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Characterization of Lipopolysaccharides of Bradyrhizobium japonicum KDR 15 Heavy Metal Tolerant ZAUQIAH, ALFI DATIN; -IMAS, TEDJA; SUSILOWATI, DWI NINGSIH
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol 13, No 3 (2006): September 2006
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (50.861 KB) | DOI: 10.4308/hjb.13.3.113


The lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Bradyrhizobium japonicum KDR 15 heavy metal tolerant strain was isolated by miniphenol-water extraction and yielded LPS in phenol and water phase. The LPS KDR 15 was further characterized by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrilamide gel electrophoresis (SDS PAGE) and showed many bands distributed from an area of high until low molecular weight (LPS IA, IB, and II). Composition analysis of the LPS had been done after acetic acid 1% hydrolysis. The polysaccharide portion consist of glucose, sucrose, galactose, mannose, xylose, arabinose, rhamnose, ribose, glucosamine, and 3-deoksi-D-manno-oktulosonat (KDO). Lipid A portion consisted of C16:0 and C18:1. The LPS also contained 0.02% of protein and 1.7% of phosphate. The presence of functional groups that shows negative charge densities such as phosphate and carboxyl within LPS KDR 15 assumed to be a potentially binding sites for accumulating heavy metals. Key words: Bradyrhizobium japonicum, heavy metal tolerant, lipopolysaccharides
Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Science Vol 16, No 1 (2015): April 2015
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Agricultural Library Technology Dissemination - IAARD

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (162.717 KB) | DOI: 10.21082/ijas.v16n1.2015.39-50


Rhizobacteria are important components of soil and directly or indirectly influence the soils quality and plant growth for maintaining adequate plant nutrition and reducing the negative environmental effects of fertilizers. Applying high dose of chemical fertilizers in most of rice fields in the coastal areas could reduce the quality of the soil in the long time. There are few studies addressed to verify the species and functional diversity of cultivable rhizobacteria associated with rice plant in the coastal soils. The objective of the study was to verify the species and functional diversity of rhizobacteria isolated from the coastal soils of two rice production areas of Subang and Indramayu, West Java. Special focus was given to verify phosphate solubilization, nitrogen fixation, IAA and cellulase production of the selected 78 strains of rice rhizobacteria isolated from the coastal paddy field, as well as taxonomical analyses based on 16S rRNA. The results showed that among 78 bacterial isolates from the coastal paddy field, mostly were belonging to the Firmicutes, most of them affiliated with genera Bacillus, 75 strains produced IAA, 32 strains fixed nitrogen, 37 strains solubilized phosphate and 33 strains produced cellulase. Several strains of the rhizobacteria were capable of producing plant growth promoting substances (PGPR), alone or in combination, such as IAA, fixing nitrogen,  solubilizing phosphate, and producing cellulase. Taking all of these diverse PGPR characteristics into account, it is clear that the 78 identified isolates have great potential for improving saline soils of the coastal paddy fields in Indonesia.
KOMUNITAS RHIZOBAKTERIA TANAMAN TEH DENGAN APLIKASI FORMULA BIOIMUNIZER (Chryseobacterium Sp DAN Bacillus Sp) BERDASARKAN GEN 16S rRNA Widaranti, Agnistisya; Jannah, Siti Nur; Kusumaningrum, Hermin Pancasakti; Susilowati, Dwi Ningsih
Jurnal Akademika Biologi Vol. 5 No. 4 Oktober 2016
Publisher : Departemen Biologi, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika Undip

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Commodity of tea (Camellia sinensis) has an important role in the national economy, especially in the field of agro-industries. Based on data obtained from the Directorate General of Plantation, the tea plant productivity declined over the last few years. This is due to the pest attack which result in decreasing the productivity of the tea plant. Increased crop productivity of tea have been done, such as the use of herbicides and insecticides, but until now there is very little effort to increase the production of tea plants by the use of biological agents. Chryseobacterium sp and Bacillus sp are rhizobacteria in tea rhizosphere that could potentially be used as a biocontrol agent (bioimmunizer). The purpose of this study is to determine the community rhizobacteria in tea soil with the addition of bioimmunizer based on 16S rRNA gene using T-RFLP technique. The method used in this research is T-RFLP technique (Terminal Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism) using enzymes Msp I and Rsa I. The calculated value are relative abundance, Shannon diversity index (H '), evenness index (E), and dominance index. The results of this study indicate that soil samples with the addition of bioimunizer consisting of Arthrobacter sp, Bacillus sp, Actinobacteria, and Chryseobacterium sp.Keyword: T-RFLP, Chryseobacterium sp, Bacillus sp
Identifikasi Entomopatogen Bakteri Merah pada Wereng Batang Coklat (Nilaparvata lugens Stål.) Priyatno, Tri Puji; Dahliani, Yohana A; Suryadi, Yadi; Samudra, I Made; Susilowati, Dwi Ningsih; Rusmana, Iman; Wibowo, Baskoro S; Irwan, Cahyadi
Jurnal AgroBiogen Vol 7, No 2 (2011): Oktober
Publisher : Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Bioteknologi dan Sumber Daya Genetik Pertanian

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Indentification of Entomopathogenic Red Bacterial fromBrown Planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens Stål.). Tri P.Priyatno, Yohana A. Dahliani, Yadi Suryadi, I MadeSamudra, Dwi N. Susilowati, Iman Rusmana, Baskoro S.Wibowo, and Cahyadi Irwan. Red bacteria isolated frombrown planthopper (BPH) has been proven pathogenicagainst BPH and others insects. Application of 106 to 107cells/ml of red bacteria caused 65.6-78.2% mortality of BPH.The 50% effective concentration (EC50) and lethal time of redbacteria against BPH is 2.8 x 105 cells/ml and 6.8 days,respectively. Based on phenotypic characters tested on GNMicroPlateTM Biolog kit and 16S rRNA sequneces analysis,red bacteria was identified as Serratia marcescens with 99%similarity. Red pigmen produced by S. marcescens strainBPH is secondary metabolite determined as prodigiosinshowing bactericidal activities against Xanthomonas oryzaepv. oryzae. We concluded that S. marcescens did not onlypotent as biocontrol agent to BPH, but also it can be used tocontrol plant pathogenic bacteria.
Isolasi dan Karakterisasi Aktinomisetes Penghasil Antibakteri Enteropatogen Escherichia coli K1.1, Pseudomonas pseudomallei 02 05, dan Listeria monocytogenes 5407 Susilowati, Dwi Ningsih; Hastuti, Ratih Dewi; Yuniarti, Erny
Jurnal AgroBiogen Vol 3, No 1 (2007): April
Publisher : Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Bioteknologi dan Sumber Daya Genetik Pertanian

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Isolation and Characterization of Actinomycetes ProducingAntibacterial Compound into EnteropatogenikEscherichia coli K1.1, Pseudomonas pseudomallei 02 05and Listeria monocytogenes 5407. Dwi N. Susilowati,Ratih D. Hastuti, and Erny Yuniarti. The resistance ofbacterial pathogens to some antibacterial agents and sideeffects of the antibacterial usage demanded discovery ofnew effective, safe, and active antibacterial compounds.Some pathogenic bacteria, such as enteropathogen Escherichiacoli (EPEC) that cause diarrhoea on children andinfants, Pseudomonas pseudomallei that cause melioidosison human and animal, and Listeria monocytogenes thatcause listeriosis on newly born babies mortality and death ofpregnant woman. Actinomycetes is the largest bacterialgroup that produce antibiotics. More than 10,000 antibacterialcompounds had been discovered, two-third ofthem were produced by this bacterial group. A study wasdone to isolate and characterize Actinomycetes producingantibacterial compounds effective against EPEC K1.1 and P.pseudomallei 02 05. Soil samples were taken from 39locations in Indonesia and 115 actinomycetes isolates wereobtained. Two of the isolates, i.e., isolate A3.5 that waseffective against P. pseudomallei 02 05 and isolate F6.1 thatwas effective against EPEC K1.1 evaluated further. Theisolate A3.5 had an optimum time 72 hours to produce antibacterialcompound, while F6.1 took 96 hours. The antibacterialcompounds produced by both isolates were dissolvein the a 70% ethyl acetate solution, but not in a 40oCwarm methanol solution because it is very dissolved. Theantibacterial compound extracted from the isolate A3.5 hada similar effectiveness to antibiotics bacithracyn 10 unit andneomycin 30 g. On the other hand, the antibacterialcompound extracted from isolate F6.1 had a similar effectivenessto antibiotics colistin 10 g and doxyciclin 30 g.Further identification of the isolates suggested that both ofthem belongs to the genera Streptomyces.
Analysis of Tea Rhizosphere Bacterial Community at the Seedling Stage Using Terminal Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (TRFLP) Techniques Susilowati, Dwi Ningsih; Fauziah, Fani; Pranoto, Eko; Hidayat, Ernin; Setyowati, Mamik; Rachmiati, Yati
Jurnal Penelitian Teh dan Kina Vol 19, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Research Institute for Tea and Cinchona

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (375.744 KB) | DOI: 10.22302/pptk.jur.jptk.v19i2.114


Bio-imunizer contains an active compound of  Chryseobacterium sp. and Bacillus sp. has been developed by PPTK Gambung. This formula has positive effect on the growth of tea plants also potentially increasing resistance of the plant. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of bacteria in Bio-imunizer to the rhizosphere bacterial communities as well as the consistency of its existence after application on tea plants at the nursery stage. The technique used in this research is Terminal Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism based on metagenomic and culture dependent approaches. The value of relative abundance, Shannon diversity index, Pielous evenness index, and Simpson dominance index were calculated. Based on the T-RF profiles of rhizosphere bacterial communities show that Chryseobacterium sp. and Bacillus sp. which is the active compound of  Bio-imunizer consistently found in the tea plant rhizosphere. Application of Bio-imunizer can increase the diversity of rhizosphere bacterial community without affecting the communities that already exist.
Potency of tea plant indigenous microbe on plant growth and to against blister blight disease (Exobasidium vexans Massee) Fauziah, Fani; Setiawati, Mieke Rochimi; Susilowati, Dwi Ningsih; Pranoto, Eko; Rachmiati, Yati
Jurnal Penelitian Teh dan Kina Vol 19, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Research Institute for Tea and Cinchona

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (190.257 KB) | DOI: 10.22302/pptk.jur.jptk.v19i1.77


The chemical control method of blister blight (Exobasidium vexans Massee) on tea could inflict various negative impacts. In order to obtain an environmentally sound control method of blister blight disease, a nursery trial has been conducted to know the effectiveness of bacterial combinations. The trial was carried out at Gambung experimental garden, with seven treatments and four replications. The indigenous microbial codes are Azoto II-1, Endo-5 and Endo-76. The treatments tested comprised: control (without bacteria),  Azoto II-1 25% + Endo-5 75%; Azoto II-1 50% + Endo-5 50%; Azoto II-1 75% + Endo-5 25%;  Azoto II-1 25% + Endo-76 75%; Azoto II-1 50% + Endo-76 50%; and Azoto II-1 75% + Endo-76 25%. All of the treatments was applied as a soil drench, 50 ml/plant with bacterial concentration at 0,5%. The parameter observed was blister blight disease intensity, plant heights, stem diameter, leaves number, root length, and root volume. The results showed that the combination of Azoto II-1 75% + Endo-5 25% could suppress the intensity of blister blight disease with disease intensity 1.27%. The treatments also affected plant heights, stem diameter, leaves number, root length, and root volume, 15.32 cm; 3.38 cm; 8.05 cm; 18.25 cm and 2.37 cm, respectively.
EKSPLORASI DAN KARAKTERISASI ENTOMOPATOGEN ASAL BERBAGAI INANG DAN LOKASI [Exploration and Characterization of Entomopathogenic from Various Host and Location] Priyatno, Tri Puji; Samudra, I Made; Manzila, Ifa; Susilowati, Dwi Ningsih; Suryadi, Yadi
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 15, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3631.714 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v15i1.2859


Microbial groups of entomopathogenic (fungi and bacteria) had been reported causing insect mortality. The aim of the study was to explore and characterized entomopathogenic from various host and locations. Fungal identification at genus and species level was caried out based on conidial morphology, hyphal growth, conidiophore and colony color; whilst for bacterial identification was based on standard Bergey’s manual for determinative bacteria. Sixteen entomopathogenic isolates that consisted of fungal and bacteria have been collected and preserved for further characterization. Of the 16 entomopathogen collected samples, five fungal genera was found i.e. Paecilomyces; Metarhizium, Beauveria, Hirsutella; and Cordyceps. Seven isolates belonging to six fungal isolates, and one bacterial isolate had been identified based upon ITS and 16S rDNA sequences, respectively. We confirmed that 6 fungal isolates belong to species of Paecilomyces reniformis, B. bassiana, M. anisopliae, M. anisopliae var acridum, Hirsutella thomsonii. One isolate of red pigmented bacteria Sm201102 have been identified was belonging to species Seratia marcescence. It was also obtained two fungal isolates from different host (spider and beetle) which confirmed by morphological character belong to Cordyceps sp.
Al-Kauniyah: Jurnal Biologi Vol 9, No 2 (2016): Al-Kauniyah Jurnal Biologi
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/kauniyah.v9i2.4036


AbstrakPenambatan nitrogen oleh bakteri rhizosfer dapat dimanfaatkan untuk menyiasati dampak salinitas pada tanah sawah pesisir. Kemampuan tersebut disebabkan oleh aktivitas nitrogenase yang disandikan gen nifH pada komponen II. Penelitian  ini bertujuan  menganalisis aktivitas nitrogenase pada kondisi salin dan mengidentifikasi gen nifH. Sebanyak 50 isolat bakteri rhizosfer asal tanah sawah pesisir daerah Eretan dan Patimban, Jawa Barat telah dianalisis. Lima isolat yang menunjukkan aktivitas nitrogenase pada kondisi salin adalah Er B1 3, Er B1 4, Er B1 9, Er B2 10, dan Ptb B1 4. Gen nifH kelima sampel diidentifikasi menggunakan PCR menghasilkan amplikon berukuran ~360 bp. Aktivitas nitrogenase tertinggi berdasarkan Analisis Reduksi Asetilen (ARA) diperoleh pada isolat Er B2 10 yang memiliki kekerabatan terdekat dengan bakteri Providencia sp. Hasil yang diperoleh membuktikan bahwa beberapa bakteri asal sawah pesisir dapat menambat nitrogen pada kondisi salin.AbstractThe ability of nitrogen fixation by rhizosphere bacteria could be used to decrease salinity impact in coastal paddy field, due to nitrogenase capability, encoded by a nifH gene in component II. The objectives of this research are to analyze nitrogenase activity in saline condition and identify the presense of the nifH gene. A total of 50 isolates of the rhizosphere bacteria coastal from wetland areas of Eretan and Patimban, West Java, has been isolated and being analyzed. Among them, five isolates i.e. Er B1 3, ER B1 4, Er B1 9, Er B2 10 and Ptb B1 4, showed the nitrogenase activity under saline condition. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of the nifH gene from those five samples resulted in the amplicon size of  ~360 bp. The highest activity of nitrogenase assessed by acetylene reduction assay (ARA) was shown by Er B2 10 which closely related to bacteria of Providencia sp. The obtained result showed that several bacteria from coastal paddy field were able to conduct nitrogen fixation under saline stress.
PATOGENISITAS Beauveria bassiana STRAIN STGD 7(14)2 DAN STGD 5(14)2 TERHADAP WERENG COKLAT (Nilaparvata lugens STÅL) Suryadi, Yadi; Wartono, Wartono; Susilowati, Dwi Ningsih; Lestari, Puji; Nirmalasari, Cyntia; Suryani, Suryani
Al-Kauniyah: Jurnal Biologi Vol 11, No 2 (2018): Al-Kauniyah Jurnal Biologi
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islami

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (910.742 KB) | DOI: 10.15408/kauniyah.v11i2.6694


AbstrakBeauveria spp. merupakan salah satu jamur entomopatogen yang dapat digunakan sebagai agen biokontrol terhadap berbagai serangga hama. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menguji patogenitas Beauveria spp. terhadap serangga wereng coklat (Nilaparvata lugens Stål). Isolat-isolat Beauveria spp. diisolasi dari serangga walang sangit dari Situ Gede, Bogor, Jawa Barat. Identifikasi jamur dilakukan berdasarkan analisis data sekuen dari daerah Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) rDNA. Hasil uji menunjukkan bahwa patogenisitas isolat Stgd 5(14)2 dan Stgd 7(14)2 menghasilkan tingkat mortalitas 100% terhadap N. lugens. Isolat Stgd 5(14)2 dan Stgd 7(14)2 memiliki nilai LT50 yang rendah, danmenyebabkan kematian yang cepat terhadap wereng coklat. Hasil analisis filogenetik menunjukkan bahwa sekuen Stgd 5(14)2 dan Stgd 7(14)2 termasuk ke dalam spesies Beauveria bassiana s.str. Hasil studi ini merupakan kajian awal terhadap patogenisitas jamur entomopatogen B. bassiana terhadap wereng coklat, dan distribusinya di pertanaman padi Situ Gede, Jawa Barat.Abstract Beauveria spp. is one of the entomopathogenic fungi that can be used as biocontrol agents against various insect pests, including brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens Stal). This study aimed to test the pathogenicity of Beauveria spp. against N. lugens. Beauveria spp. were isolated from the rice stink bug insects, collected from Situ Gede, Bogor, West Java. Fungal identification was carried out based on the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) rDNA analysis. The pathogenicity assay revealed that Stgd 5(14)1 and Stgd 7(14)2 isolates were virulent against N. lugens, with a mortality of 100%. The LT50 (median lethal time) determination, indicated that Stgd 5(14)2  and Stgd 7(14)2 isolates had low value indicating a faster mortality in brown planthopper insects. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the sequences of Stgd 5(14)2 and Stgd 7(14)2 belong to Beauveria bassiana s.str. This is the preliminary pathogenicity trial of entomopathogenic fungi B. bassiana against brown planthopper and their distribution in rice-growing, Situ Gede area in West Java.