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Iis Aisyah Sutisna
Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Islam Sultan Agung (UNISSULA)
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Hubungan antara Hygiene Perorangan dan Lingkungan dengan Kejadian Pioderma Studi Observasi Analitik pada Pasien Pioderma Rumah Sakit Islam Sul-tan Agung Periode Agustus-Desember 2010

Jurnal Sains Medika Vol 3, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran UNISSULA

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Abstract

Background : Bacterial skin infection is the third most common  health problem in Indonesia resulting  frompoor personal and environmental hygiene. The most common bacterial skin infection is the pyoderma. Thisstudy aims to find out relation between personal hygiene and environmental with the incidence of pyodermain RSI Sultan Agung Semarang.Design and Methods: The study type was analytic observational with case control design. The sampleconsisted of 30 respondents RSI patients Sultan Agung for case group and 30 persons as control group is theneighbors of patients who have similar characteristics and are not suffering pyoderma. The data used aresecondary data from medical records and primary data from questionnaires filled out by respondents, thenthe data were analyzed with chi-square and to determine the correlation power there was used a contingencycoefficient test.Results : It was found that the good and the bad individual hygene for the case group were 3.3% and 66.7%respectively, while for the control group the good and bad individual hygene were 80.0% and 20.0%respectively. Chi-square test resulted in p=0,000 with contingency coefisien of 0.426. It was found  that  thegood and the bad environmental hygene for the case group were 56.7% and 43.3% respectively, while for thecontrol group the good and bad environmental hygene were 83.3% and 16.3% respectively. Chi-square testresulted in p=0,024 with contingency coefisien of 0.27.Conclusion : There was a significant correlation between the personal and environmental hygiene andpoderma insicence at the RSI Sultan Agung with a moderate relationship between individual hygiene andweak relationship between environmental hygene.Pendahuluan: Infeksi kulit bakterial merupakan masalah kesehatan ketiga di Indonesia, sebagai akibathygiene perorangan dan hygiene lingkungan yang jelek. Infeksi kulit bakterial yang paling banyak adalahpioderma. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan hygiene perorangan dan lingkungandengan kejadian pioderma di RSI Sultan Agung Semarang.Metode:  Jenis penelitian adalah analitik observasional dengan rancangan  case control. Sampel terdiridari 30 responden pasien RSI Sultan Agung untuk kelompok kasus dan 30 orang sebagai kelompok kontrolmerupakan tetangga pasien yang mempunyai karakteristik yang sama dan tidak sakit pioderma. Datayang digunakan adalah data sekunder dari catatan medik dan data primer dari kuesioner yang diisi olehresponden, kemudian data dianalisis dengan uji  chi-square  dan untuk mengetahui kekuatan korelasidigunakan Uji Koefisien Kontingensi.Hasil:  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pada kelompok kasus mempunyai hygiene perorangan baik sebanyak33,3% dan buruk sebanyak 66,7% sedangkan pada kelompok kontrol mempunyai hygiene peroranganbaik sebanyak 80,0% dan buruk sebanyak 20,0%. Hasil uji chi-square  didapatkan nilai sebesar  p =0,000dan koefisien kontingensi 0,426. Untuk hygiene lingkungan, pada kelompok kasus mempunyai hygiene lingkungan baik sebanyak 56,7% dan buruk sebanyak 43,3%. Sedangkan pada kelompok kontrolmempunyai hygiene lingkungan baik sebanyak 83,3% dan buruk sebanyak 16,3%. Hasil uji chi-squaredidapatkan sebesar  p =0,024 dan koefisien kontingensi 0,279.Kesimpulan:  Terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara hygiene perorangan dan lingkungan dengankejadian pioderma di RSI Sultan Agung dengan keeratan hubungan sedang pada hygiene perorangan danlemah pada hygiene lingkungan.

The Correlation between Individual and Environmental Hygiene and Pioderma Incidence An Analytical Observational Study in Pyoderma Patient in Islamic Sultan Agung Hospital during the Period August to December 2010

Sains Medika Vol 3, No 1 (2011): Januari-Juni 2011
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran; Universitas Islam Sultan Agung (UNISSULA)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (132.209 KB)

Abstract

Background: Bacterial skin infection is the third most common health problem in Indonesia resulting from poor personal and environmental hygiene. The most common bacterial skin infection is the pyoderma. This study aims to find out relation between personal hygiene and environmental with the incidence of pyoderma in RSI Sultan Agung Semarang.Design and Methods: The study type was analytic observational with case control design. The sample consisted of 30 respondents RSI patients Sultan Agung for case group and 30 persons as control group is the neighbors of patients who have similar characteristics and are not suffering pyoderma. The data used are secondary data from medical records and primary data from questionnaires filled out by respondents, then the data were analyzed with chi-square and to determine the correlation power there was used a contingency coefficient test.Results: It was found that the good and the bad individual hygene for the case group were 3.3% and 66.7% respectively, while for the control group the good and bad individual hygene were 80.0% and 20.0% respectively. Chi-square test resulted in p=0,000 with contingency coefisien of 0.426. It was found that the good and the bad environmental hygene for the case group were 56.7% and 43.3% respectively, while for the control group the good and bad environmental hygene were 83.3% and 16.3% respectively. Chi-square test resulted in p=0,024 with contingency coefisien of 0.27.Conclusion: There was a significant correlation between the personal and environmental hygiene and poderma insicence at the RSI Sultan Agung with a moderate relationship between individual hygiene and weak relationship between environmental hygene (Sains Medika, 3(1):24-30).