Indra Suharman
Unknown Affiliation

Published : 45 Documents
Articles

Detoxification of Hydrogen Cyanide Acids (HCN) From Rubber seed (Hevea brasiliensis Mull. Arg) through some Physical Treatment As Fish Feed Ingredients Daulay, Sofwan Said; Suharman, Indra
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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Abstract

The research was carried out on July until August 2013 in the Fish Nutrition Laboratory, Faculty of fisheries and Marine Science University of Riau, Pekanbaru. The purpose of this study was to remove HCN from rubber seed and See influence treatment of nutrients. so the rubber seeds can serve as fish feed constituents. This study used a Randomized Complete Design (RAL) with nine treatment three times in rreplication. R0 = Without treatment, R1 = Boiling rubber seeds open for 30 minutes, R2 = steaming open rubber seeds for 30 minutes, R3 = rubber seeds drying out under sunlight for 12 hours, R4 = rubber seed soaking in running water for 36 hours, R5 = combination of steaming open rubber seeds for 30 minutes and drying out for 12 hours, R6 = combination of soaking for 36 hours with steaming open for 30 minutes, R7 = combination of soaking rubber seed soaking in running water for 36 hours with an open boiling for 30 minutes, R8 = combination of Boiling rubber seeds open for 30 minutes and drying out for 12 hours with sun light. The result showed that combination of Boiling rubber seeds open for 30 minutes and drying out for 12 hours with sun light (R8) was the most effective way to decrease HCN content, and gave better quality of rubber seed meal for ruminant feed.Key words: Detoxification, HCN, Rubber Seed.Nutrients.
Utilization Sago Lees Fermentation of Different Levels For Growth of Baung (Mystus nemurus C.V) Sibarani, David; Suharman, Indra
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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The research was conducted at experimental pond, Fisheries and MarineScience Faculty Riau University from February to April 2014. The aim of theresearch was to determine of utilization sago lees fermentation of different levelsthat provide the best growth of baung (mystus nemurus C.V). the experiment wastdesign by completely random design and student neuman keuls to differentiateamong treatments. The treatments were applied namely ( 0, 25, 50, 75, and100%). The result indicated that different levels of utilization sago leesfermentation doesn’t have significantly effect on growth of baung (Mystusnemurus C.V). The best result was achieved by treatment A ( Non – Sago leesfermentation). Total absolute body weight of 20,62 g, Spesific Growth Rate of1,82 % /day, food efficiency of 36,09 %, while the best protein retention andsurvival rate on treatment D ( 75 % of sago lees fermentation) of 11,34 % and 95% respectively. Water quality during the research are temperature of 27 – 31 0 C,pH of 5 – 6, and disolved oxygen of 4,5 - 5,4 ppm.Keyword : Fermentation, sago lees, growth, Mystus nemurus C.V
Effect of Different Substituted Fish Meal with Maggot Meal for Growth of Jambal Siam (Pangasius hypopthalmus) Panjaitan, James; Suharman, Indra
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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The research was conducted from March to April 2014 in experimental pond Fishery and Science Faculty of Riau University. The purposed of the research was to knowed the effect of different substituted fish meal with maggot meal that provide the best growth of Jambal siam (Pangasius hypopthalmus). The experiment was designed by Completely Random design with 5 substitution and 3 replication. The result indicated that differnt substitution fish meal with maggot meal doesn’t have significantely effect on growth of Jambal siam (Pangasius hypopthalmus). The best result was achived by treatment E with 100% Maggot meal level. Total absolute body weight, spesific growth rate and feet efficiency was 30,16 grams, 4,76%/ day, and 69,3% respectively, while the best protein retention and survival rate on treatment C ( 50 % of maggot meal) of 44,52 % and 70 % respectively. Water quality during the research are temperature of 29 – 30 0 C, pH of 5 – 6, and disolved oxygen of 4,5 - 5,4 ppm.Key word :Maggot meal, Fish meal,Jambal siam (Pangasius hypopthalmus)
Utilization Of Rubber Seed FlourFor Growth of Gurami (Osphronemus gouramy Lac) P.U, Fx. Jodhi; Suharman, Indra
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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The research was conducted at experimental pond, Fisheries and MarineScience Faculty Riau University from May to July 2014. The aim of the researchwas to determine the benefits of the provision of rubber seed flour as a substitutesoybean meal of Gurami (Osphronemus gouramy Lac). The experiment wasdesign by completely random design and student neuman keuls to differentiateamong treatments. The treatments were applied namely ( 60, 70, 80, 90, and100%). The result indicated that utilization of rubber seed flour does havesignificantly effect on growth of Gurami (Osphronemus gouramy Lac). The bestresult was achieved by treatment C ( 80 % rubber seed flour and 20% soybeanmeal). Total absolute body weight of 25,66 g, Spesific Growth Rate of 3,83 %/day, food efficiency of 42,08 %, while the best protein retention of 30,62 % andsurvival rate of 86,67 % respectively. Water quality during the research aretemperature of 28 – 300 C, pH of 5 – 6, and disolved oxygen of 4,1 - 5 ppm.Keyword : Osphronemus gouramy Lac, rubber seed flour
Utilization Of Rubber Seed (Havea bransiliesis) Fermentation As Fish meal of Cyprinus carpio L Fingerling Lubis, Abdul Rasyid; Suharman, Indra
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 1, No 1 (2014): Wisuda Februari Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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The research was conducted for 56 days from June to August 2013. The aimof this research was to find out respons of mas (Cyprinus carpio L) fingerling onrubber seed fermentations. The methods used in this study was an experimentalmethod and RAL one factor with stocking density 0f 5 treatments. The fish used inthis research with size of 3-4 cm in length and 2,35 - 2,37 g in weight. Fish werereared in 60x30x35 cm in aquarium with stocking density of 15/aquarium. Feedingtrials were replacing with soybean meal with rubber seed fermentation applied to 25,50, 75 and 100% for 32% protein content.Result showed that fermentation of rubber seed gave significant effect(P<0,05) on growth, feed efficiency, and protein retentions. Replacement 100% ofrubber seed fermentation is the best respons, produce the highest growth 2.75%, feedefficiency 34.53%, protein retention 59.05%, and 65,28 feed digestion respectively.Key word: Cyprinus carpio, Rubber seed,Fermentation
Effect Substitution Levell Fish Powder With Maggot Powder On Growth of Baung (Mystus nemurus CV) Hulu, Operiman; Suharman, Indra
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 1, No 1 (2014): Wisuda Februari Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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This research was conducted in Experimental Pond of Fisheries and Marine Science Faculty of Riau University Pekanbaru, from May 2013 until June 2013. This study was performed to know the effect substitution level fish powder with maggot powder on growth of Baung (Mystus nemurus CV). Method used in this research was experimental method. Design used in this research was Complete Random Device (CRD) with five treatments and three replications. The treatment was: A) fish powder 100%, maggot powder 0%, B) fish powder 75%, maggot powder 25%, C) fish powder 50%, maggot powder 50%, D) fish powder 25%, maggot powder 75%, E) fish powder 0%, maggot powder 100%. The result showed that effect substitution levell fish powder with maggot powder on growth of Baung (Mystus nemurus CV) not significantly P > 0,05 to daily growth rate and efficiency food. Treatment with fish powder 100%, maggot powder 0% yield, the best daily growth rate 4,88% and efficiency food 12,98%.Keywords: Maggot powder, Fish powder, Baung (Mystus nemurus CV).
The Effect Substitution of Soybean Meal with Fermented of Leucaena leaf (Leucaena leucocephala) Flour in the diets on Growth of Baung (Hemibragus nemurus) Yosia, Andri; Suharman, Indra
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2015
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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This research was conducted on April to May 2009, in the Laboratory of Fish Nutrition and Experimental Pond, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, University of Riau. The purpose of this research are to know the amount of fermented leucaena leaf flour as the alternative feed ingredient on growth of baung (Hemibragus nemurus) with Completely Randomized Design (CRD) was used with five different treatments; P0 (0 : 100%), P1 (10 : 90%), P2 (20 : 80%), P3 (30 : 70%), P4 (40:60%), and three replications. Result indicated that the leucaena leaf flour as the feed ingredient gave significant effect (P < 0.05) on disgebility of diets, feed efficiency, protein retentions, and growth specific. The highest disgebility of diets at P3 (30:70) with 62,96%, effiency feed at P3 (30:70) with 21,12 %, retention protein at P3 (30:70) with 13,45%, growth specific at P3 (30:70) with 1,93%. The quality of the water in the container maintenance temperature of 26-31oC, Dissolved Oxygen levels of 2,8-3.4 ppm, pH of 5-7.Key word : Diet, Growth, Fermented leucaena leaf, Hemibragus nemurus
Use of fermented rubber seed (Havea bransiliesis) in diets on growth and survival rate of Nile tilapia BEST (Oreochromis niloticus) fingerlings Agam, Rudy; Suharman, Indra; Asiah, Nur
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2015
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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The research was conducted for 56 days from 09 April to 04 June 2015. Theaim of this research was to find out response of Nile tilapia BEST (Oreochromisniloticus) fingerling on the use of fermented rubber seed in diets. The methods usedin this research was an experimental method and Completely randomized design onefactor with 4 treatments. The fish used in this research with size 2,54 - 2,88 gr asmuch as 400 fish. Fish were reared in 1x1x1 m3 in cage with stocking density of20/cage. Feeding trials were replacing with palm kernel cake with rubber seedfermentation applied to 0, 25, 35 and 45% for 25% protein content.The result showed that a diets containing 45% fermented rubber seed mealand 55% palm kernel cake (P3) support a good specific growth rate (3,67%/day), feedefficiency (29.36%) and protein retention (26,54%). Survival rate of fish was high(96,7 – 98,3%). It this concluded that up to 55% palm kernel cake can be substitutedwith fermented rubber sedd meal in the diets for Nile tilapia BEST.Keyword: Oreochromis niloticus, fermented rubber seed, palm kernel cake,substitution, diets
Use Of Fermented Rubber seed (Havea bransiliesis) In The Diets Feeds On Growth Of Catfish (Pangasius pangasius) Fingerlings Oganda, Riga; Suharman, Indra
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2015
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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The research was conducted for 56 days from March to April 2015. The aim of this research was to find out respons of Catfish (Pangasius pangasius) fingerling on use of fermented is the diets. Four isonitrogenous (35% crude protein) experimental diets was formulated to contain 0, 20, 30, and 40% Fermented Rubber seed and 100, 80, 70, and 60% soybean meal (A, B, C, D, respectively). Completely randomized design (CRD) was used in this experimentThe result showed that a diet containing 40% Fermented Rubber seed and 60% soybean meal (D) support a good specific growth rate (3.03%/day), feed efficiency (31.63%,) and protein retention (26.31%.). Survival rate of fish was high (100%). It this concluded that up to 60% soybean meal can be substituted Fermented Rubber seed in the diets for freshwater catfishKey word: Diets, Fermented Rubber seed, Growth, Utilization, Pangasius pangasius
Utilization of earthworm meal (Lumbricus sp) as fish meal subtitution in diets for freswater catfish (Mystus nemurus C.V) juveniles Sari, Siska Wulan; Suharman, Indra
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2015
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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The purpose of this research was to know the amount of earthworm meals in the diets on growth, feed efficiency and protein retention of freswater catfish (Mystus nemurus C.V). Five isonitrogenous (30% crude protein) experimental diets was formulated to contain 0, 10, 20, 30, and 40% earthworm meal and 100, 90, 80,70,and 60% fish meal (P0, P1, P2, P3, and P4, respectively). Completely randomized design (CRD) was used in this experiment.The result showed that a diet containing 40% earthworm meal and 60% fish meal (P4) support a good specific growth rate (2.26%/day), feed efficiency (63.36%) and protein retention (30.80%). Survival rate of fish was high (95 – 100%). It this concluded that up to 60% fish meal can be substituted with earthworm meal in the diets for freshwater catfish.Key word : diet, earthworm meal, growth, Mystus nemurus, substitution