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All Journal BERKALA FISIKA
Sumariyah Sumariyah
Lab. Instrumentasi & Elektronika, Jurusan Fisika UNDIP

Published : 12 Documents
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RANCANG BANGUN PENGENDALI MOTOR STEPPER UNTUK DETEKSI JUMLAH OBYEK PUTAR DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN KOMPUTER

BERKALA FISIKA Vol 14, No 1 (2011): Berkala Fisika
Publisher : BERKALA FISIKA

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Abstract

It has been designed a mechanical equipment what could moving rotate each 45° and moving up and down betake to sensor hole, that be drive by two stepper motors. The operation of both stepper motors use Turbo Pascal language programming 5.5 version. The mechanical equipment could be operated in a automatically that is for moved the object rotate each 45° then the object betake down aim sensor hole and execute detection the object so after detected then the object move ascend aim first position. Result of using this mechanical equipment was have appearing result from detection object be automatically that is amounting to eight objects.   Keyword : PC, stepper motors, object rotate.

PENENTUAN STRUKTUR KRISTAL AlMg2 ALLOY DENGAN DIFRAKSI NEUTRON

BERKALA FISIKA Vol 14, No 2 (2011): Berkala Fisika
Publisher : BERKALA FISIKA

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Abstract

The determination of crystallography structure of AlMg2 alloy has been done by neutron diffraction. In fabrication process, it was addressed by rolling phases. The first by hot rolling with thickness follows: 8.35 mm; 7.00 mm; 5.6 mm; 2.60 mm; 1.65 mm ± 0.05 at  425 0C temperature extended by cold rolling: 1.65 mm to 1.30 mm ± 0,07 thickness at normal temperature. Counting of the data was started by activate of detector from 110 to 400 angle with 0.075 overstep and preset monitor count of 60,000 at 26 MW. Processing of the data using of microcomputer 16 bit NEC PC-9801 VM2. The results show that the AlMg2 alloy structure are FCC system with lattice parameter (a) = 4.0817 A0.   Keywords: AlMg2 alloy, neutron diffraction, and FCC

Ozone Generator by Using Dielectric Barrier Discharge Plasma Technology With Spiral-Cylinder Configuration: Comparison Between Oxygen and Air As Sources

BERKALA FISIKA Vol 12, No 2 (2009): Berkala Fisika
Publisher : BERKALA FISIKA

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Abstract

The ozone generator with Dielectric Barrier Discharge Plasma Technology (DBDPT) with Spiral-cylinder configuration has been developed. DBDP Reactor was constructed with spiral wire and cylinder. Plasma condition has been generated by using AC high voltage Ozone has been produced by this technology with oxygen and dry air as sources for ozone generating. In this research we found that the concentration of ozone produced increases with increasing voltage with a time constant. This concentration also increases with increasing time in certain applied voltage. Ozone concentration was higher than the concentration of dissolved ozone in water. Dissolved ozone in water was only 10 % of ozone produced and only 7 % for dry air as source. Oxygen as source of ozone was better than dry air; both for ozone produced and dissolved ozone in water.   Keyword : Ozone, Spiral-cylinder, DBDP, Oxygen, Dry air

Rancang Bangun Detektor Gerak Menggunakan Infra Merah Dengan Memanfaatkan Layanan Sms Pada Telepon Seluler Berbasis Mikrokontroler AT89S52

BERKALA FISIKA Vol 12, No 1 (2009): Berkala Fisika
Publisher : BERKALA FISIKA

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Abstract

A infrared movement detector using Short Message Service based on AT89S52 microcontroller has been designed and realized. The detector can be used for monitoring any passing object in the room. This research can be used to detect up to four object in the different room. The detector was consisted one control station and one receiver station. The control station used four couple of infrared transmitter and receiver. The receiver station of mobile station was used to receive message from control station. This detector was consisted of hardware and software. The hardware was designed with infrared transmitter, an 38 kHz infrared sensor, an op-amp comparator  used to compare infrared sensor output voltage. The Transmitter emitted infrared ray and received by  sensor. Any moving object passed between them producing the output voltage of infrared receiver  change and  proceed to comparator resulting high output. This high output signal used as trigger event to running sending message procedure. And the designed software for microcontroler was written in C language. The research showed the passed object passed infrared transmitter can be detected is received and the SMS by mobile station is matched  as the location of passing object through the infrared sensor.   Keywords: Short Message Service, Microcontroller, Infrared

Variasi Nilai Eksposi Aturan 15 Persen pada Radiografi Menggunakan Imaging Plate untuk Mendapatkan Kontras Tertinggi

BERKALA FISIKA Vol 11, No 2 (2008): Berkala Fisika
Publisher : BERKALA FISIKA

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Abstract

The study about implementation of 15 % rule for getting the highest contrast of radiograph from Computed Radiography has been done.Computed Radiography that has been used in this research was Diagnost 65 Equipment with Step wedge as object, Imaging Plate as the storage system of digital data that will be treated to become image. Diagnost 65 Computed Radiography was operated with exposure factors such as;  50 kV/80 mAs, 60 kV/40mAs, 80 kV/10 mAs, 100 kV/2.5 mAs and 110 kV/1.25 mAs with plus and minus variation of  15 % voltage. Print out Radiograph by using Laser Printer was measured its densities by using densitometer. Value of densities and contras of exposure standard were compared with value of densities and contras of exposure with plus and minus variation of 15 % rule. By using contras obtained, the highest contrast was identified.The Results research show trend of densities value; its increase thick step wedge hence the density is smaller and increase thin step wedge hence the ever greater density. Highest radiograph contrast value got at various value exposure with voltage drop of tube 15% with twice of the current was multiplied the time. From this research yielded spread implementation of 15 % rule for computed radiography at various the exposure factors 60 kV-110kV. Keywords: 15%-rule, radiograph contrast

Rancang Bangun Prototipe Alat Pres Tahu Otomatis Berbasis Mikrokontroler

BERKALA FISIKA Vol 10, No 4 (2007): Berkala Fisika
Publisher : BERKALA FISIKA

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Abstract

An automatic tahu pressing device prototype that controlled by AT89C51 has been made. The tahu pressing is completed by  the cast with 15 cm length, 10 cm width  and  2,5 cm high. A microcontroller controlled stepper motors move used to make the desiserd shifting of the pressing thickness. One was used to move a conveyor deliver the tahu to be pressed and another to press the tahu itself. The pressing was done by setting the DL value to yield strain. Stepper motors’ step angle was reduced using a gear combination which results in a 0,270 per step. Each stepper motor yields  0,005 mm shifting of the rotating mechanics The prototype of an automatic tahu pressing device that controlled by microcontroller AT89C has done properly, that is automatically pressing tahu according desired  thickness.

Rancang Bangun Sistem Pengukur Konsentrasi Larutan Tembaga Sulfat (CuSO4) Menggunakan Komputer

BERKALA FISIKA Vol 10, No 3 (2007): Berkala Fisika
Publisher : BERKALA FISIKA

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Abstract

A system  of    Sulphate Copper (CuSO4) liquid consentration measurement by using compute has been made. The display of it through monitor in the computer with the limitation of measurement  0.1 M to 1M. The main components of the measure system of   Sulphate Copper (CuSO4) liquid consentration are : tungsten filamen light which include in the sample and photodioda light sensor also IC 741 as a Operational Amplyfier to strengthen the tension of sensor output. As the chage of the output analog signal power tobe digital signal ADC 0809 is used. And also as an interfce which is the pheripheral instrument of communication equipment with computer is used PPI 8255. The software on  this measure system uses Turbo Pascal version 7.0. This system had been realized and can measure the Sulphate Copper (CuSO4) liquid consentration wich the linier regresion equal is , with X hole is the sample consentration (M) and Y hole is the measure result of the concentration (M) and the deviation is 0.0326.

Review Probabilitas Menemukan Elektron dengan Fungsi Gelombang Simetri dan Antisimetri pada Molekul

BERKALA FISIKA Vol 10, No 1 (2007): Berkala Fisika
Publisher : BERKALA FISIKA

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Abstract

The probability density of  and  for the symmetry and asymmetry wave function respectively, for  ion has been simulated. The  and  wave function have been obtained through the solutions of one dimensional time-independent Schrödinger equation.  The  and  are formed then by linear combination of individual solution of wave function of hydrogen atom. The probability density is calculated and simulated for several values of inter nuclear distance in Bohr radius, using Matlab 6.5. The interpretation of  shows that the probability in finding the electron in the space between inter nuclear distance of 0,2 is very small for asymmetry and very large for symmetry wave function. If the inter nuclear distance is made larger in several , the probability becomes smaller. The probability density is just equal to individual in finding electron in a hydrogen atom. Key words: The probability density, symmetry and asymmetry wave function, the  ion.

Rancang Bangun Alat Pengukur Densitas Optik Radiograf Sinar-X Digital

BERKALA FISIKA Vol 9, No 4 (2006): Berkala Fisika
Publisher : BERKALA FISIKA

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Abstract

A digitized X-ray radiograph’s optical density measurer has been designed.  It’s scale work is between  0.00 to  4.42. The main part of  this instrument is an optocopler sensor which will convert the light passing by  to an analog current. An optocopler circuit is a combination of LED as a light source, and a photoresistor as a light sensor. The sensor circuit is combined with a voltage devider circuit so that the voltage caused by the light and the output is work reversely. Besides, it combined with an instrumentation amplifier which amplifies the output voltage of the whole sensor. A decoder then added to the circuit to translate the BCD code to a seven segment display. The related segment, then, turned on according to the magnitude of the output voltage. The last part is a seven segment displayer which displays the measure’s result. According to a testing oxamination, the instrument is able to produce a measurement result till a resolution of 0.01.

Pereduksian COX, NOX, SOX, HC dari Kendaraan Bermotor dengan Menggunakan Plasma Non-Termik

BERKALA FISIKA Vol 9, No 4 (2006): Berkala Fisika
Publisher : BERKALA FISIKA

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Abstract

Reduction NOX gas from motor vehicle 1486 cc emission have been done by using corona glow discharge plasma which awakened with power source from modified system ignition of car.NOX Gas is result emission of motor vehicle 1486 cc at 2000 rpm. Flow NOX source are joined with reactor. Corona glow discharge plasma awakened in the reactor with knife to plane electrode geometry configuration with power source from modified system ignition of car. Corona that happened in reactor which containing of motor vehicle gas emission 1496 cc will yield ion, electron, and energetic radical. NOX will turn into compounds which do not dangerous and it’s indicate that pollutants in reactor was reduced.  To get the decomposition efficiency of NOX it’s require to be done the measurement of concentration of NOX before and after reduced. The biggest decomposition efficiency of NOX which obtained in this research is 81.38 % at distributor rotation equal to 1500 rpm with current equal to 80µA. Anion and cation analysis show there are cation NH4+ and anion CO32-, SO32-, and SO42-, that giving hypothesize that one of compiler compound of crust result of system prototype to reduce NOX are ammonium carbonate ((NH4)2CO3), ammonium sulfide ((NH4)2SO3), and ammonium sulphate ((NH4)2SO4).