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Factors Associated with Surveillance for Early Detection of Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Liver Cirrhosis Patients Putra, Ario Perbowo; Sulaiman, Andri Sanityoso; Kurniawan, Juferdy; Harimurti, Kuntjoro
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy Vol 18, No 3 (2017): VOLUME 18, NUMBER 3, DECEMBER 2017
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (167.745 KB) | DOI: 10.24871/1832017153-158

Abstract

Background: The minimal number of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients diagnosed through surveillance is proposed as the cause of persistently low number of survival. It is important to identify the proportion of surveillance for early detection of HCC in patients with liver cirrhosis and related factors. This study aimed to determine the proportion of surveillance for early detection of HCC in patients with liver cirrhosis and related factors.Method: A cross-sectional study of patients with liver cirrhosis at RSCM from January to December 2013. The data was obtained from medical records and confirmed by telephone. Surveillance was required for abdominal ultrasound with or without AFP at least once a year within 3 years after that period. Factors studied were gender, ethnicity, education level, income level, availability of medical insurance, location of residence, surveillance education, cirrhosis aetiology, and severity of cirrhosis. Then, logistic regression test was used in the multivariate analysis.Results: From 200 patients, 50 patients (25,0%) underwent surveillance, 150 patients (75,0%) did not. Bivariate analysis revealed 4 variables with p < 0.25, gender (p = 0,056), ethnicity (p = 0, 231), surveillance education (p = 0,005), and severity of cirrhosis (p = 0, 005). Multivariate analysis showed that the risk factors for surveillance were surveillance education (OR = 2,598; CI 95% (1,325 - 5,094), p = 0,005) and severity of cirrhosis (OR = 1.815; CI 95% = 1,210-2,724; p = 0,004).Conclusion: Surveillance education and severity of cirrhosis were the factors associated with surveillance for early detection of HCC in liver cirrhosis patients.
Endogenous Endotoxemia in Patients with Liver Cirrhosis Sulaiman, Andri Sanityoso
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 2, NUMBER 3, December 2001
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24871/23200112-21

Abstract

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Cardiac Tamponade Due to Liver Amebiasis Rupture Karim, Birry; Is, Afifah; Rinaldi, Ikhwan; Antono, Dono; Rumende, Cleopas Martin; Sulaiman, Andri Sanityoso
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 11, NUMBER 3, December 2010
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

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Abstract

Amebiasis is common cases in Asia, Africa, and South Africa. Liver amebiasis has become a serious problem worldwide especially in health and social aspect. The protozoa named Entamoeba histolytica was easily found in area with poor sanitation, low socioeconomic status, and poor nutrition status. The incidence of amebiasis in several hospitals in Indonesia is 5-15% per year. Epidemiological observation showed the comparison of incidence among male and female population and it was approximately 3 : 1 until 22 : 1 with male predominance. The potential age suffered from amebiasis is around 20 - 50 years old. The route of infection spread to oral-fecal and oral-anal-fecal. The most common complication is abscess rupture (5-15.6%). Rupture may be located in pleural cavity, pericardial cavity, lung, bowel, intraperitoneal, and skin. Rupture of liver amebias spread to pleural and pericardial cavity is a rare case and frequently under reported. This case report illustrates a 40-year-old male with cardiac tamponade due to rupture of liver amebiasis. Patient’s was admitted with chief complaint of shortness of breath, positive Beck’s triad, hepatomegaly, pleural effusion, liver abscess on sonography and swinging of heart on echocardiography. This patient was treated with metronidazole as a drug of choice, and pericardiocentesis for the cardiac tamponade.Keywords: cardiac tamponade, Entamoeba histolytica, oral-anal-fecal, metronidazole, pericardiocentesis
Selecting Treatment Modality for Small Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Radiofrequency Ablation, Percutaneous Alcohol and Acetic Acid Injection Karim, Birry; Sulaiman, Andri Sanityoso
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 12, NUMBER 2, August 2011
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

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Abstract

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary hepatic malignancy worldwide and is the leading cause of death in patients with cirrhosis. In early-stage tumors, potential curative therapies have been used including ablative therapies using percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI), percutaneous acetic acid injection (PAI) or radiofrequency ablation (RFA); surgical resection and liver transplantation. RFA is more effective and safer than other local ablative therapy modalities. RFA should be considered as the first-line treatment for patients with small HCC, i.e. sized less than 5 cm; preferably less than or equal to 3 cm since they are not suitable for liver resection or liver transplantation. RFA should also be compared with transarterial embolization, which currently has been considered as the standard HCC therapy in some countries. It has been reported that the combination of RFA and embolization treatment may reduce the early and late recurrence rate. Keywords: hepatocellular carcinoma, percutaneous ethanol injection, acetic acid injection, radiofrequency ablation
Endogenous Endotoxemia in Patients with Liver Cirrhosis Sulaiman, Andri Sanityoso
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 2, NUMBER 3, December 2001
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

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Abstract

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Hepatitis B Virus Double Mutations is There any Role in Pathogenesis of Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Young Patients Sulaiman, Andri Sanityoso; Gani, Rino Alvani; Hasan, Irsan; Utama, Andi; Tai, Susan; Christine, Griscalia
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 10, NUMBER 3, December 2009
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

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Abstract

Background: The incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) below age 40 years old in our institution were relatively high compared with other institutions in Asia. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) basal core promoter (BCP) double mutations correspond with increasing age. The aim of this study was to know if there was any role of HBV double mutations in young HCC patients. Method: A descriptive study was performed on HBV related HCC patients in Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital in May 2006-November 2008. Patient were recruited consecutively and divided in to two groups, below 40 and above 40 years old. The genotypes were examined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method. The alpha feto protein (AFP) values were diagnosed based on ELISA method. The BCP A1762T/G1764A double mutations were examined by direct sequencing. Results: There were 49 HBV related HCC samples consist of 14 (28.5%) samples with age below 40 years old and 35 (71.5%) samples with age above 40 years old. We only found two genotype, genotype B was dominant in patients with HBV related HCC compare to genotype C, 43 (88%) and 6 (12%) respectively. The increasing of AFP level above 400 ng/mL was only found in about half of the samples, 7 (50%) &lt; 40 years old, 19 (54%) &gt; 40 years old. Double mutations of A1762T/G1764A in BCP occurred in 5 (36%) &lt; 40 years old, 15 (43%) &gt; 40 years old. Conclusion: The incidence of HBV related HCC in young patients were relatively high. The proportion of patients with AFP level &lt; 400 ng/mL in patients below 40 years old were higher compared to patients above 40 years.   Keywords: hepatocellular carcinoma, BCP double mutation, HBV genotype
Cardiac Tamponade Due to Liver Amebiasis Rupture Karim, Birry; Is, Afifah; Rinaldi, Ikhwan; Antono, Dono; Rumende, Cleopas Martin; Sulaiman, Andri Sanityoso
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 11, NUMBER 3, December 2010
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24871/1132010150-155

Abstract

Amebiasis is common cases in Asia, Africa, and South Africa. Liver amebiasis has become a serious problem worldwide especially in health and social aspect. The protozoa named Entamoeba histolytica was easily found in area with poor sanitation, low socioeconomic status, and poor nutrition status. The incidence of amebiasis in several hospitals in Indonesia is 5-15% per year. Epidemiological observation showed the comparison of incidence among male and female population and it was approximately 3 : 1 until 22 : 1 with male predominance. The potential age suffered from amebiasis is around 20 - 50 years old. The route of infection spread to oral-fecal and oral-anal-fecal. The most common complication is abscess rupture (5-15.6%). Rupture may be located in pleural cavity, pericardial cavity, lung, bowel, intraperitoneal, and skin. Rupture of liver amebias spread to pleural and pericardial cavity is a rare case and frequently under reported. This case report illustrates a 40-year-old male with cardiac tamponade due to rupture of liver amebiasis. Patient’s was admitted with chief complaint of shortness of breath, positive Beck’s triad, hepatomegaly, pleural effusion, liver abscess on sonography and swinging of heart on echocardiography. This patient was treated with metronidazole as a drug of choice, and pericardiocentesis for the cardiac tamponade.Keywords: cardiac tamponade, Entamoeba histolytica, oral-anal-fecal, metronidazole, pericardiocentesis
Role of Lamivudine as Preemptive Therapy in Cancer Patients with Hepatitis B undergoing Chemotherapy Kurniawan, Andree; Sulaiman, Andri Sanityoso
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 14, NUMBER 3, December 2013
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

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Abstract

Patients diagnosed with hematology malignancy and solid tumor who underwent chemotherapy, frequently encountered hepatitis B reactivation. Patients with blood cancer, including lymphoma, had higher risk of reactivation compared to those with solid tumor. Steroid and immunosuppressant drugs contained in chemotherapy regimens were responsible for those events. Hepatitis B reactivation during chemotherapy treatment could contribute to acute liver failure and increase mortality. Administration of analog nucleoside therapy in this group of patient prior to the initiation of chemotherapy could prevent reactivation of hepatitis B.A 43 year-old male patient were diagnosed with diffuse large B cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma stadium II BE (oropharynx) under chemotherapy and had hepatitis B. In this evidence based case report, we reported a critical appraisal of the role of lamivudine as preemptive therapy in blood cancer and solid tumor.Keywords: chemotherapy, hepatitis B reactivation, malignancy
Factors Associated with Surveillance for Early Detection of Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Liver Cirrhosis Patients Putra, Ario Perbowo; Sulaiman, Andri Sanityoso; Kurniawan, Juferdy; Harimurti, Kuntjoro
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy Vol 18, No 3 (2017): VOLUME 18, NUMBER 3, DECEMBER 2017
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (167.745 KB) | DOI: 10.24871/1832017153-158

Abstract

Background: The minimal number of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients diagnosed through surveillance is proposed as the cause of persistently low number of survival. It is important to identify the proportion of surveillance for early detection of HCC in patients with liver cirrhosis and related factors. This study aimed to determine the proportion of surveillance for early detection of HCC in patients with liver cirrhosis and related factors.Method: A cross-sectional study of patients with liver cirrhosis at RSCM from January to December 2013. The data was obtained from medical records and confirmed by telephone. Surveillance was required for abdominal ultrasound with or without AFP at least once a year within 3 years after that period. Factors studied were gender, ethnicity, education level, income level, availability of medical insurance, location of residence, surveillance education, cirrhosis aetiology, and severity of cirrhosis. Then, logistic regression test was used in the multivariate analysis.Results: From 200 patients, 50 patients (25,0%) underwent surveillance, 150 patients (75,0%) did not. Bivariate analysis revealed 4 variables with p < 0.25, gender (p = 0,056), ethnicity (p = 0, 231), surveillance education (p = 0,005), and severity of cirrhosis (p = 0, 005). Multivariate analysis showed that the risk factors for surveillance were surveillance education (OR = 2,598; CI 95% (1,325 - 5,094), p = 0,005) and severity of cirrhosis (OR = 1.815; CI 95% = 1,210-2,724; p = 0,004).Conclusion: Surveillance education and severity of cirrhosis were the factors associated with surveillance for early detection of HCC in liver cirrhosis patients.
Role of Lamivudine as Preemptive Therapy in Cancer Patients with Hepatitis B undergoing Chemotherapy Kurniawan, Andree; Sulaiman, Andri Sanityoso
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 14, NUMBER 3, December 2013
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24871/1432013188-193

Abstract

Patients diagnosed with hematology malignancy and solid tumor who underwent chemotherapy, frequently encountered hepatitis B reactivation. Patients with blood cancer, including lymphoma, had higher risk of reactivation compared to those with solid tumor. Steroid and immunosuppressant drugs contained in chemotherapy regimens were responsible for those events. Hepatitis B reactivation during chemotherapy treatment could contribute to acute liver failure and increase mortality. Administration of analog nucleoside therapy in this group of patient prior to the initiation of chemotherapy could prevent reactivation of hepatitis B.A 43 year-old male patient were diagnosed with diffuse large B cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma stadium II BE (oropharynx) under chemotherapy and had hepatitis B. In this evidence based case report, we reported a critical appraisal of the role of lamivudine as preemptive therapy in blood cancer and solid tumor.Keywords: chemotherapy, hepatitis B reactivation, malignancy