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Performance and Meat Cholesterol Content of Broiler Chickens Fed Pluchea indica L. Leaf Meal Reared under Stress Condition Sudarman, A; Sumiati, .; Solikhah, H
MEDIA PETERNAKAN - Journal of Animal Science and Technology Vol 34, No 1 (2011): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

This experiment was conducted to study the effects of dietary addition Pluchea indica L. leaf meal on performances and meat cholesterol content of broiler. One hundred sixty two DOC CP707 strain were reared for four weeks in high stocking density of 15 birds/m2. The birds were fed experimental diets consisted of R1 (commercial feed + Vitastress), R2 (commercial feed + 2% P. indica leaf meal), R3 (commercial feed + 4% P. indica leaf meal), R4 (commercial feed + 6% P. indica leaf meal), and R5 (commercial feed + 8% P. indica leaf meal). The data obtained were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and any significant differences were further tested using least significance difference (LSD) test. The treatment significantly increased (P < 0.05) final body weight, body weight gain, feed and water intake, and decreased (P < 0.05) feed conversion ratio.  It is concluded that P. indica leaf meal could be added into a diet at the level of 2%. P. indica leaf meal addition at the level of 2% into a diet is also able to decrease the cholesterol content of broiler meat up to 8%.            Key words: Pluchea indica, antistress, stocking density, broiler, cholesterol
Performa Ayam Broiler yang Diberi Ransum Mengandung Bungkil Biji Jarak Pagar (Jatropha curcas L.) Hasil Fermentasi Menggunakan Rhizopus oligosporus Sumiati, .; Farhanuddin, .; Hermana, W; Sudarman, A; Istichomah, N; Setiyono, A
MEDIA PETERNAKAN - Journal of Animal Science and Technology Vol 34, No 2 (2011): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Jatropha curcas meal (JCM) contains high crude protein (58%-60%), but it can not be used properly because of anti-nutritional contents known as curcin and phorbolesther. These components interferes protein metabolism and body protein synthesis. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of feeding fermented JCM using Rhizopus oligosporus on broilers performances. Ninety six of day old chicks  of Ross strain broiler (initial body weight 45.6±1.7 g) were used and reared for five weeks. The treatments were: R0 (diet without JCM), R1 (diet contained 3% fermented JCM), R2 (diet contained 6% fermented JCM) and R3 (diet contained 9% fermented JCM). A completely randomize design with 4 treatments and 4 replications was assigned in this experiment. The data were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA). The results indicated that feeding fermented JCM at the level of 3% to 9% in starter and grower-finisher broilers highly significant reduced (P
Performance of Broiler Chickens Offered Drinking Water Contained Water Extracted Beluntas (Pluchea indica L.) Leaf and Sugar Cane Sudarman, A; Sumiati, .; Kaniadewi, R
MEDIA PETERNAKAN - Journal of Animal Science and Technology Vol 35, No 2 (2012): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Our previous study showed that the addition of water extracted beluntas leaf into drinking water could be used as an anti-stress and improved performance of broiler chicken. However, the addition was only up to 10% of drinking water. The objective of this experiment was to study whether the addition of sugar and water extracted beluntas leaf in levels higher than 10% of drinking water can give greater benefit on performances and meat cholesterol content of broiler. Two hundred sixteen DOCs CP707 strain were reared for four weeks in high stocking density of 15 birds/m2. The birds were subjected to experimental drinking waters with or without water extracted beluntas leaf (v/v) and sugar which is consisted of T1 (only drinking water), T2 (drinking water + commercial antistress), T3 (drinking water + 10% extract of beluntas leaf ), T4 (drinking water + 20% extract of beluntas leaf), T5 (drinking water + 40% extract of beluntas leaf), T6 (drinking water + 80% extract of beluntas leaf), T7 (drinking water + 40% extract of beluntas leaf + 1.6% sugar), and T8 (drinking water 80% extract of beluntas leaf + 3.1% sugar). The results showed that water extracted beluntas leaf addition higher than 10% significantly reduced (P < 0.05) body weight gain, final body weight, and increased (P < 0.05) feed conversion ratio. It is concluded that the addition of water extracted beluntas leaf more than 10% into drinking water cannot give greater benefit on performances as an antistress of broiler. Sugar addition cannot help the disadvantage due to the bitter taste of higher level of water extracted beluntas leaf addition.           Key words: water extracted beluntas leaf, sugar cane, drinking water, antistress, broiler performances
Temperature Control System in Closed House for Broilers Based on ANFIS Alimuddin, .; Boro Seminar, Kudang; Made Subrata, I Dewa; Nomura, Nakao; Sumiati, .
TELKOMNIKA Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering Vol 10, No 1: March 2012
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

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Abstract

Indonesia is a tropical country with sufficiently high ambient temperatures on broiler reaches an average daily temperature of 360C (maximum) and 320 C (minimum) data adjusted BMG Bogor. Industry poultry broiler house seeks to maintain a temperature of about 28-300C. Optimal conditions in a closed houseshould be controlled to allow optimal growth of broilers. Therefore, the required control system that is able to maintain optimum environmental conditions inside the house closed. This study aims to design an ANFIS control system for controlling the temperature inside a broiler house (closed house) for broiler. Data is collected at three different periods of the starter period (5 days): 29.50C-30.900C, a period of 25 days is a grower-29.0C 34.20C, and the finisher of 30 days is obtained 33.20C.Data 290C-processed using the approach ANFIS modeling for simulation of temperature control on closed house for broiler. Set point control simulation using the same temperature 290C for starter period (5 days), grower (25 days) and finisher (30 days). The simulation results show the output in a closed house temperature fluctuates around set point the 290C-340C.
Temperature Control System in Closed House for Broilers Based on ANFIS Alimuddin, .; Boro Seminar, Kudang; Made Subrata, I Dewa; Nomura, Nakao; Sumiati, .
TELKOMNIKA Telecommunication, Computing, Electronics and Control Vol 10, No 1: March 2012
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

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Abstract

Indonesia is a tropical country with sufficiently high ambient temperatures on broiler reaches an average daily temperature of 360C (maximum) and 320 C (minimum) data adjusted BMG Bogor. Industry poultry broiler house seeks to maintain a temperature of about 28-300C. Optimal conditions in a closed houseshould be controlled to allow optimal growth of broilers. Therefore, the required control system that is able to maintain optimum environmental conditions inside the house closed. This study aims to design an ANFIS control system for controlling the temperature inside a broiler house (closed house) for broiler. Data is collected at three different periods of the starter period (5 days): 29.50C-30.900C, a period of 25 days is a grower-29.0C 34.20C, and the finisher of 30 days is obtained 33.20C.Data 290C-processed using the approach ANFIS modeling for simulation of temperature control on closed house for broiler. Set point control simulation using the same temperature 290C for starter period (5 days), grower (25 days) and finisher (30 days). The simulation results show the output in a closed house temperature fluctuates around set point the 290C-340C.
Egg Production and Quality of Magelang Duck Fed Diets Containing Different Ratio of Omega 3 : Omega 6 and Organic Zn Darmawan, A; Wiryawan, K G; Sumiati, .
MEDIA PETERNAKAN - Journal of Animal Science and Technology Vol 36, No 3 (2013): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

The aims of this study were to determine the feeding effect of diets containing different ratio of ω-3 and ω-6 fatty acids and organic Zn on egg production and quality of Magelang duck. A total of 90 ducks of 20 weeks old were randomly divided into 18 experimental units by assigning a completely randomized design with 6 treatments and 3 replications. There were 6 dietary treatments, namely 1) ration without palm oil, fish oil and organic Zn with the ratio of ω-3 : ω-6 was 1: 5 (R0), 2) ration with the ratio of ω-3 : ω-6 was 1: 1.5 + 200 ppm organic Zn (R1), 3) ration with  the ratio of ω-3 : ω-6 was 1: 3 + 200 ppm organic Zn (R2), 4) ration with  the ratio of ω-3 : ω-6 was 1: 4.5 + 200 ppm organic Zn (R3), 5) ration with  the ratio of ω-3 : ω-6 was 1: 6 + 200 ppm organic Zn (R4), 6) ration with  the ratio of ω-3 : ω-6 was 1 : 7.5 + 200 ppm organic Zn  (R5). Observation was carried out for 9 wk. The results showed that the ration containing the ratio of ω-3 : ω-6 = 1 : 3 and organic Zn (R2) produced significantly (P&lt;0.05) the highest egg production and the lowest egg production was resulted by the dietary treatment without oil and organic Zn. Ration containing the ratio of ω-3 : ω-6 = 1: 3 and organic Zn (R2) significantly (P&lt;0.05) decreased feed conversion ratio to the lowest value and it was significantly different as compared to R0 and R5. It can be concluded that feeding diet containing ω-3 and ω-6 with the ratio of 1:3 + 200 ppm organic Zn improves egg production without decreasing egg quality. Key words: egg production, Magelang duck, organic Zn, ω-3 and ω-6 fatty acids
Persentase berat karkas dan organ dalam ayam broiler yang diberi tepung daun talas (Colocasia Esculenta (L.) Schott) dalam ransumnya Sumiati, .; Hermana, W; Aliyani, A
Media Peternakan Vol 26, No 1 (2003): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Persentase berat karkas dan organ dalam ayam broiler yang diberi tepung daun talas (Colocasia Esculenta (L.) Schott) dalam ransumnya
Egg Production and Physical Quality in Cortunix cortunix japonica Fed Diet Containing Piperine as Phytogenic Feed Additive Hilmi, M.; Sumiati, .; Astuti, D. A.
Media Peternakan Vol 38, No 3 (2015): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the effect of piperine as a phytogenic feed additive on quail performances and egg quality. The experiment used a completely randomized design with five treatments and four replications and used ten quails with one week of age in each replication. The piperine was added to the diets at concentrations of 0 (T0), 15 (T1), 30 (T2), 45 (T3), and 60 mg/kg body weight (T4) for 8 consecutive weeks. The results showed that addition of 60? mg/kg body weight (T4) of piperine significantly (P<0.05) reduced feed consumption, egg production, egg mass, income over feed cost (IOFC), and increased water consumption as compared to the other treatments. The addition of 15-60 mg piperine/kg body weight significantly (P<0.05) reduced eggshell weight and increased egg yolk color score. The conclusion of this experiment was that the addition of piperine at 15-45 mg/kg body weight could be used as phytogenic feed additive to improve performance, IOFC, haugh unit, and yolk color.Key words: egg, feed additive, phytogenic, piperine, quail
Dampak penggunaan beluntas dalam upaya menurunkan kadar lemak daging terhadap produksi dan kadar lemak telur itik lokal Rukmiasih, .; Tjakradidjaja, A. S.; Sumiati, .; Huminto, H.
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 14, No 2 (2009): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

The beluntas (Piuchea indica L) leaf powder is one of the herbs species which contains antioxidants (flavonoid, vitamin C and beta-carotene), phytochemical and antinutrients. This study was designed to know the ability of the beluntas on the sensory of meat and duck egg without gave the negative effect on duck?performances. The results showed that off-flavor's skinned meat duck were not affected, while off-flavor's duck and salted duck eggs are significantly reduced by 0.5% and 1% of beluntas leaf meal in the feed ration. Fatty acids of yolk eggs and duck meat were higher by giving beluntas leaf meal on the ration than without giving one. This showed that antioxidant on beluntas leaf meal could prevent lipid oxidation. TBA value of duck meat was the lowest by giving 0.5% of beluntas on the ration. The productivity such as egg production and feed conversion were the best by giving 1 ?/o of beluntas leaf meal on the ration. Egg weight, quality of eggs; fat and cholesterol of yolk were not affected. A higher nutrient digestibilities (protein, energy, Ca and P) was obtained in duck eating 1.0% beluntas leaves (Psmall intestines. The numbers of ducks experiencing liver damage were the lowest in ducks consuming 1.0%?beluntas leaves than those eating 0.5% beluntas
Pemanfaatan bungkil biji jarak pagar (Jatropha curcas) terfermentasi sebagai pakan ayam kampung Sumiati, .; Astuti, Dewi Apri; Suharti, Sri
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 15, No 2 (2010): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Jatropha curcas"meal (JCM) is very potential as protein source for poultry. The JCM contained high crude protein, i.e. 56,4-63,8% (without hull) and 22,39-31,41% (hulled JCM). JCM serves as a highly nutritious and economic protein supplement in animal feed, if the toxins and antinutrients contained in the JCM are removed. The toxic compounds isolated from jatropha seed include curcin, phorbolesters, and the antinutrients include antitrypsins, tannin, saponin, phytic acid, and high fiber. The objective of this research was to evaluate the effect of feeding fermented JCM on the performances of kampong chickens. In this study, tempeh fungi (fungi using in fermenting soybean) used to ferment the JCM. Two hundred kampung chickens were used in this experiment and reared from day old up to 10 weeks of age. The data analyzed with a Completely Randomized Design with 5 treatment diets and 4 replications, with 10 birds in each replicate. The experimental diets were: TO (the control diet, without Jatropha curcas meal), T1 (the diet contained 5?/o untreated Jatropha curcas meal), T2 (the diet contained 5% fermented Jatropha curcas meal + cellulase 200 ml/ton of feed), T3 (the diet contained 5?/o fermented Jatropha curcas meal + 1000 FTU phytase), and T4 {the diet contained 5% fermented Jatropha curcas meal + cellulase 200 ml/ton + 1000 FTU phytase). The results showed that there were no significant difference on the parameters observed due to the treatments. Feeding fermented Jatropha curcas meal supplemented with cellulase+ phytase{T4) yielded the final body weight and feed conversion ratio similar to those the control {TO) diet. There was no mortality observed in all treatments. Using JCM 5% in the diet is safe for the kampong chickens.