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PENERAPAN PRINSIP-PRINSIP MUTU DAN KEAMANAN PANGAN TEMPE DI KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT Suhartono, .; Sulaeman, Ahmad; Setiawan, Budi
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 3, No 3 (2008): November 2008 (Edisi Suplemen Ketahanan Pangan)
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

Food Law No. 7 1996 defined food security as a condition in which the fulfillment of food for the household is reflected by the availability of sufficient food both its quantity and quality, safe, evenly distributed and within reach; meanwhile, food quality is defined as the value determined base on the criteria of food safety, nutrition content and trade standard on food stuffs, catables and beverages. The purpose of this study was to analyze the application of food quality and safety principles in the production of food product i.e tempeh at small scale industry in West Lampung. A survey on 15 selected tempeh producers was carried out using a structured questionnaire. Primary and secondary data was collected in this study through interview and observation to the 15 tempeh producers. In the general, all producers had not fully implemented food safety and quality principles as outlined in the GMP guideline. Nevertheless, the tempeh quality produced in West Lampung organoleptically was good. Several issues need to be improved i.e. cleaning raw material (soy bean), using water from safe sources, washing soy bean before and after braising, controlling small animal included mouse, and maintenance and cleany the premises. Keywords: food security, tempeh, hygiene, food safety, sanitation.
Relationship Pattern of S1 PGSD Students’ Learning Readiness and Academic Integration for Distance Education Management in Remote Islands Suhartono, .; Suroyo, .
International Conference on Education and Language (ICEL) Vol 2 (2013): 1st ICEL 2013
Publisher : Bandar Lampung University (UBL)

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Abstract

This study was conducted to explore the pattern of S1 PGSD-UT students learning readiness at two UT’s regional offices.  The results of the study were intended to develope  the guidelines of the Strata 1- basic education teacher Program at Universitas Terbuka (UT). The research was carried out in the islands of Kepulauan Seribu which managed by UT’s regional office in Jakarta  and the islands of Tidore which managed by UT’s regional office in Ternate. The data were collected using questionnaires to 200 basic education student-respondents and direct interviews to 27 student-respondents who registered in the first semester of 2010. The number of 174 questionnaires were analyzed. The results of the study showed that, first, about 92% of Strata 1-students of the basic education teacher program were elementary school teachers. Second, they lived in small islands and tended to face various obstacles to fully participate in learning activities which could influence on their success in their study completion. Third, about 48 % of the them dealed with infrastructure and facility limitations. Fourth, geographical, weather/natural,  economic, and  transportation conditions were possible  to  affect their learning readiness to fully involve in learning process. These conditons might increase student drop out and prohibit student completion in the proper time. Fifth, students’ confidence tended increase when they performed more self learning and had opportunity  to get more access to learning resource facilities. The student could be more success in learning by involving lecturers/tutors and facilitating communication media through an integrated mobile learning.
Isolation of soil Actinomycetes from Forest Park of Pocut Merah Intan as potential producers of antimicrobial compounds Milda, Husnah; Suhartono, .; Yulvizar, Cut
Proceedings of The Annual International Conference, Syiah Kuala University - Life Sciences & Engineering Chapter Vol 2, No 1 (2012): Life Sciences
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

This study was undertaken to investigate soil Actinomycetes from grand forest park of Pocut Meurah Intan as well as to evaluate their potential to produce antimicrobial compounds. The study was conducted in Laboratory of Microbiology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Syiah Kuala University from February to July 2012. The research was carried out by using an explorative method with laboratorial evaluation. Three different soil samples were taken from a depth of 10-20 cm below the soil surface and isolated on YM agar medium. During the investigation, 24 isolates were recovered and exhibited various morphological characteristics. The results of the antimicrobial assay showed that 14 isolates (58.33%) were active against one or more of the test organisms. Among the 14 active isolates, one isolate (7.14%) showed antibacterial activity; 9 isolates (64.29%) showed antifungal activity; and 4 isolates (28.57%)  exhibited a broad-spectrum activity against both of the test bacteria and fungi. The inhibitory activity were also varied, ranged from weak (<5 mm), moderate (5-19 mm), to strong (>20 mm).  The highest antimicrobial activity was presented by ATH-17 against Candida albicans (34.50 mm), while the lowest was exhibited by ATH-15 against Escherichia coli (0.20 mm).
Neural Networks, ARIMA and ARIMAX Models for Forecasting Indonesian Inflation Suhartono, .
Jurnal Widya Manajemen & Akuntansi Vol 5, No 3 (2005)
Publisher : Fakutas Ekonomi Unika Widya Mandala Surabaya

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Abstract

The objective of this study is to apply Neural Networks (NN) model for forecasting Indonesian inflation and to compore a result with ARIMA ond ARIMAX models. The Feedforward Neural Networks model used for forecasting, particularly in economics and finance.
Peluang Bisnis pada Jasa Kereta Api dan Pesawat Udara Otok, Bambang Widjanarko; Suhartono, .
Jurnal Widya Manajemen & Akuntansi Vol 2, No 1 (2002)
Publisher : Fakutas Ekonomi Unika Widya Mandala Surabaya

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Abstract

The aim of this research is to study the application and comparison between models in time series analysis, particularly intervention, variation calendar and transfer function models. Intervention model is used to describe the effect of crisis that happened starting on July 1997 to the fluctuation of the number of train and plane passengers. Variation calendar model used in order to quantify and explain the effect of "lebaran". Then, transfer function model used to know the effect of inflation factor or price changing by using Consumer Price Indices (IHK) as "a Proxy variable" to the fluctuation of these number of passengers. The result of the analysis to three data as case studies show that the effect of crisis is only significant to the fluctuation of the number of plane passengers. Transfer function model yields three cases correlating with the number of train and plane passengers significantly influenced by IHK as a proxy of price fluctuation or inflation factor. Additionally, the result of this research gives the description that there is a big chance to use hybrid model of the available models, including intervention,variation calendar, transfer function and or GARCH models.
Peramalan Sales & Inflasi dengan Pendekatan Artificial Neural Network dan Model Regresi Dinamik (Fungsi Transfer) Otok, Bambang Widjanarko; Suhartono, .
Jurnal Widya Manajemen & Akuntansi Vol 1, No 2 (2001)
Publisher : Fakutas Ekonomi Unika Widya Mandala Surabaya

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Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menerapkan metode Feed Forward Neural Network pada model peramalan time series multivariate, dan membandingkan dengan metode Regresi Dinamik (Fungsi Transfer). Kriteria MSE, AIC, BIC dan SBC digunakan untuk menbandingkan dua model peramalan. Dalam nembandingkan diambil dua kasus (Sales berdasarkan Leading Indicator, dan Inflasi berdasarkan Indeks Harga Konsumen). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa model FFNN lebih baik dibanding dengan model fungsi transfer, baik untuk data Sales" dan "Inflasi" hal ini karena pada FFNN tidak memerlukan asumsi yang ketat. Secara statistik pendekatan Fungsi Transfer lebih mudah untuk dikuti karena adanya tahapan identifikasi yang memudahkan untuk mendapatkan model terbaik Selain itu model yang diperoleh mudah diinterpretasikan untuk menjelaskan keterkaitan antara ramalan kejadian suatu waktu dengan kejadian-kejadian sebelumnya. Hal ini tidak ada atau belum ditemukan pada model pendekatan FFNN, sehingga unsur coba-coba lebih dominan pada saat penentuan arsitektur terbaik untuk model peramalan. FFNN adalah suatu pendekatan alternatif yang sangat bagus untuk problem peramalan khususnya dalam fungsi transfer. Dengan pendekatan FFNN, hasil ramalan "Sales" dapat disimpulkan bahwa jumlah sales dipengaruhi oleh leading indicator pada saat ini, tiga periode sebelumnya dan juga dipengaruhi oleh jumtah sales sebelumnya. Sedangkan hasil ramalan "Inflasi" dipengaruhi oleh IHK pada saat ini, satu periode sebelumnya dan juga dipengaruhi inflasi sebelumnya, dua dan tiga periode sebelumnya.
SEKTOR KONSTRUKSI NASIONAL DAN PERUBAHAN UNDANG-UNDANG NOMOR 18 TAHUN 1999 TENTANG JASA KONSTRUKSI Suhartono, .
Jurnal Ekonomi & Kebijakan Publik Vol 3, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian, Badan Keahlian DPR RI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22212/jekp.v3i1.175

Abstract

Industri konstruksi telah menjadi sektor ekonomi yang penting bagi pertumbuhan Produk Domestik Bruto (PDB) Indonesia. Posisinya di tempat ketiga terbesar dalam pertumbuhan ekonomi. Oleh karena sektor ini sangat menarik bagi pengusaha jasa konstruksi. Selain itu, produk konstruksi telah menjadi modal aset bagi bangsa, negara, masyarakat, dan menjadi simbol kemajuan bangsa. Besarnya daya tarik sektor ini, mengarah ke kompetisi dan menarik kepentingan antara negara dan masyarakat, antara negara-negara atau antara sekelompok orang di mana hal tersebut pada akhirnya mempengaruhi perkembangan sektor ini. Untuk mengatur hal itu, Indonesia memerlukan penataan sektor, karena perubahan dalam tantangan global, dinamika sosial, dan politik di tingkat nasional harus dikelola dengan baik untuk pertumbuhan sektor konstruksi. Hal ini seharusnya dapat diatur melalui perubahan Undang-Undang Nomor 18 Tahun 1999 tentang Jasa Kostruksi.
KETIMPANGAN DAN PEMBANGUNAN EKONOMI KABUPATEN/KOTA DI DAERAH HASIL PEMEKARAN: STUDI KASUS DI PROVINSI BANTEN DAN GORONTALO Suhartono, .
Jurnal Ekonomi & Kebijakan Publik Vol 6, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian, Badan Keahlian DPR RI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (346.487 KB) | DOI: 10.22212/jekp.v6i1.154

Abstract

Penelitian ini dimaksudkan untuk mengetahui perkembangan ekonomi dan ketimpangan pembangunan antardaerah di daerah hasil pemekaran. Penelitian dilakukan di Provinsi Banten dan Gorontalo dengan menggunakan data sekunder tahun 2007-2011 dan data primer hasil wawancara dan FGD. Perkembangan ekonomi dianalisis dengan menggunakan tipologi Klassen, ketimpangan dengan indeks entropi Theil. Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa dari 8 kabupaten/kota, Banten terdapat empat daerah cepat-maju dan cepattumbuh, satu daerah maju tapi tertekan, satu daerah berkembang cepat, dan dua daerah relatif tertinggal. Sedangkan Gorontalo dari 6 kabupaten/kota terdapat dua daerah cepat-maju dan cepat-tumbuh, dua daerah berkembang cepat, dan dua daerah relatif tertinggal. Indeks entropi Theil Banten 3,96 dan Gorontalo 1,16. Sebagai daerah hasil pemekaran Banten memiliki ketimpangan paling tinggi, sedangkan Gorontalo sama dengan ketimpangan yang ada di daerah yang tidak dimekarkan terutama di luar Pulau Jawa. Salah satu penyumbang terbesar ketimpangan di Banten adanya pemusatan industri di Kota Cilegon. Sedangkan ketimpangan yang rendah di Gorontalo karena fokus pada pertanian yang merupakan sektor mayoritas masyarakat bekerja. Penelitian ini menyarankan pemerintah memperhatikan faktor pemusatan ekonomi, karena faktor ini dapat menjadikan kebijakan pemekaran gagal mewujudkan pemerataan sebagai salah satu tuntutan lahirnya pemekaran.
MENGHITUNG PAJAK PENGHASILAN PASAL 22 (PPh 22) ATAS IMPOR DENGAN MS. ACCESS PROGRAMMING Suhartono, .
Perspektif Vol 12, No 1 (2014): MARET 2014
Publisher : www.bsi.ac.id

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31294/jp.v12i1.1110

Abstract

Currently the Government is increasing the tax revenue from various sectors , especially the increase in the tax on imported goods ( Income Tax (VAT ) on the import of Article 22 ) . Income Tax (VAT ) on the import of Article 22 in accordance with Law No. 7 of 1983 has a supporting role budgetary functions ( towing instruments of public funds to put into the state treasury ) . But along with the issuance of the Finance Minister Regulation No. 175/PMK.011/2013 About Withholding Income Tax Article 22 Relating to Payments for Delivery of Goods and Activities for Import Or Other Business Activities in the Field of the Income Tax (VAT ) on the import of section 22 has a role new additions as support functions regulerend ( tool for controlling imports ) . It is intended that the import of certain goods from another country can be muted . Other purpose that is greater than the reduction of imported goods is to reduce the pressure on the balance of trade with other countries in order to avoid a deficit . It is expected that the reduction in the number of imported goods will improve the trade balance moving towards a trade surplus with other countries and the domestic industry are encouraged to increase the production of goods as import substitution goods . Keywords: Article 22 Income Tax , Import , Ms . Access Programming
ANALISIS BREAK EVEN POINT DENGAN PENDEKATAN MATEMATIKA MENGGUNAKAN MS. ACCESS PROGRAMMING Suhartono, .
Perspektif Vol 12, No 2 (2014): SEPTEMBER 2014
Publisher : www.bsi.ac.id

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31294/jp.v12i2.1123

Abstract

BreakevenAnalysis(break even point) is requiredfora companyat the time ofgoing toproducenew product/service. Dueto thebreakevenanalysis(break even point), it can be seenhow much the totalcostwill beincurredandwhat priceperunitis right forproducts/services.Knownas early as possiblewiththe selling priceperunit ofproduct/servicewillmake it easierfor companies tocalculatetheunit salesoccurkeberapabreakeven(break even point). Becausein additiontothe specificproductdesign, productionandplanningto maximizethe amount ofprofitthat isdesired, useone of the goalsistodetermine thebreakevenselling priceperunitso as toprevent theloss. One of the benefitsorusefulnessofbreak even pointof whichistoshowhowthe level of salesthat must be achieved, ifthe companywants tomake a profit. Thereare manykinds of costsbased onthe breakeven pointisa fixed cost, semifixedcosts, variable costsandsemi-variable costs. One of the assumptions/basicconceptsunderlying thebreak-even pointisall thecosts incurredin a companyshould beclassified intofixed costsandvariable costs. Thereare twomethods usedin the calculation ofbreakevenanalysisthatusesmathematicalapproachandgraphics. Keywords: Break EvenPoint, MathematicalApproach, Ms. AccessProgramming