Suprapti Supardi
Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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KETERSEDIAAN PANGAN POKOK DAN KONSUMSI PANGAN KELUARGA MISKIN

EKONOMI PEMBANGUNAN DAN PERTANIAN Vol 1, No 1 (2012): Ekonomi Terapan
Publisher : EKONOMI PEMBANGUNAN DAN PERTANIAN

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Abstract

Ketahanan pangan merupakan kondisi terpenuhinya pangan bagi rumah tangga yang tercermin dari ketersediaan pangan yang cukup, baik jumlah maupun mutunya, aman, merata, dan terjangkau. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui ketersediaan pangan pokok keluarga miskin di Kabupaten Ngawi, konsumsi pangan keluarga miskin di Kabupaten Ngawi, serta mengetahui ketahanan pangan keluarga miskin yang ditinjau dari tingkat konsumsi konsumsi energi dan tingkat konsumsi proteinnya. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ketersediaan pangan pokok keluarga miskin tergolong dalam kategori rendah. Ketersediaan pangan pokok keluarga miskin sebesar 659,02 kkal/kap/hari (183,06 gram/kap/hari). Kuantitas konsumsi pangan dilihat dari Tingkat Konsumsi Energi dan Protein. Rata-rata konsumsi energi dan protein keluarga miskin di Kabupaten Ngawi adalah 1.703 kkal/orang/hari dan 50 gram/orang/hari. Rata-rata tingkat konsumsi energinya sebesar 75,29% dan tingkat konsumsi proteinnya sebesar 92,59%, sehingga konsumsi protein keluarga miskin di Kabupaten Ngawi dalam kriteria sedang akan tetapi konsumsi energi keluarga miskin masih dalam kriteria kurang. Kata kunci :  ketahanan pangan dan keluarga miskin

RESPON PERMINTAAN BERAS PADA RUMAH TANGGA MISKIN (Respons of Rice Demand on the Poor Households)

EKONOMI PEMBANGUNAN DAN PERTANIAN Vol 2, No 1 (2012): Pembangunan Pertanian
Publisher : EKONOMI PEMBANGUNAN DAN PERTANIAN

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ABSTRAK Respon Permintaan Beras pada Rumah Tangga Miskin. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui besarnya permintaan beras, faktor-faktor  yang mempengaruhi, faktor yang paling berpengaruh dan elastisitas permintaan beras pada rumah tangga miskin di Kecamatan Bayat Kabupaten Klaten. Metode dasar yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode deskriptif analitis. Metode pengambilan lokasi penelitian secara purposive berdasarkan jumlah rumah tangga miskin terbesar di Kecamatan Bayat yaitu Desa Krakitan dan Desa Jarum. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan model fungsi permintaan beras pada rumah tangga miskin di Kecamatan Bayat Kabupaten Klaten menunjukkan bahwa variabel harga telur, pendapatan rumah tangga miskin dan jumlah anggota rumah tangga miskin berpengaruh nyata terhadap permintaan beras pada rumah tangga miskin di Kecamatan Bayat Kabupaten Klaten, sedangkan variabel harga beras, harga ubi kayu, harga tepung terigu, harga mie instan, harga tempe, harga tahu, harga ikan asin dan harga daging ayam tidak berpengaruh nyata. Nilai elastisitas silang harga telur menunjukkan bahwa telur merupakan barang komplementer. Nilai elastisitas pendapatan rumah tangga miskin menunjukkan bahwa beras merupakan barang normal. Variabel pendapatan rumah tangga miskin merupakan variabel yang paling berpengaruh  terhadap permintaan beras pada rumah tangga miskin di Kecamatan Bayat Kabupaten Klaten. Kata kunci : Respon Permintaan Beras, Rumah Tangga Miskin   ABSTRACT Respons of Rice Demand on the Poor Households. This study aims to knowing the size of rice demand, the factors, the factors that most influence and the elasticity of demand for rice on poor households in Bayat District Klaten Regency. The basic method used in this research is analytical descriptive method. Retrieval method based on the study site purposively largest number of poor households in the villages of Krakitan and Jarum in Bayat District.  The results showed model of the demand function of rice on poor households in Bayat District Klaten Regency is results indicate that the variable price of eggs, the income of poor households and the number of poor households have a reality effect on the demand of rice in poor households in Bayat District Klaten Regency, while the variable price of rice, cassava prices, the price of flour, the price of instant noodles, tempeh price, the price of tahu, the price of salted fish and chicken meat prices are not significant effect. The value of cross-price elasticity the egg indicates that the eggs are complement goods. The value of the income of poor households elasticity this indicates that rice is a normal goods. Variable income of poor households is the most influential variable on the demand of rice in poor households in Bayat District Klaten Regency. Keyword : Respons of Rice Demand, Poor Households

DAMPAK KONVERSI LAHAN PERTANIAN TERHADAP PENDAPATAN RUMAH TANGGA PETANI DI KABUPATEN KARANGANYAR

Caraka Tani - Jurnal Ilmu Ilmu Pertanian Vol 27, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Caraka Tani - Jurnal Ilmu Ilmu Pertanian

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Abstract

Dampak Konversi Lahan Pertanian terhadap Pendapatan Rumahtangga Petani di Kabupaten Karanganyar. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk (1) menganalisis besarnya konversi lahan (2) mengidentifikasi dan menganalisis perubahan struktur pendapatan rumah tangga petani dan (3) menganalisis  dampak konversi lahan pertanian terhadap pendapatan rumah tangga petani. Metode dasar  penelitian adalah deskriptif analitis. Penentuan lokasi  kecamatan didasarkan (1)  jumlah penduduk yang bekerja sebagai petani sendiri, (2) jumlah dan jenis industri yang ada serta (3) kemudahan mencapai pusat perkonomian. Kecamatan terpilih adalah Jumantono dan Jaten. Jenis data yang digunakan meliputi (1) data primer yaitu hasil wawancara dengan rumah tangga petani, (2) data sekunder dari instansi terkait .  Metode yang digunakan untuk menganalisis tujuan (1) dan (2) deskriptif eksploratif komparatif dan (3) dengan uji t. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan (1) selama kurun waktu 12 tahun terjadi perubahan fungsi lahan sawah 0,120 hektar per rumah tangga petani; (2) Proporsi pendapatan usahatani berkurang 8,30 % dari 42 % menjadi 33,7   % dan   proporsi pendapatan luar usahatani meningkat 10,30 % dari 54 % menjadi 64,30 %); (3) hasil analisis uji t dengan α = 5 % menunjukkan pendapatan rumah tangga petani sebelum konversi tidak sama dengan sesudah konversi lahan pertanian (pendapatan bertambah Rp 1.482.000 per tahun).

DAMPAK KONVERSI LAHAN PERTANIAN TERHADAP PENDAPATAN RUMAH TANGGA PETANI DI KABUPATEN KARANGANYAR

Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 27, No 1 (2012): March
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

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Abstract

This study aims to (1) analyzing the amount of land conversion and the factors that affect, (2) identify and analyze changes in household income structure of farm households, (3) analyze the impact of conversion on agricultural land to the income distribution, employment and welfare of farm households. The basic method on this study is a descriptive analytic. Determination of the districts location is based on (1) the number of people who worked as farmers themselves, (2) the amount and type of existing industries and (3) ease of reaching the central interconnected economy. Sub-district is elected Jumantono and Jaten. Type of data used include (1) primary data is the results of interviews with farm households, (2) secondary data from relevant instances. The results showed (1) during the 12 years there is a change 0,120 ha of wet rice field function per household farmer and owned land is the only factor affecting the conversion of agricultural land; (2) The proportion of farm income reduced by 8.30% from 42% to 33.7% and the proportion of outside farm income increased 10.30% from 54% to 64.30%), (3) the results of t test analysis with α = 5 % shows the employment and household income of farmers before the conversion is not the same as after the conversion of agricultural land (revenue increased to Rp 1.482 million per year). 

ANALISIS PROFITABILITAS TANAMAN KARET (Hevea brasiliensis L) PADA PT. PERKEBUNAN NUSANTARA IX (PERSERO) KEBUN BALONG/BEJI/KALITELO KABUPATEN JEPARA

MEDIAGRO Vol 11, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : MEDIAGRO

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PT. Perkebunan Nusantara IX (Persero) Balong/Beji/Kalitelo Plantation is located in Keling and Kembang District Jepara Regency and Dukuhseti District Pati Regency. Balong/Beji/Kalitelo Plantation cultivate rubber, cocoa and coconut plant. Plantation, in the operations, especially rubber plants, face the fluctuations of selling price, the amount of production and production costs. The fluctuations of these variables will affect the level of profitability that would be achieved by the company. This research aims to determine the profitability of rubber cultivation and sensitivity when there are fluctuations of price, the amount of production and production costs. This research used descriptive method, with the technique implementation using the case method. The research location were selected by purposive method that is PT. Perkebunan Nusantara IX (Persero) Balong/Beji/Kalitelo Plantation Jepara Regency. Data analysis method used the profitability analysis (NPV, Gross B/C and Profitability Ratio) and sensitivity analysis. The data that used in this research are the production data, production costs and selling prices at 2009-2013. The results showed that the cultivation of rubber in the PT. Perkebunan Nusantara IX (Persero) Balong/Beji/Kalitelo Plantation Jepara Regency is advantageous to be carried because the NPV values is 313,785,213,295.00; Gross B/C values is 2.41; and PR values is 11.15. Company will still obtain earnings eventhough there are the fluctuation of variable amount production until 15%, selling price until 30% and production costs until 25%. Besides, the fluctuation of variables simultaneously, that are selling price until 30% and production costs until 25%; the selling price until 30% and the amount production until 15%; amount production until 15% and production costs until 25%, showed that the company still obtain earning. Based on the research results, there are two suggestions for this company; first, replace less productive plants with new plants;  and the second, maximizing high-grade product quality.   Keywords: Profitability, PTPN, rubber plant.

ANALYSIS EFFICIENCY MARKETING SYSTEM OF FRESH LAYANG FISH (Decapterus russeli) ON PELABUHAN FISH AUCTION PLACE IN TEGAL CITY

MEDIAGRO Vol 4, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : MEDIAGRO

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Abstract

Marketing is an important aspect in running fishing business because it is an economic activity that influences the fluctuation of fishermen’s income. The production can be useless if the price is low, thus, marketing has to be good and efficient. This research is about the efficiency of the marketing system of fresh fish layang (Decapterus russeli) in the fish auction place. Specifically, this research is to know : 1) the marketing system of fresh fish layang in Tegal City. 2) the marketing margin of fresh fish layang in Tegal City. 3) the distribution flow of fresh fish layang in Tegal City. 4) the reason fishermen sell their products in the Fish Auction Place. The method use in this research is descriptive analysis method, The registration data and literature study. Based on the analysis, it  is known that the marketing system of fresh in the Fish Auction Place, seen from the marketing cost calculation, purchasing price, selling price and profit is < 1, which means efficient. And if seen from the marketing margin, the most efficient flow is channel 4 (the 4th channel). Meanwhile, the reason why fishermen sell their Fish Auction Place is because of the guarantee that their product will be sold. Fish is a product that is easily broken and rotten. Therefore, the guarantee that the product will be sold, can minimize loss risk for fisherman. Key word : Marketing Efficiency, Fresh Layang Fish, Fish Auction Place.

Business Analysis Of Broiler Chicken Farm With Partnership System In Limbangan Kendal District

MEDIAGRO Vol 6, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : MEDIAGRO

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Abstract

This study entitled " Business Analysis of Broiler Chicken FarmWith Partnership System In Limbangan Kendal District." This study aims toknow how the pattern - pattern of broiler partnership in District Limbanganand how much it costs, revenues, earnings, and profits from farming ofbroiler chickens with partnerships system and feasibility level of businessfarm with partnerships system that can later be used as a reference for thepeople doing business broiler chicken Farm. To know the pattern - patternof broiler partnership in District Limbangan using analysis methodsapproach the existing partnership and to know the feasibility level ofbusiness farm using gross benefit cost ratio (gross B/C), BEP andproductivity costs. Determining the location of this study purposively withthe reasons in the two villages was the most total population of broilers(broiler) are farmed by people in the Region District Limbangan order toproperly represent the village which has a smaller population. For samplingrespondents was conducted using census (census sampling). About 25farmers from a total of 25 farmers that can later be represented inLimbangan Kendal District. The results showed that PIR partnership patternused by breeders because it is very beneficial because these patterns is thecore company as foster father that supplies sapronak, coaching in businessmanagement to marketing. Average area of cage 850.72 m2 with chickenpopulations 7240 tail derived income of Rp. 21,841,960, - and an averageprofit of Rp. 17.365.713,-. Viewed from the BEP business farm of broilerchickens has a value of 8.375 which means that in a population of 8.375farmers benefited and suffered no losses. While the productivity of capitalobtained a value of 13.12% / season, this value is high than the capitalinterest 0,208 /month, so in terms of capital productivity of broiler chickensworth conducting.Keywords: Analysis, Business farm of Broiler Chickens, Feasibility,Partnership.

THE ANALYSIS OF HONEYDUE SUPPLY IN SRAGEN REGENCY

MEDIAGRO Vol 5, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : MEDIAGRO

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Abstract

This research aimed to analyze some factors which influence the supply of honeydue in Sragen Regency and to analyze the elasticity supply of honeydue in Sragen Regency. The basic method used in this research is the descriptive analysis. The research location is chosen purposively, namely in Sragen Regency. Whereas the kind of data used in this research is secondary data of time  series  during 16 years since 1990 -  2005. The correlation between the supply of honeydue and some influenced factors is formulated into lag model which is distributed into Nerlove model approach. From the result is of analysis. obtained the value of coefficient correlation (R2) is 0,87 and adjusted R2 is 0.79. From value of F test, is (0,001) significant with level of trust 95 %. The result of analysis at t test shows that variable price of honeydue at previous year, price of TSP fertilizer at year t and honeydue production at previous year are variables which have obvious influence toward the supply of honeydue in Sragen Regency. Whereas variable price of water melon at previous year, rainfall and water melon production at previous year don't give  obvious influence toward the supply of honeydue in Sragen Regency. The result of t test, obtained function model of honeydue supply in Sragen Regency as follow: Qt = 3716,109 + 21,358 Pmt-1 + 0,834 Pst-1 + - 16,46  Pttsp + 0,365 Wt + 0,483  Qmt-1 + - 0,092 Qst-1. Based on the most influence value of coefficient regression partial, variable price of honeydue at previous year is the highest one. So this variable has the biggest influence toward the supply of honeydue in Sragen Regency. The  elasticity of honeydue supply in long terms is more elastic than those in short terms.

PENGARUH LUAS LAHAN SAWAH IRIGASI TERHADAP PRODUKSI BERAS DI INDONESIA

MEDIAGRO Vol 4, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : MEDIAGRO

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Abstract

In Indonesia, the wide of irrigation wetland about 70 % of totality  rice production area, eventhough  the level of production about 85% of totality rice production area. At present and future, irrigation wetland being more scarcity, eventually in Java and Bali, this case, becaused of incresing competition on area and water utilities  for  non agricultural  interest. For Indonesia, the tends of  wetland area scarcity espesially in Java  to go straight on  and  there is no effective regulation or action to be done by local community to control area conversion. This research purposes to know the influence of the wide irrigation wetland area to rice production  in Indonesian's big islands,  except Maluku and Papua, also national scale from 1994-2004. This research uses descriptive analitic method. The  secundary   data  are used, collected, arranged then analized with Cobb-Douglas regression.   Refers to the analisis results and the discussion of each hipotesis, we know that on Į  =  10%, the wide of wetland irrigation area on Java, Bali and Nusa Tenggara are significant influencing to rice production. Eventhough in Sumatera, Kalimantan and Sulawesi , the wide of irrigation wetland area were not significant influencing to rice production. The significant influence of  the wide of irrigation wetland area in Java and Bali ± Nusa Tenggara refer to BMG (2006) becaused of  in dry season almost irrigation wetland area were cultivated by paddy. Eventhough the no significant influence of the wide of irrigation wetland area in Sumatera, Kalimantan, Sulawesi also national scale refer to BMG (2006)  becaused of in dry season almost the irrigation wetland area were not cultivated by paddy. Knowing the importance of the wide irrigation wetland area to rice production,  expected   to local communities and  local goverments to take care the area, so the area conversion not happen again. For making new irrigation wetland area must be supported by deep research and involve a lot of experts from conecting  sectors.  Base on this research, be expected,  research can be developed by another researcher in order to usefull to this nation.Key words : Irrigation wetland Area, Area Conversion, Making New Wetland, Dry season, Rice production.

ANALISIS PENDAPATAN PETERNAK AYAM RAS PEDAGING POLA KEMITRAAN INTI –PLASMA (Studi Kasus Peternak Plasma PT.Genesis di Kecamatan Grabag Kabupaten Magelang Jawa Tengah)

MEDIAGRO Vol 11, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : MEDIAGRO

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Abstract

A broiler chicken meat producer that has some advantages including, rapid capital turnover rate and a short maintenance period ie within five weeks of broiler already be harvested and weighs 1.9 kg / head. This has encouraged many farmers who seek broiler farms. PT. Genesis is one of the broiler farms, which work closely with the farmers in the district through a partnership Grabag core-plasama. The partnership goal is to increase revenue, and increase both the scale of the company's businesses and farmers. The purpose of this study was to analyze the mechanism of partnerships undertaken in partnership plasma core, know the maintenance management (cultivation) of cattle in partnership nucleus-plasma, and calculates the income and value of the R / C ratio obtained in the plasma farmer-core partnership plasma. The research was conducted in partnership with farmers who farm company PT. Genesis. Nucleus location is in Taman Anggrek Unggaran Housing. Plasma breeders located in District Grabag, Magelang regency. The research was carried out for 1 month, ie in February and March 2013 which was designed as a case study, a total of 11 respondents breeders who partnered with PT. Genesis is currently in production. Data were collected by census method. The data used are primary data and secondary data. Maintenance of production data using the data on the plasma farmers February to March 2013 period (1 period). Analysis of the data used is descriptive analysis, revenue analysis, and analysis of R / C ratio. Results of the analysis showed that the income on the income earned period February to March 2013 were farmers Rp 3,332,844.97 per period. Analysis results Net B / C ratio showed 1.02 and BEP are at the point 66,524,262.00   Key words: partnership mechanism, plasma farmers, income, Net B / C ratio