Articles

Collectivity Dilemma of Coffee Farmers: Perspective from Weberian Sociology (Case of Nagori Sait Buttu Saribu, Pamatang Sidamanik District, Simalungun Regency, North Sumatera) ., Rokhani; Sumarti, Titik
Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan Vol 4, No 1 (2016): Sodality
Publisher : Departement of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22500/sodality.v4i1.14400

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ABSTRACTThe aims of this study was to analyze the process of the emergence of collectivity dilemma and efforts to overcome and to analyze the characteristics of farmer groups to facilitate collective action to face the export market. Collective actions with regard to the moral and cultural values are in contrast to rational actions based on individual choices. Collective action is interpreted as a voluntary action taken by the group to achieve a common goal. The discussion of the collective actions is closely related to social capital. Social capital is the factor which seriously becomes the cause and result of collective action. The linkage of the theory of collective action and social capital is the elements of social capital (trust, networks and institutions) which become the frame as well as requirements for collective action. This research is a life history study. Some studies showed that the dilemma arises when individual interests are more dominant than the interests of the group. Dilemma collectivity can be tamed by the trust between individuals in the farmer groups. Collective action in the form of the institution of farmers groups can support farmers to meet the strick requirements required by the export market. Characteristics of farmer groups which can be use to facilitate the collective actions are small number of members, the group is formed on neighborhood ties, head of the group is a farmer as well as a trader and there are some incentives to individuals that involved actively in the group.Keywords: collective action, moral, culture, social capital, export markets, dilemma collectivityABSTRAKTujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis proses munculnya dilemma kolektivitas dan upaya mengatasinya dalam kelembagaan kelompok tani serta menganalisis karakteristik kelompok tani untuk menfasilitasi tindakan kolektif dalam menghadapi pasar ekspor. Tindakan kolektif berkenaan dengan moral dan budaya, berbeda dengan tindakan rasional yang didasari oleh pilihan-pilihan individu. Tindakan kolektif dimaknai sebagai tindakan sukarela yang diambil oleh kelompok untuk mencapai tujuan bersama. Pembahasan mengenai tindakan kolektif erat kaitannya dengan modal sosial. Modal sosial menjadi faktor yang menjadi penyebab dan hasil tindakan kolektif. Keterkaitan teori tindakan kolektif dan modal sosial adalah unsur-unsurmodal sosial (kepercayaan, jaringan dan institusi) yang menjadi kerangka sekaligus syarat bagi tindakan kolektif. Penelitian ini merupakan studi riwayat hidup.Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa dilemma kolektivitas petani muncul apabila kepentingan individu lebih dominan dibandingkan kepentingan kelompok. Dilema kolektivitas petani dapat ?dijinakkan? dengan kepercayaaan antar individu yang tergabung dalam kelompok tani. Tindakan kolektif dalam bentuk kelembagaan kelompok tani dapat membantu petani untuk memenuhi persyaratan ketat yang diajukan oleh pasar ekspor. Karakteristik kelompok tani yang dapat menfasilitasi tindakan kolektif adalah: jumlah anggota kecil , kelompok dibentuk atas iktan ketetanggaan, ketua kelompo ksekaligus menjadi pedagang dan ada pemberian insentif pada individu yang tergabung dalam kelompok.Kata kunci: Tindakan kolektif, moral, budaya, modal sosial, pasar ekspor, dilemma kolektivitas
ANALISIS GENDER TERHADAP TINGKAT KEBERHASILAN PELAKSANAAN CSR BIDANG PEMBERDAYAAN EKONOMI LOKAL PT HOLCIM INDONESIA Tbk Luciani Prastiwi, Debbie; Sumarti, Titik
Jurnal Sodality Vol 6, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Departemen SKPM FEMA IPB

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Baitul Maal wa Tamwil (BMT) Swadaya Pribumi is Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) of local economic empowerment by PT Holcim Indonesia Tbk. Gender analysis is used as an analysis tools to see the success rate of BMT Swadaya Pribumi from a gender perspective by understanding the roles (division of labour) in the household, access, control to get resources (credit, training, and mentoring efforts), and the benefits for participants. Quantitatively, BMT is successful and it has considerd gender practical and strategic gender needs are different between the participants of women and men
IMPLEMENTASI MANAJEMEN KOLABORATIF DALAM PENGELOLAAN EKOWISATA BERBASIS w, Wulandari; Sumarti, Titik
Jurnal Sodality Vol 5, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Departemen SKPM FEMA IPB

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This study aimed to learn about the implementation of collaborative management in the implementation of community-based ecotourism in the village of Citalahab- Cikaniki,   Halimun   Salak   Mountain   National   Park.   By   using   the   principles   of collaboration it will be seen how far the process of collaboration that have been implemented. They will also be reviewed regarding the benefits of implementing these community-based ecotourism. This study uses a qualitative approach, specially uses primary and secondary data. The primary data obtained from interviews and field observation, while the secondary data obtained from various sources such as reference books, and reports of research (thesis or a thesis) about community-based ecotourism management   and   collaboration.   The   study   shows   that   the   implementation   of collaboration in community-based ecotourism program in Kampong Citalahab has run on the third phase of implementing the agreement. However, collaboration was limited to the implementation of activities only and not been held to review the deal. If the analysis by using the seven principles of collaboration put forward by Borrini-Feyerabend, et al (2000), the execution of this collaboration can be said to have fulfilled the principle of first to fifth. Benefits of collaborative management of community-based ecotourism in the Kampong Citalahab include economic benefits, social and ecological benefits
Sosiologi Kepentingan (Interest) dalam Tindakan Ekonomi Sumarti, Titik
Jurnal Sodality Vol 1, No 2 (2007)
Publisher : Departemen SKPM FEMA IPB

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Sosiologi ekonomi adalah wilayah kajian baru dalam sosiologi yang berusaha mendekatkan ilmu ekonomi dan sosiologi. Sebagai bidang studi baru dalam sosiologi, disiplin ini berupaya untuk terus mengembangkan telaah-telaah baru. Salah satu isyu penting yang menjadi perhatian pemerhati sosiologi ekonomi adalah interest (kepentingan), yang dianggap sebagai konsep penting penggerak tindakan atau perilaku seseorang actor dalam tradisi sosiologi weberian. Tulisan ini mencoba mengkaji isyu/konsep kepentingan serta implikasi sosiologisnya dalam perilaku ekonomi kontemporer.Katakunci: Kepentingan (interest), sosiologi ekonomi, tindakan ekonomi, weberian
Kemiskinan Petani dan Strategi Nafkah Ganda Rumahtangga Pedesaan Sumarti, Titik
Jurnal Sodality Vol 1, No 2 (2007)
Publisher : Departemen SKPM FEMA IPB

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Tinjauan atas fenomena kemiskinan di sektor perkebunan memasuki dimensi baru, sejak adanya krisis ekonomi yang ikut sedikit banyak mempengaruhi sektor ini. Wilayah kajian baru tersebut adalah pola penyesuaian nafkah petani perkebunan skala kecil (plasma) dalam menyiasati krisis ekonomi. Dengan mengkaji dua kasus di Provinsi Riau, diperoleh gambaran strategi adaptasi nafkah yang menarik. Sudi ini menyimpulkan bahwa strategi nafkah ganda menjadi perilaku atau tindakan ekonomi yang menonjol digunakan oleh petani perkebunan miskin di kedua daerah penelitian. Strategi adaptasi nafkah yang diimplementasikan biasanya tetap disesuaikan pada konteks sosio-budaya lokal.
Dimensi Kepentingan dalam Pengembangan Kelembagaan Ketahanan Pangan Lokal : Studi Kasus Program Aksi Mandiri Pangan di Desa Jambakan, Kecamatan Bayat, Kabupaten Klaten, Propinsi Jawa Tengah Masithoh, Siti; Sumarti, Titik; Pranadji, Tri
Jurnal Sodality Vol 3, No 2 (2009)
Publisher : Departemen SKPM FEMA IPB

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The issues of food security and poverty are basically two important points that have a strong relation to rural community development. A study was conducted to understand more on the depth of the relation between food security and local initiatives development. The aim of this research is to figure out how small peasant households build their institutions as they react to fulfill food security needs. The study is also to understand what type of intervention programs have been developed by the government and community, especially those concentrating in rural food-security. The study also seeks to find the answer of how deep had the peasants’ interest and initiatives been considered to be important part of food-security development program. Las but not least it was devoted to identify the current state of food-security situation of peasant’s household in rural areas. The research was carried out in Jambakan Village, Bayat Sub-district of Central Java Province. The method used in this study was community study (through survey and qualitative approaches and case study). The results of the study are: the implementation of food self reliant village program run by the government was not quite successful to accomplish due to governance problematic at local level. Some key factors explaining the relationship between the successfulness of the program and food security’s achievements are technical assistance, community organizers, trust, and leadership
Bentuk-Bentuk Perubahan Pertukaran dalam Perkawinan Bajapuik M, Maihasni; Sumarti, Titik; Sri Wahyuni, Ekawati
Jurnal Sodality Vol 4, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Departemen SKPM FEMA IPB

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The objective of this paper to identified and analysis of types that use in bajapuik marriage as a basic of exchange and factors that its influence. The reseach is a qualitative aproach with using multi method approaches in order to explain the phenomena proposed.The result of the study showed that types exchange in bajapuik marriage involved; 1) uang jemputan; 2) uang hilang; 3) uang selo; 4) uang tungkatan. All of types that are exchenged in bajapuik marriage in this moment. In general, the types emerge are caused effect economy and spesific education and inhabitant mobility. 
Konstruksi Sosial Kuasa Pengetahuan Zakat : Studi Kasus Lembaga Amil Zakat di Propinsi Jambi dan Sumatera Barat Malik, Abdul; Hadi Dharmawan, Arya; Sumarti, Titik
Jurnal Sodality Vol 4, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Departemen SKPM FEMA IPB

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The governances of zakat is important to be studied, especially about the dynamics of knowledge, rationality, and interest in zakat governance. This study focused on the battle of knowledge, rationality and conflicts of interest in zakat governance. The approach in this study is a qualitative approach with a methodology constructivism paradigm. The data obtained by phenomenology method with depth interview techniques and documentation. Data were analyzed using structural conflict perspective with Foucaultian style, especially the theory of power and knowledge. The results showed that: there are three spheres of knowledge, that competing to get authorities in the governance of zakat (religious knowledge, modern knowledge and local knowledge). The discourse of the governance of zakat in the LAZ of community was dominated by the religious knowledge and local knowledge, while at the Bazda and LAZ of Semen Padang, discourse is dominated by modern knowledge. Second, the rationality of LAZ of community is asceticism and altruism with the interests of individual piety and social piety, but the rationality of Bazda is developmentalism to achieve integration and uniformity, while the rationality of LAZ Semen Padang is maximize Utility, with profit interests and investment security. Finally, the phenomenon of zakat governances was showed as moral laundering efforts
Analisis Gender dalam Program Desa Mandiri Pangan (Studi Kasus: Desa Jambakan, Kecamatan Bayat, Klaten-Jawa Tengah) Nurul Qoriah, Siti; Sumarti, Titik
Jurnal Sodality Vol 2, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : Departemen SKPM FEMA IPB

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Kebijakan di bidang ketahanan pangan dan gizi merupakan bagian integral dari kebijakan pembangunan nasional. Oleh karena itu strategi dalam membangun sistem ketahanan pangan tidak hanya berorientasi pada peningkatan produktivitas saja, tetapi juga pada peningkatan Sumber Daya Manusia (SDM) melalui pemberdayaan masyarakat sehingga masyarakat memiliki kemampuan untuk memenuhi kebutuhan mereka secara mandiri dan berkelanjutan. Langkah pemerintah untuk mewujudkan ketahanan pangan adalah dengan melaksanakan Program Desa Mandiri Pangan mulai tahun 2006 di daerah yang dinyatakan daerah rawan pangan. Dalam implementasinya, setiap kebijakan yang dilakukan setiap instansi seyogyanya harus memperhatikan hubungan antara laki-laki dan perempuan, yang sesuai dengan INPRES No. 9 Tahun 2000 tentang Pengarusutamaan Gender. Kajian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui sejauhmana Program Desa Mandiri Pangan telah responsif gender. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa pelaksanaan Program Desa Mandiri Pangan cenderung belum responsif gender. Hal ini karena masih terjadi ketimpangan gender baik di tingkat rumah tangga maupun dalam kelompok afinitas. Bentuk ketidakadilan gender yang terjadi adalah beban kerja, stereotipe dan subordinasi pada perempuan. Ketimpangan gender tersebut terjadi akibat hegemoni patriarki. Faktor elit desa juga bepengaruh terhadap pelaksanaan program.
KONTESTASI DISKURSUS KETAHANAN PANGAN DAN PEMBENTUKAN KUASA PENGETAHUAN PEREMPUAN PADA KELUARGA PETANI SAWAH DI SUMATERA SELATAN -, Yunindyawati; Sumarti, Titik; Adiwibowo, Soeryo; Vitayala S. Hubbeis, Aida; -, Hardinsyah
Jurnal Komunitas: Research and Learning in Sociology and Anthropology Vol 6, No 1 (2014): Lokalitas, Relasi Kuasa dan Transformasi Sosial
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v6i1.2952

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Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji diskursus ketahanan pangan antaraktor dan pembentukan kuasa pengetahuan perempuan pada keluarga petani sawah lebak di Kecamatan Pemulutan Selatan kabupaten Ogan Ilir Sumatera Selatan. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode kualitatif dengan menggunakan paradigma konstruktivistik. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa terdapat tiga  aktor utama dalam diskursus ketahanan pangan yakni pemerintah, komunitas dan pelaku usaha. Masing-masing aktor berupaya mempraktikkan diskursusnya pada keluarga petani. Pada saat mempraktikkan diskursus terjadi interaksi diskursus antaraktor yang bersifat sinergis. Namun diskursus yang paling dominan dipraktikkan oleh keluarga adalah diskursus komunitas, sementara diskursus pemerintah sebagai pelengkap dan diskursus pelaku usaha sebagai pendorong. Pembentukan kuasa pengetahuan perempuan oleh para aktor bersifat elastis dan terdapat perbedaan akses dalam pembentukan kuasa pengetahuan perempuan berdasarkan perbedaan kelas sosial. This study was to examine food security discourse between actors in the farmers family and the formation of the power of women’s knowledge. The method used was a qualitative method using constructivism paradigm. Research findings indicate that there were three main actors in the discourse of food security namely the government, community and business. Each attempt to practice their discourse on family farmers. It turns out that in practice this discourse, there were interaction between actors in synergy. But the most dominant discourse was discourse of community that practiced by the family while the government discourse as a supplement and entrepreneurs discourse as a spur. Formation of the power of women’s knowledge by actors were flexibles/elastics and there were differences acces of formation in power of women’s knowledge between women in different social classes