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FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI SUSTAINABILITAS PERTUMBUHAN FINANSIAL LEMBAGA KEUANGAN MIKRO DI JAWA TIMUR Sundari, Siti; Daryanto, Arief; Tambunan, Mangara; Saefuddin, Asep
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 9, No 1 (2012): Vol. 9 No. 1 Maret 2012
Publisher : Graduate Program of Management and Business Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Since the monetary crisis in 1998, Indonesias economy has not fully recovered as indicated by slow economic growth which has not reached yet 8% each year. These conditions load to growing number of unemployed and hence create many demand from the large number of micro enterprise for loan. There were about 50 million micro entrepreneurs which was served only by 56 thousand units of MFIs (Microfinance Institution). This fact intrigued a deep comprehensive analysis at supply side, i.e. the MFIs. The analysis was to study factors that inhibit the sustainability growth of MFIs in order to increase the number of micro business loans. The research was located in East Java province due to the fact that more than 70% MFIs located in Java island and the largest MFIs is in East Java. The samples were obtained by purposive sampling technique and then analysed using descriptive statistics, ordinal logistic regression and biplot. The result proved that the factors which significantly influence the growth of financial sustainability were Regulation, Institutions, Efficiency, CAR (Capital Adequacy Ratio), ROE (Return on Equity), ROA (Return on Asset), LDR (Loan to Deposit Ratio), loan, NPL (Non Performing Loan), HRD (Human Resources Development) and Interest rates. While the factors that did not have significant effect were competition and income per capita.Keyword : Microfinance Institutions (MFIs), Performance Analyze, Financial Sustainability, Ordinal Logistic Regression
PERBANDINGAN IDEAL ANGGARAN UPAYA KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT (UKM) DAN UPAYA KESEHATAN PERORANGAN (UKP) Dl TINGKAT KABUPATEN/KOTA Sundari, Siti; Wibowo, Hendrianto Trisno; Erry, Erry; Sukoco, Noor Edi Widya; Rusiawati, Yuyus; Riswati, Riswati
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan Vol 10, No 1 Jan (2007)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan

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Abstract

The Community Health Efforts (Usaha Kesehatan Masyarakat/UKM) and Individual Health Efforts (Usaha KesehatanPerorangan/UKP) Programs were established to enhance services towards more promotive and preventive than curative and rehabilitative services. Accordingly, the budget allocated for the UKM should be more than or balanced with the UKP budget. Due to the abscence of benchmark for ideal proportion of the UKM and the UKP budget at the District/Municipal levels, the budget allocated for both efforts were highly depending on decision of local authorities and the budget allocated by the Central level. This study aimed to determine the ideal proportion of UKM and UKP budget at the Districts/Municipalities having Index Poverty Level level equal or above 34.4. This was an observational study using a retrospective design. Data were collected at 6 (six) District/Municipal Health Offices on Health Budgets allocated during year 2003-2005 and analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively. Results showed that the proportions of budget allocated for the UKM and UKP were varied from 49.9%-57.2% for the UKM and 42.8%-50.1% for the UKP. Eventhough there was an increased of UKM budget which meant more services toward promotive and preventive activities, the services provided by the UKM were more towards curative than preventive functions. Furthermore, both efforts have continuum services from promotive to rehabilitative services. To conclude, the concept of UKM and UKP needs to be redesign in order to accomplish theDepartment of Health Grand Strategy for promotive and preventive services before stating the benchmark for the UKM and the UKP budget proportions.Key words: the UKM, the UKP, health-budget, districst, municipalities
INTERNAL QUALITY SYSTEM PERFORMANCE: CASE STUDY AT THREE INDONESIAN NURSING SCHOOLS Sundari, Siti
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan Vol 10, No 3 Jul (2007)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan

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Abstract

This paper describes internal quality system petformance at three Indonesian nursing schools and examines the match of the existing accreditation programmes with the developing internal quality system. A cross sectional study is used with self-administered questionnaires and applied to selected nursing schools. The questionnaire was designed according tocategories of framework of total quality management model. Interview and discussion with respondents including snowball sampling to other teachers and staffs were petformed to clarify and validate data and to enriched the information The activities measured were the enabling and the results factors. The enablers were including Leaderships, strategy, resources, human resources, educational management, teaching teaming process, research and development and also evaluation mechanism, while the results were covering students and personnel satisfaction and partnership.Results shows that some enabling factors were not included in the accreditation, while several indicators in the sub component of accreditation did not explicitly reflect internal quality system petformance. The school stratum as the outcome result of a quality measure is analogue to customer satisfaction, which would depend on direct influence of internal factors such as quality of schools leadership, strategy and educational management. Since the total accreditation score affects school strata and public recognition, it is necessary to use more objectives and relevant indicators by incorporating the internal and external factors as a measure of school quality petformances. Key words: accreditation, education, quality system evaluation, nursing
DETERMINAN PENYAKIT DIARE PADA ANAK BALITA DI PROVINSI NANGGRO ACEH DARUSSALAM, JAWA BARAT, NUSA TENGGARA BARAT, NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR, GORONTALO DAN PAPUA Ariningrum, Ratih; Sundari, Siti; Riyadina, Woro
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan Vol 12, No 2 Apr (2009)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan

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Abstract

Background: Diarrhoeal diseases become the second caused of death of the under-fives, the third in infant, and the fifth at all people in Indonesia. WHO indicated that every year an average of 100.000 children in Indonesia dead because of diarrhoea and Sub directorate of Diarrhoea, MOH indicated that about 301-347 per 1000 people still infected by diarrhoea from year 2000 up to 2003. Methods: This study analyzed the Basic Health Research data collected in 2007 to determine the prevalence, characteristic determinants including its Odd Ratio (behavioral, environmental sanitation, household characteristic, and specific condition of child), of the 20245 under-fives children in 6 provinces having diarrhoea prevalence above the 2007 national diarrhea prevalence rates (16.7%). (NAD: 27%, Gorontalo: 24%, NTB: 23%, NTT: 22%, Papua: 21%, and West Java: 18%). Results: The result showed that the highest prevalence of diarrhoea rates was found at the family with having lower level of percapita expenditure (kuintil 1 and 2); in mother who worked as a farmer/fisherwoman/labour and did not used latrine as well as lack of control for contamination of water available at home. The specific conditions of the under-fives that related to the increase prevalence of diarrhea are the existence of typhoid and measles, frequency of OPT immunization and over weight condition. The Odds of having diarrehea occurred in the under-fives having measles 1 month earlier (OR. 2.61) followed by the lack of control of the quality of the water condition available at home (OR 2.19), open water tank (OR 1.40), Defecate not in WC (OR1.36), Not receiving meales immunization (OR 1.37) and OPT immunization less than 3 times (OR 1. 19). It is concluded that to prevent diarrhea, it is important for children to have full coverage of immunization, to improve health behavior of mothers and children especially to wash hand before eating or preparing meals, and to improve housing condition and sanitation. For the next Basic Health Research data collection, it is recommended to improve quality of questions in order to get more specific information related to the childs habits and practices to prevent diarrhoea. Key words: diarrhea, determinants, behaviour, under-fives, basic health research
ASSESSMENT OF THE HEALTH STATUS OF PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN PARTICIPATING IN SCHOOL FEEDING PROGRAM IN NUSA TENGGARA BARAT AND NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR, INDONESIA Susilowati, Dwi; Sundari, Siti
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan Vol 13, No 3 Jul (2010)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan

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Abstract

Background: School feeding program provided vital nourishment for students, improved their health and school attendance. Objective: To investigate the effects of provision of food distributed at targeted primary schools. To measure the change of anemia prevalence rate, to assess the prevalence of some illness and to assess related knowledge and practices of health, nutrition and hygiene among primary school students. Methods: The sample was randomly selected from 30 clusters of primary schools who received WFP food supplement for at least 6 months in Nusa Tenggara Barat (NTB) and Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT) provinces during the year 2008. The sample was calculated on the basis of the formula of a single cross-sectional survey comparing two sub-groups. The data was analyzed by using SPSS for Windows version 15. Results: The head of households, whom mostly males, worked as unskilled agricultural wage labors and vendor of agricultural products. The education of parents was generally low. Most of them lived in single house and used latrine. The mean hemoglobin of students was 11.8 gr/dl (SO 1.3; Cl (11 .7-11.9)). The anemia prevalence rate was 37 6%, it was 25.8% higher as compared to previous year. There were significant decreased of morbidity rates of diarrhea, Acute Respiratory lnfection and fever as compared to previous years. Practice in hygiene as indicated by drinking boiled water showed a decreased m coverage in the previous years. However, hand washing before meals was increased steadily while hand washing after defecation was decreased. There were more household used latrines.Key words: school feeding, primary school children, anemia, knowledge attitude and practice
Mothers Unhealthy behaviors as Risk Factors of ISPA Pneumonia occurrence in Toddlers Sundari, Siti; Pratiwi, Pratiwi; Khairudin, Khairudin
Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Vol 2, No 3: September 2014
Publisher : Pascasarjana Universitas Negeri Malang (UM)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17977/jps.v2i3.4507

Abstract

Perilaku Tidak Sehat Ibu yang Menjadi Faktor Resiko Terjadinya ISPA Pneumonia pada Balita Abstract: The research aims to explore the healthy life behavior as dominant factors of ISPA on tod-dlers. This control cased-epidemiologic study observes the affect of mother’s unhealthy behavior on ISPA incidents. There are 54 samples consisting of 24 mothers of toddles with ISPA as the case while another 30 people as the control group. The data collection uses questioners for risk factor analysis by means of Relative Ratio (RR). As a result, 18 of 20 unhealthy factors (RR>1) are categorized as ISPA risk factors. These results clearly show that ISPA may easily occur on toddlers with insanitary mothers. Key Words: risks, mothers behavior, pneumonia on toddlers  Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perilaku tidak sehat ibu yang menjadi faktor dominan terjadinya ISPA pneumonia pada Balita. Desain penelitian menggunakan studi epidemiologi dengan rancangan kasus kontrol mempelajari pengaruh paparan perilaku tidak sehat ibu terhadap kejadian ISPA Pneumonia Balita. Besar sampel 54 orang, yaitui 24 Ibu Balita penderita ISPA Pneumonia (kelompok kasus) dan 30 ibu Balita Sehat (kelompok kontrol). Pengambilan data menggunakan kuesio-ner, untuk menganalisis besarnya faktor resiko digunakan perhitungan Rasio Relatif (RR). Terdapat 18 perilaku tidak sehat ibu yang menjadi faktor resiko terjadinya ISPA pneumonia Balita. Hasil tersebut menunjukkan bahwa, ISPA akan lebih mudah terjadi  pada balita yang ibunya berperilaku tidak sehat.Kata kunci:  resiko, perilaku ibu, pneumonia balita
THE EFFECT OF USING ENGLISH AUTHENTIC READING MATERIALS ON THE EIGHTH GRADE STUDENTS’ READING COMPREHENSION ACHIEVEMENT AT SMP NEGERI 1 TEMPUREJO Ihtiari, Kukuh Budi; Sundari, Siti; Andayani, Made Adi
Pancaran Pendidikan Vol 2, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Pancaran Pendidikan

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Abstract

Abstract : Reading is one of many ways to acquire information, where people can find it from television and internet. As reading dominates all activities in the English subject, the language components,namely pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary should also be learnt to support the language skills.  Based on the English teacher interview result that authentic reading materials have never been used by the teachers, reading comprehension on the eighth grade students of junior high school of SMPN 1 Tempurejo Jember, so it was necessary to conduct a research in this school. The research design was quasi experimental. It began from conducting homogeneity test, deciding the experimental class and the control class, giving activities to the control class using the common technique and material usually applied by the English teacher and treatments to the experimental class that was using authentic materials in teaching reading, then giving the same post-test to both classes, and the last analyzing the results of the post test by using t-test. The result of this research The analysis of the post test results showed that there was a significant effect of using English authentic that of reading materials the experimental class got higher mean score than the control class (65, 1>57, 5) of the students’ reading achievement. Then, the result of data analysis using SPSS showed that the t-test value (2-tailed) 0.000, was less than 0.05.is expected to provide useful information for the English teacher to use interesting materials, that is, authentic materials in the English teaching learning process, especially in teaching reading comprehension, since the authentic materials have never been used at SMPN 1 Tempurejo Jember. Key Words : Authentic Materials, reading, comprehension.
THE EFFECT OF USING INDUCTIVE METHOD ON THE SEVENTH GRADE STUDENTS’ TENSE ACHIEVEMENT AT MTS SUNAN AMPEL KERTOSUKO KRUCIL PROBOLINGGO IN THE 2012/2013 ACADEMIC YEAR Rohman, Holifatur; Sundari, Siti; Sukmaantara, I Putu
Pancaran Pendidikan Vol 2, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Pancaran Pendidikan

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Abstract

Abstract : Tenses are very important in learning English because they become the basic knowledge in mastering the language skills. To teach tenses, inductive method is considered as an appropriate teaching method because it can make the students’ actively involved in learning tenses and help them more easily understand the subjects. This research was intended to know whether or not there was a significant effect of using the inductive method on the students’ tense achievement. The findings showed that inductive method significantly affected the students’ tense achievement. The mean score of the experimental group was higher than the mean score of the control group (66.9792 ˃ 62.4038). Key Words : tenses, inductive method, students’ tense achievement
IMPROVING CLASS VIII A STUDENTS’ SPEAKING ACHIEVEMENT BY GIVING VERBAL AND NON-VERBAL REINFORCEMENT AT SMPN 1 SUKOWONO JEMBER IN THE 2011/2012 ACADEMIC YEAR Ma’ruf, Hamim; Rofiq, Annur; Sundari, Siti
Pancaran Pendidikan Vol 2, No 3 (2013)
Publisher : Pancaran Pendidikan

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Abstract

Abstract.This classroom action research was intended to improveclass VIII A students’ speaking achievement at SMPN 1 Sukowono. There are 37 students and most of them have difficulty in speaking English.To solve the problems, the researcher used reinforcement. The form of reinforcement was verbal and non-verbal reinforcement. The result in the first cycle showed 70.27% of the students were active in the first meeting and 75.67% of the students were active in the second meeting.There were 67.5% of the students achieved ≥65 in speaking test. Dealing with the results, it was necessary to continue the action to the second cycle.In the second cycle, 81% of the students were active in the first meeting and 83.78% of the students were active in the second meeting, and 78.37%of the students got ≥65 in speaking test. It means that the minimum requirement percentage of the students who got ≥65 had been achieved in cycle II.Thus, teaching speaking by giving verbal and non-verbal reinforcement could improve the students’ active participation and their speaking achievement in two cycles.   Key Words: verbal and non-verbal reinforcement, speaking achievement, student’s participation
THE EFFECT OF USING STAD TECHNIQUE ON THE SEVENTH GRADE STUDENTS’ TENSE ACHIEVEMENT IN WRITING SENTENCE AT SMPN 3 BALUNG IN THE 2011/2012 ACADEMIC YEAR Efendi, Muhammad Arif; Ariani, Musli; Sundari, Siti
Pancaran Pendidikan Vol 2, No 3 (2013)
Publisher : Pancaran Pendidikan

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Abstract

Abstract.Cooperative learning has been studied widely throughout the world as promising approach. In this chance, there is a crucial problem to solve dealing with the students’ tense achievement in writing sentence, particularly in foreign language context. This Research was intended to know the significant effect of STAD technique on the seventh grade students’ tense achievement in writing sentences at SMPN Balung.The research implementation of quasi experimental design by using nonequivalent-groups post-test only design has resulted effect of X on Y. The students who were treated by using STAD outperformed their counterparts inthe control class who were taught using lecturing method. This was likely due to the fact that the control class got the chance on cooperative learning ”the act of helping each other learning among students in which they promote each other’ssuccess” while their fellow counterparts did not. In concuision,the study shows that there is significant effect of using STAD technique on the seventh grade students’ tense achievement in writing sentence at SMPN Balung in the 2011/2012 academic year. Key Words: STAD, positive interdependence, individual accountability, face-to-face interaction development of social skill and group evaluation.