Sri Hartati Suradijono
Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Indonesia

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PENGARUH INTERVENSI MAKANAN KUDAPAN TERHADAP PENINGKATAN KADAR GLUKOSA DARAH DAN DAYA INGAT ANAK SEKOLAH DASAR

Media Gizi dan Keluarga Vol 30, No 1 (2006): Media Gizi dan Keluarga
Publisher : Media Gizi dan Keluarga

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Abstract

ABSTRACT. The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of snack intervention on blood glucose level and memory improvement ofelementary schools students, Subjects of this study were 184 students offour (4) elementary schools (grade 6, 5 and 4) at Bogor District, West Java. The study employed a quasi-experimental design and followed experimental procedures to control the subjects food intake and motoric activity during the study period At the day of intervention, both control and interventions subjects were ordered not to have breakfast at home. Interventions subjects were provided with snack (buras, at 10.00 AM) which contained 381.7 kcal energy and 5 g protein, but controls subjects were not. Two types ofpsychological test (word andfigure) were applied twice (at 09.00 and 11.00 AM). Then, at the same time, subjects blood was taken to determine blood glucose, haemoglobin, and hematocrite levels. Interviews with subjects and their mothers were carried out to collect socioeconomic data and dietary intake. Result of the study indicated that snack intervention increased significantly (p<O.OI) blood glucose level (20.8 mgld/) approximately 1 hour after snack given. Blood glucose level significantly (p<O.OI) affected the words and figures memory performance. The higher the blood glucose level the better the memory performance. Keywords: Snack intervention, blood glucose level, memoryperformance, Elementary School Students