Erwin Sulistyo
Jurusan Teknik Mesin Fakultas Teknik Universitas Brawijaya

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Proses Pack Nitriding dengan Variasi Suhu dan Media Pupuk Nitrogen Terhadap Kekerasan AISI 420 Sulistyo, Erwin; Setyarini, Putu Hadi; Sudana, Yoni
Rekayasa Mesin Vol 1, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

The aim of this research was to investigate the effects of heating temperature and concentration of nitrogen fertilizer, i.e urea and ZA, during pack nitriding to the surface hardnessof AISI 420. The process was done by heating the steel of AISI 420 with temperature varied between 4200C, 4700C, 5200C, 5700C dan 6200C for 6 hours after stress relieving in the pack fulfiled with urea or ZA. The result measured by microvickers hardness tester showed that the hardness increased as the function of the temperature.Keywords : pack nitriding, temperature, hardness, AISI 420, nitrogen fertilizer
Ampas Penyulingan Nilam Sebagai Bahan Bakar Alternatif Pada Proses Produksi Minyak Nilam Sugiarto, Sugiarto; Sulistyo, Erwin
Rekayasa Mesin Vol 1, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya

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Remaining organic waste product of nilam oil distillation is a potential biomass as a fuel substitute for firewood. Utilization of waste distillation during refining is considered not yet optimal. Whereas by utilizing distillation waste will be obtained by the double advantage is decreasing the cost of production like reduction of the cost of purchasing firewood, waking environment from illegal logging and encroachment uncontrolled firewood and maintaining forest conservation. This research was conducted by varying waste of nilam distillation mixed fuel with firewood with a variation of 0%, 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% waste compared to firewood. Distillation capacity of each process is 60 kg of raw materials that have been chopped dried nilam. Dependent variables are sought in the form of heating value, temperature data in space heating, steam temperature and volume of nilam oil is produced for each variation of fuel weight fraction of waste nilam. The result is a solid fuel heating value increases with increasing weight fraction of waste nilam compared to the firewood. Zones heating temperatures and steam temperature fluctuated or not stable for all variations of fuel weight fraction of waste nilam. Steam temperature below 100 ° C which indicates the water content in the steam is still high. Time required for each distillation process with a capacity of 60 kg is still relatively long time is 5 to 6 hours. Volume nilam oil products tend to increase with increasing weight fraction of fuel from the dregs of nilam. Keywords : Waste distillation of nilam, alternative fuel, nilam oil
Pengaruh Waktu Dan Sudut Penyemprotan Pada Proses Sand Blasting Terhadap Laju Korosi Hasil Pengecatan Baja AISI 430 Sulistyo, Erwin; Setyorini, Putu Hadi
Rekayasa Mesin Vol 2, No 3 (2011)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya

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The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of time and spraying angle on the process of sand blasting on the rate of corrosion of AISI 430 painting. Research conducted by the method of experimental research. Parameters in the sand blasting process used was the time of spraying with a variation of 35 seconds, 55 seconds, 75 seconds and 95 seconds and spray angle with the variation of 60 °, 75 ° and 90 °. This type of paint used paint is NC (Nitrocellulose) with electrostatic spray method. Corrosion test carried out by using a wet corrosioncell. Result showed that the angle and time of spraying have an influence on the corrosion rate.The lowest corrosion rate occurs at an angle of 90 ° spraying and spraying time of 35 seconds with the corrosion rate (milli inch / year) 1.72813E-06, whereas the highest corrosion rate occurred at an angle of 60 ° and spraying time 95 seconds with a corrosion rate (mils/year)0.00020454.Keywords: sand blasting, corrosion
Pengaruh Variasi Radius Lingkaran Singgung Dan Radius Lingkaran Dasar Cam (Nok) Simetris Terhadap Karakteristik Kinematik Gerak Roller Follower Sutikno, Endi; Sulistyo, Erwin; Anindito, Ariyo
Rekayasa Mesin Vol 3, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

The study looked at the kinematic analysis of mechanism design cam - follower roller symmetrical with simulations. After designing the geometry of the observed variable cam is cam base circle radius, radius circle tangent, the other constant. With mathematical equations to model the radial displacement, radial velocity, acceleration and jerk radial follower, then made subsequent mathematical tabulations of results generated graph of displacement, velocity, acceleration and jerk of the cam angle swivel. The result is the kinematics characteristic, its maximum on the radius of the circle tangent to the largest and smallest radius circle.Keywords: cam, follower, roller, base circle, the circle tangent, radial displacement, acceleration, jerk.
Metode Spektrofotometri Secara Tidak Langsung untuk Penentuan Merkuri(II) berdasarkan Pembentukan Kompleks Biru Iodium-Amilum Sulistyarti, Hermin; Sulistyo, Erwin; Sutrisno, Sutrisno; Rismiarti, Zuri
ALCHEMY Jurnal Penelitian Kimia Vol 15, No 1 (2019): INPRESS Vol 15, No 1 (2019) Alchemy Jurnal Penelitian Kimia
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET (UNS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (144.384 KB) | DOI: 10.20961/alchemy.15.1.15036.149-164

Abstract

Metode spektrofotometri secara tidak langsung telah dikembangkan untuk analisis merkuri(II) berdasarkan perbedaan absorbansi kompleks biru amilum-iodium antara larutan sampel yang mengandung ion merkuri(II) dan larutan blanko yang tidak mengandung ion merkuri(II) dalam sistem pereaksi yang berisi iodida, iodat dan amilum. Pada larutan blanko, semua ion iodida (I-) dalam sistem pereaksi dioksidasi oleh iodat menjadi iodium yang dengan adanya amilum membentuk kompleks biru iodium-amilum dan terdeteksi secara spektrofotometri pada 618 nm. Namun, bila sampel mengandung ion merkuri(II), maka sebagian ion iodida akan terikat oleh ion merkuri(II) dan membentuk kompleks tetraiodomerkurat(II), sehingga hanya sisa iodida yang dioksidasi oleh ion iodat menjadi iodium dan membentuk warna biru dengan absorbansi yang lebih rendah dibandingkan absorbansi larutan blanko. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perbedaan absorbansi sebanding dengan konsentrasi iodida yang terikat pada ion merkuri(II) sehingga sebanding pula dengan konsentrasi merkuri(II) dalam sampel. Metode yang dikembangkan dioptimasi terhadap beberapa parameter kimia, antara lain konsentrasi larutan iodida, iodat, amilum, dan pH larutan dan pada kondisi optimum memberikan kisaran linier 1 – 9 mg L-1 ion merkuri(II) dengan R2 0,9983, dengan LOD 0,44 mgL-1. Metode ini cukup selektif terhadap ion kobalt(II) dan timbal(II), namun ion tembaga(II) dan perak(I) mengganggu pengukuran. Metode ini telah divalidasi menggunakan metode adisi standar yang diaplikasikan ke dalam sampel limbah pertambangan emas dari Lombok dengan hasil yang memuaskan.Indirect Spectrophotometry for Mercury(II) Determination Based on the Formation of Blue Starch-Iodine Complex. Indirect spectrophotometric method for determining mercury(II) concentration has been successfully developed based on the difference of the absorbance of the blue starch-iodine complex in the absence and in the presence of mercury(II). In the absence of mercury(II), all iodide ions (I-) in the reagent system are oxidized by iodate to iodine, which in the presence of starch formed a clear blue complex of starch-iodine detected spectrophotometrically at 618 nm. However, if mercury presents in the sample, some of the iodide ions are bound to mercury(II) ion forming tetraiodomercurate(II) complex, and thus, only the remaining of iodide is oxidized by iodate to iodine resulting in lower absorbance of the blue color. The results showed that the delta absorbance was proportional to the concentration of iodide bound to mercury and thus proportional to mercury(II) concentration. To achieve the sensitivity, the method was optimized to the main chemical parameters, such as the concentration of iodide, iodine, iodate, starch, and pH solution. Selectivity of the method was also studied by investigating the effect of interfering ions of copper(II), cobalt (II), lead(II), and silver (I). Under these optimum conditions, the method showed linearity measurements from 1 – 9 mg L-1 mercury(II) with correlation (R2) of 0.996. The method was also successfully applied to determine mercury(II) from small-scale gold mining tailing waste from West Lombok, Indonesia and is prospective for analysis of mercury(II) in mining waste.