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I Nengah Suwastika
Tadulako University

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GAMBARAN INDEKS MASSA TUBUH PENDERITA TUBERKULOSIS (TB) POSITIF YANG MELAKUKAN PENGOBATAN DI GERDUNAS TB PARU RUMAH SAKIT UNDATA PALU SULAWESI TENGAH Fadhalna, Fadhalna; Ihwan, Ihwan; Suwastika, I Nengah
Biocelebes Vol 11, No 1 (2017)
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Research on the description of the patients BMI (body mass index) of tuberculosis (TB) in the positive treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis at the unit of integrated movement prevention of tuberculosis Undata Hospital Palu has been implemented since April until September 2015. This research aimed to look at the dynamics of BMI of patients during treatment. The method used was the retrospective design patients who present within 2014, which qualified as research sample. There are 45 respondents of eligible subjects complete data up to the end of treatment. The results showed a changeof each category of BMI from the early phase to the final phase of treatment. In theearly phase of treatment, is very thin and thin BMI were 30 respondents fromcategory 1 and category 2, its hows that most patients with early diagnosis of tuberculosis have a BMI below normal. While in the early phase until the end of treatment showed a significant frequency changes in norma lBMI reaches 24.5% categorized 1 and 0.1% incategory 2. This is due to irregular treatment undergone by the patient from the early phase to the final phase of treatment. This indicates that the category 1 more treatment success which is marked by the increasing quality of BMI’s Patients return to normal. While in Category 2 does not show the amount of success, because with drawing treatment.
INDUKSI KALUS TANAMAN KAKAO (Theobroma cacao L.) KLON SULAWESI 1 (S1) PADA MEDIUM MS DENGAN KOMBINASI HORMON 2,4-D, BAP DAN AIR KELAPA Wilma, Wilma; Muslimin, Muslimin; Suwastika, I Nengah
Biocelebes Vol 8, No 1 (2014)
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Abstract

Kakaos seed that can result same plant better with it superior parent indispensable. One of alternative is with utilize vegetative organ origin seed that resulting through network culture tech by processes embriogenesis somatik. This research constitute startup phase in embriogenesis which is plant callus induction kakao. Research was performed on month of March until August 2013 at Network culture Laboratory, kehutanans faculty. Tadulakos university. Eksplan who is utilized as staminodia of kakaos flower part Sulawesi clone 1. attempt it is arranged bases fledged Random Design (RAL) with 4 conducts and 3 time replicate. Each one unit experimentaling to utilize 10 eksplan. Conduct that dicobakan which is MS0 + 1ppm 2,4 - D. + 0,1ppm BAP + Coconut Water 15% (KW 1 ), MS0 + 1 ppm 2,4 - D. + 0,2ppm BAP + Coconut Water 15% (KW 2 ), MS0 + 2 ppm 2,4 - D. + 0,1ppm BAP + Coconut Water 15% (KW 3 ) and MS0S medium + 2 ppm 2,4 - D. + 0,2ppm BAP + Coconut Water 15% (KW 4 ). Observed parameter is while its appearance callus, eksplans percentage that results callus, and callus morphology. Preserve is done at dark place on temperature 26 ºC. Result observationaling to point out all conduct that dicobakan that menginduksi can kakaos callus. MS0S medium + 2 ppm 2,4 - D. + 0,1ppm BAP + Coconut Water 15% (KW 3 ) constituting best media for menginduksi callus that marked by its appearance chromatic callus turns white, get intermediets type, greater relative callus mass, uniform and active clefts to begin 14 days culture afterses. Keywords: MS, 2,4 - D., BAP, Coconut water, Callus induction, Staminodia, Theobroma cacao L.
INDUKSI KALUS JARAK PAGAR (Jatropha curcas L.) PADA MEDIA MS DENGAN PENAMBAHAN BERBAGAI KONSENTRASI BAP (Benzyl Amino Purin) DAN 2,4-D (Dichlorophenoxy Acetic Acid) Baktiar, Haryati; Muslimin, Muslimin; Suwastika, I Nengah
Biocelebes Vol 11, No 1 (2017)
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This research was conducted from January to June 2015 at the Tissue Culture Laboratory, Faculty of Forestry, Tadulako University. The explant used in this study was the stem of seedling. Experimental was based on a completely randomized design (CRD) with 4 treatments, and 3 replication, with 3 explants on each unit. Growth Medias as treatments were  H1 = MS0 + 0.5ppm BAP + 1.5 ppm 2.4-D; H2 = MS0 +0.5 ppm BAP + 2 ppm 2.4-D, H3 = MS0 + 0.5 ppm BAP + 2.5ppm 2.4-D, andH4 = MS0 + 0.5 ppm BAP + 3ppm 2.4-D. Parameters observation were time in callus appear, type of callus,  color of callus, the weight of callus, morphology of callus cells. Callus was induched on those medium under dark condition at  26-280 C. The result of the research showed that all treatments can induced the callus. The Medium of  ms0 + 0,5ppm BAP + 1.5 ppm of 2,4-D (H1) was the best media for callus induction, as it showed  in short period of  callus induction, the appearance of yellowish-white colors, highest in mass and volume of the callus cell, and showed uniform and active cell in proliferation.
UJIVIABILTAS INOKULUM JAMUR TIRAM PUTIH ( PLEUROTUS OSTREATUS ( JACQ) P. KUMM) DALAM BENTUK SEDIAAN CAIR Fatmawati, Siti; Umrah, Umrah; Suwastika, I Nengah
Biocelebes Vol 11, No 1 (2017)
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The research aimed to know the best formulations of basic substrate inoculums  white oyster mushrooms (Pleurotus ostreatus (Jacq) P. Kumm) in the best liquid forms and their viability on production media. The research was conducted at Laboratory  Biotekchnology of Depertement of Biology Faculty of Matematics and Natural Sciences, starting from March until July 2015. The experimental designed used was a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) which consisted of seven treatment and three replications. The compositions of the treatment were the ratio among wood sawdust, rice brain, corn starch and calcium (g) in successive sequences as follows : P0 (0 : 50: 50 : 3); (P1 10 : 45 : 45 : 3); (P2 20 : 40 : 40 : 3); (P3 30 : 35 : 35 : 3); (P4 40 : 30 : 30 : 3); (P5 50 : 25 : 25 : 3); (P6 60 : 20 : 20 : 3). The planting media used  in this research were production media. The observation parameters namely the ability fungal  growth  of inoculums  that meets surface the media with viability a high. The result of the research showed that P6 was the best treatment among. In the viability of the inoculums grew well on media production surface with good viability at 8 days of incubation. 
KAJIAN ETNOBOTANI TUMBUHAN PANGAN PADA MASYARAKAT SUKU SEKO DI DESA TANAH HARAPAN KECAMATAN PALOLO KABUPATEN SIGI SULAWESI TENGAH Yonathan, Bill Yorsan; Suwastika, I Nengah; Pitopang, Ramadhanil
Biocelebes Vol 10, No 1 (2016)
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A research entitled “Ethnobotanical Study of food Plant in the Seko ethnic group in Tanah Harapan Village, Sigi Regency, District Central Sulawesi” has been carried out from March to April 2015. The research objective was to obtain the information of Plant diversity, part of the plant used as food and how to use as food. The research was done by methods that is using interview technique to 40 respondents with quisioner sheet. The result showed that there were fifty five (55) plants species that used by the Seko ethnic group in Tanah Harapan Village. The highest percentage that used in the part of plants were 40% of fruit. The Seko ethnic group in Tanah Harapan village utilize plants as food in a way that it can be consumed directly or to go through the first processing is cooked, boiled, fried, baked and coconut milk added.   Key word : Seko Ethnic, Tanah Harapan Village, Sigi Central Sulawesi, Ethnobotanical Food Plant.
INVENTARISASI JENIS DAN TINGKAT KESEHATAN POHON PELINDUNG PADA BEBERAPA TAMAN KOTA PALU SULAWESI TENGAH Taher, Sahril M; Suwastika, I Nengah; Pitopang, Ramadhanil
Biocelebes Vol 12, No 3 (2018)
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Abstract

Research entitled” Inventory species and levels of demage Shade Tree at some Park in Palu Town, Central Sulawesi”, has been conducted from July to August 2015. The research was aimed to inventory of all shade tree species and to determine the levels of damage in four (4) Parks in Palu Town. The data analysis was done on the percentage of wound compact to the diameter of a main trunk and the percentage of the damaged on the trunk the result of the research showed that, there were six (6) species of shade tree belong to five (5) families with individual number seventy four (74) of Trembesi (Samanea saman (Jack.) Merr.), Thirty five (35) of Mahoni (Swetenia mahagoni (L.) Jacq), Twenty eigh (28) of Katapang (Terminalia catappa Linn), six (6) of Banyam (Ficus benjamina Linn), Four (4) of Johar (Senna seamea Lamk), Two (2) of Kayu Jawa (Lannea coromandelica (Houtt.) Merr). The highest percentage of damage on these four (4) ports was found on of Trembesi (Samanea saman (Jacq.) Merr), which grows in GOR City Park. The average of wounded as 2.71 % and the percentage of damage on stems was 20 %.