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Anticancer Activity of Combination of Benalu Belimbing (Macrosolen cochinensis) Extract and Sabrang Onion (Eleutherine palmifolia (L) Merr) on Cervical Cancer Hela Cell Line Mutiah, Roihatul; Listiyana, Anik; Suryadinata, Arief
Majalah Obat Tradisional Vol 22, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/mot.22009

Abstract

Benalu belimbing (Macrosolen cochinensis) and onion sabrang / onion dayak (Eleutherine palmifolia (L) Merr.) is a traditional medicinal plant that has been used by the community as a cancer drug from generation to generation. This study aims to prove scientifically about the anticancer potential from combination of both plants. Anticancer potential of the plant has been proven by testing the extract both in single form and in combination with Hela cells. While to know the selectivity of the extract to HeLa cell then extract is tested on normal cell Vero cell line. Furthermore, a combination test of both extracts was done using variation dose under IC50. The method used to determine anticancer activity was the MTT method. The results obtained in this study showed that ethanolic extract onion sabrang selectively able to inhibit the growth of cervical cancer cells HeLa on IC50: 40.36 μg / ml with 4.06 for the SI (selectivity index) value. While ethanolic extract of benalu belimbing bselectively can inhibit the growth of cervical cancer cells HeLa on IC50: 217.72 μg / ml with 5.77 for the SI (selectivity Index) value. The combination test of sabrang onion extract and extract of benalu belimbing showed that the combination was highly synergistic in combination dose of EBS 22.62 μg / ml and EBB 23.3 ug / ml with combination index 0.15. Whereas the combination doses having synergistic effects on combination doses 23.3 μg / ml for EBB and 11.31 μg / ml for EBS; 23.3 μg / ml EBB and 16.96 μg / ml EBS with a consecutive combination index; 0.51 and 0.64. From these results it can be concluded that the onion sabrang extract has anticancer effect on HeLa cells and selectively killing HeLa cells because the value of selectivity index is greater than 3. The result of the combination test of both extracts shows that the combination dose having strong synergistic effect, so that combination can be recommended for further research.
Oil Extraction from Rice Bran with Various Solvents and Concentration of Crude Extract to Antioxidant Activity Suryadinata, Arief
ALCHEMY: Journal of Chemistry ALCHEMY (Vol.4, No.1
Publisher : Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18860/al.v4i1.3152

Abstract

Rice bran contains components such as oryzanol antioxidants, tocopherols, tocotrienols, phytosterols, polyphenols, and squalene. Oryzanol is a very powerful antioxidant and oryzanol is only found in rice bran oil. This research aims to know the antioxidant activity of the extract chloroform:methanol in the bran and find the endurance of antioxidant against a wide variety of pH and temperature. The method used is descriptive research through experimental tests in the laboratory. Samples taken from the side of rice mills in the form of bran and then macerated with chloroform: methanol. After that tested the antioxidant activity of the compounds made by the method of DPPH with various concentration 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 ppm. Furthermore, the endurance test of antioxidant compounds at various pH and temperature using the best concentration of antioxidant compounds. Based on the results, rice bran oil extract concentration of 50 ppm has antioxidant activity of 4.69%. Average yield the highest antioxidant activity shown in heating conditions with a temperature of 30oC for 30 minutes is equal to 32.25%. As well as the highest antioxidant activity was also shown at pH 5 in the amount of 25.1%. Keywords: DPPH, Oryzanol, Rice bran
OPTIMASI METODE PENENTUAN KADAR LOGAM TEMBAGA DAN TIMBAL DALAM GULA PASIR SECARA SPEKTROFOTOMETRI SERAPAN ATOM DENGAN DESTRUKSI MICROWAVE DIGESTION Dewi, Diana Candra; Fauziyah, Begum; Suryadinata, Arief; Annisa, Dewi; Afifah, Nurul
ALCHEMY: Journal of Chemistry ALCHEMY (Vol.2 No.2
Publisher : Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18860/al.v0i0.2884

Abstract

Tembaga (Cu) dan Timbal (Pb) adalah bahan ikutan yang ditemukan dalam gula pasir. Penelitian ini  bertujuan mengetahui performa analitik kurva standar dengan penentuan suhu dan waktu terbaik destruksi menggunakan microwave digestion, serta performa analitik kurva adisi standar menggunakan suhu dan waktu terbaik destruksi.Penelitian  ini  meliputi penentuan performa  analitik  untuk kurva  standar yaitu linearitas, batas deteksi dan batas kuantitasi, sensitivitas, akurasi serta presisi untuk larutan standar Cu dan Pb, kemudian dilakukan pendestruksian sampel gula pasir dengan destruksi basah menggunakan microwave digestion dengan variasi suhu 160, 180 dan 200 oC dan variasi waktu 10, 15, 20 dan 30 menit dan waktu penyimpanan 1 sampai 5 hari. Penentuan  performa  analitik  juga ditentukan pada  kurva adisi standar untuk larutan Cu dan Pb yang telah ditambahkan sampel hasil destruksi.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa : Suhu dan waktu terbaik destruksi gula pasir menggunakan microwave digestion untuk analisis Cu yaitu suhu 200 oC dan waktu 15 menit serta waktu penyimpanan sampai 3 hari. Suhu dan waktu terbaik microwave digestion untuk menganalisa logam timbal (Pb) adalah 180 0C dan 10 menit serta waktu penyimpanan hanya sampai 1 hari. Performa  analitik  untuk kurva  standar  tembaga (Cu) meliputi r2 = 0,9993; LOD (Limit of Detection) 0,0011 ppm dan LOQ (Limit of Quantitation) 0,0036 ppm;  sensitivitas 0,2; rata-rata akurasi sebesar 99.96%; serta presisi 9,46%, sedangkan performa  analitik  untuk  kurva  adisi  standar  tembaga (Cu)  meliputi  r2 = 0,9999; LOD 0,0012 ppm dan LOQ 0,004 ppm; sensitivitas 0,1729, rata-rata akurasi sebesar 100,07% serta presisi 5,38%. Performasi analitik untuk kurva standar timbal (Pb) meliputi r2 = 0,9999; LOD 0,0019 ppm,  LOQ 0,0066 ppm; sensitivitas 0,1069 ppm ; rata-rata akurasi sebesar 99,56 % serta presisi 2,32 %. Performasi analitik kurva adisi standar timbal (Pb) meliputi r2 = 0,9999; LOD 0,0018 ppm, LOQ 0,0060 ppm; sensitivitas 0,1090 ppm; rata-rata akurasi sebesar 100,01 % serta presisi 1,94 %.
HIDROLISIS GUGUS METOKSIL PEKTIN AMPAS TEBU UNTUK MENGHASILKAN BIOMETANOL Jannah, Akyunul; Suryadinata, Arief
SAINSTIS SAINSTIS (Vol 1, No 2
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengembangan Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18860/sains.v0i0.2303

Abstract

Methanol is a potential in two areas, namely as fuel cells and biodiesel. Among the many biomass, pectin is one of the best for the production of methanol. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of pectin methyl esterase enzyme  concentration  (PME)  group  metoksil  rough  on  pectin  hydrolysis  of bagasse to produce the highest levels of biometanol. Methods This study includes the preparation of the bagasse, further hydrolysis using crude extract of the enzyme pectin methyl esterase (PMEs) resulting from bacterial culture Bacillus subtilis at Borth Nutrient media (NB) with 1% pectin. Hydrolysis of Metoksil groups of poligalakturonat acid in the pectin bagasse to obtain the concentration of methanol to vary the enzyme crude extract PMEs. Concentration of crude enzyme extract PMEs used was 10%, 15%, 20% and 25% in 24-hour incubation with 2 repetitions performed. The resulting methanol levels were analyzed using GC (Gas Chromatography). The results of this study concluded that allowing the concentration used for hydrolysis of bagasse to produce methanol using crude enzyme from  Bacillus subtilis (PMEs) is 10% with a methanol content of 0.02%.
KADAR BIKARBONAT SALIVA PENDERITA KARIES DAN BEBAS KARIES Suryadinata, Arief
SAINSTIS SAINSTIS (Vol 1, No 1
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengembangan Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18860/sains.v0i0.1868

Abstract

Saliva plays a role as a buffer so that the ups and downs of the degree of acidity (pH) can be retained. salivary buffer capacity is determined by the bicarbonate concentration of 85%, 14% is determined by the concentration of phosphate and 1% by salivary proteins. Bicarbonate is the main component of saliva to neutralize the acid thus inhibiting the caries process. Based on the role of  bicarbonate in maintaining the pH of saliva to remain normal, there may be differences in levels of salivary bicarbonate in subjects  with caries and caries-free. This is because subjects with dental caries have the potential for acid formation and a decrease in pH higher than subjects with caries-free. This study aims to determine differences in levels of salivary bicarbonate in subjects  with caries and caries-free, studies are observational analytic study. Based on the result showed average levels of bicarbonate in the saliva of caries-free sample is 188.9440 ± 7.11846 ppm while in samples with high caries intensity is 150.9905 ± 9.76628 ppm, then the results of Kolmogorov-Smirnov normality test p-value of 0.200 obtained (p> 0.05) in the sample with high intensity of caries and caries-free sample group. The results of the statistical test T-test two sample unpaired in getting the value of p = 0.000 (p <0.05), This means there are significant differences between the levels of salivary bicarbonate in subject with caries and caries-free.
UJI SITOTOKSIK KOMBINASI CISPLATIN DENGAN EKSTRAK ETANOL BENALU ALPUKAT (Dendrophthoe pentandra (L) Miq.) PADA SEL HELA Mutiah, Roihatul; Suryadinata, Arief; Nurani, Prasasti Swara
Majalah Kesehatan FKUB Vol 5, No 3 (2018): Majalah Kesehatan
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Benalu alpukat (Dendrophthoe pentandra (L) Miq.) secara empiris telah digunakan sebagai obat antikanker oleh masyarakat Indonesia. Pada penelitian sebelumnya dilaporkan bahwa tanaman tersebut mengandung senyawa kuersetin. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kadar kuersetin dalam ekstrak etanol 96% benalu alpukat dengan menggunakan HPLC (high performance liquid chomatography) dan untuk rnengetahui aktivitas sitotoksik kombinasi cisplatin dengan ekstrak etanol 96% benalu alpukat terhadap sel HeLa. Pengukuran kadar kuersetin dengan HPLC menggunakan kolom C-18 dan fase gerak metanol: air (59:41). Metode yang digunakan untuk uji sitotoksik adalah metode MTT assay. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa kadar kuersetin dalam ektsrak etanol 96% benalu alpukat adalah 0,116% b/v atau 0,029 mg/g bahan dengan waktu retensi 6,98 menit. Ekstrak benalu alpukat menunjukkan aktivitas yang lemah terhadap sel HeLa dengan nilai IC50 1.000±124,68 ppm, namun tidak menutup kemungkinan digunakan sebagai agen ko-kemoterapi dengan cisplatin. Hasil dari kombinasi yang menghasilkan efek sinergis dalam menghambat pertumbuhan sel kanker serviks HeLa adalah kombinasi 125 ppm EBA + 2,974 nM Cis, 125 ppm EBA + 5,95 nM Cis, 125 ppm EBA + 8,925 Cis nM, 250 ppm EBA + 2,97 Cis nM, 250 ppm EBA + 5,95 nM Cis, dan 375 ppm EBA + 11,90 Cis nM.  
Metabolite Profiling Bagian Akar, Batang, Daun, dan Biji Helianthus annuus L. Menggunakan Instrumen UPLC-MS Maslakhah, Fitrotun Nasikhatul; Mutiah, Roihatul; Hakim, Abdul; Aprinda, Risma; Suryadinata, Arief
Media Pharmaceutica Indonesiana (MPI) Vol 2 No 2 (2018): DECEMBER
Publisher : Fakultas Farmasi, Universitas Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24123/mpi.v2i2.1361

Abstract

Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) is one of the plants that can be used for herbal medicine as antimalaria and antioxidant. To control the quality of plant as raw material of herbal medicine, we need to analyze the metabolites or chemical compounds found in the plant. One of the techniques for this purpose is the metabolite profiling. Chemical compounds in the plants are obtained from different metabolic processes in each plant organs. The purpose of this study was to obtain the metabolite profile data, to identify the marker and major  compound of roots, stems, leaves and seeds of sunflower using UPLC-MS. Each plant organ was extracted using 96% ethanol by the Ultrasound Assisted Extraction (UAE) method. Each extracts were then analyzed using the UPLC-MS instrument. The interpretation of the UPLC-MS chromatograms were then classified using multivariate Principal Component Analysis (PCA) to determine the grouping effects and characteristic compounds in each organ. Based on the research, it is known that metabolite profiles of roots, stems, leaves and seeds of sunflower were different and the concentration of major compounds in each part are 5.9490%; 5.5558%; 8.6758%; and 9.2150%,  respectively.
ACTIVITY OF ETHYL ACETATE EXTRACT FROM Chrysophyllum cainito L. LEAVES IN DECREASING BLOOD SUGAR LEVEL IN MALE WISTAR RATS Arrijal, Imam Malikul Hadi; Ma'arif, Burhan; Suryadinata, Arief
Journal of Islamic Pharmacy Vol 3, No 1 (2018): J. Islamic Pharm.
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18860/jip.v3i1.4996

Abstract

The high morbidity or mortality due to diabetes mellitus becomes the world health problem. That fact encourages the study about antidiabetes drugs from natural material especially plants. This study aims to analyze the effect of ethyl acetate extract from Chrysophyllum cainito L. leaves in decreasing of blood sugar level of alloxan-induced male male wistar rats. This research is considered as experimental research with pre and post test randomized controlled group design. The experimental animals in this study were 25 male male wistar rats divided into 5 treatment groups, treatment with CMC-Na (negative control), metformin with the dose of 9 mg/200gBW (positive control), and leaves extract C. cainito dose 25; 50; 75 mg/kgBW. All treatment groups had significant decrease of blood sugar levels at 7, 10 and 14 day observations with p <0.05. While in the day 3 had insignificant decrease of blood sugar level with p >0.05. Every C. cainito leaves extract doses group have the ability to decrease sugar blood level better than negative control, but still below positif control. The optimum dose in decreasing sugar blood level in this study is 75 mg/kg BW.