal Science Department, Purworejo, Central Java. Design of the research was Completely Randomized Block Design. Soil slope was used as block. The research treatments were 6 (P1), 8 (P2), 12 (P3) and 16 (P4) weeks of cutting age. The grass of all treatment groups were cut together at the same day prior to experiment. Caliandra calothyrsus was cut at edible portion. Parameters measured were fresh forage, dry matter, organic matter and crude protein production and also nutrient content namely dry matter, organic matter, crude protein, extract ether, crude fiber, BETN and TDN. The result showed that the highest dry matter content was found in P3 (31.25%) and was different from P1 (26.51%) and P4 (28.12%). The highest crude protein content was found in P2 (21.10%) and was not different with P1 (21.09%) and P3 (19.20%), and the lowest crude protein was found inP4 (18.04%). The highest extract ether was at P3 (2.84%) and different from P1 (1.51%). The highest crude fiber was at P4 (22.56%) different with P1 (15.80%) and P2 (18.46%). Organic matter, BETN and TDN were not different among the different defoliation time. The highest fresh forage, dry matter, organic matter and crude protein production were at P4 and different (P<0.05) from P1, P2 and P3. The lowest dry matter was at P2. It is concluded that the best quality of grass was found in P3 group and the highest harvesting quantity was found in P4 group.(Key words: Calliandra calothyrsus, Cutting age, Nutrient content, Production)
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN FERMENTASI COMPLETE FEED BERBASIS PAKAN LOKAL TERHADAP KONSUMSI, KONVERSI PAKAN, DAN FEED COST KAMBING BLIGON JANTAN Munawaroh, Lucky Latifah; Budisatria, I Gede Suparta; Suwignyo, Bambang
Buletin Peternakan Vol 39, No 3 (2015): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 39 (3) OKTOBER 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science UGM

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Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian complete feed yang difermentasi terhadap konsumsi, konversi pakan, dan feed cost kambing Bligon jantan. Penelitian dilaksanakan selama dua belas minggu di kandang individual kelompok tani Purwo Manunggal Panggang, Gunung Kidul. Ternak yang digunakan adalah kambing Bligon jantan sebanyak 15 ekor dengan kisaran bobot awal 12-15 kg dengan rerata umur 8 bulan yang dibagi dalam tiga perlakuan dan lima ulangan. Ketiga perlakuan tersebut adalah: perlakuan 1 (R1), merupakan perlakuan kontrol; perlakuan 2 (R2), kambing diberi pakan completefeed yang difermentasi satu minggu; dan perlakuan 3 (R3), kambing diberi pakan complete feed yang difermentasi dua minggu. Data yang diambil meliputi konsumsi, konversi pakan, dan feed cost per gain. Data dianalisis statistik dengan analisis variansi Rancangan Acak Lengkap pola searah dan dilanjutkandengan uji Duncan’s Multiple Range Test. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa konsumsi bahan kering, bahan organik, protein kasar, serat kasar, lemak kasar, dan total digestible nutrients secara nyata dipengaruhi oleh perlakuan pakan. Rerata konsumsi BK pada R0, R1, dan R2 adalah 81,18±22,30, 43,29±6,26, dan 49,52±5,912 g/kg BB0,75, sedangkan konsumsi protein kasar dan TDN berturut-turut adalah 13,05±3,58, 4,76±0,68, 4,30±0,98, dan 57,57±15,8, 36,22±5,23, 42,67±5,09. Perlakuan pakan berpengaruh tidak nyata terhadap pertambahan konversi pakan dan feed cost per gain. Hal ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa pemberian pakan complete feed yang difermentasi tidak meningkatkan konsumsi nutrien tetapi mampu menghasilkan kinerja kambing Bligon yang setara dengan pakan kontrol.(Kata kunci: Bahan pakan lokal, Complete feed, Feed cost, Fermentasi, Kambing Bligon jantan,Konsumsi, Konversi pakan)
Respons Metabolik terhadap Pembatasan Asupan Pakan pada Kambing Peranakan Ettawa (METABOLIC RESPONSES TO FOOD RESTRICTION IN ETTAWA CROSSBRED GOATS) Widiyono, Irkham; ., Sarmin; Suwignyo, Bambang
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 14, No 4 (2013)
Publisher : Jurnal Veteriner

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The study aim of this  was to evaluate the effects of food restriction on metabolic aspects (bloodchemistry parameters) in Ettawa crossbred goats. Four adult male and clinically healthy Ettawa crossbredgoats were used in this study. The animals were kept in individual cage for 12 weeks. Animal feed consistedof aerial part of peanut plant and concentrate at a ratio of 60:40. The experiment was devided into 2phases of feeding periods, fullfeeding (ad libitum  feeding and restricted feeding. After the adaptationperiod for 4 weeks (week 1-4), the animals were fed ad libitum for 4 weeks (week 5-8), and then continuedwith 50% of the ad libitum feed intake during the following 4 weeks restricted feeding period (week 9-12).During the experiment, drinking water was supplied ad libitum. Body weight were examined and bloodsamples were collected at the end of the fullfeeding and restricted feeding periods for blood chemistryanalyses. Statistical differences were determined by paired t-Test at probability level of 0.05. This studyshowed that feed restriction up to about 50% of ad libitum (80% of maintenance) feed intake resulted inchanges of blood chemistry parameters. At the end of restricted feeding period, the elevated concentrationof serum inorganic phosphate, creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, and cholesterine were observed and reducedconcentration of glucose, calcium, and triglyceride were observed. However no change was observed on  levelof arterial blood pH and the concentration of serum natrium, potassium, chloride, and protein. In conclusion,nutritional status has significant effect on blood chemistry parameters of Ettawa crossbred goats. Seruminorganic phosphate, calcium, creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, cholesterine, glucose, and triglycerideconcentration could provide the more reliable information for assessment of the nutritional status ofEttawa crossbred goat.
Penggunaan Fermentasi Pakan Komplet Berbasis Hijauan Pakan dan Jerami Untuk Pakan Ruminansia Suwignyo, Bambang; Agus, Ali; Utomo, Ristianto; Umami, Nafiatul; Suhartanto, Bambang; Wulandari, Cahyo
Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement) Vol 1, No 2 (2016): Maret
Publisher : Direktorat Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jpkm.10611

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Fermented complete feed (CF) based forage-fodder and agricultural by product as feed for ruminants can be implemented in the household and industrial purpose. Complete feed technology is one of alternative to solve the problems of stock and quality of feed. The nutritional value can be set by determine the number and type of mixture, livestock will not has an opportunity to choose so that it can minimize residual feed, practical, and can be stored for long periods. Fermented complete feed very much match to be implemented in the dry season or in the emergency situation. During Merapi Volcano eruption in 2010 was one of moment which is need CF technology. Rice straw can used for CF that can be socked during dry season, also the quality might improve (from 3—4% of crude protein content became 7—8%) with addition of rice brand or other ingredients. Fermented complete feed based on rice straw, forage-fodder or agricultural by product has a multifungtion in the emergency situation, reduce disaster risk, and feed security conservation.
Productivity of Forages in Grassland Merapi Post-Eruption Area, Sleman, Yogyakarta, Indonesia Umami, Nafiatul; Suhartanto, Bambang; Suwignyo, Bambang; Suseno, Nilo; Fenila, Sarah Adrian; Fajarwati, Ruslina
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 17, No 2 (2015): May
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (569.879 KB) | DOI: 10.20884/1.anprod.2015.17.2.521

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This research aimed to investigate the productivity and quality of forages (including dry matter, organic matter, crude fiber, crude protein, and extract ether) in the area of Kali Kuning and Krasak River. This area was affected by Mount Merapi Eruption on 2010. The data were taken from the area around the river due to the area was found to be firstly revegetated after the eruption. The Forage classified as grass, legume and forbs. The method applied in the research was Line Intercept method which was done by seeing the botanical composition there and was performed at several observation points. The forage was taken as the sample and then calculated its production and proximately analyzed to determine its chemical composition. The results showed that around the river, the widest cover area in 2013 and 2014 was Brachiariabrizantha grasses. The largest dry matter production in 2013 was Pennisetumpurpuphoides as much as 165.57 g m–2, while in 2014 the largest production of DM was Brachiariabrizantha as much as 190.37 g m–2. Frobs with another type of weed also spread in this area. The Quality of forages around Krasak River increased in 2014 due to the addition of organic matter contained in the soil and the minerals weathering from year to year.