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PENINGKATAN STATUS BESI DAN KEBUGARAN FISIK PEKERJA WANITA USIA SUBUR

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 6, No 3 (2011): November 2011
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

The study aims were to (1) assess the nutritional status, adequacy level, and physical fitness of the nonpregnant reproductive female workers, and (2) analyze the effect of micronutrients supplementation on their iron status and physical fitness. This research employed experimental design of double blind, completely randomized design by involving 338 households of female workers. The experimental unit consists of 39 female workers whose hemoglobin level were 80-125 g/L. However, five of them were drop out due to pregnancy or sickness. The treatments applied in the study were three capsules containing: (1) iron and folic acid (BF), (2) multi-vitamin and mineral (MVM), which contains of 15 different vitamins and minerals, and (3) placebo (P). The body mass index of the female workers were thin 12 percent, normal 70 percent and overweight 18 percent. Most of their nutritional intake of vitamin C, calcium and iron were deficient but they had a good to superior of physical fitness. After 10 weeks of three days per week supplementation, BF significantly increased the hemoglobin (p

FOOD CONSUMPTION AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF BRESTFEEDING MOTHERS AND INFANTS

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 2, No 2 (2007): Juli 2007
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi kondisi sosial ekonomi, konsumsi ibu menyusui dan bayi, frekuensi konsumsi pangan ibu menyusui serta menganalisis status gizi ibu menyusui dan bayi. Desain penelitian ini menggunakan cross-sectional dengan sampel ibu menyusui. Sampel yang diambil sebanyak 100 orang ibu menyusui. Pemilihan sampel dilaku­kan secara acak berlapis (stratified random sampling). Penelitian ini dilakukan di dua ke­camatan di Kabupaten Cianjur pada tahun 2006-2007. Data yang dikumpulkan meliputi karakteristik sosial ekonomi keluarga ibu menyusui, konsumsi dan frekuensi konsumsi pangan ibu menyusui dan bayi, status gizi ibu menyusui serta data antropometri bayi yang digunakan untuk menentukan status gizi bayi. Data karakteristik sosial ekonomi keluarga ibu menyusui, konsumsi dan frekuensi konsumsi bayi diperoleh melalui wawancara dengan menggunakan kuesioner. Data antropometri bayi diperoleh melalui pengukuran yang dilakukan selama penelitian berlangsung. Data hasil wawancara dan pengukuran dientri menggunakan soft­ware excel. Data dianalisis dengan SAS (Statistical Analysis System) dan menggunakan uji Regresi. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa konsumsi energi dan protein ibu menyusui secara rata-rata hanya memenuhi 60% dan 87% dari angka kecukupan gizi yang dianjurkan (RDA). Konsumsi energi dan protein bayi secara rata-rata sudah memenuhi 100% dan 106% dari angka kecukupan gizi yang dianjurkan (RDA). Prevalensi ibu menyusui pada kategori thin dan overweight masing-masing sebesar 10% dan 16%. Pada bayi, prevalensi dari underweight, stunted dan wasted yaitu sebesar 8.5%, 45.7% dan 9.6%. Keywords : konsumsi, frekuensi  makan, status gizi

PERCEPTION OF MOTHERS AND CHILDREN’S PARTICIPATION IN THE NUTRITIONAL PROGRAMS

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 2, No 2 (2007): Juli 2007
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui persepsi masyarakat terhadap pelayanan program gizi serta menganalisis partisipasinya dalam program posyandu. Disain penelitian ini menggunakan cross-sectional dengan sampel rumah tangga yang memiliki anak balita. Sampel yang diambil sebanyak 300. Pemilihan sampel dilakukan secara acak berlapis (stratified random sampling). Penelitian ini dilakukan di dua kecamatan di Kabupaten Cianjur yang dilakukan pada tahun 2006-2007. Data yang dikumpulkan meliputi jenis pe­layanan gizi, persepsi terhadap program gizi dan partisipasi dalam program gizi. Data diperoleh melalui wawancara. Data ha­sil wawancara dientri menggunakan software excel. Data dianalisis dengan SAS (Statistical Analysis System). Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa para ibu berpendapat bahwa program PMT dan penyuluhan gizi harus lebih diper­baiki. Jumlah dan keterampilan kader cukup memadai, namun kahadiran bidan di posyandu kurang mencukupi. Program imunisasi bagi balita diikuti dengan baik oleh para ibu balita. Terkait pelayanan di puskesmas, sebagian besar ibu mengeluhkan waktu antri yang lama dan frekuensi kehadiran dokter yang kurang. Partisipasi balita dalam mengun­jungi posyandu relatif baik (92.4%). Lebih dari 90% balita, baik yang sering maupun jarang mengunjungi posyandu telah menerima kapsul vitamin A. Pelayanan posyandu yang sangat dirasakan oleh masyarakat adalah penimbangan balita dan imunisasi. Keywords : persepsi, partisipasi, program gizi

PERILAKU HIDUP BERSIH DAN SEHAT (PHBS) SERTA PERILAKU GIZI SEIMBANG IBU KAITANNYA DENGAN STATUS GIZI DAN KESEHATAN BALITA DI KABUPATEN BOJONEGORO, JAWA TIMUR

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 6, No 3 (2011): November 2011
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine nutritional knowledge, clean and healthy lifestyle behavior, and balanced diet on maternal behavior, as well as its relationship with nutritional and health status and children under 5 years health. The cros sectional study was conducted during March-April 2011. The population in this study consist of all the children under five living in Campurejo village, Bojonegoro districts East Java Province. The respondents were mothers of toddlers who were selected as samples. Total samples in this study were 55 toddlers. The results showed that maternal nutrition knowledge is positively correlated with clean and healthy lifestyle behavior (p

MAKANAN TABU DI BARITO KUALA KALIMANTAN SELATAN

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 2, No 2 (2007): Juli 2007
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

Food taboo in Indonesia is still a problem. As consequences, pregnant mother, lactating mother and children do not eat the taboo foods so that it can reduce their food intake and finally it can decrease their nutritional status. The objectives of this study are 1) to identify taboo foods, 2) to identify reasons of taboo food and 3) to improve basic nutrition knowledge through training on food and nutrition.  Study was conducted in Barito Kuala South Kalimantan from December 2005 to November 2006. A sample of size 36 households was drawn randomly from household population of size 180. The households population is household farmer who are beneficiary of Special Program for Food Security, Food and Agriculture Organization. Data were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively and presented in one way table. Results show that groups which had many food taboo were pregnant woman group and lactating mother group. There are 7 taboo foods for pregnant woman and 11 taboo foods for lactating mother. Some taboo foods for pregnant women are ice, twin banana, young coconut, coconut water, young pineapple and fish. Some taboo foods for lactating mother are egg, fresh fish, fish, sugar, salt, jackfruit, fat food, hot food, etc. After attending training, the knowledge on nutrition and food of the farmers increase significantly, therefore it is hoped  that their knowledge can reduce their believe of the food taboo.  Keywords: taboo food, food intake, nutrition knowledge.

KETAHANAN PANGAN RUMAH TANGGA PETANI PENGHASIL BERAS ORGANIK

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 2, No 3 (2007): November 2007
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

The study was designed to analyze level of household food secu­rity of farmers who plant organic rice and identify landholding that supporting household food security. For that purposes, 61 samples of household were selected from farming households in Ciburuy Village, Bogor Regency. Data collected was landholding, working capital, cooperation, education, purposes of practicing on organic farming, waste management, knowledge of organic farming, organic rice productivity, income, food consumption and level of household food security. Food recall 1 X 24 hours and food frequency (weekly, monthly, and yearly) were used to obtain food consumption data. Household food security was deter­mined based on level of energy consumption. Landholding that supporting household food security was determined based on rice consumption and household productivity. The analyses results of household food security showed that 85.2% of households were secure and 14.8% were insecure. Variables that significantly influenced household food security were income, knowledge of organic farming, organic rice productivity, purposes of practicing on organic farming, landholding, and waste management. Pearson correlation analyses showed that in­come, knowledge of organic farming, organic rice productivity, and landholding had signifi­cant effect toward  household food security. Spearman correlation analyses showed that purposes of practicing on organic farming and waste management had significant association with household food security too.  Based on daily average of energy sufficiency, land-man ratio should be 318 m2/person. Keywords: household food security, organic farming, land-man ratio

PROFIL SOSIAL EKONOMI DAN STATUS GIZI PETANI DI LOMBOK TENGAH NUSA TENGGARA BARAT

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 2, No 3 (2007): November 2007
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

Socio-conomic and nutritional status are nutrition problems in Indonesia. Solution to overcome this problem is therefore needed. Objectives of this study are 1) to asses  socio-economic, 2) to asess nutritional status of community and 3) to improve nutritional status  through conducting training on food, nutrition, sanitation and hygiene. Study was conducted in Central Lombok, Nusa Tenggara Barat, from December 1995 to November 2006. A sample of size 63 households was drawn randomly from household population of size 316. The households population is household farmer who are beneficiary of Special Program for Food Secutity, Food and Acgriculture Organization. Data were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively and presented in table. Reseacrh results show that level of income of farmer is still very low. Average income of farmer is only Rp 99.141 per capita per month.  Most portion of expenditure or as much as 72% is spent for food. There are still many husbands-wives who have nutrition problem. As much as 30% of husbands are thin and 4% are overweight. As much as 11% wives are thin and 11% are overweight. After attending trainning, the knowledge on nutrition and food of the farmers increase significantly, therefore it is hoped  that their knowledge can improve their nutritional status.  Keywords: socio-economic, food, nutrition, sanitation, hygiene.

STUDI TENTANG PENGETAHUAN GIZI IBU DAN KEBIASAAN MAKAN PADA RUMAH TANGGA DI DAERAH DATARAN TINGGI DAN PANTAI

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 1, No 1 (2006): Juli 2006
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

Eating habits refer to the behavior of a person or a group of people in satisfying the need for food, which involves attitude, beliefs, and choice of food. To understand eating habits, what ought to be considered are food consumption (quantity and quality), preference of certain food, beliefs, taboo, and attitude toward certain foods. This research aims to assess mother’s nutrition knowledge and food habits of the households. The study was conducted in a highland area of Bogor Regency and a coastal area of Indramayu Regency, West Java, Indonesia.  In Bogor, 375 samples and in Indramayu 376 samples were selected randomly, so the total samples are 751. The data was collected through questionnaires.  Mother’s nutrition knowledge is better in Indramayu than in Bogor. The eating frequency of 1-2 times daily is still dominant in the households of both locations of research. A food priority for the members (under five year old children) of households who are prone to nutritional problems is important to reduce the risk of malnutrition. The consumption of food from animal sources (meat and eggs) in both regions of research is generally still low, i.e. less than a piece of meat/week, and less than 1 egg/week, except for the consumption of fish in Indramayu, which is relatively high. The vegetable consumption in Bogor is relatively high, but fruit consumption is lower than that in Indramayu.  Keywords: nutritional knowledge, food habits, household

ASUPAN GIZI ANAK BALITA PESERTA POSYANDU

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 4, No 1 (2009): Maret 2009
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

The objectives of this action research were: (1) to assess nutritional status of children under five years under five years under five yaers, and (2) to evaluate the effects of nutrition education and home gardening to nutritional status of children under five years under five years. The research was carried out in two sub-districts of Bogor: Sub-District of Ciomas and Sub-District of Darmaga. This research started with a preliminary study as the first step and experimental design as the second step.  As many as 16 posyandu  that met research requirements were obtained. A total number of 240 mothers had been divided into kontrol and intervention groups. Collected data included the data of household, children under five years under five years and mothers. Baseline data were collected during the pre-study, while endline data were collected after conducting intervention (experiment). The experiment had been conducted for five months in the form of providing  nutrition education once in two weeks and implementing home gardening. The data analysis included estimation of mean, standard deviation, minimum value, maximum value and proportion. The estimation results were then presented in tables and diagrams. Based on the analysis of nutrition intake data, it appears that intervention of nutrition education and home gardening has given great impacts on macronutrient and micronutrient improvement. The impacts of this nutrition intake improvement are not only because of the availability of vegetable garden in their home, but also because of the allocation of the family resources that is aimed at buying nutritious food. This has proved that knowledge about giving appropriate food is a prerequisite to improve access and sufficient and nutritious food, which has become a basis to reduce any kind of malnutrition. Keywords: nutrition intake, food consumption, children

KEBIASAAN DAN KONSUMSI PANGAN SUKU BADUY

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 4, No 2 (2009): Juli 2009
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

The objectives of the study were: (1) to analyze the socio-economic and demographic characteristics of Baduy people; (2) to understand food habits and food consumption of Baduy people. This research  is an explorative and descriptive study on the socio-cultural aspects of nutrition and food system. The data required to meet the research objectives (social, economy, ecology, food habits, food consumption, health and nutritional status) were collected through a direct interview and discussion with respondents as well as a direct observation at the location of respondents. A sample size of 338 households was drawn from the population. The allocation of sample was 303 for Outer Baduy, 10 for Inner Baduy and 25 for Moslem Baduy. To obtain the data on the cultural aspects, history and  socio aspect of food, in-depth interviews was conducted with 19 key persons. The household energy and nutrient intake of Outer Baduy shows that the household energy and protein intake is 3,198 kcal and 95 g per capita. This energy and protein intake has surpassed the energy and protein sufficiency level (Recommended Dietary Allowances, RDA).  The energy and nutrient intake in Inner Baduy households shows that the household energy and protein daily intake per capita is 952 kcal and 17 g. This is far below the energy and protein sufficiency (Recommended Dietary Allowances, RDA). Keywords: sosio-cultural, nutrition, Baduy tribe, food consumption