Sri Sunarti
Jurusan Akuntansi, Fakultas Ekonomi, UNIKA Soegijapranata Semarang, Indonesia Jalan Pawiyatan Luhur IV/1 Bendan Dhuwur Semarang 50234

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Breeding Strategy of Acacia Hybrid (Acacia mangium × A. auriculiformis) to Increase Forest Plantation Productivity in Indonesia Sunarti, Sri; Hardiyanto, Eko Bhakti; Indrioko, Sapto
JURNAL MANAJEMEN HUTAN TROPIKA Vol 19, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (807.828 KB) | DOI: 10.7226/jmht.19.2.128

Abstract

Acacia hybrid (Acacia mangium× A.auriculiformis) shows better growth and wood properties, and tolerance to pest and disease. Currently, acacia hybrid breeding strategy was developed through naturally hybrid selected from trees grown in plantation. However, mass propagation of acacia hybrid using such kind of strategy was not satisfied due to ageing effect. This study was aimed to develop a new acacia hybrid breeding strategy using controlled pollination hybridization technique. The strategy was developed through a series of research: flowering, crossing, hybrid identification, clone multiplication, and clonal test. The results of study showed that the series of research for developing acacia hybrid breeding strategy was achieved. Flowering time synchronization provided a high probability for the success of controlled pollination hybridization. Leaves taxonomy at seedling stage revealed to be an efective way to identify acacia hybrid with acuracy of 92.2%. The acacia hybrid was succesfully propagated using shoot cutting at rate of 78.1%. The best selected clones of acacia hybrid outperformed in height growth at rates of 17.28% over to superior pure parents, which is equivalent to the estimated stand productivity at around 48 m3 ha-1 y-1. The series of research provided a new effective and efficient breeding strategy for acacia hybrid.Keywords: Acacia auriculiformis,  Acacia mangium, acacia hybrid, controlled pollination, breeding strategyDOI: 10.7226/jtfm.19.2.128
KESALAHAN KEBAHASAAN DALAM SURAT DINAS DI KANTOR PENGADILAN NEGERI WONOSOBO KABUPATEN WONOSOBO TAHUN 2011 Sunarti, Sri
SURYA BAHTERA Vol 1, No 04 (2013): Jurnal Surya Bahtera
Publisher : Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia

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Abstract

Permasalahan yang akan dibahas dalam penelitian ini adalah kesalahan kebahasaan yang tidak memenuhi kaidah EYD berupa : huruf kapital, tanda baca (titik dan koma), penulisan singkatan, dan kata mubazir. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan pemakaian huruf kapital, tanda baca titik, tanda baca koma, penulisan singkatan baik kata maupun gelar dan penggunaan kata mubazir yang terdapat pada surat dinas yang dikeluarkan oleh kantor Pengadilan Negeri Wonosobo Kabupaten Wonosobo. Rujukan yang penulis pergunakan dalam meneliti kesalahan kebahasaan ini adalah panduan dari Pusat Bahasa Departemen Pendidikan Nasional tahun 2000 Ejaan Yang Disempurnakan Bahasa Indonesia berdasar Keputusan Menteri Pendidikan Dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia No. 054a/U/1987 serta beberapa sumber yang mengemukakan kaidah berbahasa yang relevan dalam penggunaan tanda baca, penulisan singkatan dan penggunaan kata mubazir. Penelitian mengambil sampel secara acak dari surat keluar yang diterbitkan oleh Pengadilan Negeri Wonosobo tahun 2011 yang secara keseluruhan berjumlah 25 surat. Pemilihan secara acak dari sampel ini diharapkan agar peneliti dapat memperoleh data secara obyektif dan akurat.Dalam pengumpulan data digunakan teknik pustaka.Analisis data menggunakan teknik agih, terjabar menggunakan teknik lesap dan teknik ganti. Penyajian hasil peneliti menggunakan teknik informal. Hasil dari penelitian menunjukkan kesimpulan bahwa: kesalahan huruf kapital 671 kesalahan sehingga menunjukkan presentase 34,234% hasil dari 1960 huruf kapital yang ada dan benar, kesalahan penulisan dan penggunaan tanda baca titik sebanyak 127 kesalahan sehingga menunjukkan presentase 44,72% hasil dari 284 huruf kapital yang ada dan benar, kesalahan penulisan dan penggunaan tanda baca koma sebanyak 41 kesalahan sehingga menunjukkan presentase 23,16% hasil dari 177 huruf kapital yang ada dan benar, kesalahan penulisan singkatan sebanyak 350 kesalahan sehingga menunjukkan presentase 64,85% hasil dari 227 penulisan yang benardan kesalahan penggunaan kata mubazir sebanyak 3083 kesalahan sehingga menunjukkan presentase 11,20% hasil dari 345 huruf kapital yang ada dan benar. Kata kunci : kesalahan kebahasaan, surat dinas, pengadilan negeri kabupaten wonosobo
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PEMANFAATAN TEKNOLOGI INFORMASI OLEH AKUNTAN Susilawati, Clara; Sunarti, Sri
Jurnal Dinamika Akuntansi Vol 3, No 2 (2011): September 2011
Publisher : Jurnal Dinamika Akuntansi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jda.v3i2.1949

Abstract

Penelitian ini menguji tentang pengaruh faktor sosial, kasih sayang, kerumitan, kesesuaian dengan pekerjaan, konsekuensi jangka panjang dan kondisi yang memfasilitasi penggunaan teknologi informasi. Sampel  dari penelitian ini adalah 50 akuntan yang bekerja di perusahaan manufaktur di Semarang. Penelitian ini menggunakan quesioner untuk pengumpulan data. Hasilnya mengindikasikan bahwa faktor afektif dan kesesuaian tugas adalah signifikan dan mempunyai efek yang positif terhadap penggunaan teknologi informasi, sedangkan faktor faktor sosial, kerumitan, konsekuensi jangka panjang, dan faktor kondisis yang memfasilitasi teknologi informasi tidak signifikan dan tidak memiliki efek yang positif terhadap penggunaan teknologi informasi. This study investigates the influence of social factors, affection, complexity, appropriateness of tasks, long-term consequences and the conditions that facilitate the utilization of information technology. The samples in this study are 50 accountants in manufacturing companies in Semarang. This study uses questionnaire as the method of data collection. The results of this study indicate that affective factors and appropriateness of tasks have positive and significant impact on the utilization of information technology, while social factors, complexity, long-term consequences and the factors that facilitate the conditions do not have significance and positive impact on the utilization of information technology.
Hubungan Penerapan Metode Ceramah, Diskusi Dan Penugasan Dengan Hasil Pembelajaran Mata Pelajaran IPS / Sejarah Bagi Peserta Didik Sunarti, Sri
DIMENSI Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : DIMENSI

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Abstract

Latar belakang masalah penelitian ini berdasarkan asumsi dasar bahwa proses pembelajaran dan hasilnya dimungkinkan dipengaruhi berbagai factor, baik factor internal maupun eksternal. Berbagai strategi pembelajaran dengan terapan metode pembelejarann dimungkinkan memiliki kaitan yang signifikan, terutam terapan meetode kombinasi antara metode ceramah, diskusi dan penugasan yang dewasa ini dianggap lebih relevan untuk diterapkan dalam pembelajaran mata pelajaran IPS. Terapan tersebut seperti yang telah dilaksanakan di ..di SMP Islam Sudirman Ambarawa selama ini. Adapun masalah  yang diteliti adalah tentang kemungkinan adanya hubungan yang positif dan signifikan antara penerapan metode ceramah, diskusi dan penugasan dengan hasil pembelajaran mata pelajaran IPS/Sejarah bagi peserta didik kelas VII di SMP Islam Sudirman Ambarawa pada semester ganjil tahun pelajaran 23009/2010. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk: (1) mengetahui tingkat hubungan  antara penerapan metode ceramah, diskusi dan penugasan dengan hasil pembelajaran mata pelajaran IPS/Sejarah bagi peserta didik , khususnya di SMP Islam Sudirman Ambarawa;  dan (2) membuktikan apakah terdapat hubungan   yang positif dan signifikan antara penerapan metode ceramah, diskusi dan penugasan dengan hasil pembelajaran mata pelajaran IPS/Sejarah, khususnya  bagi peserta didik kelas VII  di SMP Islam Sudirman Ambarawa  Kabupaten Semarang  semester ganjil tahun pelajaran 2009/2010. Bentuk pendekatan dan terapan metode yang digunakan adalah dengan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan olahan data melalui analisis statistika. Sampel penelitian ini ditentukan dengan perhitungan nomogram Herry King sebanyak 48 orang ( peserta didik ) .  kelas VII  SMP Islam Sudirman Ambarawa pada semester ganjil  tahun pelajaran 2009/2010. dengan teknik proporsional random  sampling dari tujuh kelass VII parallel di sekolah tersebut. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan teknik angket untuk  variable bebas ( penerapan metode ceramah, diskusi dan penugasan) dan teknik tes untuk data variable terikat ( hasil pembelajaran mata pelajaran IPS/Sejarah). Pengolahan data dilakukan analisis statistika dengan terapan rumus korelasi Product Moment dari Spearman Brown. Hasil penelitian diperoleh pembuktian bahwa terdapat hubungan  yang positif dan  signifikan  antara penerapan metode ceramah, diskusi dan penugasan penerapan metode ceramah, diskusi dan penugasan dengan hasil pembelajaran mata pelajaran IPS/Sejarah bagi peserta didik kelas VII di SMP Islam Sudirman Ambarawa  semester ganjil tahun pelajaran 2009/2010. Hal ini ditunjukkan bahwa hasil uji rhitung sebesar 0,548 > rtabel    ( 0,284 untuk araf signifikan 5% dan 0,368 untuk taraf signifikansi 1% ). Dengan demikian terdapat hubungan  yang positif dan  signifikan antara kedua variabel tersebut. Hipotesis kerja ( Ha ) terbukti dan diterima kebenarannya adanya hubungan  yang positif dan signifikan antara penerapan metode ceramah, diskusi dan penugasan dengan  hasil pembelajaran mata pelejaran IPS/sejarah bagi peserta didik kelas VII di SMP Islam Sudirman Ambarawa pada semester ganjil tahun pelajaran 2009/2010. Saran atau rekomendasi dari hasil penelitian ini adalah : (1) perlunya teknik pengembangan pola pembelajaran yang lebih efektif dan perlunya terapan metode pembelajaran yang lebih relevan dengan muatan bahan ajar, terutama dalam prosesa pembelajaran mata pelajaran IPS/Sejarah agar hasil yang dicapai dapat lebih maksimal.;  (2) perlunya peningkatan pola pengembangan system pembelajaran mata pelajaran IPS/Sejarah yang selama ini gairah dan kesungguhan belajar pada mata pelajaran tersebut belum memuaskan hasilnya. Kata Kunci : Metode, Ceramah, Diskusi, Penugasan, IPS  /  Sejarah
GENETIC GAIN AND PROJECTED INCREASE IN STAND VOLUME FROM TWO CYCLES BREEDING PROGRAM OF Acacia mangium: IMPLICATIONS TO PLANTATION PRODUCTIVITY AND SUSTAINABLE FORESTRY IN INDONESIA Nirsatmanto, Arif; Setyaji, Teguh; Sunarti, Sri; Kartikaningtyas, Dwi
Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research
Publisher : Secretariat of Forestry Research and Development Agency

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Abstract

VARIASI PERTUMBUHAN TINGGI KLON HIBRID Acacia (A. mangium x A. auriculiformis) UMUR 12 BULAN DI WONOGIRI, JAWA TENGAH Sunarti, Sri; Hardiyanto, Eko Bhakti; Indrioko, Sapto
Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan Vol 7, No 3 (2013): Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan
Publisher : Center for Forest Biotechnology and Tree Improvement (CFBTI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (241.098 KB) | DOI: 10.20886/jpth.2013.7.3.139-150

Abstract

Forty four clones of Acacia hybrid  propagated from selected stoolplants were tested together with a control of pure species seedling and clone in a clonal test established at Wonogiri, Central Java. The design of clonal test was Incomplete Block Design, which was laid-out as single treeplot of 20 replications with spacing of 3 m x 3 m. Measurements of tree height were conducted at age 12 months. There were significant differences between the clones in height growth. Eleven clones of 44 were more superior than the original population at SSO F1 (Control 4th) which superiority ranging from 1.81-35.35 % and 3 of them were more superior than the pure species (control 1th, control 2th and control 3th) which superiority ranging from 3.51 – 17.28%. Meanhile, clone repeatability for height at age 12 months was, while individual repeatability for height was 0.59 +- 0.1
KARAKTER HIBRID ACACIA (Acacia mangium x A. auriculiformis) BERDASARKAN VIABILITAS BENIH, KEMAMPUAN BERTUNAS DAN BERAKAR STEK Sunarti, Sri; Hardiyanto, Eko Bhakti; Indrioko, Sapto
Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan Vol 6, No 2 (2012): Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan
Publisher : Center for Forest Biotechnology and Tree Improvement (CFBTI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (210.693 KB) | DOI: 10.20886/jpth.2012.6.2.79-88

Abstract

The first generation of Acacia hybrid between A. mangium and A. auriculiformis potential to be developed for plantation because of its superiority. The superiority of hibrid Acacia were fast growth, straight bole, light branching, more tolerant to pest/disease attack and better wood property than the parent trees. The only way to maintain their superiority is to propagate it vegetatively. The objective of the research was to observed characteristics of hibrid Acacia based on seed viability,sprouting and rooting ability. Materials used in this study were collected seed from control pollination at breeding garden which verified by molecular marker. The result showed that the character of seed viability on hybrid Acacia was still low (48.1%) meanwhile the sprouting and rooting ability were 16.5 ± 0.7 shoots and 78,4% respectively.
EARLY GROWTH AND STAND VOLUME PRODUCTIVITY OF SELECTED CLONES OF Eucalyptus pellita Setyaji, Teguh; Sunarti, Sri; Nirsatmanto, Arif
Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research Vol 3, No 1 (2016): Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research
Publisher : Secretariat of Forestry Research and Development Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (203.798 KB) | DOI: 10.20886/ijfr.2016.3.1.27-32

Abstract

Tree improvement program for Eucalyptus pellita in Center for Forest Biotechnology and Tree Improvement (CFBTI) was started in 1994. The programs are now beginning their third-generation of breeding which have relied on recurrent selection through establishing open-pollinated seedling seed orchard. Using current technologies, several Industrial Forest Companies in Indonesia are pursuing clonal forestry program with E. pellita to increase plantation productivity using selected clones from comprehensively field testing. This study was aimed to evaluate the early growth and stand volume productivity of selected clones of E. pellita as a part of a breeding program for pulpwood conducted by CFBTI.  Two clonal trials of E. pellita were established in Central Java with two different plot configurations: single tree-plot and multiple tree-plot. Measurement at the trials was done at two years age involving tree height, diameter, stem volume and stand volume. The results of study showed that among the clones were significantly different for all traits accessed. All of tested clones exceeded the control seedling of F-1 generation by 9-50% for height, 10-36% for diameter and 22-137%  for stem volume. Clone repeatability ranged from 0.7-0.9, with corresponding individual ramet repeatability ranged from 0.2-0.4. The outperformed of the best three selected clones in single tree-plot trial was consistent when planted in multiple tree-plot trial with stand volume productivity at given age reached 15 m3/ha.
VARIASI PERTUMBUHAN TINGGI PADA UJI KLON Eucalyptus pellita F. Muell. DI WONOGIRI, JAWA TENGAH Sunarti, Sri
Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan Vol 6, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan
Publisher : Center for Forest Biotechnology and Tree Improvement (CFBTI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (99.577 KB) | DOI: 10.20886/jpth.2012.6.1.57-63

Abstract

Nine clones of Eucalyptus pellita F. Muell propagated from selected plus trees in the first-generation seedling seed orchard were tested together with a control of seedling in a clonal test established at Wonogiri, Central Java. The design of clonal test was Randomized Complete Block, which was laid-out as single treeplot of 16 replications with spacing of 3 m x 2 m. Measurements of tree height were conducted at age 12 months. There were significant differences between the clones in height growth. All tested clones showed better tree height than the control of seedling with superiority ranging from 42% to165%. Almost all clones also showed better performance than their original population of the first-generation seedling seed orchard. Clone repeatability for height at age 12 months was 0.90, while individual repeatability for height was 0.38. The top three clones were clones 1 and 3  which propagated from selected plus trees in first generation seedling seed orchard and clone 2 which is selected tree in border of A. mangium seed orchard.
Physical Activity Improves Muscle Strength and Reduces Inflammatory Markers in Diabetic Elderly Patients Fitriyah, Lailatul; Sunarti, Sri
Jurnal Kedokteran Brawijaya Vol 28, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jkb.2014.028.02.18

Abstract

Regular exercise has an effect on muscle strength and inflammatory markers. The aim of this study is to determine the relation of regular exercise with muscle strength and inflammatory markers (IL-6, CRP) in diabetic elderly compared to non-diabetic ones. A case control study was conducted to 30 elderly by giving them regular exercise. Fifteen subjects were diabetic and the other fifteen were non-diabetic. The data were analyzed using Chi-Square, independent t-Test and Mann Whitney. The result shows handgrip 24,9(14,8-34,6)kg in diabetic vs. 25(6,8-42,1)kg in non-diabetic (p=0,673); 4 meters walk was 3,38(2,34-8,18)s in diabetic vs 3,26(2,06-4,36)s in non-diabetic (p=0,263); IL-6 level was 1,61(0,37-14,02)pg/mL in diabetic vs 1,47(0,52-10,17)pg/mL in non-diabetic (p=0,983); CRP level was 0,23(0,18-0,33)mg/dL in diabetic vs 0,22(0,11-1,01)mg/dL in non-diabetic (p=0,622). HbA1C was 7,35 (5,9-13)%. There is no significant difference in muscle strength and inflammatory markers on the diabetic and non-diabetic groups who exercise regularly. This study shows that regular exercise and well-controlled HbA1C give a good impact on muscle strength and inflammatory markers of the diabetic elderly patients.Keywords: CRP, diabetes, IL-6, elderly, exercise