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Journal : HAYATI Journal of Biosciences

Preliminary Characterization of Protease Inhibitor from Bacteria-Associated with Sponge from Panggang Island, Seribu Islands NURHAYATI, TATI; SUHARTONO, MAGGY THENAWIDJAJA; NURAIDA, LILIS; POERWANTO, SRI BUDIARTI
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol 13, No 2 (2006): June 2006
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (157.733 KB) | DOI: 10.4308/hjb.13.2.58

Abstract

Pathogenic bacteria produced protease that involved in molecular mechanism of foodborne disease. Produced protease involved in molecular mechanisms of foodborne diseases. The purpose of this research was to screen, identify and characterize the potential microorganisms associated with sponge as producer of protease inhibitor. Among 96 isolates examined, four isolates i.e 10A6, 6A3, 9A51, and 1A12 yielded protease inhibitors which were potential to inhibit protease substrates (40-90%). One of the most potential protease inhibitor producer, the bacteria isolate 6A3, was identified as Chromohalobacter sp. Chromohalobacter sp.6A3 produced protease inhibitor with optimum temperature and pH 300 C and 5, respectively. The inhibitor activity was stable when incubated at 400 C for ten minutes or at 300 C for 8 hours. Key words: Bacteria, Chromohalobacter sp., protease inhibitor, screen, sponge
Fatty Acid Synthesis by Indonesian Marine Diatom, Chaetoceros gracilis PRATIWI, ALBERTA RIKA; SYAH, DAHRUL; HARDJITO, LINAWATI; PANGGABEAN, LILY MARIA GORETTI; SUHARTONO, MAGGY THENAWIDJAJA
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol 16, No 4 (2009): December 2009
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (134.069 KB) | DOI: 10.4308/hjb.16.4.151

Abstract

Since the primary storage nutrients in diatoms consist of lipid, they are potential for the industrial fatty acid production. High value fatty acids include arachidonic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid. This study aimed to analyze fatty acid synthesis by Chaetoceros gracilis diatom during growth. There was a large increase in lipid yield from 4pg cell-1 mass of lipid per cell at the exponential phase to 283pg cell-1 at stationary phase. The lipid concentrations also increased significantly from the stationary phase to the death phase, but not significantly from the end exponential phase to the stationary phase. The relative percentage of saturated fatty acid (SAFA) of the total fatty acid was higher than that of monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) and polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) at all of growth phase. The highest PUFA was found at stationary phase at the same time when SAFA was being the lowest. The majority of SAFA was palmitic acid (24.03-40.35%). MUFA contained significant proportion of oleic acid (19.6-20.9%). Oleic acid, linoleic acid and α-linolenic acid were found at every stage growth. These fatty acids are considered as precursor for production of long chain PUFA-Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA/22:6ω3) through series of desaturation and elongation step with all of desaturase enzyme (Δ8-D, Δ9-D, Δ12-D, Δ15-D, Δ17-D, Δ6-D, Δ5-D, and Δ4-D) and elongase enzyme (E).         Key words: Chaetoceros gracilis, fatty acid, synthesis, saturated fatty acid (SAFA), monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA), polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA)
Isolation and Characterization of Silaffin that Catalyze Biosilica Formation from Marine Diatom Chaetoceros gracilis MANURUNG, AGNES IMELDA; PRATIWI, ALBERTA RIKA; SYAH, DAHRUL; SUHARTONO, MAGGY THENAWIDJAJA
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol 14, No 3 (2007): September 2007
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (292.311 KB) | DOI: 10.4308/hjb.14.3.119

Abstract

The method of making silica in industries requires extreme conditions. The finding of proteins involved in the formation of biosilica from diatoms, has opened up an alternative way of production. Chaetoceros gracilis is one of the diatoms, which is potential in producing silaffin protein. This study aimed to isolate and to characterize the protein. We also analyzed the protein activity toward tetraethoxyorthosilicate (TEOS) substrate in in vitro reaction. Diatom biomass was harvested and further kept in 2% SDS/100 mM EDTA solution. Protein isolation was conducted by dissolving the silica and separating the protein by soaking in 2 M HF/8 M NH4F. Protein concentration was analyzed using Bradford method and the molecular weight was estimated through SDS-PAGE. Protein activity was observed by reacting it with TEOS substrate to form silica polymer and measured by colorimetric molibdate assay. Protein concentration was 1.20 mg/ml and appeared filamentous. The apparent molecular weights consisted of 12, 23, 42, 44 kDa. These protein was able to polymerize the silica at room temperature within 10 min. As much as 85.65 umol TEOS was polymerized per 1.4 x 106 silaffin protein per min. SEM analysis showed the formation of spherical, aggregate biosilica. Key words: Chaetoceros gracilis, silaffin protein, biosilica, polymerization
Food Origin Fibrinolytic Enzyme With Multiple Actions Stephani, Laurentia; Tjandrawinata, Raymond Rubianto; Afifah, Diana Nur; Lim, Yanti; Ismaya, Wangsa Tirta; Suhartono, Maggy Thenawidjaja
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol 24, No 3 (2017): July 2017
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (919.422 KB) | DOI: 10.4308/hjb.24.3.124

Abstract

Many health related problems such as cardiovascular diseases are associated with the formation of excessive clot in the blood (thrombus). Approaches in cardiovascular disease treatment are preventing the formation or removing the thrombus. The present thrombolytic agents can be classified as plasminogen activators, fibrinolytic enzyme which directly degrades fibrinogen or fibrin and heparin type which act as thrombin inhibitor. Recently, microbial fibrinolytic enzymes of food origin receive more attention that leads to escalating efforts to explore traditional fermented foods as the natural sources. We have successfully isolated microorganism from Indonesian fermented soybean tofu dregs “Oncom” that secretes fibrinolytic enzyme. The microorganism identified as Stenotrophomonas sp. is unique because most of the reported fibrinolytic microorganism belongs to Bacillus sp. This isolate was found to produce extracellular fibrinolytic enzyme which could degrade fibrinogen and fibrin directly as determined by fibrinogen zymography and fibrin plate methods. More importantly, the 30-kD purified enzymes was found to demonstrate not only fibrin and fibrinogen degradation capabilities, but also acted as thrombin inhibitor as determined using specific substrates for thrombin. This is the first report of a fibrinolytic enzyme that demonstrates additional synergistic activities. This finding accentuates the importance of further development of the enzyme into a powerful agent to treat the thrombus-related disease effectively.