Endang Sulastri
Penyuluhan dan Komunikasi Pembangunan (PKP) Sekolah Pascasarjana (SPs) – Universitas Gadjahmada

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Pengaruh jarak antar Lokasi Kelompok Tani-Ternak Sapi Potong dan Pusat Kota terhadap Dinamika Kelompoknya pada Sistem Perkampungan Ternak di Kabupaten Bantul

Buletin Peternakan Vol 24, No 3 (2000): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 24 (3) Agustus 2000
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

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HUBUNGAN ETOS KERJA, MOTIVASI DAN SIKAP INOVATIF DENGAN PENDAPATAN PETERNAK KERBAU DI KABUPATEN MANGGARAI BARAT

Buletin Peternakan Vol 35, No 1 (2011): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 35 (1) Februari 2011
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

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The purposes of study was aimed to investigate the work ethics, motivations and innovative attitudes and its correlation with income of buffalo farmers in West Manggarai Regency. The surveys was conducted in December 2009until February 2010, involving 103 respondents chosen based on certain criteria. The relationships between work ethics, motivations and innovative attitude with the farmers income was analyzed using the chi-square, they are foundto have a significant correlation, and then continued by Phi test. The results showed that buffalo farmers in Lembor Subdistrict, West Manggarai regency, had a high working ethics, farming motivations and a positive innovativeattitude. The work ethics and innovative attitudes were not related to the income of buffalo farmers. The Breeding motivations had significantly correlated to income of buffalo breeder’s (X2count 14.934 > 3.84 X2table), meaning that thehigher breeding motivations, would bring effect to a higher income. The relationship between the variable of breeding motivations and the breeder’s income shows a medium (Phi coefficient = 0.381). The average income of respondents per livestock unit was Rp. 756,944 ± 221,542/year, while the average contribution from buffalo breeding activities for the household income, was 31.2%. This research implicated, that work ethics, and innovative attitudes, cannot be used to predict the farmers income, while breeding motivations, plays the role as a variable reliable to predict the farmers income.(Key words: Work ethics, Motivations, Innovative attitudes, Farmers income, Buffalo)

ANALISIS PERMINTAAN DAN PREDIKSI KONSUMSI SERTA PRODUKSI DAGING BROILER DI KOTA KENDARI PROPINSI SULAWESI TENGGARA

Buletin Peternakan Vol 35, No 3 (2011): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 35 (3) Oktober 2011
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

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Abstract

Penelitian dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi permintaan daging broiler di Kota Kendari, mengetahui respon (elastisitas) jumlah penduduk, pendapatan, harga daging broiler, daging sapi, daging ayamburas, telur, ikan bandeng, minyak goreng, beras dan kejadian flu burung terhadap perubahan permintaan daging broiler, dan memprediksi kebutuhan daging broiler di Kota Kendari. Penentuan lokasi dilakukan secara sengajaberdasarkan populasi terbesar. Metode penelitian adalah deskriptif analisis menggunakan data sekunder (time series) tahun1994-2008 meliputi jumlah penduduk, pendapatan, harga daging broiler, daging sapi, daging ayam buras, telur, ikan bandeng, minyak goreng dan beras. Estimasi fungsi permintaan menggunakan analisis Regresi Linier Berganda dalam logaritma. Hasil analisis regresi menunjukkan bahwa secara bersama-sama variabel independen memberikan pengaruh signifikan (P<0,01) terhadap variabel dependen dengan nilai R2 sebesar 0,9804. Secara parsial jumlah penduduk, pendapatan, harga daging broiler, harga daging sapi, harga telur, harga ikan bandeng, harga minyak goreng dan harga beras, masing-masing berpengaruh terhadap permintaan daging broiler. Prediksi konsumsi daging broiler tahun 2015 mencapai 428.463 kg. Peningkatan jumlah penduduk, pendapatan perkapita, harga daging sapi dan ikanbandeng dapat menyebabkan meningkatnya permintaan daging broiler. Peningkatan harga daging broiler, minyak goreng dan beras dapat menurunkan permintaan daging broiler. Elastisitas pendapatan terhadap permintaan dagingbroiler masyarakat Kota Kendari bernilai positif dan kurang dari satu, menunjukkan bahwa daging broiler termasuk barang superior yang merupakan barang kebutuhan pokok. Elastisitas harga daging broiler sendiri bersifat inelastis yang menunjukkan daging broiler merupakan barang kebutuhan pokok. Daging broiler merupakan barang substitusi bagi daging sapi dan ikan bandeng, sedangkan minyak goreng dan beras termasuk barang komplementer. Perkembangan konsumsi daging broiler cenderung mengalami peningkatan, seiring dengan bertambahnya waktu dan jumlah penduduk.(Kata kunci: Permintaan, Daging broiler, Elastisitas)

PENILAIAN PELAKSANAAN PROGRAM PENGEMBANGAN AGRIBISNIS PETERNAKAN SAPI POTONG DI KABUPATEN SEKADAU, KALIMANTAN BARAT

Buletin Peternakan Vol 35, No 2 (2011): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 35 (2) Juni 2011
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

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Abstract

bjectives of this research were to analyze the characteristic of social demography of farmer’s participated in program and to carryout assessment. The implementation of agribusiness development program of beef cattle farmingin Sekadau Regency. This research was conducted from August until October 2009. One hundred and eight farmers participated in the program as respondents, selected by proportionate random sampling method, from five villages,locations of the program of livestock grant. Data of increasing population, number of investor, social demography characteristic of respondents and income contribution from beef cattle farming were analyzed by quantitative descriptive. Data of program implementation process, input and program implementation were analyzed by qualitative descriptive. Result showed that the beef cattle population increased about 152 heads and the investor increased about58 investors, respondent characteristics were age was 42.30±5.87 years old, majority of education level was on elementary school 43.52%, length of farming experience was 1.61±1,20 years, averages of cattle owning 1.88±1.05Livestock Unit (LU), the number of family support 3.36±1.15 head, and averages of time allocation of farming 0.078±0.082 HOK/LU/day, average income contribution from beef cattle farming was rangery from 8.21-24.09%.Program’s socialization in Sekadau Regency was not effective because many of the farmers had not fully understood about the objective and the implementation of the program, there was a distortion on the selection of farmers whoreceived livestock grant, farmer groups were not established based on the rule, were not involved members the arrangement of group business plan, breed determination and cattle specification, cattle’s specifications were not suitable with the condition. On the implementation step, there was a distortion of the fund, cattle specification and cost burden to the member, difference on mechanism of livestock grant revolving in each village. The increase of beefcattle population had not reached the determined target. It could be concluded that the implementation of agribusiness development program in Sekadau Regency has not been optimal.(Keywords: Social demography characteristic, Program implementation, Beef cattle)

Social Capital and Communication Systems of Ettawa Goat Breeders in Purworejo Regency

KOMUNITAS: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN SOCIETY AND CULTURE Vol 7, No 2 (2015): Komunitas, September 2015
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

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The purpose of this study is to determine the social capital and communication system of Ettawa goat breeders (Peranakan Ettawa/PE) Kaligesing race in Purworejo. The study used the theory of social capital and communication systems in the perspective of Niklas Luhmann. The method of this study employed ethnography. Social capital of breeders is developed within farmers’ groups (Poktan). The existing social capitals in Poktan include trust, network, and norms. Social capital of trust is seen in the management of membership dues/contribution, poktan board transparency, division of work, and goat farming with nggaduh system. Network appears in the cooperation between Poktan with other Poktan, instructors/educator, traders/markets, universities, villages and districts. Norms are seen in the agreement on the division of dues, waragan group, and the breeders who use goats as debt guarantee and youth Poktan rules that prohibit breeders to sell the goats before lambing.

Dinamika Kelompok Peternak Sapi Potong Binaan Universitas Gadjah Mada di Propinsi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta

Sains Peternakan: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Peternakan Vol 10, No 1 (2012): Sains Peternakan
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS)

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This study aimed to analyze the dynamics of cattle farmer groups assisted by Universitas Gadjah Mada (Faculty of Animal Science) in Yogyakarta Province. The total number of respondents were 77 farmers of cattle farmer groups. The tool used was a questionnaire that has proven validity and reliability. This study was conducted by survey method through the stages of preparation and execution. In the preparation phase carried out the determination of groups and cattle farmer samples using pusposive random sampling. The results showed that the dynamics of cattle farmer groups assisted by Universitas Gadjah Mada in Yogyakarta Province included in the high category. The highest group dynamics was Ngudi Barokah Group in Kulonprogo (equal to 82.48%), followed by the Sido Kumpul Group in Bantul (81.92%), then Bayu Andini Group in Sleman (77.22%), and Lembu Lestari Group in Gunungkidul (73.02%). Constituent elements of the group dynamics of goals, group structure, function assignments, development, cohesiveness, atmosphere and effectiveness of the group had a high level, while the group pressure was ini medium level.

Cattle Farmers Participation in Rural Development Program in Bantul Yogyakarta

ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 18, No 3 (2016): September 2016
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

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The purpose of this study to determine the level of participation, identify the factors that influence the participation of farmers and to analysis the effect of participation in the Scholars develop village or Sarjana Membangun Desa (SMD) program. The research was conducted on a group of beef cattle in the SMD program Bantul Yogyakarta Province. Primary data were collected by survey method using questionnaire interviews on 8 SMD groups consisting of 42 members. Analysis of the level of participation of farmers using discriptive analysis, while to analysis factors that affect the participation of farmers and the influence of participation to the success of the program was used multiple linear regression analysis with SPSS tools for windows 16. The result analysis shows that farmers level participation in planning, 71.43% farmers had low participation; 59.52% farmers in the implementation stage had participation that was middle level. On stage of evaluation 54.76% farmers had low participation and in stage sharing benefits 50% farmers had low participation. Success of the program SMD viewed from population cattle declined from 184 head to 107 head, while the existing capital in the group also decreased from IDR 2.904.000.000 to IDR 1.182.000.000 seen from number of members group declined from 185 farmers being 114 farmers. Regression analysis showed that age, occupation, level of formal education, non-formal education, long became members of the group, farming experience, family income, number of dependents, land holdings, cosmopolitan, group motivation, the role of SMD, and the role of agency participation of farmers had not been able to explain the participation of farmers and the value of R2 value of 0.132 (13.2%). Partially no factor capable of affecting farmers participation. Further results of the regression analysis with the participation of relationship success SMD program showed no effect with R2 value of 0.01.

Farmers’ Perception to The Role of Extension Workers on Kaligesing Goat Farm Management in Kaligesing, Purworejo

ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 16, No 3 (2014): September
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

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Abstract. The aims of this research were to describe the characteristics of Kaligesing goat farmers; to analyze the farmers’ perceptions on the role of extension workers as conduit of information, as mentors, organizers and dynamic factor, technicians and liaisons; to discover the relationship between the farmers’ characteristics with farmers’ perceptions; and to investigate the relationship between farmers’ perceptions to goat maintenance management. The respondents were goat farmers in Kaligesing, Purworejo, Central Java Province. Data were obtained from questionnaire survey method. Determining location, the research applied combination of stratified sampling method with purposive random sampling. Total respondents were 159 farmers with nine farmer groups as samples. Analysis was subject to Spearman Rank, resulting that age, education level and farming experience were not significant to the farmers’ perceptions to the role of extension workers, but the ownership of livestock had a very significant relationship with a correlation coefficient of 0.240, group classes had also very significant relationship with a correlation coefficient of 0.414, and frequency of meeting with extension workers have a significant relationships with a correlation coefficient of 0.202. Farmers’ perceptions to the role of extension workers had very significant relationships to the maintenance management with a correlation coefficient of 0.393. Key words : farmers’ characteristics, farmers’ perceptions, Kaligesing goat, role of extension workers Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui karakteristik peternak, persepsi peternak terhadap peran penyuluh, hubungan antara karakteristik peternak dengan persepsi, dan hubungan antara persepsi peternak dengan manajemen pemeliharaan. Responden penelitian adalah peternak Kambing Kaligesing di Kecamatan Kaligesing Kabupaten Purworejo Jawa Tengah dengan metode penelitian survei kuesioner. Penentuan lokasi penelitian dengan kombinasi cara stratified sampling dan purposive random sampling. Jumlah kelompok tani sebagai sampel penelitian sebanyak sembilan kelompok dan jumlah total responden sebanyak 159 peternak. Analisis Rank Spearman digunakan untuk analisis data.  Hasil analisis menunjukkan  bahwa umur, tingkat pendidikan dan lama beternak tidak secara nyata memiliki hubungan dengan persepsi peternak terhadap peran penyuluh, sedangkan kepemilikan ternak memiliki hubungan sangat nyata (P<0,01) dengan nilai koefisien korelasi 0,240. Kelas kelompok memiliki hubungan sangat nyata (P<0,01) dengan nilai koefisien korelasi 0,414 dan frekuensi bertemu penyuluh memiliki hubungan nyata (P<0,05) dengan nilai koefisien korelasi 0,202. Persepsi peternak terhadap peran penyuluh memiliki hubungan sangat nyata (P<0,01) terhadap manajemen pemeliharaan dengan nilai koefisien korelasi 0,393Kata kunci:  karakteristik peternak, persepsi peternak, kambing Kaligesing, peran penyuluh

Social Capital and Communication Systems of Ettawa Goat Breeders in Purworejo Regency

KOMUNITAS: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN SOCIETY AND CULTURE Vol 7, No 2 (2015): Komunitas, September 2015
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to determine the social capital and communication system of Ettawa goat breeders (Peranakan Ettawa/PE) Kaligesing race in Purworejo. The study used the theory of social capital and communication systems in the perspective of Niklas Luhmann. The method of this study employed ethnography. Social capital of breeders is developed within farmers groups (Poktan). The existing social capitals in Poktan include trust, network, and norms. Social capital of trust is seen in the management of membership dues/contribution, poktan board transparency, division of work, and goat farming with nggaduh system. Network appears in the cooperation between Poktan with other Poktan, instructors/educator, traders/markets, universities, villages and districts. Norms are seen in the agreement on the division of dues, waragan group, and the breeders who use goats as debt guarantee and youth Poktan rules that prohibit breeders to sell the goats before lambing.

Pengaruh Peran Petugas Lapang Terhadap Partisipasi Petani Dalam Pengembangan Model Desa Kakao Di Kabupaten Gunungkidul

Agro Ekonomi Vol 27, No 2 (2016): DESEMBER 2016
Publisher : Department of Agricultural Socio-Economics Faculty of Agriculture Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The development of cocoa village model are activities that make the region an area of cocoa as a pilot model by optimizing cultivation (on farm), and post harvest processing (off farm), and the strengthening of human and institutional resources. This activity has a principle of the active participation of farmers. In order for farmers to have an active participation in the development of the model village of cocoa required field officers role as a communicator, motivator, organizer, facilitator, and consultant. The research aimed to find out the influence of the role of field officers on the Farmer Participation in The Development of Cocoa Village Model in Gunungkidul. The basic method of research was descriptive analysis with quantitative approach. The research took place purposively at 4 groups of farmers in Patuk Subdistrict, Gunungkidul with the consideration that the programs was only done at the site. 120 samples was taken by simple random sampling method as respondents were used and then the data analyzed with simple linear regression. The results showed that the role of field officers affected the farmers’ participation in the program, which means increasingly frequent field officers carry out its role, the participation of farmers will be increased so that the role of field officers need to be optimized especially role as a motivator.