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PENINGKATAN KUALITAS SISTEM PELAPORAN MANAJEMEN KEUANGAN KOPERASI Yusuf, Tamzil; Deomedes, Stepanus Dedy; Susilowati, Dwi
Jurnal Abdi Masyarakat Ilmu Ekonomi [J.A.M.I.E.] Vol 1 No 01 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Balikpapan

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Abstract

Kegiatan pengabdian kepada masyarakat berjudul Peningkatan Kualitas Sistem Pelaporan Manajemen Keuangan Koperasi menunjukkan bahwa koperasi tersebut belum melakukan manajemen keuangan sesuai dengan standar akuntansi dan belum menggunakan sistem komputerisasi akuntansi dalam sistem pelaporan keuangannya. Tujuan kegiatan pengabdian yang akan dilaksanakan adalah : (1) Meningkatkan pengetahuan anggota Koperasi Tirta Manggar PDAM Kota Balikpapan tentang teknis pembukuan manajemen keuangan koperasi; (2) Meningkatkan kemampuan pengurus koperasi menggunakan sistem komputerisasi akuntansi dalam sistem pelaporan keuangannya sehingga diharapkan dapat meningkatkan kualitas pembukuan manajemen keuangan koperasi tersebut. Berdasarkan hasil observasi dirancang kegiatan pengabdian yang akan dilakukan yaitu : (1) Sosialisasi teknis pembukuan manajemen keuangan koperasi dan sistem pelaporan berbasis komputerisasi akuntansi; (2) Pelatihan sistem komputerisasi akuntansi dan teknis pembukuan.
HYPERTENSI DAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR RISIKONYA DI INDONESIA Susilowati, Dwi; Aryastami, Ni Ketut; Erry, Erry
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan Vol 13, No 2 Apr (2010)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan

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Background: This study describes the hypertension rate in Indonesia in 2007 and its related factors. The data was obtained from RISKESDAS (Riset Kesehatan Dasar/Basic Health Research) 2007 which included questions of individual, social and physical health of respondents aged 15 years and more during the data collection. Methods: Statistical method used was cross tabulation and un-pair t-test. Results: The result showed that totally 36.3% males and 35 8% females suffered from hypertension. High hypertension rates were found at Gorontalo, East Java, Central Java, Bangka Belitung and West Java provinces. Hypertension began at early aged, those aged 15-18 years, 6. 5% boys and 12.8% girls suffered from hypertension. Being head of the family, low education and not working was related to a higher rate for hypertension. Those with no education have the highest hypertension rate, i.e.: 61.4% among females and 49.0% among males. Pregnant women have lower hypertension rate as compared to non-pregnant women. Those who were unemployed had the high estrate for hypertension (42.4%). Hypertension rate among farmers was higher as compare to fisher-men (42.3% vs 21 8%). Those that suffer from heart disease, Diabetes Mellitus and stroke had a significantly higher hypertension rate than those who were not. Those that smoked or chew tobacco in the past one month has a higher hypertension rate than those who were not smoking or tobacco chewing. The majority of the smokers were heavy smokers. Key words: hypertension, age, sex, marital status, education level, occupation, tobacco, physical activity
ASSESSMENT OF THE HEALTH STATUS OF PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN PARTICIPATING IN SCHOOL FEEDING PROGRAM IN NUSA TENGGARA BARAT AND NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR, INDONESIA Susilowati, Dwi; Sundari, Siti
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan Vol 13, No 3 Jul (2010)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan

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Background: School feeding program provided vital nourishment for students, improved their health and school attendance. Objective: To investigate the effects of provision of food distributed at targeted primary schools. To measure the change of anemia prevalence rate, to assess the prevalence of some illness and to assess related knowledge and practices of health, nutrition and hygiene among primary school students. Methods: The sample was randomly selected from 30 clusters of primary schools who received WFP food supplement for at least 6 months in Nusa Tenggara Barat (NTB) and Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT) provinces during the year 2008. The sample was calculated on the basis of the formula of a single cross-sectional survey comparing two sub-groups. The data was analyzed by using SPSS for Windows version 15. Results: The head of households, whom mostly males, worked as unskilled agricultural wage labors and vendor of agricultural products. The education of parents was generally low. Most of them lived in single house and used latrine. The mean hemoglobin of students was 11.8 gr/dl (SO 1.3; Cl (11 .7-11.9)). The anemia prevalence rate was 37 6%, it was 25.8% higher as compared to previous year. There were significant decreased of morbidity rates of diarrhea, Acute Respiratory lnfection and fever as compared to previous years. Practice in hygiene as indicated by drinking boiled water showed a decreased m coverage in the previous years. However, hand washing before meals was increased steadily while hand washing after defecation was decreased. There were more household used latrines.Key words: school feeding, primary school children, anemia, knowledge attitude and practice
THE GOODNESS OF SALT QUICK TEST AS COMPARED TO TITRATION METHOD FOR MASS SCREENING OF THE IODINE LEVEL IN THE COMMUNITY Aryastami, Ni Ketut; Widagdo, Dhuta; Susilowati, Dwi
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan Vol 13, No 3 Jul (2010)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan

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Abstract

Diagnostic study on Quick salt test and titration methods toward Urine Intake Excretion (UIE) level in Indonesia had been conducted after the baseline data of Iodine salt available (Riskesdas 2007). For the baseline, samples were selected purposively covering households of 30 districts/municipalities based on the previous Iodine Salt Survey (SGY 2993). The dependent variable was Iodine level of UIE, and the independent variables were salt quick test and titration Analysis were by- 1) linier regression to determine correlation between the salt titration and UIE; 2) Analysis of vanance was to comparemean difference between of UIE and quick salt test as well as titration; and 3) Chi-square test was to determine risk factors of two examined variables. Results showed that there was correlation between titration and UIE level by the power of 7.3% and can be explained by 0. 5%. Significance Chi-Square test showed. there was significance difference of UIE level according to quick salt test (p=O.OOO; OR 1. 762). Similarly to titration, there was significance difference of UIE level according to titrat 1onp=0.001; OR=1. 740). ANOVA test showed that there was significance difference of UIE accordmg to titration (p=0.019), although the means difference was not so wide (means of enough iodine was 274.73 meg and less of iodine was 248 38 meg) respectively. In conclusion, the implementation of both salt quick test and titration result was Significance toward the UIE level. The quick salt test was more sensitive compare to titration, but, the later was more specific. Nevertheless, the salt quick test is more benefited as it is cheaper. handy, and simple to conduct. It was recommended that salt quick test to be used to determine the iodine level for massive screening to predict the UIE level because it has correlation, sensitivity, simple, easy to be implemented and applicable in future. Key words: diagnostic study, Iodine in salts, Iodine in urine
INDONESIAN YOUTH AND CIGARETTE SMOKING Susilowati, Dwi
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan Vol 13, No 3 Jul (2010)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan

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Background: The increasing number of children and young adults exposed to tobacco usage in the world is alarming. Indonesia is the third biggest tobacco consumer in the world after China and India. Smoking harms nearly every organ of the body, it reduce quality of life and life expectancy. Smoking causes illnesses, big economic lost and premature death. Tobacco use was the leading cause of preventable death. Smokers began at early age; they became the target of massive tobacco campaigns. Youth were vulnerable to tobacco advertising, once they began to smoke, it was difficult to quit. The Objectives of this paper is to identify tobacco usage among the Indonesian youth, to explore health problems, regulations related to tobacco consumption and efforts to implement the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. Methods: Method used is by reviewing studies and campaign information provided by researchers and practitioners in tobacco control programs. Result: Data shows that among people aged 10 to 24 years in Indonesia the current smokers were 23.7% daily smokers, 5.5% occasional smokers while the average cigarettes consumed daily were 12.2. Among lndonesian aged 13-15 years, there were 41% boys and 3.5% girls that were current cigarette smoking and 10.3% boys and 3,1% girls that had current tobacco other than cigarette. It is important that this preventable epidemic becomes a top public health issue in all countries. A complete ban on all tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship is a powerful tool to protect the world´s youth and Indonesia should ratify tobacco ban. Key words: Indonesia, tobacco, youth, advertisement
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN OVERWEIGHT AND SOCIO DEMOGRAPHIC STATUS AMONG ADOLESCENT GIRLS IN INDONESIA Susilowati, Dwi
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan Vol 14, No 1 Jan (2011)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan

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Background: Adolescent need special attention due to their physical and psychosocial development. Studies about nutritional status of adolescent girls have been least explored in Indonesia. Objective: to assess overweight adolescence girls related to their socio-demographic condition. Methods: the data was part of the Basic Health Research 2010, which wasa cross sectional and non intervention study. It covered 33 provinces, 441 districts/municipalities, and 70,000 households.The sampling was based on economical status and urban/rural ratio. Body Mass Index (BMI) was calculated from weight and height measured from all participants. The author analyzed 21,799 non pregnant girls aged 10-19 years by calculating Crude odds ratio and Adjusted odds ratio between overweight and normal weight and their socio demographic variables. Results: 45.3% underweight (BMI < 18.5), 44.0% normal weight (BMI 18.5-22.9), 5.7% overweight-1 (BMI 23.0-24.9), 4.0% overweight-2 (25.0-29.9) and 1.1% obese (BMI ~ 30). Those who were married were 1.87 fold more likely to be overweight (95% Cl: 1.48-2.36), those who lived at urban area were 1.26 fold more likely to be overweight (95% Cl:1.09-1.45). In adjusted models, those aged 10-12 years were 1.48 fold more likely to be overweight (95% Cl: 1.25-1. 76) and those with the highest quintile was 1.82 fold more likely to be overweight (95% Cl: 1.47-2.24). Conclusion: The high levels of overweight among adolescent girls were a public health concern. A higher prevalence of overweight was mainly found in married adolescent, those who lived in urban area, the younger ones and those with higher socioeconomic strata.It needs a comprehensive adolescent health programs. Key words: overweight, girls, adolescent, Body Mass Index, married, rural, urban, socioeconomic status, education
DISTRIBUSI DAN KARAKTERISTIK PTERIGIUM DI INDONESIA Erry, Erry; Mulyani, Ully Adhie; Susilowati, Dwi
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan Vol 14, No 1 Jan (2011)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan

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Background: Pterygium is an epithelial conjunctiva bulbi and connective tissue growth that could cause viston problem. Pterygium is mainly found at tropical and subtropical areas. There is no accurate data about pterygium prevalence in Indonesia. Methods: Those analyzed were respondents aged 5 years and more from Basic Health Research (RISKESAS) 2010, a cross sectional non intervention study. Diagnosis was made using flashlight and compared it to a chart. Results:The prevalence of pterygium at both eyes was 3.2% and at one eye was 1.9%. The highest prevalence of pterygium atboth eyes was at West Sumatra province (9.4%), the lowest prevalence was at Jakarta province (0. 4%). The highest prevalence of pterygium at one eye was at West Nusa Tenggara province, the lowest was at Jakarta province (0. 2%). The lowest prevalence of pterygium at both eyes as well as at one eye was at those aged 5-9 years (0. 03%) while the highest prevalence were found at age 70 years and more. The prevalence of pterygium at both eyes and the prevalence of pterygium at one eye based on gender were almost similar, the prevalence of pterygium among farmers was the highest (6.1%)and the lowest were among school children (1.0%); the highest prevalence were those with no schooling (11.0%) and the lowest were those that finished Junior High School (1.6%); the highest was at rural area for both eye (3.7%) as well as for one eye (2.2%) as compared to urban area. The prevalence of pterygium of both eyes was highest at lowest household expenditure (3.2%) while the lowest for one eye pterygium ( 1. 7%) at highest household´s expenditure. Pterygium is a community health problem at rural areas especially among farmers and sailors that were used for high sunlight exposure. This type eye problem increased among those who lived in the equator. Key words: pterygium, eye, province, rural, urban, Indonesia
IODINE SALT CONSUMPTION IN INDONESIAN HOUSEHOLDS: BASELINE HEALTH SURVEY 2007 Aryastami, Ni Ketut; Susilowati, Dwi; Usman, Yuslely
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan Vol 14, No 2 Apr (2011)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan

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Background: Iodine Deficiency Disorder (100) reduction program has been implemented since 1976. According to the National Economic Survey 2002, the average consumption of iodized salt was 6. 26 grams. The results of Iodine Salt Survey (SGY) 2003 showed that the consumption of iodine salt at the household level was 73.2%, meanwhile, the baseline health survey (Riskesdas) 2007 showed there was reduction of iodine salt consumption towards 60.2%. Methods: Type of study was secondary data analysis with cross-sectional design utilizing the Riskesdas 2007´s data. Sample was selected purposively according to the previous SGY´s survey based on the endemically criteria namely highly endemic, mediocre and non endemic. Results: The results of the analysis were there was discrepancy of iodine salt consumption among urban and rural areas as well as mother´s education level. The iodine salt consumption was higher in the urban area (65.5%) compare to the rural area (52.9%). The higher the education of mothers the better the iodine salt consumed. The usage of iodine salt in the households based on salt quick test was 60.2%, meanwhile, according to the salt titration it was only 23.4%. The results of Excretion Iodine Urine showed that the iodine intake among the school children (age of 6-12 years old) was 12.8% and was still below the cut-off point prevalence, which is greater than 50%. The conclusion of this analysisis that there was evidence of iodine salt reduction consumed at the household level. Conversely, there was inclination of the percentage of iodine urine level among the school children in Indonesia in the year 2007. It is recommended that policy analysis need to be conducted due to the achievement of the Universal Salt iodization target, especially in the endemic areas to asses the existence of the IDO prevalence. Key words: Iodine salt at the households, Iodine salt consumption, urine iodine excretion
ARE UNDER WEIGHT ADOLESCENTS BOYS ASSOCIATED TO A LOWER SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS IN INDONESIA? Susilowati, Dwi
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan Vol 14, No 3 Jul (2011)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan

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Background: A good understanding of the association between under nutrition and socioeconomic status (SES) has many important public health and policies implications for the prevention and management of underweight. Objective: To examine the relation of SES, education level, working status, urban-rural and age on the Body mass index (BMI). Methods: The data were part of Basic Health Research in Indonesia, 2010. It was a cross sectional study that covered the whole households´ members that were chosen through a multistage random sampling. Data was gathered using structured questionnaire. Frequency distributions and logistic regression were used for assessment of statistical association between variables. Results: It covered 20,819 boys, their mean age: 14.1+2.9 years, the prevalence of underweight and normal weight was 51.3% and 39.9%. The prevalence of underweight at 10 years and 19 years were 73.6% and 21.5%; the prevalence of normal weight at 10 years and 19 years were 18.3% and 63.7%. The adjusted odds ratios for the association With underweight for aged 13-15 years were: 0.53 (95% CI:0.48-0.57); for aged 16-19 years 0.23(0.21-0.26); for status of not working 0.89(0.82-0.95); for status of working 0.59(0.54-0.66); for finished elementary school 1.29(1.14-1.48); for no schooling/did not finished elementary school1.73(1.50-2.00); for medium socio-economic status 1.16(1.0Er 1.29); for low socio-economic status 1.23(1.11-1.37). Conclusions: Younger adolescents, lack of schooling and those with lower socioeconomic were more likely to be underweight. This study will help the government for developing programs to assist underweight adolescents.   Key words: Adolescents, boys, underweight, education, socio-economic status
PENGARUH PERIKLANAN, HUBUNGAN MASYARAKAT, DAN WORD OF MOUTH TERHADAP EKUITAS MEREK SEPEDA MOTOR MATIC HONDA VARIO (Studi Kasus pada Mahasiswa S1 Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Diponegoro) Susilowati, Dwi; Lubis, Nawazirul; Listyorini, Sari
Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi Bisnis Volume 3, Nomor 4, Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi Bisnis

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This research is motivated by the decreasing of top brand award percentage of Honda Vario in matic motorcycle category from 2011-2013. It indicates that brand equity of Honda vario is decreasing. The objective of this research is to examine the effect of advertising, public relations, and word of mouth to brand equity of Honda Vario. The type of this research is explanatory research. Interviews were employed as data collecting methods by using questionnaire as research instrument. 66 respondents were chosen as sample by purposive sampling technique. Linear regression analysis and significance test were used to test the hypotheses using SPSS 15.0. The result of this study showed that all the independent variables, advertising (X1), public relations (X2), and word of mouth (X3), simultaneously or partially give positive effect to the dependent variabel of brand equity (Y). Based on these result, research suggested to Honda’s management to increase frequency of advertisements especially in print media, and to improve cooperation with mass media to generate publicity about Honda Vario.