Articles

COMMUNITY EMPOWERMENT THROUGH GROUP APPROACH: Case Study of Poor Communities Through KUBE Approach Tampubolon, Joyakin; Sugihen, Basita Ginting; Samet, Margono; Susanto, Djoko; Sumardjo, Sumardjo
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol 2, No 2 (2006): Jurnal Penyuluhan
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Abstract

Department of Social affairs implemented several empowerment programs to eradicate poverty. KUBE was one of these poverty eradication programs. KUBE was infended to over-come the group weaknesses through mutual and cooperative efforts. In this relation there were some factors affecting the KUBE dynamic i.e., member characteristics, empowerment patterns, and the KUBE social environment. To optimize the KUBE empowerment, the KUBE productive business activities were classified into three categories, namely daily income, monthly income and annual income earning activities.
The Strategic of Social Inovation to Development Fisherman Resources Hamzens, Wildani Pingkan S.; Sumardjo, Sumardjo
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol 3, No 1 (2007): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : IPB

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Abstract

From generation to generation fisherman has been making a live for himself and family mainly by extracting coastal and marine resources. There are a number of program development designed to promote fisherman quality of life. However, there is still little progress in fisherman living quality. As the consequences, their ability to suffice their own and family needs also low. The objectives of this research are.- (1) to explain and analyze, condition of fisherman resources quality based on competence, ability to fulfill consumers need, income, and ability to suffice their own and their family need; and (2) to formulized effective fisherman resource quality enhancement strategy. Research has shown that: (1) low qualiy of fisherman resource, reflected on: low competence, low ability to fulfill needs, low income, low ability to suffice their own and their family needs for living; (2) Fisherman resource quality enhancement strategy divided on: (a) internal strategy, by applying social inovation through continuous non formal education (extension,) and (b) external strategy by increasing environment supports for fisherman effort according to their need.
Faktor-Faktor Penentu Tingkat Kemampuan Petani Dalam Mengelola Lahan Marjinal Kasus di Desa Karangmaja, Kecamatan Karanggayam, Kabupaten Kebumen, Jawa Tengah) Kustiari, Tanti; Susanto, Djoko; Sumardjo, Sumardjo; Pulungan, Ismail
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol 2, No 1 (2006): Jurnal Penyuluhan
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Abstract

The objectives of the study are: (1) To explore the capability of the farmers to carry out land-use of marginal or dry land; (2) To analyse factors which relate to farmers’ capability in managing marginal land. The study was carried out in Karangmaja village, sub District of Karanggayam, the District of Kebumen Central Java. As many 100 farmers were selected by proportion random sampling as respondents. Data were analyzed using Rank Spearman non parametric method. Important results show that the capability of the farmers to manage marginal land is categorized as sedentary. Internal factors such as: motivation and participation of the farmers to joint farmers’ group, interaction which information sources and dependency on land have significant correlation to the capability of the farmers to manage marginal land.
EMPOWERMENT OF THE STRUCTURAL GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS (SGO) ON THEIR COMPETENCE: Case Studi of the SGO in the Provinces dan Jakarta and Yogyakarta Sutrisno, Djoko; Sumardjo, Sumardjo; Asngari, Pang S; Padmowihardjo, Soedijanto; Tjitropranoto, Prabowo
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol 2, No 2 (2006): Jurnal Penyuluhan
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Abstract

The civil service management had to change its paradigm in appointing the structural goverment officials (SGO)’s so far the work achievement of goverment structural officials was still low. In conjunction with this, the objectives of this research were: (1) To evaluate the level of empowerment, internal organization characteristics, motivation and competency of SGO; (2) To determine the factors that influence the empowerment, competence and motivation of SGO; and (3) To formulate the model for increasing the structural geverment officials (SGO) competency. This research was accomphlished in DKI Jakarta and DI Yogyakarta. This research was a census, 163 government structural officials were interviewed. The research results pointed out that: (1) The levels of empowerment, attitudes, motivation and competency of every officials interviewed were good. Additionally, their nonformal education and organization technology was also good. (2) The non formal education, attitudes and mastering of organization technology were related to the SGO empowerment; (3) The empowerment and the motivation of SGO were significantly related to their competencies; (4) The SGO empowerment was related to the SGO motivation. Based upon these fundings, it could be concluced that all factors investigated were related to the empowerment, and on the other hand the empowerment was related to the SGO motivation and competency.
Agil Functions and The Power of Family in Urban City and Rural Areas: Case of Family in Duren Sawit and Jasinga Districts Sinaga, Astriana Baiti; Sumardjo, Sumardjo
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol 3, No 1 (2007): Jurnal Penyuluhan
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Abstract

Family has importanifimclions.for human development, and all functions must work properly. The effectiveness of functions determine family’s empowerment quality. In fact, some families failed to implement some of the functions, due to the influence of some factors. This research studied factors affected familys functions and empowerment, and develop model,for family empowerment. Data was collected in period of August-December 2006, involving Duren Saivil, of East Jakarta and Jasinga, of Bogor Regency. The four functions of family: adaptation, goal attainment, integration, and latency (AGIL) influence the family empowerment, and have a significant correlation between each other. The results of research indicate that each function is influenced differently in different area. The level implementation of adaptation, goal attainment, and latency function are low, but the integration function is in the middle level calegory in Duren Sawit and Jasinga. The familys empowerment is in middle level category in Duren Sawit and Jasinga.
Empowerment of Personnels of Government Structural Officials (PSOG) To Improve Their Productivity: A Case of Civil Service Management in DKI Jakarta and DI Yogyakarta Provinces Sutrisno, Djoko; Sumardjo, Sumardjo; Asngari, Pang S; Padmowihardjo, Soedijanto; Tjitropranoto, Prabowo
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol 2, No 1 (2006): Jurnal Penyuluhan
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Abstract

The civil service management was changed of paradigm to some extent, that is appointment of the personnel of government structural officials (PSOG) is carried out based on profesionalisme principle. Although in implementation, work achievement of the personnel of goverment structural officials (PSOG) indicate is still unsatisfying. This research objectives are: (1) to evaluate the level of empowerment, internal characteristics of organization, motivation, and competency of PSOG; (2) to decide the determinant factors that influence the empowerment, competence, and motivation of PSOG; (3) to formulate the model to increase competency of the personnel of government structural officials (PSOG). Location of the research are in DKI Jakarta and DI Yogyakartaof which 14 government offices were selected as study sites From the analysis of data obtained the scores as follow: (1) Level of empowerment, attitudes, motivation, and competency with category good. Level of non formal education (seminar, discussion and workshop) and organization technology with category good. Level of works experience with category not good; (2) The factors of non formal education (seminar, discussion and workshop), attitudes and organization technology is significantly influence the empowerment of PSOG; (3) The factors of empowerment and motivation of PSOG significantly influence competency; (4) The factor of empowerment of PSOG is significantly influence the motivation of PSOG.
A MODEL OF FARMERS GROUP SURVIVAL IN VARIOUS REGION WITH VARIOUS COMMODITIES IN JAVA Uchrowi, Zaim; Jahi, Amri; Sanim, Bunasor; Sumardjo, Sumardjo
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol 2, No 2 (2006): Jurnal Penyuluhan
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Abstract

The Green Revolutions failure caused many farmer groups to cease their activities, even though they had to fulfill many needs. This situation created a need to develop a model for group survival. With those afore mentioned background, this research was conducted. Data was collected in September and October 2005 involving rice, soybean, corn and vegetables farmer groups in the east, central and west Java. The research findings pointed out that there was a relationship between the group survival and their adaptation, goal attainment, integration and latency functions. The group survival rates were higher in central and east Java than in west Java. Additionally, the vegetable and rice farmer group survival rates were higher than the soybean and corn farmer groups. The adaptation, the goal attainment and the integration functions were more strategic for farmer groups in the west and east Java and also for vegetable farmer groups such as soybean and corn group wereas the strategic function were adaptation and integration.
Factors Related To The Adolescence’s Life Skills (Case of Sandal Producers at Cikaret Village, South Bogor Sub-District Ramdhani, Miskat; Sumardjo, Sumardjo
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol 2, No 2 (2006): Jurnal Penyuluhan
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Abstract

The objectives of this research were: (1) to study the relationship between learning process, adolescence characteristics, family roles, and environment, (2) to study the relationship between the youths’ life skill level and their learning process. The research took place at Cikaret Village, South Bogor Sub-District. Sixty 60 respondents were involved. Data was gathered on September-November 2005, by interview and observation. Quantitative data were analyzed by Spearman-Rank correlation procedure. In this research, the youth’s life skills were correlated to their characteristic, to their family role, to their environment and learning process. Some important results of this research are: ( 1) the life skills were correlated with the learning process within the conditions of learning and the experimental learning, ( 2) the learning process of the adolescence were related to the family role, the environment role and the adolescence’s characteristics, and ( 3) improvement of the quality of the adolescence’s life skills were needed together with effort to increase their quality of life, including their family, environment and learning process.
The Influence of the internal and external factors of the Agricultural Extension Agents to their competencies in East Nusa Tenggara Province Marius, Jelamu Ardu; Sumardjo, Sumardjo; Slamet, Margono; Asngari, Pang S.
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol 3, No 2 (2007): Jurnal Penyuluhan
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Abstract

The objectives of this research were to portray the influence of internal and external factors to the competencies of the agricultural extension agents. The individual characrterization of the agricultural extension agents were the internal factors which assumed to influence in creating the competencies, and those other i.e the non formal education (diklat), the milieu, and the extension organization structure were the external factors. The respondents were selected by the random and purposive sampling method in the three regency as research area. Data analysis was done by using descriptive and Linear Structural Relationship (LISREL) program 8.72 by Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) models. The results of the research showed that the internal factors were influenced positively and significantly to the competencies of the agricultural extension agents both before and after the autonomy, but those other were not.
Determinant Factors to Increase Agri-Extensionworker Performance to Empower Farmer (a Case Study in District of Kampar, Riau Province) Marliati, Marliati; Sumardjo, Sumardjo; Asngari, Pang S.; Tjitropranoto, Prabowo; Saefuddin, Asep
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol 4, No 2 (2008): Jurnal Penyuluhan
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Abstract

The agriculture extension program can be developed effectively and efficiently by professional personal in agriculture extension field. The existing main problem is low quality and quantity of agri-extension workers (include in Kampar district, Riau province). Therefore, the goals of this research are: (1) To analyze: farmer characteristics; social system characteistics; agri-extension worker competencies; agri-extension worker performance to empower farmer and level of fulfill need for farmer’s capacity development in agribusiness; (2) To analyze determinant factors which influenze agri-extension worker performance to empowering farmer and (3) To formulate strategy to increase agri-extension worker performance to empower farmer. Through multistage cluster sampling technique, this research have found farmers sample with 180 person amoun (each of them consist of: 60 food crops farmers, 60 oil palm farmers and 60 rubber farmers). This research have been done from June 2007 up to October 2007. The analysis of data done by descriptive analysis and Path analysis. The research conclusion are: performance level of agri-extension worker to empower farmer still not yet good (“enough” category) because of the influence factor to the performance of agri-extension worker: agri-extension worker competencies (communication competency; competency in farmers learning and competency in social interaction); farmer characteristics ( farmer’s access to the non formal education) and social sistem support (soscio-cultural values; agribusiness facilitation by government institution and fartmer’s access to the aggribusiness institution) are still not yet (“enough” category).
Co-Authors Adel Fisli Adi Riyanto Suprayitno Aida Vitayala S Hubeis Amiruddin Saleh Amri Jahi Ari Handayani Arif Satria Armansyah H Tambunan Aruman, Akhmad Edhy Aruman, Akhmad Edhy Asep Saefuddin Astriana Baiti Sinaga Basita G Sugihen Basita Ginting Sugihen Basita S. Sugihen Bramasto Nugroho Budi Setyo Utomo Bunasor Sanim Dadang Hermawan Darwis S Gani Darwis S. Gani Djoko Susanto Djoko Sutrisno Djuara Lubis, Djuara Djuara P. Lubis Dwi Sadono E. Oos M. Anwas, E. Oos Edi Kurniadi Edi Puspito edy suyanto Endriatmo Soetarto Ervizal A.M. Zuhud Faizal Maad Hamzah Hamzah Hardjanto Hardjanto Harjanti, Miko Hartrisari Sari Hardjomidjojo Herien Puspitawati Herman S. Hernalius, Lidwina Amanda Ismail Pulungan Iwan Setiawan Jelamu Ardu Marius Joyakin Tampubolon Lorenza R. Radjabaycolle, Lorenza R. Managanta, Andri Amaliel Margono Samet Margono Slamet Maria Ulfah Marliati Marliati Miskat Ramdhani Mochamad Januar, Mochamad Muh Nur Sangadji, Muh Nur Muhd Nur Sangadji, Muhd Nur Mujinem Mujinem Muldi, Ail Ninuk Purnaningsih Nurmala K Panjaitan Nurmala K. Pandjaitan, Nurmala K. Nurmala Katrina Panjaitan Nurul Huda Pang S Asngari Pang S. Asngari Prabowo Tjitropranoto Pudji Muljono Rahmannuddin, Muhammad Retno Sri Hartati Mulyandari, Retno Sri Hartati Rilus A Kinseng Rukihati, Rukihati Saleh, Khaerul Sapja Anantanyu, Sapja Sarwititi Sarwoprasodjo Saryati Saryati Siti Amanah Siti Suprapti Soedijanto Padmowihardjo Soenarmo H Soewito, Soenarmo H Sri Tjahjorini, Sri Suhanda, Nani Sulistiani, Indah Supardi Supardi SURJONO HADI SUTJAHJO Sutisna Sutisna Suwignya Utama Suyadi Suyadi Suyadi, Suyadi Suyadi Syamsul Maarif Tanti Kustiari Titik Sumarti Wahyudianingsih, Wahyudianingsih Wildani Pingkan S. Hamzens Yanuar Luqman Yumi Yumi Zaim Uchrowi Zainudin Zainudin Zakiyyah, Zakiyyah