Sumihardi Sumihardi
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Journal : Jurnal Manajemen Pelayanan Kesehatan

PEMAJANGAN SAFETY POSTER, PENYULUHAN DAN PELATIHAN PROSEDUR OPERASIONAL TETAP: KAJIAN PENGARUH TERHADAP SIKAP, TINDAKAN TENAGA KERJA DAN ANGKA KECELAKAAN KERJA Sumihardi, Sumihardi
Jurnal Manajemen Pelayanan Kesehatan Vol 14, No 03 (2011)
Publisher : Jurnal Manajemen Pelayanan Kesehatan

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Abstract

Background: Work accident in Indonesia was remaining highdue to less attention toward occupational health and safety.There was an elevation number of work accident from 95,418cases in 2005 to 95,624 cases in 2007 in Indonesia. In Padang,West Sumatera there was decreasing of accident case. However,the number of work accident in PT P & P Lembah Karetwas reported elevated from 9 cases in 2005 to 24 cases in2007. Therefore, there is a need to apply work safety control.Generally, there are two methods for controlling occupationalsafety, i.e. mechanical and human intervention, but mechanicaltreatment is expensive and need more expertise, whilehuman intervention is considerable. One of human interventionthat can be applied to control occupational safety is displayingposter and disseminat of SOP. The objectives of thisstudy is to assess the influence of displaying safety posterand disseminat of SOP through education and training towardattitude and practice of safety among labour, as well as on thenumber of work accident.Method: This study was carried at PT P & P Lembah KaretPadang. Design of this study was time series. This designwas chosen based on the advantage on multiple observationsbefore and after intervention. Participants of this study was115 worker and taken from stratified random sampling. Safetyposter and SOP delivered through education and training studyintervention were. Study instruments were attitude scale, accidentlog and check list of safety behavior. Data were analyzedwith repeated measures analysis of variance and pairedt test.Result: Result showed there was a different on attitude scale(t = 31,747, p< 0,001) before and after with gain score of30,73%. Indeed, the mean score of practice was also significantlydifferent before and after (F = 99865,228, p < 0,001). Ttest analysis showed that there was a different score ofpractice before intervention and after the fourth observation (t= 547,792, p < 0,001), and total number of occupational accidentsignificantly different before and after intervention (t =4,371, p < 0,05) with decreasing point of 78,57%.Conclusion: It can be concluded that safety poster and SOPdelivered through education and training increased attitude30,73% and practice 88,79%. Moreover, total number of occupationalaccident decreased of 78,57%. Based on this study,it is recommend that monitoring of occupational safety periodicallythrough safety poster accompany with education andtraining is needed, to increase attitude and practice of towardoccupational accident, so the number of work accident willdecrease into zero.Keywords: safety poster, SOP, attitude, practice, work accident