Putu Suriyasa
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Tingkat pendidikan menurunkan risiko hipertensi Suriyasa, Putu
Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat (BKM) Vol 20, No 4 (2004)
Publisher : Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat (BKM)

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Abstract

Background: Hypertension is an important problem because of its high incidence and prolonged risk for organs like the heart, vessels, kidneys and retina. Risk factors of hypertension include age, socioeconomical conditions, biology and behavior. The Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia has designed a simple indicator to evaluate the family health potentials, the Family Health Potential Index (FHPI). This study aims to evaluate the effect of FHPI and other indicators on the risk of hypertension. Methods: The data were obtained through a survey carried out by a team from the Family Physician Studies, Graduate Program of the Sebelas Maret University. The survey was held from August to September 2003 in 5 provinces receiving the Family Health and Nutrition (FHN) project. The subjects were 1500 heads of families chosen by stratified random sampling. Interviews and observations were carried out by specially trained interviewers and held in the subjects homes. Results: In the study location it has been found that formal education is a hypertension risk. Elementary School has lowered the risk of hypertension by 66% [(adjusted odds ratio (OR)=0.34; 95% Confidence Interval (CI)=0.14-0.80, p=0.014)], Junior High School has lowered the risk of hypertension by 72% when compared with no schooling (OR=0.28; 95% CI = 0.09-0.87, p=0.028). People of Central Kalimantan need special attention to reduce risk of hypertension. It is related with high risk of hypertension in Central Kalimantan which is more than by 3,7 times compared with North Sumatera (OR=3.73;95C1=1.22-11.4). Conclusion: Education can decrease risk of hypertension. Better education lowers risk of hypertension. Keywords: hypertension, education and province
Non-dirt house floor and the stimulant of environmental health decreased the risk Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) Suriyasa, Putu; Balgis, Balgis; Sapton, Ristu; Hapsari, Mantrini I.
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 15, No 1 (2006): January-March
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (138.112 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v15i1.214

Abstract

The risk factors related to acute respiratory infection (ARI), among others, is house floor. The aim of this research was to identify the influence of the Family Health and Nutrition program (FHN) and other risk factors related to ARI. Data was obtained from a survey conducted in 5 provinces in Indonesia, which received the project of Family Health and Nutrition (FHN) in 2003. The number of subjects was 1,500 families, selected by stratified random sampling method. The questionnaire completion and the observation were done on the spot in the subject’s house by special trained interviewers. The use of non-dirt house floor built prior to the project of FHN decreased the risk of ARI cases of 51% than the use of dirt house floor [Odds Ratio (OR) = 0.49; 95% Confidence Interval (CI) = 0.25-0.96]. The risk of ARI decreased of 52% among those who received than those which never received the stimulant of environmental health Family Health and Nutrition program (OR = 0.48; 95% CI =0.33-0.70). To decrease the risks of ARI cases, the program of environmental health is necessarily continued. (Med J Indones 2006; 15:60-5)Keywords: ARI, non-dirt house floor, and stimulant of environmental health
Potable water source and the method of garbage disposal in lowering the risk of diarrhea Suriyasa, Putu; Balgis, Balgis; Saptono, Ristu; Hapsari, Mantrini I.
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 13, No 2 (2004): April-June
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (174.104 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v13i2.140

Abstract

The problem of diarrhea can be controlled through environmental factors and good habits. The Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia has designed a simple indicator to evaluate the family health potential, the Family Health Potential Index (FHPI). This study aims to evaluate the effect of FHPI and other indicators on the risk of diarrhea. The data were obtained through a survey carried out by a team from the Family Physician Studies, Graduate Program of the Universitas Sebelas Maret. The survey was held from August to September 2003 in 5 provinces receiving the Family Health and Nutrition (FHN) project. The subjects were 1500 heads of poor families chosen by stratified random sampling. Interviews and observations were carried out by special trained interviewers and held in the subjects’ homes. The use of potable water from the water system and well source built during the FHN project lowered the risk of diarrhea by 66% compared to the use of water from other sources (adjusted odds ratio= 0.34; 95% confidence interval = 0.16 - 0.70). Disposing of garbage using pits, sewers, rivers, or simply burying in the ground, increased the risk of diarrhea by twice compared with the specific method. Providing potable water from the water system or well and proving special tank for garbage disposal were important in order to lower the risk of occurrence diarrhea in a family. The use of non-dirt floors of houses as an FHPI specifically for diarrhea should be studied further. (Med J Indones 2004; 13: 119-26) Keywords: diarrhea, potable water, garbage disposal, family health potential index, poor family