Hardhono Susanto
Jurusan Bagian Anatomi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Diponegoro

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Perbedaan hasil penempatan Shuttlecock dengan servis backhand pendek menggunakan hentakan dan tanpa hentakan pergelangan tangan

Jurnal Anatomi Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2006)
Publisher : Jurnal Anatomi Indonesia

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Abstract

Studies in Badminton are very poor in termof amounts.One of the score sources in the badminton game is theservice skill. Short backhand service is commonly used by double players. This kind of service can be donewithor withoutwrist stamping. This study is aim for understanding of differences places of shuttlecock resulting theshort backhand service with and without wrist stamping, which is shown by French Short Serve Test. Thesubjects of this cross sectional study are taken from26 badminton athletes of PB DjarumKudus,who have notyet specified to double players and not used to doing short backhand service. They consist of 15male and 11female athletes, aged 13-20 years old. As the result, there is no significant difference (p=0.569) betweenservice with and without wrist stamping in French Short Serve Test.

Pengaruh mikronutrien taburia terhadap perkembangan motorik anak usia 24-48 bulan yang stunting (Studi di Tanjungkarang Barat Kabupaten, Bandar Lampung)

JURNAL GIZI INDONESIA Vol 3, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : JURNAL GIZI INDONESIA

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Abstract

Background: Stunting is associated to the developmental delays of gross motor and fine motor skills. Previous studiedstate that micronutrient supplementation has a positive effect on both motor skills development in children aged under24 months.Objective: The aim of this study was to analysis the effect of micronutrient sprinkle on motor development amongstunted children aged 24 to 48 months.Methods: A quasi-controlled experimental group study with a total of 63 stunting age 24-48 months are divided intotreatment group (31 children) and controls (32 children). Treatment group received micronutrient sprinklesupplementation once in two days for two months. Fine and gross motor development was measured by DDST II beforeand after intervention.Results: There was no difference in age, sex, energy intake, protein, zinc, folic acid and developmental delaypercentage before treatment. The percentage of fine motor delays before treatment was 48.4% in the treatment groupand 53.1% in the control group, while the percent of gross motor delay was 32.3% in the treatment group 34.4% in thecontrol group. After intervention, the percentage of fine motor developmental delays significant decreases 25.8%, in thetreatment group and 34.4% in the control group, while the percentage of gross motor delay in the control groupsignificant decreased to 12.5%, but not significant decreased to 16,1% in the treatment group. Confounding variablesin this study were include energy adequacy level, protein adequacy level, zinc, iron and folic acid. There was nodifferences percentage of developmental delays on fine motor (p= 0,514) and gross motor (p= 0,571) after theintervention and after controlling with confounding variables.Conclusion: Micronutrient sprinkle supplementation for two months did not influence the development of fine motorskills gross motor skills on stunting preschooler children age 24 to 48 months

Pengaruh Latihan Aquarobik Terhadap Jumlah Hitung Lekosit Pada Wanita Obesitas Di Kota Semarang

Media Ilmu Keolahragaan Indonesia Vol 3, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

The capacity of physical ability can be improved through doing an exercise which is according to the intensity, duration and frequency. Exercise can improve the immunity system and influence the leucocyte. The number of pheripheral leucocyte can be the resource of  information for the diagnostics and prognose the description of organ damage and the recovery  after physical training. The purpose of this study to investigate the influence of aquarobic exercises to  leucocyte count .This study is experimental with pretest-posttest control group design. The subjects for this study is a women Obese I, 45-50 years old, they were 24  person. The subjects of study were given aquarobic exercises until the reached the targeted heartbeats which is 75% of the maximum heartbeats, duration 60 minutes, 8 weeks aquarobics exercises. The physical activity was done for a moment. Before and after doing the activity, the pheripheral blood was taken to examine leucocyte count. The result of study reveals that there is significantly increasing a value of the average leucocyte count  before aquarobic exercises. Based on the result of study, it can be concluded that aquaribics exercises change leucocyte count on Obes I Women.

Pengaruh Intervensi Diet dan Olah Raga Terhadap Indeks Massa Tubuh, Lemak Tubuh, dan Kesegaran Jasmani pada Anak Obes

Sari Pediatri Vol 12, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Badan Penerbit Ikatan Dokter Anak Indonesia (BP-IDAI)

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Abstract

Latar belakang. Obesitas telah berkembang menjadi epidemi baik di negara maju maupun negaraberkembang. Diduga bahwa intervensi diet dan olah raga dapat menurunkan risiko obesitas.Tujuan. Mengetahui pengaruh intervensi diet dan olah raga terhadap indeks massa tubuh, lemak tubuhdan kesegaran jasmani pada anak obesMetode. Uji intervensi one group pre and post test design pada anak SD usia 9–10 tahun di SD BernardusSemarang pada bulan Juni-September 2009. Intervensi diet berupa konseling pada anak dan orangtua.Intervensi olahraga tiga kali 45 menit per minggu selama 8 minggu. Pengambilan data pada awal danakhir penelitian berupa data antropometri dengan menggunakan timbangan Tanita BC 545 Inner ScanBody Composition dan tingkat kesegaran jasmani diukur menggunakan 20 meter shuttle run test, kemudiandilakukan analisis data dengan t-test berpasangan dan analisis multivariat.Hasil. Dua puluh subjek (17 laki-laki dan 3 perempuan) menyelesaikan penelitian. Didapatkan penurunanrerata indeks massa tubuh 0,6 kg/m2 (p=0,006) dan peningkatan rerata tingkat kesegaran jasmani sebesar1,66 ml/kg/menit (p=0,000), tetapi tidak didapatkan perbedaan secara bermakna terhadap lemak tubuh.Asupan diet harian berkurang 421,3 kkal/hari. Berdasarkan analisis multivariat, asupan makanan merupakanvariabel yang lebih berpengaruh dibandingkan dengan olahraga (rsquare=0,33, p=0,018).Kesimpulan. Intervensi diet dan olahraga selama 8 minggu menurunkan indeks massa tubuh, meningkatkantingkat kesegaran jasmani, tetapi tidak didapatkan pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap lemak tubuh. Asupandiet merupakan variabel yang paling berpengaruh.

Effect of Aquarobic and Weight Training on Cortisol Levels in Obese Women

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 12, No 1 (2016): JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT (KEMAS) JULY 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan

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Abstract

Exercise is physical stress which potentially causes disruption of homeostasis, especially in sports that is excessively done. Weight Training (LB) and Aquarobic Exercise (LA) can be modulators of handling stress. This research aims at investigating the effect of the difference between LB and LA to physical stress in obese women. The study was conducted in 2014. The method used in this study was randomized experimental pretest-posttest control group design in 36 obese women, aged 45-50 years who were divided into 3 groups, group LB 50% RM, 3 sets, 12 repetition, treatment two times a day for 8 weeks (n = 12), LA 75% HRmax, treatment 2 days for 8 weeks (n = 12) and control group (n = 12). Body Mass Index (BMI) and cortisol levels were measured before and after the treatment. Hypothesis testing was conducted using test (One-Way ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis) and the mean difference test (Tukey HSD and Mann Whitney’s). The results of BMI is increased in the WT group and is decreased in LA group as compared to control group (p <0.05). The decrease of cortisol level is higher than in LA and LB group and controls (p <0.05). LB and LA affect the physical stress that is characterized by the increase in cortisol levels in obese women. Conclusion: LB is more dominant than LA in increasing physical stress.

Pengaruh Latihan terhadap Jumlah Sel Natural Killer (NK) Sebagai Indikator Kekebalan Tubuh Latihan

Media Ilmu Keolahragaan Indonesia Vol 5, No 2 (2015): July 2015
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan membuktikan pengaruh latihan SKJL 2010 terhadap jumlah sel NK pada lansia. Penelitian eksperimenpre test- post test control group design ini dengan subyek penelitian lansia usia 55-70 tahun di Kota Semarang. Dari 56 orang diteliti 30 orang secara random yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi dan terbagi dalam tiga kelompok, yaitu 10 orang pada kelompok P1 dengan perlakuan latihan 3 hari/minggu, 10 orang kelompok P2 dengan perlakuan latihan 4 hari/minggu dan 10 orang pada kelompok kontrol. Penelitian dilakukan selama 8 minggu dengan metode latihan SKJL. Pengukuran dilakukan sebelum perlakuan terhadap subyek penelitian dengan mengambil darah vena 3 mL, 30 menit setelah melakukan SKJL 2010 untuk menghitung jumlah sel NK. Setelah perlakuan selama 8 minggu, dilakukan pengukuran dengan protokol yang sama untuk mengambil data jumlah sel NK. Terdapat peningkatan jumlah rerata sel NK pada P1 (0,55%), kelompok P2 (1,18%) dan kelompok kontrol (0,33%), tetapi tidak ada perbedaan yang signi kan antara kelompok P1, P2 dan kelompok kontrol, pengaruh SKJL terhadap jumlah sel NK (p= 0,50). Latihan senam kesegaran jasmani lansia (SKJL) dapat meningkatkan jumlah sel NK, tetapi tidak ada perbedaan yang bermakna antar kelompok dengan latihan 2 hari/minggu, 3 hari/minggu dan 4 hari/minggu terhadap jumlah sel NK pada lansia.

Typhonium flagelliforme decreases tyrosine kinase and Ki67 expression in mice

Universa Medicina Vol 32, No 3 (2013)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Trisakti University

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Abstract

Background Worldwide, breast cancer is the most frequent cancer in women after lung cancer. Treatments include surgery, radiation, immunotherapy and chemotherapy, but are not effective. Tyrosine kinase and Ki67 protein are markers of proliferation. Typhonium flagelliforme ethanol extract (TFEE) has been shown to inhibit proliferation of Michigan Cancer Foundation-7 (MCF7) cells in culture. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of administration of TFEE on tyrosine kinase and Ki67 expression in mice. Methods This experimental study using post test randomized design with control group was conducted in 24 tumor-bearing CH3 mice. They were randomly divided into 4 groups, consisting of one control and 3 treatment groups (TI, T2, T3) treated daily for 30 days with 0.2 ml TFEE at dosages of 200, 400, and 800 mg/kgBW, respectively. On day 31 the tumor tissues were collected and their tyrosine kinase and Ki67 expression were levels assessed using ELISA and immunohistochemical staining, respectively. Tyrosine kinase and Ki67 expression levels were analyzed, respectively using Kruskal Wallis test and one-way Anova followed by Bonferroni post hoc test. Results Mean tyrosine kinase level was highest in the control group, followed by T3, T2 and T1 (p=0.019). Mean level of Ki 67 expression was highest in the control group, followed by T2, T3 and T1 (p=0.000). Conclussions Oral administration of TFEE at a dose of 200 mg/kgBW decreases tyrosine kinase levels and Ki 67 expression.

Pengaruh Latihan Aquarobik Terhadap Jumlah Hitung Lekosit Pada Wanita Obesitas Di Kota Semarang

Media Ilmu Keolahragaan Indonesia Vol 3, No 1 (2013): July 2013
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

The capacity of physical ability can be improved through doing an exercise which is according to the intensity, duration and frequency. Exercise can improve the immunity system and influence the leucocyte. The number of pheripheral leucocyte can be the resource of  information for the diagnostics and prognose the description of organ damage and the recovery  after physical training. The purpose of this study to investigate the influence of aquarobic exercises to  leucocyte count .This study is experimental with pretest-posttest control group design. The subjects for this study is a women Obese I, 45-50 years old, they were 24  person. The subjects of study were given aquarobic exercises until the reached the targeted heartbeats which is 75% of the maximum heartbeats, duration 60 minutes, 8 weeks aquarobics exercises. The physical activity was done for a moment. Before and after doing the activity, the pheripheral blood was taken to examine leucocyte count. The result of study reveals that there is significantly increasing a value of the average leucocyte count  before aquarobic exercises. Based on the result of study, it can be concluded that aquaribics exercises change leucocyte count on Obes I Women.

Effect of Aquarobic and Weight Training on Cortisol Levels in Obese Women

KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 12, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

Exercise is physical stress which potentially causes disruption of homeostasis, especially in sports that is excessively done. Weight Training (LB) and Aquarobic Exercise (LA) can be modulators of handling stress. This research aims at investigating the effect of the difference between LB and LA to physical stress in obese women. The study was conducted in 2014. The method used in this study was randomized experimental pretest-posttest control group design in 36 obese women, aged 45-50 years who were divided into 3 groups, group LB 50% RM, 3 sets, 12 repetition, treatment two times a day for 8 weeks (n = 12), LA 75% HRmax, treatment 2 days for 8 weeks (n = 12) and control group (n = 12). Body Mass Index (BMI) and cortisol levels were measured before and after the treatment. Hypothesis testing was conducted using test (One-Way ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis) and the mean difference test (Tukey HSD and Mann Whitneys). The results of BMI is increased in the WT group and is decreased in LA group as compared to control group (p <0.05). The decrease of cortisol level is higher than in LA and LB group and controls (p <0.05). LB and LA affect the physical stress that is characterized by the increase in cortisol levels in obese women. Conclusion: LB is more dominant than LA in increasing physical stress.

Anthropometric-Parameters and Total-Cholesterol to HDL-Cholesterol Ratio are Better in Long-Distance Cyclists (Indonesia North Coast and Tour de Borobudur 2017 Study)

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 14, No 2 (2018): Jurnal KEMAS Vol.14 No.2 : November 2018
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan

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Abstract

Total-Cholesterol (TC) to HDL-Cholesterol (HDL-C) ratio in athletes is well-known to be better than sedentary people. However, information about comparison of TC/HDL-C in different groups of cyclists based on cycling touring characteristics and anthropometry parameters is lacking. This study aimed to compare TC/HDL-C ratio between groups based on the type of tour in cyclists population. Eighty-eight participants were recruited in this cross-sectional study. Mean differences of parameters between groups was analyzed by One-Way Anova and independent t-test, whereas multivariate analyses was conducted by binary logistic-regression. P value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. TC/HDL-C ratio in all groups were less than 4.5. There is no differences of TC-levels (NC240K: 216.6±55.04, TdB140K: 208.1±27.13, TdB100K: 203.1±31.95; p=0.427). But there is significantly different level of HDL-C (NC240K: 68.9±19.09, TdB140K: 52.1±13.9, TdB100K: 53.6±12.45; p=0.0001) and TC/HDL-C ratio (NC240K: 3.3±1.12, TdB140K: 4.2±1.07, TdB100K: 4.0±1.06; p=0.007). Between TC/HDL ratio groups (≥4 or <4), there were differences of weight, BMI, waist-circumference, hip-circumference and type of tour (p<0.05). Finally, BMI and type of tour were the most influential factor. Long-distance cyclists have a synergistic effect of lipid profile and anthropometry measurements, and heavier cycling tour participant, that represent cycling training habits, tend to have lower TC/HDL ratio(< 4).