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Basic Pelvic Muscle Strength in primigravidae (Preliminary Research) Dinata, F.; Santoso, Budi Iman; Nuhonni, S. A.; Surjanto, Surjanto
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Vol. 32. No. 2. April 2008
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

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Abstract

AbstrackObjective: To find out if there is a decrease in pelvic floor muscles’ strength during pregnancy which could be one of many causes of stress urinary incontinence.Setting: Obstetric Outpatient Clinic of Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital.Material and methods: Assessment was done on a primigravida as much as twice, each in 20-28 weeks and 29-36 weeks of pregnancy. The strength of her pelvic floor muscles was measured by Myomed 932 (Enraf Nonius, The Netherlands), a kind of myofeedback tool. Subject contracted her muscles maximally three times with a rest interval bet-ween it. The rate in hPa was taken from those 3 contractions and became a value of the pelvic floor muscles’ strength.Results: There were 67 subjects eligible for the study, collected from October 2006 until May 2007. Eighty point six percent was in group of age 18-30. It was almost equal, the amount of subject in medium education group (56.7%) and high one (43.3%). The primigravidas mostly were housewives (61.2%). The three biggest tribes were Javanese (29.8%), Betawinese (26.9%) and Sundanese (17.9%). Using nonpaired t-test, it was revealed that there was no significant difference between pelvic floor muscles’ strength in trimester 2 and trimester 3 (p = 0.936). The rate of trimester 2 was 30.76 ± 9.60 hPa and trimester 3 was 30.90 ± 9.67 hPa. The rate during pregnancy was 30.83 ± 9.60 hPa.Conclusion: In primigravida, the strength of pelvic floor muscles measured by Myomed 932 was 30.76 ± 9.60 hPa in trimester 2 and 30.90± 9.67 hPa in trimester 3. There was no significant difference between pelvic floor muscles’ strength intrimester 2 and trimester 3.Keywords: pelvic floor muscles, strength, primigravida, stress urinary incontinence
TINGKAT KEKUATAN ANTIOKSIDAN DAN KESUKAAN MASYARAKAT TERHADAP TEH DAUN GAHARU (Aquilaria malaccensis Lamk) BERDASARKAN POHON INDUKSI DAN NON-INDUKSI Nasution, Putri Andaria; Batubara, Ridwanti; Surjanto, Surjanto
Peronema Forestry Science Journal Vol 4, No 1 (2015): Peronema Forestry Science Journal
Publisher : Program studi Kehutanan USU

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Abstract

During the long enough harvesting cycle, aloes leaves can be used as medicine and poured drink that has a role as antioxidants. This research was to study the societies predilection level to aloes tea and the strength of aloes leaves antioxidant activity based on the induction and non-induction tree. This research used 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazil (DPPH) method with the observation parameter are the percentage of free radicals submerged at the 60th minute with different concentration (40 ppm, 60, ppm, 80 ppm and 100 ppm) and the value of IC50 (Inhibitory Concentration) was analyzed by regression similarity. The result of antioxidant activity observation by using the UV-Visible light Spectrophotometer at the swell length of 516 nm showed that the result of aloes leaves simplicia ethanol extract (EESDG) induction and non-induction had IC50 value of 99.42 ppm and 70.40 ppm. The result of EESDG had a significantly antioxidant activity. The hedonic test results showed that the stroge of aloes leaves for 0 month were the most predilection in the society due to the taste at induction treatment with the taste score 3.83 but due to the aroma and colour, had the same value 3.10 and 3.83. Aloes leaves tea at the 2 month storage which the most predilection in society was at the non-induction treatment, by the score of taste, aroma and colour were 3.30, 2.80 and 3.80. Keywords: Aloes tea, antioxidant activity, induction and hedonic test.
UJI ANTIOKSIDAN DAUN MUDA DAN DAUN TUA GAHARU (Aquilaria malaccensis Lamk) BERDASARKAN PERBEDAAN TEMPAT TUMBUH POHON Harahap, Rizki khadijah; Batubara, Ridwanti; Surjanto, Surjanto
Peronema Forestry Science Journal Vol 4, No 4 (2015): Peronema Forestry Science Journal
Publisher : Program studi Kehutanan USU

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Abstract

The leaf of aloe has an antioxidant activity which can reduce free radicals. The research of aloe toward chemical compund of fresh and rotten leaf, and its antioxidant activities. Ethanol extract the leaf o aloe by using maceration method, concentrated by rotary evaporator and evaporated by waterbath. The test of antioxidant activity use DPPH method 1,1- diphenil-2-picrylhydrazil (DPPH), and an observed parameter is the percentage of free- radical-reduction in 30th minute with different concentrations (40ppm, 60ppm, 80ppm, 100ppm ) and value of IC50  ( Inhubitory concentrations) is analyzed by using regressions equation. The of EESDG show the percentage of muffled- fresh-research leaf from arboretum of usu (Univercity of north sumatera) is higher as the entianceluent of concentration sample ;92,10% ; 92,10%; 93,80%; 93,80%; and the lowest percentage down to 22,26%; 25,31%; 27,94%; 35,72%. And result of antioxidant activity by using light of spectrophotometer is catched on the wave of 516 nm, and get the result that (EESDG) fresh and rotten leaf from Langkat has IC50 of 39,70 ppm and 40,03ppm. While fresh and rotten leaf from Arboretum of USU has IC50 of 28,50 and 43,20 ppm. The research result that the estracts of ethanol and simplisia aloe have a very strong antioxidant activity.Keywords:. gaharu leaf,ethanol extract, antioxidant activity
Kekuatan Otot Dasar Panggul pada Primigravida (Penelitian Pendahuluan) DINATA, F.; SANTOSO, B. I.; NUHONNI, S. A.; SURJANTO, SURJANTO
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Volume. 32, No. 2, April 2008
Publisher : Indonesian Socety of Obstetrics and Gynecology

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Abstract

Tujuan: Mengetahui ada tidaknya penurunan kekuatan otot dasar panggul selama kehamilan, yang dapat menjadi salah satu penyebab terjadinya stres inkontinensia urin. Tempat: Poliklinik Obstetri Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Nasional Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo. Bahan dan cara kerja: Subjek penelitian adalah primigravida. Penilaian dilakukan sebanyak dua kali, masing-masing pada kehamilan 20-28 minggu dan 29-36 minggu. Kekuatan otot dasar panggul diukur dengan alat myofeedback, yaitu Myomed 932 (Enraf Nonius, The Nederlands). Pasien melakukan 3 kontraksi maksimal dengan interval istirahat di antaranya. Dari 3 kontraksi tersebut diambil rata-ratanya dalam satuan hPa dan dijadikan sebagai nilai kekuatan otot dasar panggul. Hasil: Selama Oktober 2006 hingga Mei 2007, diperoleh 67 subjek yang memenuhi kriteria penelitian. Karakteristik subjek penelitian: 80,6% berada dalam kelompok umur 18-30 tahun. Hampir berimbang kelompok subjek yang berpendidikan menengah (56,7%) dan tinggi (43,3%). Sebagian besar adalah ibu rumah tangga (61,2%). Tiga kelompok suku bangsa terbanyak yaitu Jawa (29,8%), Betawi (26,9%) dan Sunda (17,9%). Dengan uji t tidak berpasangan, ditemukan bahwa kekuatan otot dasar panggul primigravida pada trimester II dan trimester III tidak terdapat perbedaan bermakna (p = 0,936). Rerata pada trimester II yaitu 30,76 ± 9,60 hPa dan pada trimester III yaitu 30,90 ± 9,67 hPa. Rerata pada seluruh kehamilan yaitu 30,83 ± 9,60 hPa. Kesimpulan: Kecenderungan kekuatan otot dasar panggul yang diukur dengan alat Myomed 932 pada primigravida kehamilan trimester II adalah 30,76 ± 9,60 hPa dan trimester III adalah 30,90 ± 9,67 hPa. Tidak terdapat perbedaan bermakna kekuatan otot dasar panggul pada primigravida kehamilan trimester II dan trimester III. [Maj Obstet Ginekol Indones 2008; 32-2: 77-81] Kata kunci: otot dasar panggul, kekuatan, primigravida, stres inkontinensia urin