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INOVASI PEMANFAATAN ABU SEKAM DARI PENGUSAHA BATU BATA UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PRODUKSI TANAMAN PADI GUNA MENUNJANG PEMBERDAYAAN PETANI

Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 31, No 1 (2016): March
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

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Abstract

Rice husk ash is now mostly used as rub ash. Rice husk ash contains very high silicate that is needed by cereal crops, especially rice plants. The purpose of this study to examine the use of rice husk ash in increasing the production of rice plants, that can be used to support the empowerment of farmers. The research method using field trials with Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) consisting of one factor (husk ash) and 8 levels ie I0 (0 kg), I1 (100 kg / ha), I2 (200 kg / ha), I3 ( 300 kg / ha), I4 (400 kg / ha), I5 (500 kg / ha), I6 (600 kg / ha), I7 (700 kg / ha) were repeated three times. The results showed that rice husk ash can be used to increase the production of rice plants, that can be used as an empowering farmers. The highest results of this study are: the number of productive tillers per clump 24.81, grain weight per clump 139.67 g, grain weight per plot 3051 g and grain production 10.17 tons / ha in treatment with husk ash 500 kg / ha. The farmers in the surrounding areas are very interested in using.

KAJIAN PERANAN WANITA DALAM PEMANFAATAN LAHAN BAWAH TEGAKAN UNTUK TANAMAN UBI-UBIAN DALAM MENUNJANG EKONOMI KELUARGA DI TANAH LITOSOL

Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 23, No 1 (2008): March
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

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Abstract

Research executed in litosol land in Geneng Duwur, Nganti, Jenalas and Peleman Gemolong district, Sragen regency started on April to November 2007. This research used survey method with 25 respondents every village with random sampling. Data taken from respondent included cover strightened crop type, ubi-ubian crop type, wide farm ownership, and wide ubi-ubian crop, requirement of seed, fertilizer, lobor and crop.Result of research obtained strightened crop types are core, mahoni, acacia, angsana, while crop type of ubi-ubian are garut, ganyong, suweg/iles-iles. Mean wide farm ownership was 0,43 hectare, mean wide of ubi-ubian crop was 0,02 hectare, mean requirement of seed was 15 singk, mean requirement of fertilizer was 40 singk, mean requirement of labor 2,1 woman workday people and mean obtained counted 107 singk with value average IDR 69.550,00.

Uji Efektivitas dan Efisiensi dari Pupuk Fertiphos dan Saprodap

Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 18, No 1 (2003): March
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

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Abstract

Dalam budidaya pertanian pupuk merupakan salah satu komponen paket teknologi yang tidak dapat ditinggalkan salam peningkatan produksi tanaman. Dengan semakin intensifnya dalam budidaya pertanian maka kebutuhan pupuk semakin hari semakin banyak. Makin banyaknya kebutuhan akan pupuk makin banyak pula perusahaan –perusahaan ingin memproduksi berbagai macam pupuk. Salah satu produksi pupuk yang saat ini muncul dan dikembangakan adalah salah sat perusahaan pupuk adalah pupuk Fertiphos dan Saprodap.Pengujian efektivitas dan efisiensi penggunaan pupuk Fertiphos dan Saprodap dilakukan untuk menguji sampai seberapa jauh efektivitas dan efisiensi dari pupuk Fertiphos dan Saprodap dalam usahatani padi sawah. Pengujian dilakukan di tanah Aluvial di Desa Joho Kecamatan Mojolaban Kabupaten Sukoharjo mulai tanggal 13 Januari 2002 sampai dengan 18 April 2002.Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Rancangan Acak Kelompok Lengkap (RAKL) yang terdiri dari 8 perlakuan yaiu P1 (Urea= 250 kg/ha, SP36= 150 kg/ha, KCl= 100 kg/ha), P2 (Urea= 200 kg/ha, Saprodap= 150 kg/ha, KCl= 100 kg/ha), P3 (Urea= 250 kg/ha, Fertiphos= 225 kg/ha, KCl= 100 kg/ha), P4 (Urea= 200 kg/ha, Fertiphos= 75 kg/ha, Saprodap= 100 kg/ha, KCl= 100 kg/ha), P5 (Urea= 250 kg/ha, Saprodap= 100 kg/ha, KCl= 100 kg/ha), P6 (Urea= 250 kg/ha, Fertiphos= 300 kg/ha, KCl= 100 kg/ha), P7 (Urea= 200 kg/ha, Saprodap= 200 kg/ha, KCl= 100 kg/ha), P8 (Urea= 250 kg/ha, Fertiphos= 450 kg/ha, KCl= 100 kg/ha) dan 4 ulangan.Hasil pengujian menunjukkan bahwa: Dari segi efektivitas penggunaan pupuk Fertiphos dan Saprodap dapat meningkatkan hasil tanaman padi, dosis yang paling optimum adalah pada perlakuan P3 untuk pupuk Fertiphos dan P7 untuk Saprodap; Dari segi efisiensi penggunaan pupuk Fertiphos dan Saprodap dapat meningkatkan efisiensi pada usahatani padi sawah, efisiensi yang paling tinggi adalah P3 untuk pupuk Fertiphos dengan RC ratio 2,01 dan P5 dengan RC ratio sebesar 1,90 untuk Saprodap; Pupuk Fertiphos dan Saprodap dari segi efektivitas dan efisiensi pupuk dapat digunakan sebagai pupuk alternatif di samping pupuk yang telah beredar.

PEMANFAATAN LIMBAH PETERNAKAN DALAM KONSEP PERTANIAN TERPADU GUNA MEWUJUDKAN PERTANIAN YANG BERKELANJUTAN

Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 29, No 2 (2014): October
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

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Abstract

Utilization of farm wastes in order to realize the concept of integrated farming is a sustainable agriculture community service program in cooperation with two partners, namely : ( 1 ) quail - catfish Breeders Agribird, and ( 2 ) dairy farms and agricultural businesses " Andini Mulyo ". This service activities conducted through outreach / awareness, mentoring and manufacture of demonstration plots. Preparation of demonstration plots to make an example of earthworm cultivation ( vermikultur ) and the making of silage. Testing vermicompost and organic fertilizer from cow dung to plant corn and kale using plots measuring 50 x 9 meters, divided into 3 blocks, each 3 x 50 meters. Outcome in the form of products include : Biomass earthworm number 5 Kg / month ; Vermicompost 50 Kg ; Silage, 300 Kg once manufacture ; and quality organic fertilizer from cow dung, 600 kg / process. Outcome in the form of a test product to the plant : the use of manure, vermicompost fertilizer in Litosol very real increase maize crop which includes fresh weight of corn stover, corn stover dry weight and dry weight of seed corn ; the use of manure and fertilizer plants in the ground grumosol not significantly different with kale stover fresh weight, while the use of vermicompost highly significant increase stover fresh weight of spinach.

PEMANFAATAN AZOLLA SEBAGAI SUMBER PAKAN PADA BUDIDAYA SISTEM GANDA AZOLLA-LELE

Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 31, No 2 (2016): October
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

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Abstract

Catfish farming is strongly influenced by the high price of feed, while azolla is a water fern that has a high nutritional value, can develop quickly and preferably by catfish as feed. The research aims to obtain the most appropriate combination treatment of Azolla inoculum dose and catfish seed size in dual system Azolla - catfish, which is able to provide the highest catfish yield. The experiments were performed in catfish ponds in completely randomized design (CRD) two factors, i,e azolla inoculum doses (250, 500 and 750 gm-1) and head circumference size of catfish seed (3, 4 and 5 cm). Dose of catfish seed is 2,000 head / m2. Variables observed were azolla fresh weight and catfish fresh weight at harvest. Azolla inoculum and catfish seed deployed together in catfish ponds and feeding with concentrate feed for one month. Azolla and catfish harvesting is done on the same day using a sieve. Once drained, Azolla and catfish were weighed separately to determine the severity. Data were analyzed by F test at the level of 95%, followed by Duncans multiple range test (DMRT) if any significance influence. The results showed that the higher the  azolla inoculum number,  the higher azolla yield. The larger the size of catfish seed the higher catfish consumption to Azolla. Catfish seed size more than 4 cm will cause an imbalance between the speed of consumption of Azolla by the catfish and the azolla growth rate, so that Azolla be devoured by catfish.

Co-Authors AB Susanto Achmad Widodo Adi Priyo Wicaksono, Adi Priyo Agung Chandra Prasetya Agung Nugroho Setiawan, Agung Nugroho Agus Indarjo Agus Sulistiyo Agus Suyanto Agus Syafrudin Agus Triyanto Ahmad Syaify, Ahmad Aini Moeljono, Aini AL. Supartinah, AL. Andika Bagus Setiawan, Andika Bagus Andri Wahyu Septo Putra Anifatur Nurjannah, Anifatur Arbiyanti, Yossi Norma Arfian, Finty Ari Anshori, Ari Ari Suwondo Arief Suseno, Arief Arif Syaifuddin Arifin Budi Putro, Arifin Budi Arinianzah, Aldo Rizqi Aris Wijayanti Arista, Desi Arlien Siswanti Arnefia Mei Yusnida Asfan Muqtadir, Asfan Astuti, Anjar Ave Gierdo Alfaseno, Ave Gierdo Baliyan I, Baliyan Bambang Nugraha, Bambang Basuki Basuki Bayu Surarso Budi Setiawan Chrisna A Suryono Chrisna Adhi Suryono Cicilia Artitin Cynthia Damayanti Dadang Sukandar Dayyana, Surya Desi Sandra Sari Desie Dwi Wisudanti, Desie Dwi Dewi Agustina Dewi Sulistyaningrum Dhidik Prastiyanto Diana Layla Dimas Putra Anugrah, Dimas Putra Djoko Adi Widodo Donny Prasetyo Santoso, Donny Prasetyo Drajat Martianto Dwi Puji Adiana, Dwi Puji Edi Wibowo Edi Wibowo Kushartono Edy Junaidi Eka Miftakhul Jannah, Eka Miftakhul Eko Supraptono Emi Agustina, Emi Endah Setiyaningrum Endang Sri Susilo ENNY SUSWATI Ervia Yudiati Evi Setiawati Fatekurohman, Mohamat fatimah Fatimah Febriana Tirta Kirana, Febriana Tirta Fitri Mahardika Sari Frida Fallo Gatot Murti Wibowo, Gatot Murti Gatot Yulianto Gentur Handoyo Gigih Budhiawan Gunawan Widi Santosa Hadi Endrawati Harindra W Pradhana, Harindra W Harindra Wisnu Pradhana Haryati Haryati Hayat Maulana Heri Sugito Heri Sutanto Hernita Kusuma Wardani Hery Sulistyo JNS, Hery Sulistyo Hery Widijanto Hidayat, Syarief Thaufik Hilmi Trian Setyawan Indhana Sudiharto, Indhana Indri Trifiantari Irianiwati Irianiwati Irwani Irwani Isa Nurnusanto, Isa Isnaini Isnaini Ivan Nurizal Sakti Izah, Luluk Lailatul Jatmiko Endro Suseno Jauhari Syamsiyah Joko Winarno Juniyanto, Dimas Kamasita, Systriana Esi Kartini Sinaga Kesawa Sudarsih Khanif Pramusinto, Khanif Kharis, Muhamad Kusworo Adi Kusworowulan, Suryati Kwartarini Murdiastuti, Kwartarini Laela Meitasari, Laela Laska, Yulinda Lukman Hakim Mahda Veronika Maisi, Sri Malau, Rotua Mardiyono Mardiyono Margo Utomo Marsetyawan HNES, Marsetyawan Mediawati, Saskia Mefi Priba Sari, Mefi Priba Melo, Gabriella Imanuella Melyana Nurul Widyawati Menur Wahyu Pangestika, Menur Wahyu Mohamad Nadhif, Mohamad Muh. Yusuf Muhammad Arif Prasetyo Muhammad Arsyad Suyuti Muhammad Izzuddin Shofar Muhammad Zainuri Mujiyo Mujiyo Mulyanto Mulyanto Munarso Munarso Muthoifin Muthoifin, Muthoifin N. Euis Sutaningsih, N. Euis Nailatul Ilmi Nasronudin Nasronudin Niharul Annas Nirwani Soenardjo Nourobby Aulada, Nourobby Oky Dwi Nurhayati Oky Yuripa Pradana P. H, Aditya Praptiwi Praptiwi Prasetyo Nugroho Raden Ario Radini Sinta, Radini Ragil Saputra Rahayu Sapta S Rahmat Gernowo Rakhmat Syaefullah Ramadhan, Hazbina Fauqi Rani Gamawati, Rani Ratna Dwi Meilani, Ratna Dwi Retno Handayani Retno Hartati Ria Amitasari Ria Azizah Rieneke L Sela, Rieneke L Rini Riyanti Robby Eko Christanto Rudhi Pri, Rudhi Rudhi Pribadi Rusdi, Muh Sangkertadi Sangkertadi Satryo Adi Wibowo, Satryo Adi Setyaningsih, Erni Sharfina Sharfina, Sharfina Siti Fatimah Muis Soeharyo Hadisaputro Sri Budi Barunawati, Sri Budi Sri Huning Anwariningsih Sri Kusumastuti, Sri Sri Sedjati Sri Sukamta Sudadi Sudadi Sudibyo Sudibyo Sugeng Purbawanto Sugiyanto Sugiyanto Sukarnen Sukarnen, Sukarnen Sulistyo Warjono, Sulistyo Sumarno Sumarno Sumaryo Sumaryo Suntoro Suntoro Supriyanto Supriyanto Supriyati Supriyati Suroyo Suroyo Suwarto Suwarto Tatyantoro Andrasto Tika Retnowati Tri Saputra, Tri Valentino, Nico Vifaldi Agti, Vifaldi Vincensius Gunawan Wahyu Fredi Santoso Wahyu Setia Budi Widyatmani Sih Dewi Wilis Ari Setyati Yosafat Hermawan Trinugraha, Yosafat Hermawan Yudha Nurdian, Yudha Yuli Hermansyah, Yuli Yuningtyastuti, Gita Surya