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PENINGKATAN PRESTASI BELAJAR SISWA PADA MATA PELAJARAN IPS MELALUI PEMBELAJARAN JIGSAW PADA KELAS VII H SEMESTER GASAL SMP NEGERI 2 SEMARANG TAHUN PELAJARAN 2012/2013 Susilowati, Sri
Media Penelitian Pendidikan Vol 6, No 2 Desember (2012): MEDIA PENELITIAN PENDIDIKAN
Publisher : Media Penelitian Pendidikan

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Abstract

Berawal dari permasalahan perolehan nilai yang kurang maksimal, tujuan penelitian ini dilakukan untuk  peningkatan jumlah perolehan nilai dari kurang 70% menjadi lebih dari 85% (KKM) dengan penerapan metode pembelajaran  kooperatif model Jigsaw serta metode pengumpulan data observasi, angket dan tes dilakukan dengan 2 siklus bahwa dengan menggunakan model jigsaw dapat meningkatkan  peolehan nilai IPS Georafi pada Standar Kompetensi memahami lingkungan kehidupan manusia KD mendeskrepsikan keragaman bentuk muka bumi, proses pembentukan dan dampaknya terhadap kehidupan di kelas VII H  Tahun 2012/2013.   Kata kunci: Jigsaw, Perolehan Nilai, Peningkatan Prestasi Belajar IPS
ANALISIS HASIL PEMERIKSAAN SPESIMEN DARAH PENDERITA DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI JAKARTA TAHUN 1988 Lubis, Imran; Susilowati, Sri; Diana, Diana; Master, John
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan Vol 17, No 3 Sept (1989)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/view/472

Abstract

Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever is an endemic and important public health disease in Indonesia. Surveillance of hospitalized case usually reported 5.000 cases annually but 10.000 cases could be reported during an outbreak period. The case fatality rate had been decreasing to 4% at present. Studies to analyse the risk factors of an area, pathophysiology of shock or bleeding, prevention, eradication and surveillance were still needed. The important Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever factors were analysed in this tudy based on the 1756 specimens tested in the Communicable Disease Research Center during the period from January1988 to Desember 1988, sent by most of the hospitals in Jakarta. The overall difference between male and female was not significant, although on January, July, September and Desember 1988 females were almost 2 times higher then males.Theoverall difference of children and adult groups were also not significant, although on February, March, November and Decem­ber 1988 adults were higher 2-5 times then children. This findings were not usual. The antibody response titers during acute and convalescence period of illness was lower among chil­dren. These findings were not usual. The antibody response titers during acute and convalescence period of illness was lower among chil­dren then adults, although it was still lower then in Thailand.
GAMBARAN SEROLOGI UJI H.I. PADA PENDERITA DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI BEBERAPA RUMAH SAKIT DAN LABORATORIUM KESEHATAN WILAYAH JAKARTA TAHUN 1990 Muchlastriningsih, Enny; Lubis, Imran; Susilowati, Sri; Hutauruk, Diana; Saragih, John Master
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan Vol 21, No 2 Jun (1993)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/view/338

Abstract

A serological study had been conducted on 1329 specimens collected from DHF suspected cases admitted to 18 hospitals in Jakarta during 1990. Analysis of data were done in 978 paired specimens including: sex, age, hospital origin. The clinical diagnosis accuracy for DHF from the whole specimens were 50,41% compared with 70,13% in 1986-1987. Number of DHF cases were fluctuating from January to September 1990 with three peaks in May, July, September. There was no sex difference. Mode of age group of DHF cases were 5-10 year old. There were also DHF cases among older age group (15-20). This finding confirmed the previous report and might be due to Dengue virus virulence differences and decreasing of endemicity.
ANALISIS HASIL PEMERIKSAAN SPESIMEN PENDERITA DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI JAKARTA, 1991 Muchlastriningsih, Enny; Susilowati, Sri; Hutauruk, Diana Siti; Saragih, John Master
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan Vol 23, No 4 Des (1995)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/view/202

Abstract

An analytical study was conducted of 885 serum specimens, from 14 different hospitals in Jakarta, that were submitted to Virology Laboratory at Communicable Disease Research Center, NIHRD, Jakarta, for dengue serology examination using HI test, in 1991. Only paired, acute and convalescence specimens, total of 689, fulfilled the criteria for the analysis. The positivity rate of these paired sera was 43,54%, which is slightly lower compared with 50,41 % that was observed in 1990. There was an increase in number of submitted specimens to the laboratory, starting from January, with two peaks in May and June, followed with gradual decline from July through December 1991.   No significant difference was observed among sex of patients. The mode of age ofpatients were 5 - 15 years old, however sera from older patients (>= 60 years) were also submitted for examination. Factors which could influence those patterns: age, sex, seasonal variation, etc are discussed in detail in this paper.
IDENTIFIKASI DRUG RELATED PROBLEMS (DRPs) YANG POTENSIAL MEMPENGARUHI EFEKTIVITAS TERAPI PADA PASIEN DIABETES MELLITUS TIPE II RAWAT INAP DI RSUD TUGUREJO SEMARANG PERIODE 2007-2008 Susilowati, Sri; rahayu, wiwit pamuji
e-Publikasi Ilmiah Fakultas Farmasi Unwahas Semarang JURNAL ILMU FARMASI DAN FARMASI KLINIK VOL. 7 NO. 2 DESEMBER 2010
Publisher : e-Publikasi Ilmiah Fakultas Farmasi Unwahas Semarang

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ABSTRACT The management of Type II Diabetes Mellitus with prolonged drug therapy might affect the life qualities of patients and lead to Drug Related Problems (DRPs). Several types of DRPs frequently occur and they result in sub-optimum treatment, increased side effects and expensive costs. Objective of this study was to know about the uses of anti-diabetic drugs, prevalence of DRPs, the numbers of DRPs cases and the factors causing DRPs having the potentials to affect the therapeutic effectiveness for Type-II Diabetes Mellitus treated at Semarang Tugurejo Hospitals during the period of 2007-2008. The possible factors that might lead to DRPs were inaccuracy in the drug selection and sub-therapeutic. Non experimental, retrospective and non analytical observational study design was done. The population for this study consisted of 43 Type-II Diabetes Mellitus patients hospitalized in Tugurejo Hospital, Semarang. Sample collected by retrospectively from Hospital’s medical records of the 2007-2008 period in the whole population. The results showed there were 23,3% of the patient experienced DRPs which had the potentials to affect the therapeutic effectiveness for Type-II Diabetes Mellitus. Eleven cases of inaccuracies in selecting the drugs affected the effectiveness of the therapies. These cases of inaccuracies consisted of 5 cases of ineffective drugs, 4 cases of effective but expensive drugs, 2 cases of unnecessary combinations of drugs and one case of sub-therapeutic dosages. Key words : Drug Related Problems (DRPs), diabetes mellitus
EVALUASI KEPATUHAN PENULISAN OBAT DALAM KARTU OBAT PENDERITA RAWAT INAP RUANG KUTILANG TERHADAP FORMULARIUM RUMAH SAKIT DI RSUP Dr. KARIADI SEMARANG PERIODE 2007 susilowati, sri; winarni, winarni; saroja, saroja
e-Publikasi Ilmiah Fakultas Farmasi Unwahas Semarang JURNAL ILMU FARMASI DAN FARMASI KLINIK VOL. 5 NO. 2 DESEMBER 2008
Publisher : e-Publikasi Ilmiah Fakultas Farmasi Unwahas Semarang

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ABSTRACTDrug formularium is a method used by hospital medical staff to evaluate and choose a drug for patient treatments from various available drug trade name preparations within hospital. Objective of this study was to evaluate prescription compliance on drug cards of Kutilang in-patients ward towards Dr Kariadi Hospital Formularium during 2007. Non experimental, retrospective and non analytical observational study design was done. Sample collected by a proportional stratified random sampling from Kutilang in-patient drug card during 2007. Data were compared to Dr Kariadi Hospital Formularium. When prescription of drugs trade name different with formularium but generic name available, it was considered as non-formularium A and non-formularium B if either trade name or generic name drugs were not present. The results showed there were 56.1% female patients and 43.9% male patient hospitalized in Kutilang ward during 2007, in which 30.4% was belong to Internal medicine patients. Total number of drugs used were 613 items consist of 46.8% generic drugs and 53.2% trade name (patent) drugs. Overall agreement of drug used to the formularium was 77.7%. The rank of drug prescription agreement were as follows, anesthesiologist and psychiatry both were 100% agree to formularium, cardiologist was 14.8% agree to non-formularium A and dermato-venerologist was 40.9% belong to non-formularium B. The higest rank of prescription based on treatment classes were immunosuppressant (92.9%) among formularium, anti diabetics (32.2%) among non-formularium A and ENT drugs (83.3%) among non-formularium B. Key words : formularium, compliance, in-patient, dr Kariadi Hospital
EFEK ANTIINFLAMASI EKSTRAK ETANOLIK HERBA ALFALFA (Medicago sativa L.) PADA TIKUS JANTAN YANG DIINDUKSI KARAGENIN BESERTA IDENTIFIKASI KANDUNGAN SENYAWA AKTIFNYA susilowati, sri; rosyidah, yuniarti
e-Publikasi Ilmiah Fakultas Farmasi Unwahas Semarang JURNAL ILMU FARMASI DAN FARMASI KLINIK VOL. 5 NO. 1 JUNI 2008
Publisher : e-Publikasi Ilmiah Fakultas Farmasi Unwahas Semarang

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ABSTRACTAlfalfa plant (Medicago sativa L.) contains of flavonoids compound, it has already known. One of the effects of flavonoids is anti-inflammatory effect of alfalfa herb (M. sativa L.). The purpose of this research to know about anti-inflammatory effect of alfalfa herb ethanolic extract on carragenan induced male rats and also to know the content of its active compound. Thirty male wistar rats were randomly divided into 5 group of 6. Group I, negative control, were treathed CMC-Na 0,5 %, group II, positive control, were treathed natrium diclofenac 6,3 mg/ kg BB. Group III, IV and V were treathed ethanolic extract of alfalfa herb orally dose 45 mg/ kg BW, 90 mg/ kg BW and 180 mg/ kg BW. Anti-inflammatory effect were measured of edema feet were done every 30 minutes for 6 hours using plestismometer. After edema feet data vs time got, then we can get AUC0-360 value and percentase anti-inflammatory effect. Statistic analytical used one way ANOVA (p<0,05) and continued with Tukey test then. Identification of active compound of alfalfa herb ethanolic extract was used Thiny Layer Chromatography (TLC). The result of the research shown that ethanolic extract of alfalfa herb by dosage 45 mg/ kg BW, 90 mg/ kg BW and 180 mg/ kg BW could reduce edema in carrageenan induced rats, significantly. The percentase of anti-inflammatory effect on dosage of 45 mg/ kg BW is 58,99 %, on 90 mg/ kg BW is 72,64 % and on 180 mg/ kg BW is 64,23 %. TLC result shown that active compound the ethanolic extract of alfalfa herbs was flavonoids. We could be concluded that ethanolic extract of alfalfa herb have anti-inflammatory effect. Key word : ethanolic extract of alfalfa herb (Medicago sativa L.), flavonoids, anti-inflammatory.
PENYIDIKAN EFEK SAMPING HALOPERIDOL DAN CHLORPROMAZINE : STUDI KASUS PADA PASIEN RAWAT INAP RUMAH SAKIT JIWA DAERAH Dr. AMINO GONDOHUTOMO SEMARANG PERIODE 2005 susilowati, sri
e-Publikasi Ilmiah Fakultas Farmasi Unwahas Semarang JURNAL ILMU FARMASI DAN FARMASI KLINIK VOL. 4 NO. 1 JUNI 2007
Publisher : e-Publikasi Ilmiah Fakultas Farmasi Unwahas Semarang

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ABSTRACTHaloperidol and chlorpromazine antipsycotic were used for broad and so long time. That drugs used could shown undesire side effect. Objective of this study was to investigate haloperidol and chlorpromazine side effect, especially was to know relative risk (RR) of extrapiramidal and hypotension orthostatic side effects of haloperidol and chlorpromazine antipsycotic used in Dr. Aminogondohutomo Mental Hospital durimg 2005. Non experimental, retrospective and Case Control study design was done. Population of this study was patient ward in Dr. Aminogondohutomo Mental Hospital durimg 2005. Data was taken retrospectively from medical record. Analytical of data used Chi Kuadrat and Odds Ratio (OR) was to know relative risk (RR) of extrapiramidal and hypotension orthostatic side effects of haloperidol and chlorpromazine antipsycotic used. The results showed there were 27,17% extrapiramidal side effects of haloperidol used and 15,24 % hypotension orthostatic side effects of chlorpromazine used. That were the first rank of side effect in every that antipsycotic.The value of relative risk (RR) of extrapiramidal side effects of haloperidol used was 5 and 3 for hypotension orthostatic side effects of chlorpromazine used. That meaned patient who used haloperidol could 5 more time got extrapiramidal side effects than haloperidol unused and patient who used chlorpromazine could 3 more time got hypotension orthostatic side effects than chlorpromazine unused. Keyword : Extrapiramidal and hypotension orthostatic side effects, haloperidol and chlorpromazine antipsycotic, , Dr. Aminogondohutomo Mental Hospital
UJI SITOTOKSISITAS FRAKSI n-HEKSANA EKSTRAK ETANOL HERBA ALFALFA (Medicago Sativa L.) PADA SEL T47D DAN SEL HeLa SERTA IDENTIFIKASI KANDUNGAN SENYAWA KIMIANYA susilowati, sri; claresa, anggun; arifin, ibrahim
e-Publikasi Ilmiah Fakultas Farmasi Unwahas Semarang Jurnal Ilmu Farmasi & Farmasi Klinik Vol.9 No.2 Desember 2012
Publisher : e-Publikasi Ilmiah Fakultas Farmasi Unwahas Semarang

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ABSTRACTBreast and cervical cancers were the high prevalency, both in the world and Indonesia. This study aimed to determine the cytotoxic activities and its potentcy of n-hexane fraction of ethanol extract alfalfa herb (Medicago sativa L.) in T47D cells and HeLa cells, also identificated its chemical compounds.Extraction was done using ethanol by soxhletation method and then followed fractionation with n-hexane. Cytotoxic assay to get the value of IC50 was carried out by using MTT assay with a series of concentration of fraction 62,5; 125; 250; 500; 1000 μg/ ml. The cytotoxic activities was determined with viability cells from absorbance ELISA reader. Identification of chemical compounds of n-hexane fraction of ethanol extract alfalfa herb was done using chemical reactan and paper chromatography and then was evaluated qualitatively.The results showed that the n-hexane fraction of ethanol extract of alfalfa herb had cytotoxic activities in T47D cells and HeLa cells. The IC50 values were 523,9 μg/ml in T47D cells and 503,5 μg/ml in HeLa cells. The chemical compounds of n-hexane fraction of ethanol extract of alfalfa herb were coumarin and flavonoid.Key words : cytotoxic assay, n-hexane fraction of ethanol extract of herb alfalfa, Medicago sativa L., T47D cells, HeLa cells, flavonoid, coumarin
UJI AKTIVITAS REPELLENT FRAKSI KLOROFORM EKSTRAK ETANOL DAUN MIMBA (Azadirachta indica A.Juss) TERHADAP NYAMUK Aedes aegypti susilowati, sri; Kurniawati, Fransiska Vita
e-Publikasi Ilmiah Fakultas Farmasi Unwahas Semarang JURNAL ILMU FARMASI DAN FARMASI KLINIK VOL.11 NO.1 JUNI 2014
Publisher : e-Publikasi Ilmiah Fakultas Farmasi Unwahas Semarang

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ABSTRACT Dengue haemorragic fever is a disease caused by dengue virus by mediator Aedes aegypti. The effort of overcoming this disease could be done by preventing the mosquito from bitting using repellent. One of natural repellents is neem (Azadiracta indica A.Juss). This study aimed to determine the repellent activity of chloroform fraction of ethanolic extract neem leaf against Aedes aegypti mosquito. Extraction neem leaf done using ethanol 96% by maceration methode and followed fractionation with chloroform. This study was conducted in 5 groups, positive control (DEET 13%), negative control (liquid paraffin) and three series concentrations of chloroform fraction of ethanol extract neem leaf; they were 5%, 10% and 20%. Repellent activity was carried out by counting number of mosquitoes alighted. The amount of repellent activity was obtained from the protection value which was then analyzed using two-ways Anova. The EC90 value gained from probit analysis at significance of 95%. Identification of chemical compound of chloroform fraction of ethanolic extract neem leaf was done using thin layer chromatography (TLC). The results showed that chloroform fraction of ethanolic extract neem leaf had repellent activity against Aedes aegypti mosquito. The average protection value for 6 hours in positive control group and chloroform fraction of ethanolic extract neem leaf at 5%, 10% and 20% concentration were 92,43%, 66,76%, 76,90% and 88,35%. The 6-hours treatment had caused decrease in protection value in all of treatment groups. The effective concentration of chloroform fraction ethanolic extract neem leaf to repel 90% population of Aedes aegypti mosquito for 6 hours treatment was 26,1%. The chemical compund of chloroform fraction of ethanolic extract neem leaf was terpenoid. Keyword: repellent, chloroform fraction of ethanolic extract neem leaf, Aedes aegypti