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KURSUS SINGKAT DAN PELATIHAN PEMANFAATAN PEPAYA (CARISA PAPAYA L.) MENJADI MANISAN KERING BUAH PEPAYA DI DESA TIMUHUN, KECAMATAN BANJARANGKAN, KABUPATEN KLUNGKUNG

Jurnal Udayana Mengabdi Volume 7 No.1 – April 2008
Publisher : Jurnal Udayana Mengabdi

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Abstract

ABSTRACT In Desa Timuhun, eventhough papaya is not primary fruit product, but usually papaya is planted among the other plants and easily to grow. Papaya has good potency to be processed to become food product. Matured papaya fruit is usually fresh served for desk fruit. On the other hand, for papaya which is not mature yet, usually used for vegetable. Papaya has high water content, so it makes papaya fruit easy to experience damage. With papaya processing, papaya which is originally assumed improper to be sold or to be consumed (mechanical damage, diseased, acid, physical damage) and will only to be thrown, finally can be used. The making of papaya dry candy is one of effort to preserve and to vary form of papaya serving. It also improves the economic value of papaya. The making of papaya can be conducted in big or small scale. The activity objectives are to introduce and give additional knowledge to society about papaya processing technology, to increase economic added value of papaya and the using of papaya which is improper to be sold or to be consumed becoming valuable food product .Realization of the objectives above are by performing an information sharing and discussion with the society about process of the making dry candy from papaya, training of papaya dry candy making, introduce simple technology of dry candy papaya making. This activity was performed at the head of Desa Timuhun office, on Friday, September 14, 2007 and was attended by 26 persons, including association of woman farmer and the staff in that office. The result of this activity shows that there was positive response of people who attend this activity, because by processing papaya fruit into dry candy, have a lot of advantage compare to sale it freshly. Beside that, this dry candy is healthy snack, without synthetic preservation, enriched with vitamins which is useful for health, also this dry candy is still good up to 1 month and of course it could to improve economic value compared to be sold freshly

ANALISIS KEBUTUHAN AIR TANAMAN STRAWBERRY YANG DIBUDIDAYAKAN SECARA HIDROPONIK DI DALAM GREENHOUSE

BETA (Biosistem dan Teknik Pertanian) Vol 1, No 2 (2013): Agustus
Publisher : Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the pattern of water requirements for strawberry plant using hydroponic which was planted in the greenhouse, from transplanting to harvesting time. The materials used in this study were the strawberry seedlings, rice husk, NPK fertilizer and plastic polybag. The tools used were 4-way soil analyzer to measure soil pH, soil moisture, light intensity for soil, analytical balance, plastic tank that were used to store water, ruler and thermometer. Parameters  observed were initial moisture content, the period of irrigation water supply, amount of water used by plants and irrigation water requirement. Based on the study which was conducted during the (i)high level is (57,66 ml/day), (ii)medium is (42,40 ml/day) and (iii)low is (30,06 ml/day) of soil moisture, it showed that crop water requirement depended on existing soil moisture. In addition, there was a trend that crop water requirement wouldincrease as the increase of soil moisture. During low level of soil moisture (under the field capacity), the plant would experience difficulties in extracting water from soil. Conversely, during high level of soil moisture, water would easily be taken and plant water requirement would increase because of the increase of soil evaporation, especially during the initial stage of plant growth.

Dinamika Suhu Pengomposan Sampah Organik Rumah Tangga dengan Keranjang Bio Komposter

Jurnal BETA (Biosistem dan Teknik Pertanian) Vol 7 No 1 (2019): Maret
Publisher : Program Studi Teknik Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Udayana

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Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui kandungan unsur hara makro dan mikro sampah rumah tangga yang divariasikan dengan sekam padi dalam bio komposter atau bioreaktor garden bag. Metode pengomposan dalam penelitian ini menggunakan metode windrow system. Material sampah organik rumah tangga berperan sebagai sumber nitrogen dan sekam padi sebagai sumber karbon atau sebagai bulking agent sehingga C/N ratio bahan baku memenuhi syarat  pengomposan.Hasil analisis beberapa parameter material sampah organik rumah tangga dan sekam padi yaitu kadar air (%):76,29 dan 9,48, kadar organik (%): 98,17 dan 77,92, pH: 4,32 dan 6,56, Salinitas (mS/cm): 4,03 dan 0,21, C:N ratio :15,72 dan 112,57, total N (%): 0,87 dan 3,81, kadar lemak (%BB): 13,27 dan 9,48, vitamin C (mg/a00 g): 65,11 dan 92,99 untuk masing-masing bahan. Analisis parameter unsur hara makro dan mikro material sampah organik rumah tangga dan sekam padi menunjukkan bahwa masing-masing bahan baku memenuhi syarat pengomposan. Pada proses pengomposan, suhu diamati dari hari ke-2 sampai hari ke-14. Fase termofilik dicapai pada hari ke-2 yaitu suhu mencapai 43 OC  setelah proses aklimasi campuran kedua material. Suhu optimal atau puncak suhu yang dicapai dalam pengomposan sebesar  55OC pada hari 9 ~10 lalu mengalami penurunan suhu dihari selanjutnya, pengamatan dilakukan selama 14 hari untuk melihat dinamika perubahan suhu dari fase termofilik ke fase mesofilik.

Sebaran Kinerja Daerah Irigasi Pasca Penyerahan Pengelolaan Irigasi

Agritech Vol 24, No 3 (2004)
Publisher : Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

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One among the policies in Irrigation Management Policy Reform (IMPR) is the Irrigation Management Transfer (IMT). Through the IMT, farmers in Water Users Association (WUA) manage their own irrigation systems. The IMT let farmers to diversify their farming system to achieve farmers welfare. The diversification results in in the variation of planting pattern in an irrigation system. The variation is bigger if market plays a role in crop choice. Therefore, the assumption that an irrigation system has a uniform performance throughout the system is no longer valid. This paper aims to examine the distribution of an irrigation system managed by farmers. The system chosen as sample was Mejing Irrigation System in Banjul, Yogyakarta. The performance was assessed by using adequacy and water delivery performance. The spatial distribution of Mejing Irrigation System is mainly affected by irrigation operation pattern as well as condition and serviceability of irrigation network Spatially, the tertiary blocks located in the head receive more water than other tertiary. blocks in the tail.