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Journal : JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA

Hubungan Riwayat Pajanan Pestisida Dengan Kejadian Gangguan Fungsi Hati (Studi pada Wanita Usia Subur di Kecamatan Kersana Kabupaten Brebes)

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA Vol 11, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA

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Abstract

Background: Women in Kecamatan Kersana Kabupaten Brebes also involved in farming activities using pesticides. Long term of pesticides exposure was able to cause many kinds of health disorder, including liver disfunction. Liver disfunction on women in childbearing-age would make bad impacts not only to themselves but also to their fetus when they were pregnant. Former research indicated that liver disfunction came as a result of pesticides exposure. Health Profiles of Kabupaten Brebes in 2007 and 2008 recorded increasing rate of liver disfunction. The objective of this research was to analize the assossiation between pesticides exposure and liver disfunction on women in childbearing-age at Kecamatan Kersana Kabupaten Brebes. Method : This was an explanatory research with cross sectional approach. This research took sample of 86 women in childbearing-age from four villages which were chosen purposively. Questionare, tool of blood sampling and laboratory testing, and sheet of laboratory result were used as instruments in this research. Data were collected by laboratory testing to blood samples and interviewing childbearing-age women. Result : All childbearing-age women had normal cholinesterase enzyme level, but 50% of them had cholinesterase enzyme below mean level. Envolvement of childbearing-age women in farming activities was 74,4%. Based on cholinesterase enzyme level and envolvement in farming activities, it was concluded that 33 childbearing-age women (38,4%) had pesticides exposure. Occurence of childbearing-age women to have liver disfunction was 23,3%. There was no assossiation between pesticides exposure and liver disfunction on women in childbearing-age (p=0,538). Pesticides exposure, together with other risk factors, also indicated no assossiation to liver disfunction on women in childbearing-age at Kecamatan Kersana Kabupaten Brebes (p=0,651). Keywords : women in childbearing-age, pesticides exposure, liver disfunction

Beberapa Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Fungsi Tiroid Pada Pasangan Usia Subur (PUS) di Kecamatan Kersana Kabupaten Brebes

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA Vol 11, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA

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Abstract

Background  : Pesticide exposure on women who live in agricultural areas can cause health problems such as disruption of thyroid function. Pesticides can inhibit the binding of iodine by the body. Hypothyroidism can cause disturbances in female reproductive system, including disorders of puberty and menstruation, pre menstrual syndrome, sexual disfunction, birth defects and low birth weight infant. Goiter are usually be found in mountainous or highland areas but now mostly found in the lowlands. This is probably due to the exposure to heavy metals such as Pb, the use of hormonal contraceptives, and consumption of thiocyanate.  The purpose of this study was to identify some factors associated with thyroid function on child bearing age woman in  Kersana Subdistrict,  district of Brebes Method  : It was an observational research using cross-sectional design. Research was conducted in 4 villages namely Kemukten, Limbangan, Sutamaja and Kubangpari Kersana Brebes District. The subjects were 87 women. Data obtained from TSH, FT4 serum, Pb in blood, kholinesterase in blood, urinary iodine excretion, thiocyanate, measurement of nutritional status, the interview to find out the type of contraception used by couples. Data were analyzed using chi square test. Result  : The results showed that there was no correlation between levels of kholinesterase, Pb in blood, urinary iodine excretion, urinary thiocyanate, the type of contraception, age and BMI with thyroid function on child bearing age woman in Sub district of Kersana. There was no association between exposure of pesticides and Hypothyroid cases occured in Kersana Sub district. It was recomended that women of childbearing need to reduce the adverse impacts of pesticides by using personal protective equipment in agricultural activities and improve health and clean living, and  health department should monitor and regular inspection for kholinesterase levels in women of childbearing age who live in agricultural areas. Keywords : Pesticides expose, thyroid disfunction, child bearing age woman.

Hubungan Riwayat Paparan Pestisida Dengan Profil Darah Pada Wanita Usia Subur di Daerah Pertanian Cabai Dan Bawang Merah

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA Vol 11, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA

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Abstract

Background : Pesticides use is known to cause serious health impact ob human, one of them is abnormalities of blood profile. District of Brebes is one of the largest consumers of pesticides in Indonesia which correlate with its high production on chili and shallot. Most women of childbearing age in this area ara involved in farming which make them having great risk to have abnormalities of blood profile. The study conducted to search relation between pesticides exposure and blood profile on women child bearing age in agriculture area. Method : This was a cross-sectional study involving 80 women of childbearing age lived in agriculture area. Result : Involvement in agricultural activities (p=0,023, RP=1,52, 95%CI =1,00 to 2,29), pesticides exposure (p=0,007, RP=1,98, 95%CI=1,00 to 3,89), looking for pest (p=0,004, RP=1,52, 95% CI=1,12 to 2,04), harvesting (p=0,001, RP=1,69, 95% CI =0,19 to 2,39), releasing shallot from the stem (p=0,008, RP=1,44); 95%CI = 1.13 to 1,84) associated with increased of monocytes differential count. The result of logistic regression analysis showed pesticides exposure associated with increased of monocytes differential count (p=0,004, RP=7,50, 95% CI=1,92 to 29,29). Conclusion of the findings showed relation between pesticides exposure and increased of monocytes differential count. The finding of this study can be used for information dissemination and pesticide reduction programs in agriculture area.   Keywords: women of childbearing age, pesticide, chili, shallot and blood profile

Faktor Risiko Lingkungan Kejadian Leptospirosis di Jawa Tengah (Studi Kasus di Kota Semarang, Kabupaten Demak dan Pati)

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA Vol 11, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA

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Abstract

Background : Leptospirosis is zoonotic disease caused by Leptospira bacteria and transmitted to human through contact with animal urine and contaminated environment.The number of cases increased since 2005, particulary Semarang, Demak, and Pati regency. The purpose of this study is to analyze environmental risk factors related to leptospirosis incidence in Central Java. Method : This research was an explanatory research with  observational method using  case control design. The subjects were 60 cases and 60 controls recruted with  inclusion criteria. Diagnosis  of control was based on  clinical diagnosis and examination of blood sample with  Leptotek Lateral Flow. The data was analyzed in univariate, bivariate and multivariate tests using logistic regression. Result : The results of this research found that  physical environmental factors that influenced the incidence of leptospirosis were stagnant water of the ditch (OR = 3.5; 95% CI: 1,282-9,301; p = 0.014) and habit of taking bath  or washing in the river (OR = 7.5; 95% CI: 1.534- 36.185; p = 0.014). Recomendation: It was sugested for Health Departement to control the risk factors of physical environment by cooperating with relevant agencies, especially PROKASIH (Clean River Program). People need to keep cleaning the house and the neighborhood, especially the existence of  pools of water around the house and do not get a shower and take out the trash / dead mouse in a river. Keywords : Leptospirosis, Environment, Risk Factors

Hubungan Paparan Kebisingan Dengan Gangguan Pendengaran Pada Pekerja Industri Kerajinan Pandai Besi Di Desa Hadipolo Kecamatan Jekulo Kabupaten Kudus

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA Vol 11, No 2 (2012): Oktober 2012
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Kesehatan Lingkungan

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Abstract

Background : This study describes the correlation between noise exposure and hearing loss on workers at craftsmithy, Hadipolo,Jekulo, Kudus.Methode: The study is an observational cross-sectional approach. The number of sample is 79 respondents from79 craft smithies. Data were collected by interviewing respondents, measuring the intensity of noise in the smithycrafts and examining the workers’ hearing before and after working with audiometry. Data analysis was taken byunivariate, bivariate statistics with Kendall’s Tau test and Wilcoxon Signed RanksTest.Result : The results obtained of 79 craft smithy that was by measuring noise that are included in impulsive noiseis 72 (91.1%) work site noise intensity equal to exceeding NAB.And the lowest noise intensity of 72 dB and a peakintensity of 99 dB, average 92.38 dB, the standard deviation is 5.86 ,medianis 94dB. Audiometric test results onthe right ear before working respondents, the mean value of 24.68 dB with a standard deviation of 8.86 dB andafter work mean value 30.57 dB, 14.64 dB standard deviation. Meanwhile, the left ear before working respondents,the mean standard deviation of 11.30 dB 24.19 dB, and after working with the mean standard deviation of 15.12dB 28.73 dB. Thus, the mean audiometric test results both before and after working on the right ear and left earincreased.The conclusion with Kendall’s Tau test is 95% CI significant p value indicates the p value of 0.076 (p >0.05) for the right ear before work, which means there is no significant correlation between the intensity of noisewith hearing loss right ear and left ear before work, p value 0.021 (p < 0.05), which means that there is ameaningful relationship. And working conditions after the right ear showed significant value, p value 0.121 (p>0.05), which means there is no significant correlation between the intensity of the noise with hearing loss rightear. And for the left ear obtained p value 0.05 (p = 0.05), which means that there is a significant correlationbetween the intensity of noise with hearing loss left ear after work. For the Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test with a levelof 95%, proving that for the right ear and left their values obtained p value = 0.000 (P <0.05), there is asignificant difference to the results of audiometric measure the right and left ear respondents in conditions beforeand after work.Keywords: A Craft smithy, Noise, Hearing Loss

Studi Deskriptif Kejadian Demam Berdarah Dengue (DBD) Dengan Pendekatan Spasial Di Kota Kupang (Analisis Data sekunder Tahun 2010-2011)

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA Vol 11, No 2 (2012): Oktober 2012
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Kesehatan Lingkungan

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Abstract

Background :Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF), an endemic disease in Kupang, has been an enormous healthissue throughout years, as it frequently causes outbreak. The risk factors of the disease, according to certainvariables; time, location, civil and population density, climate, precipitation, temperature, humidity, and diseaseincidence, are still remaining unknown. Therefore, no predictive agent to estimate the DHF outbreak in Kupang hasbeen found.Methode : The research is a obsevasional study, with a spatial approach. The research variables were inspectedat same time and the samples were taken from the whole population; all secondary data on Health Departmentregistration record of Kupang. The data was presented on tables and were analyzed by descriptive method.Result : The result of the secondary data analysis indicated that the endemic trend of DHF profile in Kupang hasbeen decreasing over the last 2 years, however the number of exposed area towards DHF endemic increases. DHFIR showed decreasing trend; particular decline was noted on 2011 (55.45 per 100.000 people) compared to 2010.Highest proportion of DHF patient was found on age 5 – 9 years, followed by age 1 – 4 years, and age 15-19 years.There was changed phenomenon in time, distribution pattern and age; from younger age into productive age,with increasing proportion. There were 6 kecamatan and 44 kelurahan that proned to DHF. DHF IR reached thehighest point at 2010, in Kecamatan Kota Raja (122.80 per 100.000 people), the lowest point indicated atKecamatan Kelapa Lima 50.55 per 100.000 people. In 2011, highest IR was indicated at Kecamatan Kota Lama(84.64 per 100.000 people) while the lowest IR indicated at Kecamatan Alak (35.40 per 100.000 people). Certainfactors are believed to take effect on DHF incidence, these factors are; population density, location, precipitation,air temperature and humidity.Keywords: DHF, incidence, descriptive, spatial

Analisi Faktor Risiko Malaria Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Sarmi Kota, Kabupaten Sarmi, Tahun 2012

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA Vol 11, No 2 (2012): Oktober 2012
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Kesehatan Lingkungan

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Abstract

Background : Several factors have potential to accommodate the spread and cause of malaria include environmental,physical, condition housing, and comunity behaviour. People in the working area of the Sarmi Municipal PublicHealth Service, Sarmi District, have high risk behavior of being exposed by malaria disease. In addition, physicalcondition of housings are still far below healthy standard. Slumps area and bushes around the environment understudy have contributed to poor health condition. The presence of cattle cages nearby the houses have been consideredto cause the vast growing malaria-bound mosquitos.Methode : This study aimed to find out the relationship between environmental conditions nearby the houses, physicalconditions, housing comunity behaviors and malaria incidence in the working area of Sarmi Municipal Public HealthService, Sarmi District, Sarmi Regency, Papua Province. This observational study applied a restropective study with acase control approach, in which case group – those who suffered from malaria – were compared with control group. Thecase group consisted of 57 respondents, whereas the control group consisted of 57 respondents. Data were subject tounivariate and bivariate analyses using a Chi-square technique. To calculate the risk factor, the study applied an oddratio and to find out the simultaneous relationship meaning (p) between independent variables and the dependentvariables the study applied a multivariate analysis. This analysis was then correlated with a logistic regression.Result : Results of the study showed the following outputs: 1) a relationship between water slumps and malaria (OR5.827); 2) a relationship between bushes and malaria (OR 3.232); 3) a relationship between window ventilation filtersand malaria (p value : 0.014; OR 2.773); and 4) a relationship between type of houses and malaria (OR 3.714).Conslusion : The study concluded that the presence of water slumps contributed to the growth of mosquito larvae.The malaria risk factors related to the installation of window ventilation filters, types of houses, and the presence ofbushes nearby the housings. These risk factors have affected the malaria incidence in the working area of SarmiMunicipal Public Health Center as much as 99.9%.Keywords : malaria, Environment, Physical Conditions Housing, and Behaviors.

Hubungan Praktek Personal Hygiene Ibu dan Kondisi Sanitasi Lingkungan Rumah dengan Kejadian Diare pada Balita di Puskesmas Kampung Dalam Kecamatan Pontianak Timur

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA Vol 11, No 2 (2012): Oktober 2012
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Kesehatan Lingkungan

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Abstract

Background : Diarrhea has been one of severe health problems in Indonesia. A survey on household health, SKRT(2004) reported that diarrhea was the second ranked disease that caused death of under five year-old infants, andthe third ranked of the overall ages. In Kalimantan Barat, diarrhea becomes the third most dangerous disease,behind dengue and tuberculosis, to cause fatalities with the Incidence Rate of 10%. Data from the Health Office ofPontianak showed 8,374 diarrhea incidences in six districts. The frequent cases were found in Pontianak TimurRegency with 1,430 incidences. Data obtained from the Kampung Dalam Public Health Center, which is situated inPontianak Timur District, showed the highest rate of diarrhea incidence in the regency with 480 cases with prevalencerate of 33.6% (368 of them suffered by under the five year-old infants).Methode : This research aimed to find out the relationship of maternal personal hygiene and housing environmentalsanitation to diarrhea in under five year-old infants at the Public Health Center of Kampung Dalam. The researchwas performed by cross-sectional design, using 1,125 mothers with 12-59 month-old infants who lived in the servicearea of Kampung Dalam Public Health Center as population, resulting in 89 samples by a proportional randomsampling method. These data were then subject to bivariate Chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression test.Result : The overall results showed that the diarrhea incidences were suffered by 50 (56.2%) under five year-oldinfants. Most respondents had poor personal hygienic practices, as the bivariate analysis show the relationshipbetween washing hands with soap before eating (p = 0.002; RP = 1.853), washing hands with soap after going torestroom (p = 0.020; RP = 1.690), and good practices in food management (p = 0.0001; RP = 3.467) on diarrhea.The environmental conditions relating to diarrhea consisted of restroom availability (p = 0.014; RP = 2.72), SPAL(p = 0.025; RP = 4.84), and water quality (p = 0.014; RP = 1.76). However, waste bin condition (p = 0.135) andclean water source (p = 0.627) did not relate to diarrhea. The multivariate variables that became the dominant riskfactor to the diarrhea incidence on the under five year-old infants were food management good practices and healthyrestroom.Conclusion : In conclusion, good practices in food management and healthy restroom gave the diarrhea probabilityof 94%.Keywords : personal hygiene, environmental sanitation, diarrhea

Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan Dengan Kejadian Malaria Di Wilayah Pertambangan Emas tanpa Izin (PETI) Kecamatan Mandor Kabupaten Landak Propinsi Kalimantan Barat

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA Vol 11, No 2 (2012): Oktober 2012
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Kesehatan Lingkungan

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Abstract

Background : Malaria disease is one of many health problems in Indonesia. The National Annual Parasite Incidence (API) in 2009 is 1.85 per 1,000 people with the provincial range of 0.02 – 27.66 per 1.000 people. According to the data of Health Profile in West Kalimantan in 2009, the clinical malaria was 55.987 and positive malaria was 17.885.In Landak County in 2009, the number of clinical malaria was 4.656 and positive malaria was 698.Methode : This research was an observasional reserved with the approact case control. The case was the in habitants malaria in the period January to December 2011 and the control was the in habitants who free from have malaria.The number of the respondents was 132 samples. Data collection was conducted by interviews and environmentalobservation. The statistical analysis used univariate analysis, bivariate analysis, and simple regression multivariate analysis; and the instrument used to calculate the amount of risk was the odd ratio (OR).Result : The factors that were proven to correlate to the cases of malaria disease were the finding of Anopheles sp.larva in the water of lagoon and swamp, the existence of the lagoon (p = 0.037; OR = 2.414; CI 95 95% = 1.118 –5.211), the usage of mesh on the house ventilations (p = 0.034; OR = 5.714; CI 95 95% = 1.201 – 7.192), the habit of using mosquito net (p = 0.004; OR = 5.378; CI 95 95% = 1.700 – 7.014), the habit of using mosquito repellent (p = 0.000; OR = 6.5; CI 95 95% = 2.935 – 4.394), and the habit of going out of the house at night (p = 0.006; OR = 7.849; CI 95 95% = 1.695 – 6.341).From the multivariate analysis by binary logisticregression, the risk factors influencing on the malaria cases were found: the use of mosquito net, the use of mesh on the house ventilations, the use of mosquito repellent, and the habit of going out of the house at night. The most dominant factor was the use of mosquito repellent with p = and CI 95% = 3.048 – 18.033. Based on the analysis results, it can be found that the use of mosquito net, the use of mesh on the house ventilations, the use of mosquito repellent, and the habit of going out of the house at night have the probability of the risk of having malaria is as much as 95.5%.Keywords : endemic area, malaria, risk factors, area of gold mining

Kebiasaan Tinggal Di Rumah Etnis Timor Sebagai Faktor Risiko Tuberkulosis Paru

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA Vol 12, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA

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Abstract

Background : Pulmonary Tuberculosis disease is a disease that can infect directly that is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis that can be transmitted from patients with Pulmonary Tuberculosis through spray of sputum mediated by the air. In the year 2010, the District of Northern Central Timor was ranked as the five for East Nusa Tenggara Province and had ethnic houses that if were viewed from healthy house requirements were very far from fulfilling the requirements. The purpose of this study is to view the habit of living in Timorese ethnic houses as a risk factor for tuberculosis. Methods : The type of study is observational with case control approach. There were 100 samples that consisted of 50 cases and 50 controls that were collected at random. Data from study results were then analysed in univariate and bivariate analyses using chi square statistic with conditional method. Results : of analyses on 8 variables, there were 6 variables that had significant associations i.e. the habit of living in Timorese ethnic house (OR= 3,8; 95%CI= 1,6 - 8,7), area of ventilation (OR= 6,2; 95%CI = 2,5 - 15,7), cross ventilation  (OR= 4,2; 95%CI =1,8 - 9,7), the type of wall of the house (OR= 4,7; 95%CI =1,9 - 11,4), the type of floor of the house (OR= 3,7; 95%CI  The results of multivariate analyses showed that there were 1 variables that were dominant in causing pulmonary tuberculosis i.e. crowdedness of home (OR= 9,2; 95%CI= 3,5 - 24,5). Conclusion : that there is a relationship between the habit of living in Timorese ethnic houses, area of ventilation, the presence of cross ventilation, the type of wall of the house, the type of floor of the house and the crowdedness of home with the occurrence of pulmonary tuberculosis.   Keywords : Habit of living, pulmonary tuberculosis, physical environment of home, preventive practice.

Co-Authors A J Endharta A. Haris A. Rusgiyono Abdul Haris Abdul Karim Achmad Mauludiyanto Adi Soeprijanto Aditia, Dita Selvia Ag Soemantri Agus Setyawan Agus Subagio Agus Suharsono Agus Suwandono Agustinus Soemantri Aiman Farag Mohammed Ali, Aiman Farag Mohammed Ainil Karomah Aisiah Aisiah, Aisiah Aji Winara Akhmad Fathurrohman Albertus Ata Maran Ali Rosidi Alice Ximenis Naben Alif Rahman Dhani Alim, Kusuma Yati Amalia Sakina, Nova Ana Setyowati Andria Prima Ditago Anggun Marlina Puspitasari, Anggun Marlina Anies Anies Anna Nur Nahari, Anna Nur Apoina Kartini Apryanti, Yohana Putri Ardiani, Hanifah Ari Dwi Kurniawati, Ari Dwi Ari Suwondo Arif Harjanto Arifian Rahman Arimoto, Takafumi Aris Puji Widodo Armini, Ni Kadek Arnelli Arnelli Arono Arono Artikasari, Artikasari Arulita Ika Fibriana Arum Siwiendrayanti Arum, Silfia Sekar Ashanur Jenni, Ashanur Aslim Rasyad Asril Aminullah Ayu Cintya Paraswati, Ayu Cintya B. Raharjo Bagoes Widjanarko Basuki Basuki Bayu Surarso Beni Lestari, Beni Beta Noranita Boediman, Drajat Brodjol Sutijo BRW. Indriasari, BRW. Budhi Setianto budi manfaat, budi Budi Santosa Budianto, Anwar Budiyono Budiyono Cahya Rosyida, Desta Ayu Castro, Toto Chamdani, Muhammad Christian Lilik Henry, Christian Lilik Corry Wahyuni Hidayat, Corry Wahyuni Cut Nanda Defira, Cut Nanda Cut Yulvizar D. Ispriyanti D. S. Widodo Dana, I Made Gde Meranggi Darmayanti, Tri Darsono Darsono Darwis, Darsef Dasrul Dasrul Dedi Hariyanto, Dedi Dedi Natawijaya Dedy Dwi Prastyo Defi Mustika Sari Destri Susilaningrum Dewi Andriyani Dharminto Dharminto Dhoriva Urwatul Wutsqa Diah Rahayu Wulandari Diah Ratnasari Dias Aji Bantarwati Didik Setiyo Widodo Dinda Rachma Anggiani, Dinda Rachma Diyah Fatmasari Djalal Er Riyanto Djokomoeljanto, Sri Dwi Astuti, Siti Choirul Dwi Endah Kusrini Dwi Kusrianto Putro, Dwi Kusrianto Dwi Marinajati Dwi Pudjonarko Dwi Wastoro Dadiyanto, Dwi Wastoro Dwiatmono Agus Dwiatmono Agus Widodo Dyah, Dyah E. Setiawati Edy Suryadi Eijsvogels, Thijs Eka Sudarsana Eko Adi Sarwoko Eko Eko Sediyono Eko Sediono Eko Sediyono Endang Ambarwati, Endang Endang Pujiastuti, Rr Sri Eni Mahawati Epa Suryanto Erlin Fitria Dewi, Erlin Fitria Erna Setiawati, Erna Esty Kurniasih, Esty Esty Yunita Sari, Esty Etik Susanti, Etik Eva Laylatus F. Ariyanto Fachrul Kurniawan Falah, Nurul Fanoeel Thamrin Fany Aditya Rahman Farida Ariany Farikhin Farikhin Faturohman, Akhmad Fauzan Masykur Fauziah, Syifa Fernando, Okta Fidiyatun Fidiyatun Gamantyo Hendrantoro Gasela, Fitria Gautama, Mada Gumono Gumono, Gumono Gunawan Gunawan H. Sutanto Hajar, Muhammad Abduh Ibnu Hanafi Kamarz Handini, Yuslinda Dwi Hardhono Susanto Haryono Haryono Helmi Arif Wibawa Helmie Arif Wibawa Hendra Budi Sungkawa, Hendra Budi Henry Setyawan, Henry Heri Kuswanto Heri Nugroho Herni Utami Hertanto Wahyu Subagio Heru Tjahjana Hiasa, Fina Hidayat, Syarief Thaufik I Made Widagda, I Made I. Marhaendrajaya Ida Ariyanti, Ida Ika Nur Jannah, Ika Nur Ikawati, Kartika Ike Ani Windiastuti Ilafi Andalita Ilmiyah, Nita Imam Djamaluddin Mashoedi Imam Husni Al Amin Imam Suyanto Imelsa Ika Wulandari, Imelsa Ika Imran, Bahtiar Iqbalsyah, T.M. Irma Dewiyanti Iskandar, Arif Ismaini Ismaini Isnawati, Salafiyah Izza Hananingtyas J. E. Suseno James Khristian Imbiri Jatmiko Endro Suseno JC. Susanto Joharman Joharman Juliana, Cut Juwana, Ferditia Karna Kadek Kardya Novi Diani Kamilah Budhi Kamilah Budhi R, Kamilah Budhi Kartika Chrysti Suryandari Kartika Imam Santoso, Kartika KARTINI ERIANI Karyadi, Hari Khoirul Huda Khoirunnisa, Anis Khotimah, Khusnul Kiki Ferawati Kintan Arifa Shafirin, Kintan Arifa Kiswanto Kiswanto Komsiyah, Komsiyah Kushartantya Kushartantya Kusmiyati Tjahjono Kuswandari, Diah Kuswaningrum, Okta Kusyogo Cahyo Laila Kamilla Laila, Ratih Lee, Muhammad Hisyam Lenni Arta F.S. Sinaga, Lenni Arta F.S. Lestari, Susanti Lily Gunawan Lokaprasida, Prameshi Lopulalan Octovianus, Lopulalan Lukmono, Djoko Tri Hadi M. Arifin M. Haris Qamaruzzaman M. Izzati M. Nur M. Zen Rahfiludin Mado, Ismit Mahalul Azam Mardiyono Mardiyono Maria Mexitalia Maries Lailatul Izza Martha Irene Kartasurya Martini Martini Marwanto, Andriana Masfufatun Juni, Masfufatun Mateus Sakundarno Adi, Mateus Sakundarno Mateus Sakundarno, Mateus Maulidiyah Salim Mauridhi Hery P Mega Silfiani Melawati, Cyntia Meliana Sari, Meliana Mexitalia Setiawati Mifbakhuddin Mifbakhuddin, Mifbakhuddin Miftahul Munir, Miftahul Mochammad Abdul Mukid, Mochammad Abdul Mochammad Arbi Hadiyat Mohammad Sulchan Mohammad Zen Rahfiludin Muchlis Achsan Udji Sofro Muchtar Mawardi Mufidatul Khasanah, Mufidatul Muhammad Nur MUHAMMAD RIZAL Muntoha Muntoha Murni, Ni Nengah Arini Musbir Musbir Muslih Muslih Mustafid Mustafid Ngadiyono Ngadiyono, Ngadiyono Ni Luh Sakinah Nuraini, Ni Luh Sakinah Ni Made Dwi Ermayanthi Niki Astorina Yunita Dewanti, Niki Astorina Yunita Nikie Astorina Yunita Dewanti Nimah, Anis Nikmatun Nindita Sekar Dini Novi Hidayati Novia Rina Dewi Novianti, P.W. Nugroho Nugroho Nur Endah Wahyuningsih Nur Endah Wahyuningsih Nur Fadhilah Nur Faizah Nur Khafidhoh, Nur Nurdin Bahtiar Nurhalimah, Septina Restu Nurjazuli Nurjazuli Nurjazuli Nurjazulil, Nurjazuli Nyoman Suci Widyastiti Ofianto Ofianto, Ofianto Oktivianis Kusumaningrum Olha Musa, Olha Onny Setiani Palupi, Bening Sri Pandiangan, Paken Paristiowati, Maria Parmin, J. Pasiyan Rahmatullah Patma, Rosi Prakoso, Aryo Pramono Dwi Utomo Pramukarso, Dodik Tugasworo Prihati Prihati Priyo Sidik Sasongko Priyono Priyono Pujiono Pujiono Purhadi Purhadi Purnomo Sidhi Purwadi, Agus Joko Puspita Kartikasari Puspita, Intan Dewi Putri Setyo Wulandari, Putri Setyo R. Hariyati R. Hastuti Rachmat Gernowo Ramadhani, Achmad Rani Novianis Rizky Saputri, Rani Novianis Rizky Rara Marisdayana, Rara Rasipin Rasipin Ratna Dian Kurniawati, Ratna Dian Ratna Pratiwi Ratnasari Kusumawati Rebecha Prananta, Rebecha Renny Elfira Wulansari Rianasari Rianasari, Rianasari Rifatul Masrikhiyah, Rifatul Rika Susanti Rio Kurniawan Ririn Sulpiani Risa Nursanty Rismawati Rismawati Riyandika Andhi Saputra Riyaningsih Riyaningsih Rofi'i, Muhamad Rokhmaniyah Rokhmaniyah, Rokhmaniyah Ronny Ronny Rosnizar, Rosnizar Roziana Roziana, Roziana RRJ. Sri Djokomoeljanto Rudi Anshari, Rudi Rudi Pangarsaning Utami Rusiyati Rusiyati Ryana Ayu Setia Kurniasari S. Tana Saepudin, malik Safira Fatichaturrachma, Safira Safitri, Nurul Febi Safriansyah Safriansyah Salehah, Novi Ajeng Salimi, Moh Salimi, Moh Samekto, Marek Samiyati, Menik Samsul N Hidayat, Samsul N Samuel Samuel Sandra, Tuti Santoso, Yusuf Dwi Sapruddin Sapruddin Sari, Betania Ratna Sari, Nisa Sarwendah Dewi Astuti, Sarwendah Dewi Satriyo Adhy Selamat Budijitno Setiawan Setiawan Shofa Chasani Sistya Rosi Diaprina Siti Fatimah Muis Siti Maghfirotul Ulyah Slamet Budiono Slamet Handoko Slamet Handoko Handoko Slamet Widodo Soeharyo Hadisaputro Sofia Sofia, Sofia Sofro, Muchlis AU Sofyan Cholid, Sofyan Sri Handayani Sri Rahayu Sri Ratna Rahayu, Sri Ratna Sri Wahjuni Sri Wahyuningsih Subagio, Hertanto W. Subanar Subanar Suci Rahmadani Sucipta Sucipta Sudarno Sudarno Sudirman Sudirman Sugeng Purnomo Sugito Sugito Suharyo Hadisaputro Suhermi, Novri Sukro, Sukro Sulistiawati Sulistiawati SULISTIYANI SULISTIYANI Sumarno Sumarno Suparno Suparno Supriyana Supriyana, Supriyana Suratman Suratman Suripto Suripto Suryati Kumorowulan Susilowati, Devi Ayu Sutardi Sutardi Suwito Suwito Syaiful Hadi T. Windarti Tati Tati Tatiek Dyah Wardani, Tatiek Dyah Thamrin, Jumianti Lestari Thamrin, Jumianti Lestari Theresia Patty, Fara Imelda Theresia Ristadeli Titi Suherni Titiek Praptini, Titiek Tjahjono Kuntjoro Toni Prahasto Tri Joko Tri Murti Tri Saptuti Susiani, Tri Saptuti Trismianto Asmo Sutrisno Sutrisno Triwid Syafarotun Najah, Triwid Syafarotun Ucu Cahyana, Ucu Udi Harmoko Udin Bahrudin, Udin Ulandari, Githa Ulfa Nurullita Umi Athiyah, Umi Undang, Undang Vinny Merlinda Hardiana Vita Ratnasari W. H. Rahmanto W. Rahmanto Wahono, Puji Wahyu Utami, Wahyu Wibowo, Yermia Nugroho Agung widowati widowati Wijaya, Norra Hendarni Wijdani Anindya Hadi Windarningsih, Farida Windi Rayina Rosa Winita Sulandari Wiwid Widiyatni, Wiwid Wiwit Artika Yadanur Alim Yanti, Nafri Yulianto, Mochamad Rizal yundri, yundri Yuniawatika Yuniawatika, Yuniawatika Yunita Dewanti, Nikie Astorina Yusniar Hanani D., Yusniar Z. Muhlisin