Articles

Found 21 Documents
Search

Preliminary Characterization of Protease Inhibitor from Bacteria-Associated with Sponge from Panggang Island, Seribu Islands NURHAYATI, TATI; SUHARTONO, MAGGY THENAWIDJAJA; NURAIDA, LILIS; POERWANTO, SRI BUDIARTI
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol 13, No 2 (2006): June 2006
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (157.733 KB)

Abstract

Pathogenic bacteria produced protease that involved in molecular mechanism of foodborne disease. Produced protease involved in molecular mechanisms of foodborne diseases. The purpose of this research was to screen, identify and characterize the potential microorganisms associated with sponge as producer of protease inhibitor. Among 96 isolates examined, four isolates i.e 10A6, 6A3, 9A51, and 1A12 yielded protease inhibitors which were potential to inhibit protease substrates (40-90%). One of the most potential protease inhibitor producer, the bacteria isolate 6A3, was identified as Chromohalobacter sp. Chromohalobacter sp.6A3 produced protease inhibitor with optimum temperature and pH 300 C and 5, respectively. The inhibitor activity was stable when incubated at 400 C for ten minutes or at 300 C for 8 hours. Key words: Bacteria, Chromohalobacter sp., protease inhibitor, screen, sponge
Potensi Cendawan Endofit sebagai Agens Pengendali Hayati Phytophthora palmivora (Butl.) Butl. Penyebab Busuk Buah Kakao Tondok, Efi Toding; Sinaga, Meity Suradji; Widodo, ,; Suhartono, Maggy Thenawidjaja
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 40, No 2 (2012): JURNAL AGONOMI INDONESIA
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (350.444 KB)

Abstract

Black pod disease (BPD) of cacao caused by Phytophthora palmivora(Butl.) is one of the major diseases on cacao plantation worldwide. Endophytic fungi (EF), fungi that live asymptomatically inside healthy plants, were examined to study their potentials as biocontrol agent of the disease. Six of EF selected from 37 species (from 2843 isolates), isolated from healthy pods of cacao from Marena in Central Sulawesi were tested for their abilities to control BPD. Pods on living trees in the field were sprayed with each EF propagules. The inoculated pods were harvested two weeks later and subsequently inoculated with P. palmivora. Scoring of disease development was performed and quantified as area under disease progress curve (AUDPC). Latent period, infection rate and effectiveness were also recorded. In vitro growth inhibition of pathogen and induced plant defense mechanisms due to EF were also investigated. Xylariaceaeand Calocybe gambosatreatment generated the highest effectiveness control level, i.e. 38.8% and 33.8% respectively, followed by Resinicium friabileand Aschersoniatreatment, i.e. 17.4% dan 12.7% respectively.  Pestalotiopsisand Fusariumwere not effective to control BPD. There was a strong connection between disease severity of BPD with the latent period of pathogen. Growth inhibition of pathogen and induced resistance of plant were partially responsible for disease suppression by Xylariaceae, C. gambosa, R. friabileand Aschersonia. Keywords: Calocybe gambosa, induced resistance, peroxidases, salicylic acid, Xylariaceae
Fatty Acid Synthesis by Indonesian Marine Diatom, Chaetoceros gracilis PRATIWI, ALBERTA RIKA; SYAH, DAHRUL; HARDJITO, LINAWATI; PANGGABEAN, LILY MARIA GORETTI; SUHARTONO, MAGGY THENAWIDJAJA
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol 16, No 4 (2009): December 2009
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (134.069 KB)

Abstract

Since the primary storage nutrients in diatoms consist of lipid, they are potential for the industrial fatty acid production. High value fatty acids include arachidonic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid. This study aimed to analyze fatty acid synthesis by Chaetoceros gracilis diatom during growth. There was a large increase in lipid yield from 4pg cell-1 mass of lipid per cell at the exponential phase to 283pg cell-1 at stationary phase. The lipid concentrations also increased significantly from the stationary phase to the death phase, but not significantly from the end exponential phase to the stationary phase. The relative percentage of saturated fatty acid (SAFA) of the total fatty acid was higher than that of monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) and polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) at all of growth phase. The highest PUFA was found at stationary phase at the same time when SAFA was being the lowest. The majority of SAFA was palmitic acid (24.03-40.35%). MUFA contained significant proportion of oleic acid (19.6-20.9%). Oleic acid, linoleic acid and α-linolenic acid were found at every stage growth. These fatty acids are considered as precursor for production of long chain PUFA-Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA/22:6ω3) through series of desaturation and elongation step with all of desaturase enzyme (Δ8-D, Δ9-D, Δ12-D, Δ15-D, Δ17-D, Δ6-D, Δ5-D, and Δ4-D) and elongase enzyme (E).         Key words: Chaetoceros gracilis, fatty acid, synthesis, saturated fatty acid (SAFA), monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA), polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA)
Isolation and Characterization of Silaffin that Catalyze Biosilica Formation from Marine Diatom Chaetoceros gracilis MANURUNG, AGNES IMELDA; PRATIWI, ALBERTA RIKA; SYAH, DAHRUL; SUHARTONO, MAGGY THENAWIDJAJA
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol 14, No 3 (2007): September 2007
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (292.311 KB)

Abstract

The method of making silica in industries requires extreme conditions. The finding of proteins involved in the formation of biosilica from diatoms, has opened up an alternative way of production. Chaetoceros gracilis is one of the diatoms, which is potential in producing silaffin protein. This study aimed to isolate and to characterize the protein. We also analyzed the protein activity toward tetraethoxyorthosilicate (TEOS) substrate in in vitro reaction. Diatom biomass was harvested and further kept in 2% SDS/100 mM EDTA solution. Protein isolation was conducted by dissolving the silica and separating the protein by soaking in 2 M HF/8 M NH4F. Protein concentration was analyzed using Bradford method and the molecular weight was estimated through SDS-PAGE. Protein activity was observed by reacting it with TEOS substrate to form silica polymer and measured by colorimetric molibdate assay. Protein concentration was 1.20 mg/ml and appeared filamentous. The apparent molecular weights consisted of 12, 23, 42, 44 kDa. These protein was able to polymerize the silica at room temperature within 10 min. As much as 85.65 umol TEOS was polymerized per 1.4 x 106 silaffin protein per min. SEM analysis showed the formation of spherical, aggregate biosilica. Key words: Chaetoceros gracilis, silaffin protein, biosilica, polymerization
Isolasi dan Identifikasi Bakteri Asam Laktat Penghasil Inhibitor Enzim HMG-KoA Reduktase dari Bekasam Sebagai Agen Pereduksi Kolesterol Rinto, Rinto; Dewanti, Ratih; Yasni, Sedarnawati; Suhartono, Maggy Thenawidjaja
Agritech Vol 35, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (637.273 KB)

Abstract

The purpose of this research was to obtain statins producer bacteria as a HMG-CoA reductase (HMGR) enzyme inhibitor to reduced cholesterol biosynthesis. Stages of this research were the isolation of compactin and lovastatin resistant bacteria, statin production, analysis of culture extracts to inhibition of HMG-CoA reductase and identification of bacteria. The results showed that the 20 isolates of compactin and lovastatin resistant bacteria, there are 5 bacterial isolates produced statins. They were L3.3.4; C3.4.2; C3.3.5; C3.4.4 and L3.3.3; with the statins content were 9.491; 1.536; 0.065; 0.060; and 0.040 ppm. Selection of the 5 bacterial isolates resulted 2 bacteria which had inhibition ability to HMGR enzyme activity. They were Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus delbruckii sp. delbruckii with inhibitory ability were 66.67% and 58.33%, respectively.ABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan memperoleh bakteri penghasil statin sebagai inhibitor enzim HMG-KoA reduktase (HMGR), penghambat sintesis kolesterol. Tahapan penelitian yang dilakukan adalah isolasi bakteri yang resisten terhadap compactin dan lovastatin, produksi statin, uji penghambatan ekstrak dari kultur bakteri terhadap HMG-KoA reduktase dan identifikasi bakteri. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa dari 20 isolat bakteri yang resisten terhadap compactin maupun lovastatin, terdapat 5 isolat bakteri yang potensial menghasilkan statin, yaitu isolat L3.3.4; C3.4.2; C3.3.5; C3.4.4 dan L3.3.3; dengan kandungan statin berturut-turut adalah 9.491; 1,536; 0,065, 0,060, dan 0,040 ppm. Seleksi terhadap 5 isolat menghasilkan 2 bakteri yang mempunyai kemampuan penghambatan terhadap aktivitas enzim ¸Â•ÝWtu Lactobacillus acidophilus dan Lactobacillus delbruckii sp. delbruckii dengan kemampuan penghambatan  berturut-turut adalah 66,67% dan 58,33%.
AKTIVITAS ANTIBAKTERI DAN ANTIOKSIDAN HIDROLISAT HASIL HIDROLISIS PROTEIN SUSU KAMBING DENGAN EKSTRAK KASAR BROMELIN Kusumaningtyas, Eni; Widiastuti, Raphaella; Kusumaningrum, Harsi Dewantari; Suhartono, Maggy Thenawidjaja
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol 26, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (460.557 KB)

Abstract

Goat milk is highly nutritious foodstuffs that beneficial for improving health. The milk contains bioactive peptides which produced by hydrolysis process. The aim of this study was to evaluate antibacterial and antioxidant activities of hydrolisate produced from hydrolysis of goat milk protein by crude bromelain extract. Hydrolysis of goat milk protein was conducted using crude bromelain (0.1 U/mL) at pH 6, 50°C for 60 min. Hydrolysate was fractionated by using membrane molecular weight cut off 10 kDa. hydrolysate before and after fractionation were assayed for antibacterial and antioxidant activities. Toxicity of the Hydrolysate was determined by hemolysis assay. The result showed that the hydrolysate before and after fractionation inhibited growth of E. coli, S. Typhimurium and L. monocytogenes. Hydrolysate after fractionation has higher antibacterial activity indicated that fractionation was able to improve antibacterial activities of the hydrolysate fraction. The hydrolysate showed scavenging activity to ABTS and DPPH radicals. Fraction <10 kDa has the highest antioxidant activity against both ABTS and DPPH radicals. Hemolysis assay showed that hydrolysate before and after fractionation did not cause lysis of red blood cells, indicating safe for application. Both fraction <10 kDa and >10 kDa not only showed absence of hemolysis but also they were able to reduce autolysis of red blood cells. The result showed that hydrolysate from goat milk hydrolyzed by bromelain were able to be antibacterial and antioxidant.
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitory Activity of Crude and Fractionated Snakehead Fish (Channa striata) Fillet Extract Budiari, Setyani; Chasanah, Ekowati; Suhartono, Maggy Thenawidjaja; Palupi, Nurheni Sri
Squalen, Buletin Pascapanen dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 13, No 2 (2018): August 2018
Publisher : Research and Development Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnol

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (617.636 KB)

Abstract

The existence of endogenous bioactive protein or peptide with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activity in snakehead fish fillet is promising to be investigated. The purposes of this research were to extract ACE inhibitory endogenous protein or peptide from snakehead fish fillet and to fractionate the active compounds using ultrafiltration. The extraction employed two solvents, i.e. aquadest and 50% ethanol. Fractionation was conducted using ultrafiltration membranes of 10,000; 5,000 and 3,000 Molecular Weight Cut Off  (MWCO) to separate the protein or peptide into the sizes of >10 kDa, 5-10 kDa, 3 -5 kDa and <3 kDa. The parameters observed were protein and peptide content, ACE inhibitory activity (in vitro) and also protein and peptide profiles. The result revealed that the snakehead fish fillet contained ACE inhibitory endogenous bioactive protein or peptide. The 50% ethanol was more effective in extracting peptide of <10 kDa than the aquadest. Yet, the aquadest was better in extracting higher molecular weight protein of >10 kDa than the 50% ethanol. The fraction of <3 kDa by aquadest had the highest ACE inhibitor activity per g protein (7.85% inhibition of ACE per g protein). Thus, the fraction of <3 kDa aquadest is the most promising option for further research and development of natural anti-hypertension compound. From the result, snakehead fish fillet was potential to be utilized as a functional food as well as functional ingredient to fight hypertension.
Black pod disease (BPD) of cacao caused by Phytophthora palmivora(Butl.) is one of the major diseases on cacao plantation worldwide. Endophytic fungi (EF), fungi that live asymptomatically inside healthy plants, were examined to study their potentials as biocontrol agent of the disease. Six of EF selected from 37 species (from 2843 isolates), isolated from healthy pods of cacao from Marena in Central Sulawesi were tested for their abilities to control BPD. Pods on living trees in the field were Tondok, Efi Toding; Sinaga, Meity Suradji; Widodo, ,; Suhartono, Maggy Thenawidjaja
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 40, No 2 (2012): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (27.11 KB)

Abstract

Black pod disease (BPD) of cacao caused by Phytophthora palmivora(Butl.) is one of the major diseases on cacao plantation worldwide. Endophytic fungi (EF), fungi that live asymptomatically inside healthy plants, were examined to study their potentials as biocontrol agent of the disease. Six of EF selected from 37 species (from 2843 isolates), isolated from healthy pods of cacao from Marena in Central Sulawesi were tested for their abilities to control BPD. Pods on living trees in the field were sprayed with each EF propagules. The inoculated pods were harvested two weeks later and subsequently inoculated with P. palmivora. Scoring of disease development was performed and quantified as area under disease progress curve (AUDPC). Latent period, infection rate and effectiveness were also recorded. In vitro growth inhibition of pathogen and induced plant defense mechanisms due to EF were also investigated. Xylariaceaeand Calocybe gambosatreatment generated the highest effectiveness control level, i.e. 38.8% and 33.8% respectively, followed by Resinicium friabileand Aschersoniatreatment, i.e. 17.4% dan 12.7% respectively.? Pestalotiopsisand Fusariumwere not effective to control BPD. There was a strong connection between disease severity of BPD with the latent period of pathogen. Growth inhibition of pathogen and induced resistance of plant were partially responsible for disease suppression by Xylariaceae, C. gambosa, R. friabileand Aschersonia. Keywords: Calocybe gambosa, induced resistance, peroxidases, salicylic acid, Xylariaceae
Sequences Analysis of a Gene Encoding Extracellular Xylanase in Streptomyces costaricanus 45I-3 Sipriyadi, S.; Wahyudi, Aris Tri; Suhartono, Maggy Thenawidjaja; Meryandini, Anja
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 20, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (314.446 KB)

Abstract

Streptomyces costaricanus 45I-3 is a bacterial strain belongs to actinomycetes group isolated from peat soil. Thebacterium is known to produce extracellular xylanase. The aims of this study were to analyze DNA sequence andsub-clone gene involved in the synthesis of extracellular xylanase. Complete DNA sequence predicted to encodexylanase genes was isolated from bacterial genome using Inverse Polymerase Chain Reaction (I-PCR). Total DNAsequence of 1664 bp in size obtained from I-PCR consisted of two open reading frames (ORF) in opposite direction.ORF1 was 1029 bp and ORF2 (partial sequence) was 309 bp. Analysis sequence using BlastX indicated that ORF1was homologous with xylanase bacterium enrichment culture clone Xyl8B8 (GenBank accession No. AFH35005.1),i.e. 95% in identity and 99% in similarity. In addition, ORF2 was homologous with glyoxalase bacterium enrichmentculture clone Xyl8B8 (GenBank accession No. AFH35007.1), i.e. 95% in identity and 98% in similarity. Analysis ofamino acid sequence revealed that ORF1 consisted of 2 domains, i.e. glyco-hydrolase 11 (GH11) and CarbohydrateBinding Type 2 (CBM2). Active site was found at 130th amino acid on GH11 domain. Visualization of 3-dimensionstructure showed that 1029 bp fragment is of 19 areas.
Imunomodulator Activity of Alginate Oligosaccharides from Alginate Sargassum crassifolium Subaryono, Subaryono; Perangiangin, Rosmawati; Suhartono, Maggy Thenawidjaja; Zakaria, Fransiska Rungkat
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 20, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (690.154 KB)

Abstract

Alginate oligosaccharides (AOS) are oligosaccharides produced from depolimerization of the alginate polymer, and is reported to have various biological activities. The study aims is to determine the effect of AOSproduction conditions and their effects on products and its activities as an immunomodulatory compound. Production of alginate oligosaccharides (AOS) enzymatically carried out with the help of alginate lyase enzyme produced from the bacterium Bacillus megaterium S245. Variation of incubation time is 2, 4, 6 and 8 hours at concentrations of alginate lyase enzyme addition of 25, 50, 75 and 100U. Treatment of enzyme concentration and the duration of incubation in the production of AOS produces a degree of polymerization (DP) 2-7. In vitro activity test showed AOS is have ability to induce cell proliferation of human lymphocytes.This type of cell lymphocytes proliferation induced by AOS is a CD 8 cells or cytotoxic T cell and non cell CD4 / CD8. AOS production conditions with the addition of alginate lyase enzyme 50 U and incubation period 2 hours has produce AOS with the highest index of lymphocyte proliferation  117.6+3.6% or an increase of 43.24% compared to the native alginat polymer.