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SOCIAL IMPACTS OF THE COMING IMMIGRANTS ON THE NATIVE AMERICAN: A Study on James Fenimore Cooper’s The Prairie Suparman, .
Kajian Linguistik dan Sastra Vol 19, No 1 (2007)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (56.092 KB) | DOI: 10.23917/kls.v19i1.4407

Abstract

This literary research is primarily aimed at revealing the social impacts of modernizationon the traditional life as reflected in Cooper’s The Prairie. The study usesinterdisciplinary approach, which involves historical, cultural, and ecological approaches,including mimetic approach. The analysis shows that modernization doesnot only cause positive impacts but also stronger negative impacts. The negativeimpacts include human conflict, cultural conflict, imbalanced ecology, poverty, disharmony,social injustice of mixed marriage, greediness, kidnapping, and law breaking.The positive impacts include independence, adaptation, rationality, and efficiency.The problems that appear in the novel reflect the inner conflict of the author. Cooperas the author questions the ideas brought by the immigrants on the Indian land. Forhim, modernization can only be enjoyed by the upper class of the society—the White.It cannot meet the necessity of the people native the Indians. They lose some benefitsbecause of the settlement of the immigrants in their land.
THE IMPACTS OF MODERNIZATION ON ECONOMICAL LIFE OF THE INDIANS: A STUDY ON JAMES FENIMORE COOPER’S THE PRAIRE Suparman, .
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 19, No 1 (2007)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Sciences

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Abstract

This research is primarily aimed at revealing the impacts of modernization on economical life of the Indians in Cooper’s The Prairie. The study uses interdisciplinary approach, which involves economical, historical, cultural, and ecological approaches, besides mimetic approach. The analysis shows that modernization does not only cause positive impacts but also negative impacts, which are stronger. The bad impacts include monopoly, human and cultural conflict, poverty, disharmony, social injustice of mixed marriage, greediness, kidnapping, law breaking, materialistic life, adultery, divorce, and less religiosity. The positive impacts include independence, adaptation, rationality, and efficiency. The problems appear in the novel reflect the inner conflict of the author (Cooper himself). He questions the ideas of modernization brought by immigrants on the Indian land. To him, modernization can only be enjoyed by the upper class of the society. It cannot meet the necessity of the traditional people. The Indians loose some benefits because of the settlement of the immigrants in their land.
Hubungan Paparan Pornografi Melalui Media Massa dengan Perilaku Seksual Remaja di SMA Negeri 2 Surakarta Ismanuworo, Agung; Suparman, .; Wijayanti, Lilik
Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Background: Adolescent marked with the unbalanced physical and mental growth which is followed by behaviorally trying something often lead into sex before marriage, unwanted pregnancy, unsave abortion and sexually transmitted disease. While in Surakarta itself, about 30,09% high school male adolescents have ever done a sexual intercourse and 5,33% among them are female adolescents. This research aims to find the association between pornography exposure and adolescent sexual behavior  as the first step to decrease its number. Methods: Located in SMA Negeri 2 Surakarta, this research use cross sectional method with 103 responders taken by simple random sampling and analyzed bivariatly with Chi Square. The independent variable is pornography exposure in mass media and the dependent variable is adolescent sexual behavior. Results: There were 57 students (55,34%) exposed to pornography for the last month, meanwhile the other 46 students (44,66) weren’t exposed to pornography for the last month. There were 21 students (20,39%) who had bad sexual behavior, meanwhile the rest 82 students (79,61%) had good  sexual behavior. There were 16 students (15,53%) who had been exposed and had bad sexual behavior. But, there were 5 students (4,85%) who weren’t exposed yet had bad sexual behavior. Conclusions: Using Chi Square, it can be concluded that there’s a meaningful association between pornography exposure and sexual behavior. Keywords: adolescent, media, pornography, sexual behavior
Perbedaan Tingkat Depresi antara Lansia yang Tinggal bersama Keluarga di Dusun Diro dengan Lansia di Panti Sosial Tresna Werdha Yogyakarta Unit Budi Luhur Nurcahya, Dicky Budi; Suparman, .; Wijayanti, Lilik
Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Background: The population of elders is gradually increasing. The United Nation stated that the elders population is increasing around 77,37% during 2005 till 2025 and Indonesia is the country which is contribute to the high number of its percentage. Depression is a psychiatric disorder that most commonly occurs to the elders. The place where they are living is one factor that may lead to the depression. Some elders are residing in the home with his family and some others are residing within a nursing house. This study is aimed to determine the differences in rates of depression between the elders who living with a family in Diro Village and elders who staying in Tresna Werdha Nursing House the unit of Budi Luhur, Yogyakarta. The study is expected to provide useful input to family members and nursing staff about the psychological condition of the elders. Methods: This study was observational analytic cross-sectional approach. The subjects were elders in Diro village and Tresna Werdha Nursing House the unit of Budi Luhur, Yogyakarta that met the inclusion criteria and were willing to answer the questionnaire study. Depression scores measured using the GDS-SF. Sampling is done by simple random sampling. Data obtained in a total of 35 samples in Diro Village and 35 samples in Tresna Wredha Nursing House the unit of Budi Luhur, Yogyakarta. Samples were then analyzed by unpaired t test using Statistical Product and Service Solutions (SPSS) 17.0 for Window. Results: Data differences in rates of depression between elders living with a family in Diro Village and those living in Tresna Werdha Nursing House the unit of Budi Luhur, Yogyakarta tested by unpaired t test, it was found p = 0,028 (p < 0,05). Conclusions: There were significant differences between the rates of depression in elders living with a family in the Diro Village and Tresna Werdha Nursing House the unit of Budi Luhur, Yogyakarta with p = 0,028 (p < 0,05). Keywords: elders, depression, GDS-SF
Hubungan antara Tingkat Pendidikan Orangtua dengan Pengetahuan tentang Pelecehan Seksual pada Anak Remaja di Surakarta Abrianti, Pritha Fajar; Hanim, Diffah; Suparman, .
Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas Vol 3, No 1 (2014): Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Background: The incidence of sexual abuse in Indonesia increases every year. However, most cases of sexual abuse are often not revealed due to lack of knowledge. Based on the theory, education was one of the factors that affect knowledge of people or families. The aim of this study was to analyze association between parent’s education levels with knowledge about sexual abuse on adolescent. Methods: This study was an observational study with cross sectional design. This study used 76 samples of 7th grade student’s parents from two public junior high schools in Surakarta which was taken by cluster sampling. The level of parent’s education and knowledge were collected through a questionnaire. The association between parent’s education levels with knowledge was analyzed by Spearman Rho correlation test. Results: The number of 76 respondents, 11 respondents (14.5%) had low education level, 55 respondents (72.3%) had moderate education level, and 10 respondents (13.2%) had high education level. The distribution of respondent’s knowledge was 66 respondents (86.85%) had good knowledge, 9 respondents (11.85%) had sufficient knowledge, and 1 respondent (1.3%) had less knowledge. Spearman Rho analysis of test results obtained by the value of rs = 0.514 (p = 0.000) which meant that there were 51.4% parent’s education level have positive correlation with knowledge about sexual abuse on adolescent and 48.6% knowledge about sexual abuse on adolescent was influencedby another factors. This value indicated that there was moderate association between education levels with knowledge about sexual abuse on adolescent. Conclusion: The association between parent’s education level with  knowledge about sexual abuse on adolescent in Surakarta was significant (p = 0.000, rs = 0.514). Keywords:Education level, Knowledge, Sexual abuse  
Hubungan Status Ekonomi Orang Tua dengan Depresi pada Remaja di SMA N 8 Surakarta Rahmawati, Noviana; Machmuroch, .; Suparman, .
Nexus Kedokteran Klinik Vol 3, No 3 (2014): Nexus Kedokteran Klinik
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Background: Depression in adolescents due to increased life that full of stress (pressure) and demands are not fulfilled when solving problems. It can be caused by various factors, such as self-pressure, outside pressure, problems with friends, and also economic of family issues. Socioeconomic status relate to physical and mental health of adolescents. This study aims to determine the relationship of the economic status of parents with depression in adolescents at SMA N 8 Surakarta.   Methods: This study is a correlational study with cross sectional approach held from October to November 2013 in the SMAN 8 Surakarta. A total of 94 studens were taken by simple random sampling method. Subject was asked to fill out the form identity, informed consent and questionnaires. Then the results of the questionnaire were tested by Contingency coefficient through SPSS 17.0 for Windows. Results: The samples used were 94 students. A total of 64 students (68.1%) have parents with high economic status. The rest as many as 30 students (31.9%) have parents with low economic status. Distribution of depression showed 39.4% of students have mild depression, 31.9% of students have middle depression, the remaining 28.7% of students have severe depression. The cross distribution of these two variables showed that students with a low economic status were more severely depressed, while students with high economic status were less severely depressed. Contingency coefficient (C) statistical test of 0.248 indicates that the degree of closeness of the relationship between the two variables is weak. Conclusions: There is a relationship of economic status with the incidence of depression in adolescents at SMAN 8 Surakarta with the level of relationship between the two variables is weak. Keywords: Economic Status, Adolescents, Depression 
THE IMPACTS OF MODERNIZATION ON ECONOMICAL LIFE OF THE INDIANS: A STUDY ON JAMES FENIMORE COOPER’S THE PRAIRE Suparman, .
Humaniora Vol 19, No 1 (2007)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.v19i1.894

Abstract

This research is primarily aimed at revealing the impacts of modernization on economical life of the Indians in Cooper’s The Prairie. The study uses interdisciplinary approach, which involves economical, historical, cultural, and ecological approaches, besides mimetic approach. The analysis shows that modernization does not only cause positive impacts but also negative impacts, which are stronger. The bad impacts include monopoly, human and cultural conflict, poverty, disharmony, social injustice of mixed marriage, greediness, kidnapping, law breaking, materialistic life, adultery, divorce, and less religiosity. The positive impacts include independence, adaptation, rationality, and efficiency. The problems appear in the novel reflect the inner conflict of the author (Cooper himself). He questions the ideas of modernization brought by immigrants on the Indian land. To him, modernization can only be enjoyed by the upper class of the society. It cannot meet the necessity of the traditional people. The Indians loose some benefits because of the settlement of the immigrants in their land.