Rossi Suparman
Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah 45 Kuningan/Bandarosa, Jawa Barat

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Determinants of Tourism and HIV/AIDS Incidence in West Java

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Volume 12, Issue 4, May 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

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Abstract

Indonesia defined as tourist destination where the international and domestic tourists enjoy the tourist attractions. Prostitution existing in tourism place may increase the prevalence of HIV/AIDS. The incidence and spread of AIDS in many areas in West Java is a problem for tourism industry. These issues become acute in locations where sexual attraction is used as a determinant of tourist portability. The aim of this study was to determine relation between tourism and the incidence of HIV/AIDS in West Java. Non-reactive research design was used to collect secondary data from the Central Bureau of Statistics in 2016 from 26 districts/cities in West Java. This study was conducted in January - October 2016. Univariate and bivariate analysis methods with Spearman’s statistical test and multivariate analysis (multiple logistic) were applied. Bivariate analysis results showed the number of star hotels had p value = 0.003, r = -0.552), visit to accommodation had p value = 0.009, r = 0.499) and averageguest per day had p value = 0.022, r = 0.447. Results of multivariate analysis showed that accommodation visits had p value = 0.000). In conclusion, tourism determinants associated with the incidence of HIV/AIDS are the number of star hotels, visits to hotel, and the average guest per day.

Motivasi Kader Meningkatkan Keberhasilan Kegiatan Posyandu

Majalah Kedokteran Bandung Vol 42, No 4 (2010)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran

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Abstract

Salah satu komponen sistem kesehatan di Indonesia adalah pemberdayaan masyarakat, khususnya posyandu yang keberhasilan kegiatannya bergantung pada peran serta kader dan masyarakat. Peran serta kader dan masyarakat sangat dipengaruhi oleh faktor motivasi yang mereka miliki. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh serta faktor motivasi yang paling berpengaruh terhadap peran serta kader dan masyarakat dalam kegiatan posyandu di Kabupaten Kuningan selama tahun 2009. Metode penelitian cross sectional explanatory survey dengan menggunakan kuesioner. Total sampel sebanyak 300 responden, terdiri dari masing-masing 100 orang untuk kader aktif dan tidak aktif yang diambil secara multistage sampling serta 100 orang masyarakat sebagai kontrol diambil secara purposive sampling. Motivasi internal dan eksternal sebagai variabel independen dan partisipasi kader/masyarakat sebagai variabel dependen, kemudian dianalisis menggunakan teknik structural equation modeling (SEM). Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa faktor motivasi berpengaruh terhadap peran serta kader dan masyarakat dalam posyandu. Meskipun demikian terdapat berbagai variasi pengaruh, pada kader aktif motivasi eksternal lebih berpengaruh (p=0,97) dibandingkan dengan motivasi internal (p=-0,41). Pada kader tidak aktif terjadi hal sebaliknya, sedangkan pada masyarakat, kedua faktor motivasi menunjukkan pengaruh yang tidak bermakna. Simpulan, pengaruh dan perbedaan pengaruh motivasi terhadap peran serta kader dan masyarakat menentukan keberhasilan kegiatan posyandu. [MKB. 2010;42(4):140–8].Cadres Motivation as the Drive for the Success of PosyanduOne of the most important component of the health system in Indonesia is community empowerment, especially posyandu, which depends on their cadres and the community. It was hypothetically assumed that motivation will increase the participation for both cadres and community in the posyandu. The study aims were to analyze the effect of motivation and also determine which motivation factors that had the most influence towards participation in Kuningan district during 2009. The method adapted cross sectional explanatory survey using questionnaire. A total of 300 respondents were carried out, consisting 100 respondents each taken from active and inactive cadres (multistage sampling) and other 100 taken from the community (purposive sampling). Independent variables (internal and external motivation) and dependent variables (community participation) were mentioned and analyzed using structural equation modeling (SEM) technique. The results showed that motivation were actually had influence towards participations for both cadres and community in posyandu. However, the effect varies between groups. On active cadres, external motivation had more influence (p=0.97) compared to internal motivation (p=-0.41). The exact opposite happened in inactive cadres (internal more than external) and community. It can be concluded that cadres motivation is important as the drive for the success of posyandu. [MKB. 2010;42(4):140–8]. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15395/mkb.v42n4.26