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EFFECTIVENESS OF MUSIC THERAPY ON ANXIETY AND Β-ENDORPHIN LEVELS IN PRIMIGRAVIDA DURING THE THIRD STAGE OF PREGNANCY

Belitung Nursing Journal Vol 3, No 6 (2017): November-December 2017
Publisher : Belitung Nursing Journal

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Abstract

Objective: To examine the effectiveness of music therapy on anxiety levels and β-endorphin levels in primigravida during the third stage of pregnancy.Methods: This was a quasy experimental study with pretest-posttest control group design. The research was conducted in December 2016 - Januari 2017. There were 39 respondents selected using purposive sampling technique, which 13 assigned in the experiment group 1 (music therapy with a sound pressure of 40 dB), experiment group 2 (music therapy with a sound pressure of 62 dB) and control group (health counseling). Anxiety levels were measured using the HARS (Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale), and β-endorphin hormone levels were measured using ELISA (Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay) method. Data analysis used paired t-test, One-Way Anova test with post-hoc bonferroni, and Kruskall Wallis test with post-hoc Mann Whitney.Results: Findings revealed that there was a decrease of the mean of anxiety levels in the experiment group 1 from 31.92 (pretest) to 24.69 (posttest), and the experiment group 2 from 34.54 (pretest) to 25 (posttest) with p-value <0.05; and there was an increase of the mean of β-Endorphin levels in the experiment group 1 from 53.63 (pretest) to 63.24 (posttest), and the experiment group 2 from 48.55 (pretest) to 64.9 (posttest) with p-value <0.05; however there was no effect of counseling in the control group on anxiety levels (p=0.413) and β-Endorphin levels (p= 0.394)Conclusion: Music therapy is effective in reducing anxiety levels and increasing β-endorphin levels. Thus, music therapy can be used as an alternative treatment for pregnant mothers at home who experienced anxiety. 

EFFECT OF AUDIO THERAPY USING AL-QUR'AN MURROTAL ON BEHAVIOR DEVELOPMENT IN CHILDREN WITH AUTISM

Belitung Nursing Journal Vol 3, No 5 (2017): September-October 2017
Publisher : Belitung Nursing Journal

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Abstract

Background: Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder. Audio therapy is considered as one of the complementary therapies to improve the behavior of children with autism.Objective: This study was to analysis the effectiveness of the Al-Qur'an murrotal audio therapy on behavioral development in children with autism.Methods: This study was a true-experimental research using pretest and posttest approach with control group. This research was conducted on November 2016 in the Autism Foundation of Semarang City. There were 30 samples were selected using simple random sampling, with 15 samples assigned in the experiment and control group. Mann Whitney and Wilcoxon tests were used for data analysis in this study.Results: Results showed that there was a significant difference in the mean of behavioral development after given intervention between the experiment group and control group with p-value 0.034 (<0.05). The mean of behavioral development in the experiment group (4.53) was higher than the mean in the control group (3.47).Conclusion: The Al-Qur'an murrotal audio therapy is effective to develop behavior of children with autism. Therefore, it is expected that this audio therapy can be applied an alternative therapy for children with autism.

EFFECTIVENESS OF LAVENDER AROMATHERAPY AND CLASSICAL MUSIC THERAPY IN LOWERING BLOOD PRESSURE IN PREGNANT WOMEN WITH HYPERTENSION

Belitung Nursing Journal Vol 3, No 6 (2017): November-December 2017
Publisher : Belitung Nursing Journal

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Abstract

Background: Hypertension during pregnancy remains high in Indonesia. It is a major cause of maternal death. Aromatherapy lavender and classical music therapy are considered effective in lowering blood pressure in hypertension.Objective: To examine the effect of lavender aromatherapy and classical music therapy in lowering blood pressure in pregnant women with hypertension.Methods: A quasy experimental study with pretest-posttest control group design. There were 52 pregnant women with the inclusion criteria selected as samples using simple random sampling, divided into lavender aromatherapy group, classical music group, combination of aromatherapy and music group, and control group. Sphygmomanometer was used to measure blood pressure. Mann Whitney and Post Hoc test were used for data analysis.Results: Results showed that four groups have a significant decrease in systolic blood pressure after given intervention with p-value <0.05. The mean decrease of systolic blood pressure among four groups was: lavender group (5.77 mmHg), music group (7.23 mmHg), combination group (9.54 mmHg), and control group (3.67 mmHg); and the mean decrease of diastolic blood pressure was: the lavender group (2.77 mmHg), music group (0.61 mmHg), combination group (8.23 mmHg), and control group (3.42 mmHg).Conclusion: there was a significant effect of lavender aromatherapy and classical music therapy in lowering blood pressure in pregnant women with hypertension. However, the combination of both interventions was more effective than lavender aromatherapy or music therapy alone.

EFFECT OF NATURE SOUND THERAPY ON THE LEVEL OF CORTISOL IN POSTPARTUM PRIMIPARA

Belitung Nursing Journal Vol 4, No 1 (2018): January-February 2018
Publisher : Belitung Nursing Journal

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Abstract

Background: Prevalence of postpartum blues for Asia between 26-85%, while the prevalence in Indonesia is 50-70%. Of all women postpartum can experience this is experiencing stress, almost 80% of primiparous moms experience feelings of sadness after childbirth. These stresses can trigger an increase in cortisol. Music raises changes in brain wave status and stress hormones. Nature Sound music is music that has a slow tempo and can cause feelings relaxed and comfortable.Objective: To examine the effect of the nature music therapy on on cortisol levels in postpartum primipara.Methods: This was a true experimental study with pretest-posttest control group design. The study was conducted in the postpartum ward in the General Hospital of Semarang from November 2016 to January 2017. There were 39 postpartum primipara recruited in this study using simple random sampling divided into three groups: 1) the experiment group who received the nature music therapy for 15 minutes, 2) the experiment group who received the nature music therapy for 30 minutes, and 3) the control group. One-way ANOVA test was performed for data analysis.Results: One-way anova test showed p-value 0.010 (<0.05), which indicated that there was a statistically significant effect of the nature sound therapy on the cortisol level in the postpartum primipara.Conclusion: There was a significant effect of the nature music therapy on the cortisol levels in postpartum primipara. Thus, the application of nature music therapy can be an alternative therapy especially for postpartum primipara who experience emotional stress, physical, anxiety, and fatigue.

Co-Authors AB Susanto Achmad Widodo Adi Priyo Wicaksono, Adi Priyo Agung Chandra Prasetya Agung Nugroho Setiawan, Agung Nugroho Agus Indarjo Agus Sulistiyo Agus Suyanto Agus Syafrudin Agus Triyanto Ahmad Syaify, Ahmad Aini Moeljono, Aini AL. Supartinah, AL. Andika Bagus Setiawan, Andika Bagus Andri Wahyu Septo Putra Anifatur Nurjannah, Anifatur Arbiyanti, Yossi Norma Arfian, Finty Ari Anshori, Ari Ari Suwondo Arief Suseno, Arief Arif Syaifuddin Arifin Budi Putro, Arifin Budi Arinianzah, Aldo Rizqi Aris Wijayanti Arista, Desi Arlien Siswanti Arnefia Mei Yusnida Asfan Muqtadir, Asfan Astuti, Anjar Ave Gierdo Alfaseno, Ave Gierdo Baliyan I, Baliyan Bambang Nugraha, Bambang Basuki Basuki Bayu Surarso Budi Setiawan Chrisna A Suryono Chrisna Adhi Suryono Cicilia Artitin Cynthia Damayanti Dadang Sukandar Dayyana, Surya Desi Sandra Sari Desie Dwi Wisudanti, Desie Dwi Dewi Agustina Dewi Sulistyaningrum Dhidik Prastiyanto Diana Layla Dimas Putra Anugrah, Dimas Putra Djoko Adi Widodo Donny Prasetyo Santoso, Donny Prasetyo Drajat Martianto Dwi Puji Adiana, Dwi Puji Edi Wibowo Edi Wibowo Kushartono Edy Junaidi Eka Miftakhul Jannah, Eka Miftakhul Eko Supraptono Emi Agustina, Emi Endah Setiyaningrum Endang Sri Susilo ENNY SUSWATI Ervia Yudiati Evi Setiawati Fatekurohman, Mohamat fatimah Fatimah Febriana Tirta Kirana, Febriana Tirta Fitri Mahardika Sari Frida Fallo Gatot Murti Wibowo, Gatot Murti Gatot Yulianto Gentur Handoyo Gigih Budhiawan Gunawan Widi Santosa Hadi Endrawati Harindra W Pradhana, Harindra W Harindra Wisnu Pradhana Haryati Haryati Hayat Maulana Heri Sugito Heri Sutanto Hernita Kusuma Wardani Hery Sulistyo JNS, Hery Sulistyo Hery Widijanto Hidayat, Syarief Thaufik Hilmi Trian Setyawan Indhana Sudiharto, Indhana Indri Trifiantari Irianiwati Irianiwati Irwani Irwani Isa Nurnusanto, Isa Isnaini Isnaini Ivan Nurizal Sakti Izah, Luluk Lailatul Jatmiko Endro Suseno Jauhari Syamsiyah Joko Winarno Juniyanto, Dimas Kamasita, Systriana Esi Kartini Sinaga Kesawa Sudarsih Khanif Pramusinto, Khanif Kharis, Muhamad Kusworo Adi Kusworowulan, Suryati Kwartarini Murdiastuti, Kwartarini Laela Meitasari, Laela Laska, Yulinda Lukman Hakim Mahda Veronika Maisi, Sri Malau, Rotua Mardiyono Mardiyono Margo Utomo Marsetyawan HNES, Marsetyawan Mediawati, Saskia Mefi Priba Sari, Mefi Priba Melo, Gabriella Imanuella Melyana Nurul Widyawati Menur Wahyu Pangestika, Menur Wahyu Mohamad Nadhif, Mohamad Muh. Yusuf Muhammad Arif Prasetyo Muhammad Arsyad Suyuti Muhammad Izzuddin Shofar Muhammad Zainuri Mujiyo Mujiyo Mulyanto Mulyanto Munarso Munarso Muthoifin Muthoifin, Muthoifin N. Euis Sutaningsih, N. Euis Nailatul Ilmi Nasronudin Nasronudin Niharul Annas Nirwani Soenardjo Nourobby Aulada, Nourobby Oky Dwi Nurhayati Oky Yuripa Pradana P. H, Aditya Praptiwi Praptiwi Prasetyo Nugroho Raden Ario Radini Sinta, Radini Ragil Saputra Rahayu Sapta S Rahmat Gernowo Rakhmat Syaefullah Ramadhan, Hazbina Fauqi Rani Gamawati, Rani Ratna Dwi Meilani, Ratna Dwi Retno Handayani Retno Hartati Ria Amitasari Ria Azizah Rieneke L Sela, Rieneke L Rini Riyanti Robby Eko Christanto Rudhi Pri, Rudhi Rudhi Pribadi Rusdi, Muh Sangkertadi Sangkertadi Satryo Adi Wibowo, Satryo Adi Setyaningsih, Erni Sharfina Sharfina, Sharfina Siti Fatimah Muis Soeharyo Hadisaputro Sri Budi Barunawati, Sri Budi Sri Huning Anwariningsih Sri Kusumastuti, Sri Sri Sedjati Sri Sukamta Sudadi Sudadi Sudibyo Sudibyo Sugeng Purbawanto Sugiyanto Sugiyanto Sukarnen Sukarnen, Sukarnen Sulistyo Warjono, Sulistyo Sumarno Sumarno Sumaryo Sumaryo Suntoro Suntoro Supriyanto Supriyanto Supriyati Supriyati Suroyo Suroyo Suwarto Suwarto Tatyantoro Andrasto Tika Retnowati Tri Saputra, Tri Valentino, Nico Vifaldi Agti, Vifaldi Vincensius Gunawan Wahyu Fredi Santoso Wahyu Setia Budi Widyatmani Sih Dewi Wilis Ari Setyati Yosafat Hermawan Trinugraha, Yosafat Hermawan Yudha Nurdian, Yudha Yuli Hermansyah, Yuli Yuningtyastuti, Gita Surya