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Aspek Reproduksi dan Daerah Pemijahan Udang Jari (Metapenaeus elegans De Man, 1907) di Laguna Segara Anakan, Cilacap, Jawa Tengah Suradi, Suradi; Sukimin, Sutrisno; Boer, Menofatria; Affandi, Ridwan; Monintja, Daniel R
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 10, No 1 (2005): Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

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Penelitian aspek reproduksi dan daerah pemijahan udang jari (Metapenaeus elegans) di perairan SegaraAnakan Cilacap, dilakukan sejak Maret sampai Desember 2004. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui beberapa aspek reproduksi dan pengkajian musim dan daerah pemijahan udang M. elegans di perairan Segara Anakan. Metode peneltian yang digunakan survei post facto. Daerah penelitian dibedakan menjadi 3 wilayah perairan. Penentuan zona berdasarkan dua aspek, yaitu aspek ekologis dan aspek daerah penangkapan (fishing ground) alat tangkap apong. Pada setiap zona ditentukan tiga lokasi sampling. Sampel udang pada setiap stasiun diambil 30 ekor udang betina terbesar, sehingga terkumpul 270 ekor udang sampel. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa M. elegans memijah sepanjang tahun, dengan dua puncak musim pemijahanyaitu bulan April/Mei dan November/Desember. Daerah pemijahan udang jari (M. elegans) adalah perairan laguna bagian tengah. Meskipun pada lokasi pemijahan terjadi pendangkalan akibat laju sedimentasi yang tinggi dan menjadikan perairan keruh serta kondisi salinitas yang berfluktuasi tinggi, namun pemijahan tetap terjadi di perairan tersebut.Kata kunci : aspek reproduksi, daerah pemijahan, udang jari, laguna Segara Anakan.Study on the reproduction and spawning ground of Metapenaeus elegans in Segara Anakan Lagoon Cilacap  was conducted from March to December 2004. This study was aimed at investigating some reproductiveaspects and to discover the spawning ground M. elegans. The research was used survey post facto method. The researh area was divided into three waters zone. The zone was determinated based on two aspect, i.e. ecological aspect and fishing ground aspect. Three sampling station determined of each zone. The shrimp  sample was taken from three unit apong (set net) cathces. 30 biggest male shrimp were took off from in each, so 270 male shrimp collected. The result showed that M. elegans spawned along the year with two peaks of spawning season, i.e. April/May and November/December. Spawning ground of fine shrimp (M. elegans) was found in lagoon waters, despite high turbidity, high sedimentation rate and high salinityfluctuation in the water.Key words: reproduction aspect, spawning ground, M. elegans, Segara Anakan Lagoon.
The Changes of Quality of Life and Functional Capacity of COPD Patients after Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program Ikalius, Ikalius; Yunus, Faisal; Suradi, Suradi; Rachma, Noer
Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association Vol. 57 No. 12 December 2007
Publisher : Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association

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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients tend to decrease the capacity, quality of working and increased of life expenses. Pulmonary rehabilitation is a program to make COPD patients in better condition. The aim of this study is to assess the benefit of pulmonary rehabilitation to the COPD patients. This is a prospective study, comparing treatment group and control who underwent 8 weeks administration of pulmonary rehabilitation programs. The patients in the treatment groups received chest physiotherapy and ergo-cycle exercise 3 times a week within 8 weeks. The quality of life was assessed by St George’s Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), functional capacity was assessed by six minutes walking test (SMWT). Total SGRQ patient in the treatment group (n=21) compare with control group (n=22) had statistically significant decreased {-21,8 (9,1)%; 0,9 (2,7)% respectively, p<0,005}.There are statistically significant improving of six minute walking test (SMWT) in treatment group compare to control group {55 (26,6) m; 3,4 (15,2) m respectively, p<0,005}. The pulmonary rehabilitation programs 3 times a week within 8 weeks improve the quality of life and functional capacity of COPD patients.Keywords: COPD, quality of life, functional capacity, SGRQ score, SMWT
Contribution of Respiratory System in VO2 Max Dawoes, Muchsin; Kiyatno, Kiyatno; Suradi, Suradi
Journal of Respirology Indonesia Vol. 31 No.1 Januari 2011
Publisher : Journal of Respirology Indonesia

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Background : Multifactorial influence on VO2 max e.g respiratory, cardiovascular, O2 transport and tissuebiochemicalsystem. The purpose of this study to explore contributional respiratory system to VO2 max onvariety of sport.Method : The study were done from June to August 2008 among 155 sport athletes of 7 sport fields usingsimple random sampling based on minimal sample size. There are 85 athletes met the defined inclusiveand exclusive criterion who were measured accordingly with; (1) spirometric, tidal volume (2) hemoglobinconsentration with cyanmethemoglobine measured (3) Astrand Step Test, VO2 max followed by (4) pulsmeterheart rate determination. Data analysis were done by regression and ANAVA.Results : The results shows that contributional levels of respiratory, O2 transport and cardiovascular systemare 12,32%; 36,97% and 45,51% accordingly.Conclusions : The respiratory contributional levels is under the contributional levels of cardiovascular or O2transport system.Keywords : VO2, cardiovascular, O2
Penguasaan Konsep Pecahan Siswa Sekolah Dasar Suradi, Suradi
Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan Vol 5, No 4 (1998)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Malang

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Abstract

This study was conducted to reveal primary school students mastery of the concept of fraction and its seven sub-concepts. Sample of this study consisted of 160 fifth grade students purposively recruited from primary schools in the Municipality of Ujung Pandang and the District of Sinjai, South Sulawesi. Data were collected by means of a test on the mastery of concept of fraction consisting of 28 items. Results of the study indicated that in general the students had not yet mastered the concept of fraction sufficiently. Only in some of the seven sub- concepts the students mastery was good but in other sub-concepts the students mastery was poor to very poor
SURVEI CEPAT CAKUPAN IMUNISASI DASAR PADA BAYI DI KABUPATEN LUMAJANG TAHUN 2010 Hargono, Arief; Purnomo, Windhu; Suradi, Suradi; Achsan, Achsan; Efriyanto, Yudi
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan Vol 15, No 1 Jan (2012)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan

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ABSTRACT Background: Immunization coverage data in Lumajang District Health office in 2010 mentions that of 205 villages, there are 186 villages (90.7%) was achieved UCI. The remaining 19 villages (9.3%) have not reached the UCI. Lumajang District Health Office needs information on immunization coverage and the percentage of children immunized before 1 year or valid dose to do the planning in preventing the occurrence PD31. It needs study as a survey that aims to get the immunization coverage rate and valid dose immunization coverage in the Lumajang district. Methods: The study was rapid immunization coverage surveys using c1uster sampling technique. In the selected 30 districts Lumajang region or village c1usters randomly ln each selected c1uster required a minimum of 7 mothers with children aged 12-23 months. Stages of the survey was conducted based on a rapid survey guidelines developed by WHO with the ± 10% confidence interval. Results: Immunization coverage by card was lower than by history This difference shows the weakness of the immunization record systems. The survey results mentioned routine immunization completeness is 56. 7% (50.00-63.40%) which showed that of 100 infants in Lumajang district there are about 57 babies who have received complete routine immunizations. The surveyalso said 41.4% of valid dose (34.74-48.06%) it means that from 100 children who showed that in immunization there are about 41 children received immunizations under 1 year old. Suggestions: Improved recording and reporting system, especially the completeness of the fil/ing date of immunization on the immunization card. In addition it is necessary for vaccine delivery system improvements with respect to the time interval between administration of the same type of vaccine and vaccine administration of minimum age. Key words: survey, immunization coverage, valid doseABSTRAK Data cakupan imunisasi di kabupaten Lumajang tahun 2010 menyebutkan bahwa dari 205 desa, terdapat 186 desa (90,7%) sudah tercapai UCI. Sisanya sebanyak 19 desa (9,3%) belum mencapai UCI desa. Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Lumajang membutuhkan informasi tentang cakupan imunisasi dan proporsi anak yang mendapat imunisasi sebelum berusia 1 tahun atau valid dose untuk melakukan perencanaan dalam mencegah kejadian PD31. Perlu dilakukan penelitian berupa survei yang bertujuan untuk mendapatkan angka cakupan imunisasi dan valid dose cakupan imunisasi di kabupaten Lumajang. Penelitian berupa survei cepat cakupan imunisasi menggunakan teknik sampel klaster. Pada Kabupaten Lumajang dipilih 30 wilayah klaster atau desa secara acak. Pada setiap klaster terpilih dibutuhkan minimal 7 ibu dengan anak berumur 12-23 bulan. Tahapan survei dilakukan berdasarkan panduan survei cepat yang dikembangkan oleh WHO dengan tingkat kepercayaan survei ±10%. Cakupan imunisasi berdasarkan kartu lebih rendah dibandingkan berdasarkan riwayat. Perbedaan ini menunjukkan masih lemahnya sistem pencatatan hasil imunisasi. Hasil survei menyebutkan kelengkapan imunisasi rutin adalah 56,7% (50,00-63,40%) yang menunjukkan bahwa dari 100 bayi di kabupaten Lumajang ada sekitar 57 bayi yang telah mendapatkan imunisasi rutin secara lengkap. Survei juga menyebutkan valid dose 41,4% (34,74-48,06%) yang menunjukkan dari 100 anak yang di imunisasi ada sekitar 41 anak yang mendapatkan imunisasi sesuai dengan ketentuan. Perbaikan sistim pencatatan dan pelaporan terutama kelengkapan pengisian tanggal imunisasi pada kartu imunisasi. Selain itu perlu dilakukan perbaikan sistim pemberian vaksin dengan memperhatikan interval waktu pemberian antar satu jenis vaksin yang sama dan memperhatikan umur minimal pemberian vaksin. Kata kunci: survei, cakupan imunisasi, valid dose
The Effect of Harmonica Exercise on Inspiratory Capacity, Dyspnea, Exercise Capacity and Quality of Life of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients Raharjo, Angga M.; Suradi, Suradi; Aphridasari, Jatu
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 39, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

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Background: Chronic inflammation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) causes respiratory muscle dysfunction and decreased respiratory muscle capacity. Incongruity of the capacity and the burden of the respiratory muscle results in increased symptoms of breathlessness, decreased inspiratory capacity, exercise capacity, and quality of life. The objectives of the study were to analyze the effect of harmonica exercise as a pulmonary rehabilitation modality on inspiratory capacity, shortness of breath symptoms, exercise capacity, and quality of life on stable COPD patient. Methods: Clinical trials with pre and post test group design were performed on 30 stable COPD patients at the respiratoy clinic at Dr. Moewardi Hospital Surakarta in August - September 2017 taken by purposive sampling. Evaluation of inspiratory capacity (IC) by spirometry, symptoms of breathlessness by mMRC, exercise capacity by 6MWT and quality of life by SGRQ were measured at baseline and after 6 weeks in the harmonic and control exercises group. Results: A total 30 stable COPD subjects met criteria and divided into two groups. The harmonica training group increased IC (1.78±0.30 litre) and 6MWT (420.00±35.49 meters), decreased mMRC score (1.00±0.458) and SGRQ score (33.87±6.05) after exercise were had significant differences (p
Effects of Mangosteen pericarp Extract to Clinical Improvements, The Plasma Level of IL-6 and Malondialdehyde in Acute Exacerbation of COPD Patients Baroroh, Khilyatul; Suradi, Suradi; Rima, Ade
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 38, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

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Abstract

Background: Amplification of inflammation in acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) increases inflammatory mediators and oxidative stress in the airways, pulmonary and systemic circulation that are characterized by increased plasma level of IL-6 and MDA, resulting in worsening of clinical symptoms. Xanthones in mangosteen pericarp have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects, potentially as an adjuntive therapy in acute exacerbations of COPD. Methods: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of mangosteen pericarp extract to clinical improvements, plasma level of IL-6 and MDA of acute exacerbation COPD patients. A clinical trial of experimental with pretest and posttest was conducted on 34 acute exacerbation of COPD patients in Dr. Moewardi Hospital Surakarta and Dr. Ario Wirawan Lung Hospital Salatiga from April until May 2016. The sample was taken by consecutive sampling. Subjects were divided by randomized double blind technique into the treatment group (n=17) received mangosteen pericarp extract 2x1100mg/day and control group (n = 17) received placebo. Clinical improvements were measured in CAT score and length of stay. CAT score, plasma level of IL-6 and MDA were measured on admission and at discharge. Length of stay based on the number of days of care in hospitals. Results: There was significant difference (p=0,011) towards decreased of IL-6 plasma level between treatment group (-2,17 ± 3,46 pg/ mL) and control group (+1,67 ± 6,81 pg/mL). There were no significant difference towards decreased of length of stay (p=0,34) between treatment group (4,12 ± 1,54 days) and control group (5,24 ± 2,49 days), towards decreased of CAT score (p=0,252) between treatment group (-19,18 ± 3,96) and control group (-18,24 ± 2,75), and towards decreased of MDA plasma level (p=0,986) between treatment group (+0,03 ± 0,36μmol/L) and control group (+0,35 ± 1,58). Conclusions: The addition of mangosteen pericarp extract 2x1100mg/day during hospitalization was significantly lowered plasma levels of IL-6, but were not significant in lowering the CAT score, shortening the length of stay, and reducing the increase in plasma level of MDA.
Borderline, white coat and sustained hypertensia: A comparative study a normotensia in personnels of 18-42 year old at Dr. Sardjito General Hospital, Yogyakarta Suradi, Suradi
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 29, No 04 (1997)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran)

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A Study of Cross Sectional Survey on 350 subjects from 1216 non physician staffs aged 18-42 at Dr. Sardjito General Hospital was done. There were 51 persons with Borderline Hypertension (15%), consisted of 35 males (68,6%) and 16 females (31,4%), with self monitoring blood pressure at home. The subjects whose average home blood pressure Mean + 1SD and Mean + 2SD, having borderline hypertension had sustained hypertension (SH) and blood pressure while normotensive Mean + 1SD had White Coat Hypertension (WCH). This study found WCH in 25 subjects (49%) and SH 26 subjects (51%). Heart rate of WCH group (83,7-+-5,7) had no significant difference, compared to SH group (86,2 ± 4,1), but was more rapid than normotensive group (74,5 ± 3,6) (p<0.05). There were no significant difference of blood total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, triglyceride between WCH and SH group, but in blood total cholesterol, LDL, triglycerides, were significantly different was compared to normotensive group. A blood HDL of WCH and SH groups had a lower significant different compared to normotensive group (total cholesterol levels 222,4 ± 36,4 vs 217,6 ± 39,7 vs 194,6 ± 33,2), LDL cholesterol (158,2 ± 48,7 vs 156,2 ± 49,1 vs 144,8 ± 33,81, triglycerides (143,6 ± 86,2 vs 146,9 ± 80,2 vs 99,8 ± 51,1). Fasting blood glucose, Insulin and Insulin/glucose ratio in three groups had no significant differences. The conclusions are that total cholesterol, HDL, LDL and triglycerides, and heart rate from WCH group have no significant differences to SH group, but these two groups were significantly different to normotensive group. Fasting blood glucose, insulin, insulin/glucose ratio have no significant difference among the white coat, sustained, and normotensive groups. Key Words: borderline hipertension - white coat hypertension - sustained hypertension - blood chemistry
EFISIENSI PEMANFAATAN LAHAN PERKOTAAN MELALUI PENGEMBANGAN PENGISIAN DI YOGYAKARTA Suradi, Suradi; Setiawan, Bakti
Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan (Journal of People and Environment) Vol 11, No 1 (2004)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Lingkungan Hidup Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Perkembangan perkotaan di lndonesia pada umumnya dicirikan dengan pengembangan perumahan di wilayah pinggiran kota yang berpola sprawl yang menciptakan efek negative antara lain: menjauhkan penduduk dari tempat kerja. polusi. dan konversi lahan pertanian di pinggiran. Pola pengembangan yang baru sangat diperlukan untuk mengarahkan perkembangan kota yang lebih efisien termasuk juga melalui cara infill development. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendokumentasikan dan mengevaluasi pembangunan perumahan melalui model pengisian di Kota Yogyakarta, khususnya menyangkut pola perkembangannya. motivasi pengembangannya. dan pengaruhnya pada perkembangan kota. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa infill development di Yogyakarta mempunyai karakteristik sebagai berikut (1) merupakan perumahan untuk kelas menengah dan mewah. (2) umumnya merupakan rumah dengan 1-2 lantai, (3) berkepadatan sedang.(4) sebagian besar lahan yang dipakai adalah lahan kosong. Penelitian ini menengarai bahwa pemerintah kota tidak secara sadar mendukung model pengembangan ini karena tidak mengetahui manfaatnya. Dengan kata lain, infill development, yang terjadi di lapangan merupakan respon pasar terhadap kebutuhan rurnah. Model ini membawa beberapa manfaat positip antara lain (1) effisiensi lahan. (2) perkembangan kota yang lebih kompak. (3) meningkatkan suplai perumahan, dan (4) meningkatkan aktivitas ekonomi pada wilayah tersebut.
PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI DAN KESEJAHTERAAN SOSIAL Suradi, Suradi
Sosio Informa Vol 17, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : Puslitbangkesos

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Pembangunan kesejahteraan sosial perlu dipahami sebagai bagian integral dari pembangunan nasional.Oleh karena itu, pembangunan kesejahteraan sosial turut memberi kontribusi nyata dalam mencapaiprogram pembangunan nasional, yakni pertumbuhan ekonomi, stabilitas sosial dan kelestarianlingkungan. Polemik tentang "kebohongan pemerintah" atau "kegagalan pemerintah" di media massaakhir 2010 dan awal 2011 yang disampaikan tokoh lintas agama, merupakan kritik dan koreksi publikatas kinerja pemerintah. Kritik dan koreksi yang dialamatkan kepada Presiden tersebut, sesungguhnyajuga dialamatkan kepada Kementerian Sosial sebagai instansi pemerintah yang memiliki tugas dan fungsimenyelenggarakan kesejahteraan sosial. Sebagai respon atas kritik dan koreksi tersebut, maka KementerianSosial perlu melakukan reinventing pada program kesejahteraan sosial. Reinventing dilakukan mulai daripenataan desain dan manajemen program (terutama program penanggulangan kemiskinan), sumber dayamanusia dan alokasi anggaran, serta pengendalian dari pusat hingga ke daerah.Kata kunci : pertumbuhan ekonomi, kesejahteraan sosial, kebijakan sosial.