Mohammad Sulchan
Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Diponegoro

Published : 13 Documents
Articles

Found 3 Documents
Search
Journal : JURNAL GIZI INDONESIA

Kontribusi makanan jajan dan aktivitas fisik terhadap kejadian obesitas pada remaja di kota Semarang Pramono, Adriyan; Sulchan, Mohammad
JURNAL GIZI INDONESIA Vol 2, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : JURNAL GIZI INDONESIA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jgi.2.2.59-65

Abstract

Background: The prevalence of adolescents obesity increased in Indonesia. Increasing of prosperity is correlated with changes in lifestyle. Adolescents are interseted of eating street foods outside and lack of physical activity. Objective: To determine the contribution of snack foods and physical activity into adolescents obesity in Semarang Methods: This study was an observational study with case-control design (1: 1). Simple random sampling was conducted after screening of nutritional status. A number of 148 adolescents aged 12-15 years became subjects. Determination of obesity based on BMI percentile by age > 95 percentile. Dietary intake of western fast foods, street foods and physical activity was obtained through a structured questionnaire interviewed. Chi square test was performed to analyzed association between dependent and independent variables. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to determine the most influential variables on adolescents obesity. Results: There is a significant association between dietary western fast foods, local street foods and physical activity levels into adolescents obesity (P <0.05). Logistic regression showed that local street foods > 300 kcal and light physical activity contributed 3.2 times and 5.1 times into adolescents obesity. Conclusion: Street foods > 300 kcal and light physical activity contributed to adolescent obesity.
Kadar seng dan kadar malondialdehyde pada penderita multi drug resistant tuberculosis dan tuberkulosis sensitif Suparno, Suparno; Suhartono, Suhartono; Sofro, Muchlis Achsan Udji; Sulchan, Mohammad; Tjahjono, Kusmiyati
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition) Vol 7, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jgi.7.1.8-14

Abstract

Background: Zinc is the main constituent element of Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) which acts to protect cells from inflammation and the toxic effects of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS). High ROS production induces fat peroxidation, and forms malondialdehyde (MDA) which causes oxidative stress.Objectives: This study aimed to analyze the difference of zinc and malondialdehyde levels among Multi Drug Resistant Tuberculosis and sensitive Tuberculosis.Methods: Crossectional study with 55 subjects consisted of 32 MDR-TB subjects and 23 subjects TB sensitive. Selection of subjects using consecutive sampling. Zinc and MDA serum was obtained from venous blood. Zinc and MDA concentration were assessed by quantitative colometric and Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances (TBARS) respectively. Data were analized statistic by independent t-test and Mann Whitney test.Results: Zinc level of MDR-TB and TB sensitive were 74.85 (64 - 97) μg/dl and 73.03 (63 - 97) μg/dl respectively, while MDA of MDR-TB and sensitive TB were 2.262±1.055 nmol/mL and 2.66±0.992 nmol/mL. There was no significantly different in zinc level between MDR-TB and sensitive TB (p=1.000). Furthermore, there was not significantly different of MDA level between MDR-TB and sensitive Tuberculosis (p=0,147).Conclusion: There are no differences in zinc and MDA levels in patient between MDR-TB and sensitive TB.
Sensitivitas dan spesifisitas lingkar pergelangan tangan sebagai prediktor obesitas dan resistensi insulin pada remaja akhir Fitriyanti, Addina Rizky; Tjahjono, Kusmiyati; Sulchan, Mohammad; Sunarto, Sunarto
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition) Vol 7, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jgi.7.2.121-126

Abstract

Background: Obesity is one of the risk factors for insulin resistance. Insulin resistance plays an important role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. Wrist circumference has the potential for predicting obesity and insulin resistance.Objectives:. To evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of wrist circumference against obesity and insulin resistance in late adolescents.Methods: The design of this study is a crossectional study with a sample of 85 students at Diponegoro University Semarang. Data collected consisted of anthropometric measurements (body weight, height, wrist circumference, neck circumference, waist circumference and pelvic girth) and blood vein sampling (fasting blood glucose and fasting insulin). Statistical analyses used in this study were Pearson or R Spearman correlation test.Results: Wrist circumference was positively correlated with all biochemical parameters and anthropometric measurements except the waist hip ratio. Wrist circumference correlates positively and significantly with fasting insulin and HOMA-IR in male adolescents. The results of the ROC curve analysis showed that the AUC value of wrist circumference in male adolescents had better performance in predicting obesity (88% (95% CI, 76% - 100%)) than insulin resistance (81% (95% CI, 51% -100%)).Conclusion: Wrist circumference is one of the anthropometric measurements that can be used for predicting obesity and insulin resistance in late adolescents.