Articles

Found 22 Documents
Search

Population of Herbivorous and Carnivorous Arthropods in Rice Field Ecosystem Modified with Vermicompost and Flower Plants Suparni, Suparni; Putra, Nugroho Susetya; Suputa, Suputa
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 2, No 2 (2017): August
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ipas.16983

Abstract

Biological diversity index could be used as an option to assess the stability of an agricultural ecosystem. This limited field research was aimed to determine the effect of vermicompost and flowering plants (Asteraceae) to the diversity of herbivore and carnivore arthropods (M+). Conventional treatment with the application of non-organic fertiliser and without the addition of flowering plant was used as control (M0). Sampling was conducted using insect nets, and began at 30 days after planting (DAT), and repeated every other week until before harvesting. The results showed that the diversity of herbivore and carnivore arthropods in modified plots with organic fertiliser worm cast and flower plants/habitat manipulated system (M+) was moderate (herbivores: Shannon diversity index from 1.1 - 2.2; carnivores: 1.93 - 2.09), as well as the diversity of arthropods in the field of non-modified/custom system (M0) (herbivores: Shanon index of 1.2 - 1.7; carnivore: 1.34 - 2.18). Meanwhile, the number of arthropod species found in the M+ plot was 59 species, consisted of 22 herbivores and 37 carnivores (9 order, 32 families, and 35 genera). Number of arthropods found in the M0 plot was 54 species, consisted of 17 species of herbivores and 37 species of carnivores (7 orders, 28 families, and 30 generas). Statistical analysis showed that there was no significant difference in the plot diversity M+ and M0. Nevertheless, mean diversity of the M+ plot tended to be higher (Shannon Index herbivore and carnivore = 1.6 = 2.01) compared with M0 plot (herbivore and carnivore = 1.45 = 1.76).
Tingkat Parasitasi Fopius arisanus (Hymenoptera : Braconidae) pada Lalat Buah Belimbing di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta Suputa, Suputa; Arminudin, Ahmad Taufiq; Jatuasri, Palupi; Rahmawati, Ika Puji; Trisyono, Y. Andi
Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia Vol 13, No 2 (2007)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jpti.11855

Abstract

Bactrocera carambolae was founf on carambola fruit in Yogyakarta Special Province and there were three species of parasitoids, i.e. Fopius arisanus, Agasnaspis sp., and Asobara sp. The population of Agasnaspis sp. and Asobara sp. were very low and was only found in Samas coastal area. F. arisanus was dominant and always found in all observation sites. There was no significant result on their parasitism (for region, F(2,35) = 0.057; p>0.005; for elevation, F(2,35)= 0.704, p>0.05; for habitat, F(2,35)= 0.215, p>0.05). Parasitism of F. arisanus on fruit fly in Yogyakarta Special Province was generally low, i.e. it ranged from 0.5495 ± 0.3843 (in Sleman), to 1.2935 ± 0.8206%. Evaluation of the existence of F. arisanus and augmentation efforts might be needed to improve its ability to parasitize fruit fly in Yogyakarta Special Province. Lalat buah yang menyerang buah belimbing lokal di Daerah Yogyakarta adalah Bactrocera carambolae dan tidak ditemukan lalat buat spesies lain pada penelitian ini, sedangkan parasitoid yang menyerang lalat buah B. carambolae ada tiga spesies yaitu Fopius arisanus, Agasnaspis sp., dan Asobora sp. Populasi Agasnaspis sp. dan Asobara sp. sangat rendah dan hanya ditemukan di Kabupaten Bantul di daerah pesisir pantai Samas, sementara di lokasi pengamatan yang lain tidak ditemukan, sedangkan F. arisanus merupakan parasitoid yang selalu ditemukan pada berbagai lokasi pengamatan. Uji beda nyata menunjukkan bahwa tingkat parasitasi F. arisanus di Yogyakarta tidak berbeda secara nyata berdasarkan kategori daerah administrasi (F(2,35) = 0.057; p>0.005; ketinggian tempat, F(2,35)= 0.704, p>0.05; dan habitat, F(2,35)= 0.215, p>0.05). Tingkat parasitasi F, arisanus pada lalat buah di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta sangat rendah yaitu sekitar  0.5495 ± 0.3843 (di Sleman) sampaidengan 1.2935 ± 0.8206%. Hasil pengamatan menunjukkan bahwa di setiap kanupaten yang diamati, populasi lalat buah B. carambolae sangat tinggi, sedangkan populasi parasitoid F. arisanus sangat rendah dengan demikian perlu dilakukan evaluasi dan augmentasi F. arisanus secara periodik di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta
Pembiakan Massal Lyriomiza huidobrensis dengan Pakan Daun Kacang Babi (Vicia faba) Suputa, Suputa; Martono, Edhi
Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia Vol 4, No 1 (1998)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jpti.9885

Abstract

Mass rearing of Lyriomiza huidobrensis, a relatively new leaf miner known to attack potato, was done by using Vicia faba leaf as feed. The leaf miner was able to survive well on this feed, which in the field provide the larvae with alternative host. Result of the rearing was as follows: egg stadium, 4–5 days; larval stadium, 8–9 days; pupal stadium, 12–14 days; male adult longevity, 7–32 days; female adult longevity, 13–41 days. The number of eggs deposited by an average female varied between 114 to 592, with viability of 69.93 to 97.78%, and an average daily deposit of 8–25 eggs. The most important environmental factor in this mass rearing is temperature.Key words: Lyriomiza huidobrensis, Vicia faba, mass-rearing
Laporan Baru Tentang Dacus longicornis dan Dacus petioliforma (Diptera:Tephritidae) di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta Suputa, Suputa; Martono, Edhi; Handayani, Dwi Hastuti; Ediati, Rina
Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia Vol 10, No 2 (2004)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jpti.12202

Abstract

Research was conducted in Jogjakarta from April to October 2004, to know the existence and description of Dacus spp, in Indonesia especially in Jogjakarta Special Province: The result of the exploration shows that there are two species of Dacus spp. attracted to cue lure traps. The species are Dacus (Callantra) longicornis and Dacus (Callantra) petioliforma with characteristics as follows: notopleuron and mesopleural stripe are brownish on D. longicornis and yellow on D. petioliforma; mesonotum uniformly red-brown with midline dark marking and a small yellowish spot present on D. petioliforma and absent on D. longicomis; apical scutellum is brown fulvous on D. longicomis and yellow on D. petioliforma, on both of them are broad black fulvous on basal band.
Laporan Baru: Spesies Lalat Buah Terpikat 4-(4-Hidroksi-Fenil)-2-Butanon Pranowo, Deni; Martono, Edhi; Arminuddin, Ahmad Taufiq; Suputa, Suputa
Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia Vol 15, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jpti.11760

Abstract

Acetylation of 4-(4-hydroxy-penyl)-3-butene-2-one by anhydride of acetic acid catalyzed by sulphuric acid results in 4-(4-acetoxy-phenyl)-3-butene-2-one compound, and 4-(4-hydroxy-phenyl)-2-butanone compound as a by product. The first compound alone doesn’t attract fruit flies, but a mixture of the two products attracts male fruit flies. This mixture was tested for its attractancy to the fruit flies in Bantul, Sleman and Kulon Progo regencies, Yogyakarta Special Province; along with Cue and Methyl eugenol lures as comparison. The result showed that the mixture was able to attract four fruit flies species, i.e. Bactrocera albistrigata, B. caudata, B. cibodase, and Bactrocera sp1. One genus found has not been able to be identified to species level. Based on its wing morphometric measures, this species is put under Bactrocera dorsalis complex group. Reaksi asetilasi terhadap 4-(4-hidroksi-fenil)-3-buten-2-on dengan asam asetat anhidrid berkatalis asam sulfat menghasilkan senyawa 4-(4-asetoksi-fenil)-3-buten-2-on dan hasil samping berupa senyawa 4-(4-hidroksi-fenil)-2-butanon. Senyawa 4-(4-asetoksi-fenil)-3-buten-2-on tidakmemiliki daya pikatterhadap lalat buah, sedangkan campuran kedua senyawa hasil asetilasi tersebut memiliki daya pikat terhadap lalat buah jantan. Uji atraktansi campuran kedua senyawa ini terhadap lalat buah dilakukan di daerah Bantul, Sleman, dan Kulon Progo, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta dengan CUE lure dan ME lure sebagai pembanding. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa campuran senyawa 4-(4-asetoksi-fenil)-3-buten-2-on dan 4-(4-hidroksi-fenil)-2-butanon mampu memikat 4 spesieslalat buah. Empat spesies lalat buah yang terpikat tersebut adalah Bactrocera albistrigata, B. caudata, B. cibodase, dan Bactrocera sp1. Satu Genus Bactrocera tidak teridentifikasi sampai tingkat spesies. Bactrocera sp1. diduga merupakan spesies lalat buah yang belum pernah dideskripsi sebelumnya. Berdasar perhitungan wing morphometric technique, spesies lalat buah tersebut dikelompokkan ke dalam kelompok Bactrocera dorsalis Complex.
Effect of Vapor Heat Treatment on the Mortality of Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae) and the Quality of Mango cv. Arumanis Lestari, Tri Wulan Widya; Wijonarko, Arman; Murdita, Wayan; Suputa, Suputa
Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia Vol 21, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jpti.23606

Abstract

Arumanis is a superior export variety mango from Indonesia. One inhibiting factor on the production of this fruit variety is the infestation of Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae) fruit fly. Vapor heat treatment was recommended by ISPM No. 28 of 2007 as an effective treatment in eradicating fruit flies. This research was aimed to find out the optimum temperature and the duration of vapor heat treatment on the mortality of egg and larvae of B. dorsalis. The experiment was conducted in the Laboratory of Vapor Heat Treatment, BBPOPT, Jatisari, from October 2016 to January 2017. The observed parameters were temperature, duration of treatment, mortality of egg and larvae of fruit fly, and fruit quality. The results showed that vapor heat treatment at 47°C for 40 minutes (min) was effective to reduce the number of eggs and larvae of B. dorsalis and had no negative impact on the fruit quality. IntisariBuah mangga varietas Arumanis merupakan varietas mangga ekspor unggulan Indonesia. Salah satu faktor pembatas produksi buah mangga varietas Arumanis adalah lalat buah B. dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae). Perlakuan uap panas direkomendasikan oleh ISPM Nomor 28 tahun 2007 sebagai tindakan perlakuan yang efektif dalam mengeradikasi lalat buah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui suhu dan waktu optimum perlakuan uap panas terhadap mortalitas telur dan larva B. dorsalis pada buah mangga varietas Arumanis tanpa merusak kualitas buah. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Laboratorium Vapor Heat Treatment, BBPOPT, Jatisari, pada Oktober 2016 sampai dengan Januari 2017. Parameter yang diamati adalah suhu, lamanya waktu perlakuan, mortalitas telur dan larva lalat buah, dan kualitas buah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan uap panas pada suhu 47°C selama 40 menit terbukti efektif membunuh telur dan larva B. dorsalis dan tidak berdampak negatif terhadap kualitas buah.
Study of The Use Of Maize as Barrier Crop in Chili to Control Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) Population Friarini, Yogi Puspo; Witjaksono, Witjaksono; Suputa, Suputa
Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia Vol 20, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jpti.17731

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the effect of maize as barrier crop to prevent the spread of Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius), the yellow virus vector in pepper farming. The research was conducted in the field at Pakem, Sleman, during two cropping seasons from October 2014 to February 2015 as first planting period and in April to August 2015 as second planting period. The escalation of B. tabaci (Gennadius) populations was directly correlated with virus yellow peppers increment. The result indicated that planting barrier was effective in reducing the spread of B. tabaci (Gennadius) in pepper plants. The population of B. tabaci (Gennadius) in plots with pepper surrounded by maize was lower compared to plots without maize barrier, showed that the yellow virus spreads on pepper can be minimized, and hence the incidence of yellow disease was also decreased. INTISARI Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui pengaruh penanaman jagung sebagai pemberian tanaman pembatas (barrier) untuk mengatasi penyebaran Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) yang merupakan vektor virus kuning pada tanaman cabai. Penelitian dilakukan di lahan pertanaman cabai di Pakem, Sleman. Penelitian dilaksanakan selama dua musim tanam dari bulan Oktober 2014 sampai dengan bulan Februari 2015 pada periode tanam I dan bulan April 2015 sampai dengan bulan Agustus 2015 pada periode tanam II. Meningkatnya populasi B. tabaci (Gennadius) berbanding lurus dengan meningkatnya virus kuning pada cabai. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa penanaman tanaman pembatas (barrier) cukup efektif mengurangi penyebaran B. tabaci (Gennadius) pada ke dalam petak tanaman cabai. Populasi B. tabaci (Gennadius) pada petak tanaman cabai yang dikelilingi tanaman jagung lebih rendah jika dibanding dengan petak tanaman cabai yang tidak dikelililing tanaman jagung, sehingga secara tidak langsung penyebaran virus kuning pada cabai dapat diminimalisir.
Biology of Red Palm Mite, Raoiella indica, on Different Coconut Varieties Nusantara, Aulia; Trisyono, Y. Andi; Suputa, Suputa; Martono, Edhi
Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia Vol 21, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jpti.16635

Abstract

Red palm mite, Raoiella indica Hirst (Acari: Tenuipalpidae), has emerged as a new threat to coconut plantation in Indonesia. To control this mite, understanding on its biology is essential. The effects of three coconut varieties (Salak Dwarf, Local Sumenep Tall, and Hybrid coconuts) on the development and fecundity of R. indica were determined under laboratory conditions at 26−28oC, 80% RH, and photoperiod of 12:12 (L:D). The life cycle of R. indica consisted of the egg, larva, protonymph, deutonymph, and adult stages. Total development time of immature females was significantly influenced by coconut varieties. The shortest immature developmental time occurred at Salak Dwarf variety (26.07 days), whereas no significant difference of development time of immature female on Hybrid and Local Sumenep Tall varieties was found. Moreover, there was also no significant difference on the development time of immature male and on the fecundity of the mite among different coconut varieties. IntisariTungau merah kelapa, Raoiella indica Hirst (Acari: Tenuipalpidae), merupakan ancaman baru bagi perkebunan kelapa di Indonesia. Pemahaman mengenai biologi diperlukan untuk strategi pengendalian tungau tersebut di masa datang. Pengaruh tiga varietas kelapa yang berbeda (Genjah Salak, Lokal Sumenep, dan Hibrida) terhadap perkembangan dan keperidian R. indica diamati pada kondisi laboratorium dengan suhu 26−28oC, kelembapan nisbi 75−85%, serta pencahayaan 12 jam terang dan 12 jam gelap (L:D=12:12). Siklus hidup tungau terdiri dari telur, larva, protonimfa, deutonimfa, dan dewasa. Hasil pengujian menunjukkan bahwa waktu perkembangan betina pradewasa dipengaruhi secara nyata oleh varietas kelapa. Waktu perkembangan paling pendek terdapat pada kelapa Genjah Salak (26,07 hari), sedangkan waktu perkembangan betina pradewasa tidak berbeda nyata pada kelapa Hibrida dan Dalam Lokal Sumenep. Hasil lain pengujian menunjukkan tidak terdapat perbedaan nyata waktu perkembangan jantan pradewasa dan keperidian pada ketiga varietas.
Update on The Host Range of Different Species of Fruit Flies in Indonesia Suputa, Suputa; Trisyono, Y. Andi; Martono, Edhi; Siwi, Sri Suharni
Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia Vol 16, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jpti.11725

Abstract

Recent reviews on Dorsalis and Dacine fruit flies had implication on host-insect inventory, including in Indonesia. Update is needed because of these changes and due to the rising of fruit and vegetable trade within islands, as well as with neighboring countries. Fruits were collected over a 3-year period from 24 provinces of Indonesia, covering areas from Aceh to Papua. This work was done specifically to obtain detailed information regarding the host range of the important species of Bactrocera spp., Atherigona orientalis, and Dacus longicornis, as well as Adrama determinata. Male lure Steiner traps to attract fruit flies were used in this study as an additional method to support species variation.Atotal of 1125 fruit samples were collected from many locations. Thirty five plant species from 18 families were recorded as fruit fly hosts and 27 plant species were new report as specific host for certain species of fruit fly. A larger array of host plants for fruit flies in Indonesia than reported before suggests the importance of effective quarantine measures to limit the spread of harmful fruit fly and to prevent the accidental introduction of invasive alien fruit fly species from other countries. Guna mendapatkan informasi terkini mengenai peran lalat buah (Diptera: Tephritidae dan Muscidae) dalam bidang pertanian, diperlukan inventarisasi kisaran inangnya termasuk yang ada di Indonesia melalui metode surveilansi. Pembaruan informasi mengenai inang lalat buah ini sangat penting untuk dilakukan mengingat semakin maraknya perdagangan buah dan sayur antar pulau di Indoensia dan juga dengan luar negeri. Surveilansi dilakukan dengan cara buah dikoleksi dalam kurun waktu lebih dari tiga tahun dari 24 provinsi di Indonesia, mulai dari Aceh hingga Papua. Zat pemikat lalat buah jantan dalam perangkap Steiner juga digunakan sebagai metode tambahan untuk mendapatkan variasi spesies yang lebih banyak. Sejumlah 1125 sampel buah dikoleksi dari berbagai lokasi. Penelitian ini berhasil mendapatkan informasi secara detail mengenai kisaran inang lalat buah penting dalam bidang pertanian yaitu Adrama determinata, Atherigona orientalis, Bactrocera spp., dan Dacus longicornis. Tiga puluh lima jenis dari 18 famili tumbuhan tercatat sebagai inang lalat buah dan 27 jenis diantaranya merupakan laporan baru sebagai inang lalat buah. Kisaran inang yang lebih luas ditemukan pada penelitian ini dibandingkan dengan data laporan-laporan sebelumnya menunjukkan betapa pentingnya perlakuan karantina yang efektif di dalam mencegah penyebaran dan pemasukan spesies lalat buah berbahaya antar pulau di Indonesia dan dari luar negeri.
Morphological and Molecular Characters of Mimegralla spp. (Diptera: Micropezidae) on Zingiberaceae in Central Java Widyastuti, Rahma; Suputa, Suputa; Putra, Nugroho Susetya
Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia Vol 20, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jpti.17537

Abstract

Rhizome fly, Mimegralla sp. (Diptera: Micropezidae) is a major pest on Zingiberaceae plants. Some of those fly species have been reported attacking some of Zingiberaceae plants, but in Indonesia, only one species, Mimegralla coeruleifrons has been reported as being a pest. Since Indonesia has many species of Zingiberaceae plants, it may raise a prediction that more than one species of Mimegralla was found on this plants. Therefore, a taxonomic research on the species of rhizome flies to find the species other than M. coerulifrons on Zingiberaceae plants is urgently required. This study was conducted by using hand-picking method on Mimegralla adult inhabiting Zingiberaceae plants (ginger, turmeric, javanese ginger, and aromatic ginger), and was then identified by using morphological characters and through molecular technique by using mtCO1 gene. The results showed thatM. albimana and M. coeruleifrons found at four zingiberaceae plants were the member of Mimegralla. As a conclusion, these two species have high values of phylogenic relationship (88%) and bootstrap (92).INTISARILalat rimpang (Mimegralla spp.) adalah hama utama pada beberapa tanaman anggota Family Zingiberaceae. Beberapa spesies lalat rimpang dilaporkan menyerang tanaman Zingiberaceae, di antaranya jahe, kunyit, temulawak, dan kencur. Di Indonesia hanya satu spesies yang pernah dilaporkan menyerang tanaman jahe yaituMimegralla coeruleifrons.Sementara itu, jenis tanaman Zingiberaceae yang ditanam di Indonesia sangat beragam, sehingga muncul dugaan bahwa Mimegralla yang menyerang tanaman Zingiberaceae di Indonesia tidak hanyaM. coeruleifrons saja. Oleh karena itu, penelitian untuk mengidentifikasi spesies-spesies lalat rimpang yang menyerang tanaman Zingiberaceae di Indonesia perlu dilakukan. Penelitian ini dilakukan menggunakan metode pemungutan/penangkapan (hand-picking) imago Mimegralla pada tanaman keempat tanaman Zingiberaceae. Imago yang diperoleh diidentifikasi secara morfologi dan molekuler menggunakan genmtCO1. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa M. albimana dan M. coeruleifrons yang ditemukan pada pertanaman Zingiberaceae merupakan satu genus yang sama yaitu Mimegralla. Hasil identifikasi molekuler menunjukkan bahwa kedua lalat rimpang tersebut mempunyai derajat kekerabatan dengan nilai homologi sebesar 88%, dan nilaibootstrap pada pohon filogeni sebesar 92.