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Analisis Kelayakan Pengembangan Biogas Sebagai Energi Alternatif Berbasis Individu Dan Kelompok Peternak Wahyuni, Sri; Suryahadi, .; Saleh, Amiruddin
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 4, No 2 (2009): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Implementation of integrated cow system with biogas technology approach is one of efficient technology for cow waste treatment. The technology is using available natural microorganism to compose and process various organic matters on anaerobe condition. This will produce methane gas (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) and qualified liquid and solid organic manure. The methane gas (CH4) can be use as gas fuel (BBG). Biogas production may contribute to sustainable agriculture as renewable resources and environmental friendly. The research was aimed to analyze feasibility of biogas as alternative energy sources on farmer’s individual and group basis. Particularly, the research’s objectives are : (a) to study  waste treatment performance  with biogas installation at research’s site; (b) to analyze feasibility of biogas development as alternative energy sources on farmer’s individual and group basis; (c) to analyze sensitivity of biogas development on cost component and the benefit to treat waste at four  different sites; (d) to identify intern and extern affecting that affect of biogas installation; and (e) to determine appropriate alternative strategy in the biogas installation development  for farmer.  The biogas reactor can be constructed both by cement and fiberglass. Biogas reactor from fiberglass is more effective and produces higher and better gas. Study at the four locations both on individual and group basis  by using  liquid and solid organic manure are contribute to increase farmer’s income.  Result of financial feasibility analysis with biogas digester capacity 5 m3 and 17 m3 and interest rate 17% shows that biogas installation project is feasible to be implemented and developed. Investment cost to construct biogas installation is Rp 19.800.000. Financial feasibility criteria for NPV individual biogas and 30 years project life are Rp 35.173.048, B/C ratio (2,018) and IRR (31%). Feasibility criteria for NPV group biogas and 30 years project life is Rp 259.882.871, B/C ratio (3,787) and IRR (60%).  According to the calculation of switching value, the project is sensitive on variable cost and selling price changing in the revenue.   Key words: Biogas, alternative energy sources, financial feasibility, NPV, B/C ratio, IRR, strategy
Usaha Budi Daya Pepaya Bangkok Dengan Sistem Lahan Sewa Wijayanto, Agung; Suryahadi, .; Saleh, Amiruddin
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 7, No 2 (2012): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

One area of agribusiness that has good prospects for development is the cultivation of papaya farming Bangkok, because the market demand is still huge, rapid investment payback period, the price is relatively stable, and continuous harvest throughout the year. The market opportunity is still wide open, because the supply is currently still lacking. Located in the Village Prangkoan, Mertoyudan District, Magelang regency, Central Java. The purpose of this study was to (1) analyze the feasibility of Papaya Bangkok cultivation with his own land and rent system, (2) business feasibility analysis Papaya Bangkok cultivation with leased land and the cultivation of papaya integration model of Bangkok´s most profitable for entrepreneurs to raise Papaya Bangkok cultivation. Quantitative analysis carried out to analyze the feasibility of the financial aspects using the criteria of NPV, IRR, Gross benefit and Cost Ratio, Sensitifitas, and BEP analysis. NPV value of aquaculture in their own land is higher at Rp103,793,371.93, while cultivating the land lease Rp60,069,785.97. This shows that the net benefits received from cultivation in their own land is greater than in the land lease. Judging from the value of Gross IRR and B/C, indicating that the value of Gross IRR and B/C for all the cultivation is > 0, so that both are good at cultivating their own land or on leased land eligible to run. When viewed from the BEP, the BEP for the cultivation of the land it self is 1548 units and Rp6,190,661, while for the cultivation of the land rent is 6972 units and Rp10,457,406.67. Comparison of financial feasibility between the two tampat cultivation shows that of both types of businesses, the cultivation of the land itself is a more viable business cultivated. It can be seen from the financial eligibility criteria of the cultivation the land itself has a better value
Nisbah Sinkronisasi Suplai N-Protein dan Energi dalam Rumen Sebagai Basis Formulasi Ransum Ternak Ruminansia Hermon, .; Suryahadi, .; Wiryawan, K G; Hardjosoewignjo, S
MEDIA PETERNAKAN - Journal of Animal Science and Technology Vol 31, No 3 (2008): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (146.929 KB) | DOI: 10.5398/

Abstract

The experiment was conducted to determine the optimum synchronization ratio of N-protein and fermented organic matter (OM) in the rumen for the purpose of ration formulation for ruminant animals, in order to improve efficiency of rumen microbial N synthesis and feed efficiency. Nylon bag technique was adopted to determine ruminal characteristic of protein and OM degradation of feedstuffs (forage and concentrate diet) for which the synchronized index of N-protein and fermented OM in the rumen might be determined. By randomized block design, twelve local cattle were arranged to four groups. Each group was fed three types of diet that was different in synchronization ratio of supplying N-protein and fermented OM in the rumen, namely 20 g N/kg OM (R20); 25 g N /kg OM (R25); and 30 g N /kg MO (R30). The diets had iso-energy and iso-protein contents and had the same synchronization index. The results showed that the type of diet had no effect (P>0.05) on intake and digestibility of nutrients, N retention, average daily gain (ADG), and feed efficiency. But R20 had better parameter values than those of R25 and R30. It might be concluded that the diet having a synchronization ratio of 20 g N/kg fermented OM in the rumen will generate more efficient protein synthesis of rumen microbes and feed efficiency. Key words: synchronization index, microbial protein synthesis, ruminal characteristic
Kinerja Koperasi Peternak Sapi Bandung Utara Lembang, Jawa Barat P. Tambunan, Hendrick Tio; Pandjaitan, Nora H; Suryahadi, .
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 9, No 2 (2014): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

At this moment, cooperative growth has experienced a very rapid development, which can be seen from the increasing number of diverse cooperative effort in Indonesia, especially in West Java. The ever-increasing needs of milk, added by milk production that has not met the needs of people in West Java makes a fierce competition among Cattle Ranchers Cooperative to produce milk. One of Cooperatives runs in this field is Cattle Ranchers Cooperative of North Bandung. The purpose of this study is (1) to analyze and evaluate management performance of KPSBU in West Java, (2) to analyze the level of liquidity, solvency, and profitability of KPSBU in West Java, (3) to develop business development strategy of KPSBU in West Java. The study used a descriptive survey approach, using primary and secondary data, as well as ratio analysis techniques (1) liquidity, (2) solvency, (3) profitability. Business development strategy will be prepared based on the analysis of the SWOT method and QSPM. Based on the analysis QSPM KPSBU has several strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. The most powerful force possessed KPSBU is quality fresh dairy products and its main drawback is the marketing of products less than the maximum, while the factors that affect the greatest opportunity is cooperation with local and international companies and the biggest threat is the bad weather which disrupted production and milk quality. Therefore, Cattle Ranchers Cooperative of North Bandung needs to make improvements on internal factors. It also reinforced by the value of the financial ratios of liquidity, solvency, and profitability that indicates that the company does not have a good value to pay a long-term and short-term debt as well as to generate profits in the company. Thus, Cattle Ranchers Cooperative of North Bandung must continue to strive to maintain and repair the service quality attribute and keeping customer satisfaction levels continue to rise.
Penilaian Kandang Sehat dan Produktif Domba di Desa/Kelurahan Lingkar Kampus Institut Pertanian Bogor, Darmaga Hidayat, Rahmat; Santoso, Kukuh; Suryahadi, .; Darwati, Sri; Suprayogi, Agik; Prastowo, .
Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Vol 1, No 1 (2015): Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/agrokreatif.1.1.20-27

Abstract

Institute for Research and Community Service Bogor Agricultural University (LPPM IPB) has excellent performance in community service activities (PPM). LPPM IPB since 2009 has conducted various community service activities in rural and urban campus area around of Campus. One of the activities is related with sheep and supporting activities. This assessment activity has two (2) purposes: first, to measure the knowledge of farmers in the application of science and technology especially cage and cultivation that has been given, and the second one, to give appreciation for the achievements of farmers in the management of sheep, especially for the category of healthy and productive cage. This activity was carried out by field visits and interviews using a special form of assessment. 17 breeders were determined based on nonprobability purposive sampling method. The highest value obtained Nurpandi farmer from the Village Sukawening got 920.9 points, while the lowest value obtained Sahedi farmer from the Village Purwasari got 308.3 points. Conclusions from the results obtained showed mostly cage sheep (52.94%) have not yet reached the category of healthy and productive cage (final value of less than 800 points). 
PENGARUH LEVEL INOKULAN DAN LAMA INKUBASI OLEH Aspergillus niger TERHADAP KANDUNGAN NUTRISI PUTAK Hilakore, M. A.; Suryahadi, .; Wiryawan, IGK.; Mangunwijaya, D.
PARTNER (Buletin Pertanian Terapan) Vol 15, No 1 (2008): PARTNER (Buletin Pertanian Terapan)
Publisher : Politeknik Pertanian Negeri Kupang

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Abstract

The experiment used fermentation technique. Aspergillus niger was employed in attempting to increase the quality of putak. The experiment was arranged factorially using Completely Randomized Design 4 x 3. Factor A consisted of 4 levels of inoculants: 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0% (w/w), while factor B consisted of incubation duration, that is 2, 3 and 4 days. Variables assessed were crude protein, true protein, crude fiber and dry matter contents of putak. The result showed that the treatments were significantly (P<0.05) affected the variables assessed. In conclusion, the treatments was improved the quality of putak. Keywords: putak, Aspergillus niger.
Improvement of Napier Grass Silage Nutritive Value by Using Inoculant and Crude Enzymes from Trichoderma reesei and Its Effect on in Vitro Rumen Fermentation Nurjana, Dea Justia; Suharti, S.; Suryahadi, .
Media Peternakan Vol 39, No 1 (2016): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (546.831 KB) | DOI: 10.5398/medpet.2016.39.1.46

Abstract

This research was aimed to evaluate the effect of inoculant and crude enzyme of Trichoderma reesei on fermentation quality and rumen digestibility of napier grass silage. This research consisted of two stages. The first stage was fermentation quality using a completely randomized design with three treatments and six replications. The second stage was rumen fermentability using a randomized block design with three treatments and six replications. The treatments of both stages were: T0= control of napier grass silage (Hi-fer+), T1= control + T. reesei inoculant at the level of 2.13 x 107 cfu/kg, and T2= control + crude enzyme from T. reesei at the level of 11.4 unit/kg. Napier grass silage were kept at room temperature and opened 21 d after fermentation. The result of the first stage experiment showed that T2 decreased (P<0.01) dry matter, organic matter, crude fiber, and neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and also increased (P<0.05) crude protein, total digestible nutrient (TDN), pH, acetic acid, and propionic acid of napier grass silage while T1 decreased (P<0.01) NDF and increased (P<0.05) propionic acid. The result of the second stage experiment showed that there were no significant differences in rumen pH, in vitro dry matter and organic matter digestibility, total VFA, proportion of VFA, ratio of acetic to propionic acids, and also NH3. It is concluded that the addition of crude enzyme from T. reesei could improve fermentation quality of napier grass silage with decreasing NDF and increasing TDN but did not affect rumen fermentability.
In vitro Fermentation Characteristics and Rumen Microbial Population of Diet Supplemented with Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Rumen Microbe Probiotics Riyanti, Lilis; Suryahadi, .; Evvyernie, Dwierra
Media Peternakan Vol 39, No 1 (2016): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (687.45 KB) | DOI: 10.5398/medpet.2016.39.1.40

Abstract

The objective of this study was to select three strains of probiotic Saccharomyces cerevisiae and to evaluate the effect of S. cerevisiae and rumen bacteria isolate (MR4) supplementation and their combination on rumen fermentability and rumen microbial population. Experiment 1 was designed in a 4 x 5 factorial randomized block design with 3 replications. The first factor was S. cerevisiae strain consisted of control treatment (without S. cerevisiae supplementation), NBRC 10217, NRRL Y 567 and NRRL 12618, and the second factor was incubation time consisted of 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 h. Ration was basal ration for feedlot with forage to concentrate ratio (F:C)= 60:40. Dosage of each treatment with S. cerevisiae was 5 x 1010 cfu/kg ration. Experiment 2 was designed in randomized block design with 4 treatments: P0= basal ration of feedlot; P1= P0 + S. cerevisiae; P2= P0 + MR4 isolate (5 x 107 cfu/kg ration); P3= P0 + S. cerevisiae and MR4 isolate. The result of experiment 1 showed that supplementation of S. cerevisiae NRRL 12618 had the highest S. cerevisiae population and increased rumen bacterial population. This strain was selected as probiotic in experiment 2. The result from experiment 2 showed that probiotic supplementation stabilized rumen pH and produced the highest NH3 concentration (P<0.05) and bacterial population (P<0.05). As compared with control, all treatments reduced protozoa population (P<0.05). Combination of S. cerevisiae and MR4 probiotics produced the highest total volatile fatty acids (VFA) and isovalerate (P<0.05). It was concluded that strain S. cerevisiae NRRL 12618 had potential as probiotic yeast. Supplementation with this strain increased fermentability, rumen isoacid and decreased A:P ratio. Those abilities could be improved with MR4 rumen isolate probiotic.
Nisbah Sinkronisasi Suplai N-Protein dan Energi dalam Rumen Sebagai Basis Formulasi Ransum Ternak Ruminansia Hermon, .; Suryahadi, .; Wiryawan, K G; Hardjosoewignjo, S
Media Peternakan Vol 31, No 3 (2008): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The experiment was conducted to determine the optimum synchronization ratio of N-protein and fermented organic matter (OM) in the rumen for the purpose of ration formulation for ruminant animals, in order to improve efficiency of rumen microbial N synthesis and feed efficiency. Nylon bag technique was adopted to determine ruminal characteristic of protein and OM degradation of feedstuffs (forage and concentrate diet) for which the synchronized index of N-protein and fermented OM in the rumen might be determined. By randomized block design, twelve local cattle were arranged to four groups. Each group was fed three types of diet that was different in synchronization ratio of supplying N-protein and fermented OM in the rumen, namely 20 g N/kg OM (R20); 25 g N /kg OM (R25); and 30 g N /kg MO (R30). The diets had iso-energy and iso-protein contents and had the same synchronization index. The results showed that the type of diet had no effect (P>0.05) on intake and digestibility of nutrients, N retention, average daily gain (ADG), and feed efficiency. But R20 had better parameter values than those of R25 and R30. It might be concluded that the diet having a synchronization ratio of 20 g N/kg fermented OM in the rumen will generate more efficient protein synthesis of rumen microbes and feed efficiency. Key words: synchronization index, microbial protein synthesis, ruminal characteristic
Preferensi Pakan dan Kebutuhan Nutrien Anoa Gunung (Bubalus quarlesi Ouwens 1910) pada Kondisi Prabudidaya Basri, M; Suryahadi, .; Toharmat, T; Alikodra, H S
Media Peternakan Vol 31, No 1 (2008): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to obtain information in relation to kind of forest plants which were usually consumed by mountain anoa in its natural habitat and community area around the forest, and to estimate energy and nutrient requirements for maintenance and growth of anoa. This study was conducted in Province of Central Sulawesi using six anoas. Digestal analysis method was used to study kind of forest plants in the rumen of anoas. Cafetaria system was used to obtain information related to the dry matter intake of forest plants. Regression analysis was used to estimate energy and nutrient requirements of anoa. The results showed that anoa consumed Ficus vasculosa Rump (fruits), Scleria purpurescens (leaves), Ficus sp. (shoots), Brachiaria mutica (leaves) and Ipomea aquatica Fordk (leaves and stems). The dry matter intake of these feeds were 29.1 ± 8.5, 16.5 ± 3.8, 14.2 ± 2.8, 7.6 ± 1.7 and 4.8 ± 0.6 g/kg W0.75, respectively. The energy and nutrient requirements of anoa for maintenance based on g/kg W0.75 were 22 g TDN, 6.3 g protein, 0.457 g Ca and 0.427 g P. The energy and nutrient requirements of anoas for growth based on g/kg weight gain were 1333.64 g TDN, 399.9 g protein, 29.38 g Ca and 26.85 g P. Key words: anoa, feed preference, nutrient requirements