Articles

Found 24 Documents
Search

PENGETAHUAN MASYARAKAT TENTANG MALARIA DI KABUPATEN KEPULAUAN SERIBU Suharjo, Suharjo; Mardiana, Mardiana
Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan Vol 8, No 4 Des (2009)
Publisher : Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/jek/article/view/1684

Abstract

It is necessary to provide basic data needed for health program development in Kepulauan Seribu District. This survey has been carried out to collect figure about the peoples knowledge about malaria. The data was collected through interviews using a questionnaire to 250 household respondents. Besides, a survey was also conducted by the medical team MBS to get information about the incidence and transmission of malaria. The study results showed that the levels of respondents education were: as much as 49.2% complete primary school, 18.0% junior high school graduation, 16.8% high school graduation, then, as many as 12.8% never went to school and the remaining 3.2% completed college or university. The main job of the respondents were: housewife (43.6%), fishermen (31.6%), traders (12.8%), farmers (6.4%) and civil servants (5.6%). Respondents knowledge and perceptions about malaria was good and right. Knowledge about preventive measures and ways of transmission of malaria was derived from clinic health workers. As many as 74.0% respondents stated that malaria can cause death. Although microscopic examination of blood slides from all specimens did not find any positive malaria, but the observations donein the environment swamps and pools of water can resulted in potential malaria vectors breeding places. It is necessary to perform counseling and surveillance of malaria larvae periodically because the mobility of the population can affect the occurrence of imported malaria cases. Keywords: Knowledge, malaria, kepulauan seribu
Community-Based Rehabilitation of Critical Land at Jenar, Sragen, Central Java Suharjo, Suharjo
Forum Geografi Vol 17, No 2 (2003)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1285.268 KB)

Abstract

The aims of the study of critical land rehabitation basing on the society in Jenar Sragen are to know: 1) the factory which cause the critical land; 2) the way to solve critical land; and 3) the role society in solving critical land. The collected date are 1) topography, 2) litologhy, 3) geomorphology, 4) soil, 5) hydrology, 6) land use, 7) the apportion of critical land, and 8) the way to solve critical land. The choice of sample uses purposive method, while the data analysis to get result uses descriptive method. The result of the study show that: 1) the distribution of critical land is in land unit of anticline hills of tuff rocks, marl, clay, and sand tuff which are denudated process by rensina soil and litosol from light to heavy which lie in dry land cultivation and forest. The factors which influence critical land are high rainfall (2178 mm), inclination slope (8 – 20%), solun soil whih is less than 20 cm and denudation process high is active; 2) the way that has been done is solving critical land rehabilitation is cooperation among the society, the forestry and commercial agricultural department and cone sugar factory of Mojo Sragen. The critical land which has been rehabilitated is state forest (266.95 ha) and the dry lang cultivation of the society (772.50 ha); 3) the society has responsibility for the growth, the development and preservation of the long term plants (jati, sonokeling, mahoni). The participation of the society in that programme is about 3.117 people.
The Influence of Social-Economic Condition of People to Landuse Change and the Influence of Landuse Change to Runoff at Bodri Watershed, Kendal Laviati, Riani; Anna, Alif Noor; Suharjo, Suharjo
Forum Geografi Vol 17, No 1 (2003)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1426.746 KB)

Abstract

This study is carried out in chacthment area of Bodri. The goals of this study are to kno the influence of economic social condition of population on the change of the kind of landuse and the influence of the change of the kind of landuse on the run-off area. This study uses survey method. The collected data are the economic social data of the population and the physical condition data in the research area. The result of the study shows that the economic social condition of the population in chatchment area of Bodri influences on the decrease of landuse. The decrease in landuse is 22.27% which used settlement, dry land cultivation (3.14%), yard (1.07%), plantation (0.44%), wet land cultivation (2.28%), embankment (0.25%), street and others (6.73%). The decrease in landuse causes peak discharge of Hydrograph in 1997, 1999, 2000, and 2001 increases respectively 87.32 m/second, 101.26 m/second, 58.37 m/second, 89.82 m/second, with each volume of direct flow 7.123.392 m, 6.011.604 m, 11.784.672 m, and 9.459.954 m. The run-off coefficient in 1992, 1997, 1999, 2000, and 2001 increase 7.7%, 13%, 19.8%, 23.2%, and 27.03%, with coefficient of annual flow 46.98%, 72%, 55.21%, 61,79%, and 75.55%. The increasing of the run-off coeficient and annual flow describes that the ratio both the discharge of maximum and minimum monthly flow becomes bigger. It means that in rainy season it will be flood immediately and in dry season it will be drought easily.
The Development of Coastal and Marine Widjojo, Suharto; Suharjo, Suharjo
Forum Geografi Vol 13, No 2 (1999)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Planning and development process of oastaland marine resources tends centralized and adopted top down policy, without any active participations from coastal and marine communities. In order to reach integrated and sustainable development in coastaland marine areas, people should have both complete and up to date information, so that planning and decision making for all aspect of the environment can be done easily. People should give a high attention of surveis, mappings, as well as science and technology of coastal and marine sectors, in order to change the paradigm of development from inland to coastal and marine. Moreover, people should give high attention of potential resources of coastal and marine areas.
Impact of the Presence of Bunker of Liquid Organic Fertilizer (POC) on Groundwater for Drinking in Sambungmacan Sragen Anna, Alif Noor; Suharjo, Suharjo; Kaeksi, Retno Woro
Forum Geografi Vol 17, No 2 (2003)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1250.169 KB)

Abstract

The study of impact of the banker of liquid organic fertilizer (POC) on groundwater is carried out in Sambungmacan Sragen. The banker is made of concrete cement and it is located in the settlement area. This bunker causes obstruction for population, such as the smell bad, many died cassava, plants, and well pollution. The source of these obstruction is the leakage that permeates on groundwater used for drinking water. The aims of this study are know 1) the apportion of the groundwater pollution; 2) the level of groundwater pollution of drinking water. The result of the study shows that POC has permeated two population’s wells that are located in radius eight meters. The water of wells is muddy and smells bad. Finally the well in north side of the banker is not used anymore, while the well in the west side of the banker, its water is still fresh after it has been drained twice. After the banker of liquid organic fertilizer (POC) is not be used anymore and the well which is polluted by POC has been drained, cause of that, the quality of groundwater in the research area generally still fullfills the requirement of drinking water, except the well in north side of the banker because it is polluted (the smell and color). So that, classification groundwater pollution in research area is still in very low level.
PENGEMBANGAN PETERNAKAN BERSIH DI DESA NGUNUT KECAMATAN JUMANTONO KABUPATEN KARANGANYAR Chusniatun, Chusniatun; Priyono, Kuswaji Dwi; Harismah, Kun; Suharjo, Suharjo; Muhtadi, Muhtadi; Putro, Sartono
WARTA WARTA Volume 18, Nomor 1, Maret 2015
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (83.893 KB)

Abstract

In the Pemitra community service activities for development cleaner farming in Desa Ngunut Kecamatan Jumantono kabupaten Karanganyar, has been done for directing activities, training, and mentoring for farmers of cattle and chickens in Desa Ngunut, Jumantono, Karanganyar. In this Pemitra activities have been conductedbriefings and training on producing of liquid and solid organic fertilizer, planting cassava  and  sengon  by  utilizing  manure,  the  introduction  of  biogas  technology applications on cattle ranchers. The results that have been obtained from this Pemitra community activities that partners have been able to understand and have the skills for managing livestock clean the biogas technology applications, the use of probiotics or fermentator in farm management, made of solid and liquid organic fertilizer, as well as the use of organic fertilizer for agricultural development cassava and sengon. The constraints and problems had been faced by the partners were 1) lack of farmer groups  that have  organizational unity  in designing,  managing, implementing  and evaluating the work program. So that the unity and continuity in performing community service activities can not be done well, 2) Most of the participants were active inpemitra was the village officials and their family, so not much give a breadth of benefits to the general public.
Bioindikator Cemaran Timbal pada Rambut Masyarakat sekitar Kilang Minyak Sukar, Sukar; Suharjo, Suharjo
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 9 No. 3 Februari 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (140.852 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v9i3.569

Abstract

Timbal atau Plumbum (Pb) bersifat toksik, karsinogenik, bioakumulator dan biomagnifikasi. Bioakumulasi Timbal dari media lingkungan dapat terjadi pada kuku, hati, dan rambut. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui faktor risiko kejadian bioindikator timbal rambut masyarakat di kawasan industri minyak. Penelitian dilakukan pada tahun 2012 di Kota Dumai, Provinsi Riau. Rancangan penelitian khusus pencemaran lingkungan 2012 adalah type- 1 health study, yang disarankan US Agency for Toxic Substances and Drugs Registry (ATSDR). Analisis statistik bivariat dengan uji kai kuadrat. Populasi penelitian adalah penduduk Kota Dumai yang tinggal di desa Jayamukti, Tanjung Palas, Mekarsari, dan Bukit Timah. Sejumlah 110 ibu rumah tangga diambil dengan teknik purposive sampling. Kriteria inklusi, responden berusia antara 17 – 55 tahun dan telah tinggal minimal selama lima tahun terakhir. Kriteria ekslusi sedang menderita penyakit kronis. Hasil analisis dari enam parameter media lingkungan menunjukkan ada empat parameter berisiko mencemari, tetapi belum bermakna antara parameter lingkungan dan kejadian timbal rambut dengan nilai p > 0,05. Odds Ratio (OR) terbesar ditunjukkan oleh parameter ikan sebesar 1,5 dan terkecil makanan atau minuman dan tanah 1,13. Proporsi risiko terbesar ditunjukkan oleh parameter ikan sebesar 33,3% dan terkecil parameter makanan atau minuman 10%. Telah terjadi penanggulangan risiko untuk parameter air minum dan air permukaan dengan nilai p < 0,05.Bioindicator of Lead Contamination in Hair of People around Oil RefineryLead or Plumbum (Pb) is toxic, carcinogenic, bioaccumulator and biomagnification. Lead bioaccumulation of environmental media may occur in liver, nails and hair. The study objective was to find out the risk of lead bioindicator occurence in hair of people living in oil industry area. The study was conducted in 2012 in Dumai City, Riau Province. The study design is a type-1 health study, suggested the US Agency for Toxic Substances and Drug Registry (ATSDR). The statistical analysis was bivariate using chi-square test. The population was Dumai City dwellers who lived in the village Jayamukti, Tanjung Palas, Mekarsari and Bukit Timah. A total of 110 housewives were taken by purposive sampling technique. Inclusion, respondents aged between 17 – 55 years old and have lived for five years at minimum. Exclusion criteria was those suffering cronic disease. Analysis results of six parameters of environmental media there were four parameters, had risk of contaminating but not significant between environmental parameters and the lead occurence in hair with p value > 0.05. Tbe biggest odd ratio (OR) was showed by fish parameter worth 1.5 and the smallest was food or beverage and land worth 1.13. The biggest proportion was showed by fish parameter of 33.3 % and the smallest food or beverage 10 %.There has been a reduction of risk for the parameters of drinking water and surface water with p value < 0.05.
USULAN PENINGKATAN EFEKTIVITAS PADA MESIN BOILER PT. INDAH KIAT SERANG DENGAN KONSEP TOTAL PRODUCTIVE MAINTENANCE Suharjo, Suharjo
Operations Excellence: Journal of Applied Industrial Engineering Vol 6, No 1, Maret 2014: Operations Excellence
Publisher : Magister Teknik Industri, Universitas Mercu Buana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (31.66 KB)

Abstract

Abstract. PT. Indah Kiat Pulp & Paper Boiler Departement is apart of productiondepartement which produces steam that can not be separated from issues thatcorresponded with the Effectiveness of the machine caused by six big losses.Hence, some effeetive and effecient steps are needed to overcome and prevent theissue. The purpose of this research were to find out everall equipmenteffectiveness (OEE) value of the Boiler machines to analyze the six big lossesfactors, and to purpose improvement efforts based on total productivemaintenance (TPM) concept this research used OEE measurement method six biglosses, calculation analysis and cause effeect diagram to examine existingproblem to give solution improvement for the problem. The results shower thatthe average OEE value of three boiler machine is not meeting standards of basetarget companies. The most effecting factors of OEE value were reduced speedlosses and breakdowns losses. The proposed action for improve boiler machineeffectiveness were by utilizing autonomous maintenance according to TPMconcept.Keyword: Total productive Maintenance, Overall Equipment Effectiveness, sixbig losses.
HUBUNGAN FAKTOR SOSIAL DEMOGRAFI TERHADAP KEJADIAN TUBERKULOSIS MENURUT STRATIFIKASI JENIS KELAMIN DI JAWA TENGAH Suharjo, Suharjo; Girsang, Merryani
Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan Vol 14, No 1 Mar (2015)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Upaya Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Tuberculosis is closely linked to socio-demographic characteristics such as education, employment and age groups. Analysis of subset data of Riskesdas 2007 (Central Java Province) was carried out to determine the relationship between socio-demographic characteristics and pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). There were 62,827 respondents who had been classified as suspects of TB based on their perceived symptoms. A logistic regression was performed to obtain the risk factor of tuberculosis prevalence and  stratified by sex group. The independent variables include age groups, level of education, employment status and residency (urban- rural). The results showed that the risk factors of TB prevalence were level of education and employment status. The risk of TB was higher among female group who did not complete primary schools (OR: 3.02%). Moreover, female group who workd was more likely to suffer from TB compared to  who did not  (OR: 3.03%). This paper also discusses the findings of Riskesdas 2010 and 2013 as descriptive comparisons.
Using Water Balance to Analyze Water Availability for Communities ( A Case Study in Some Areas of Bengawan Solo Watershed) Anna, Alif Noor; Priyono, Kuswaji Dwi; Suharjo, Suharjo; Priyana, Yuli
Forum Geografi Vol 30, No 2 (2016): December 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (752.584 KB) | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v30i2.2550

Abstract

This study aimed: (a) to determine the general water balance at the Upstream and Midstream of Bengawan Solo Watershed by using Thornthwaite-Mather model, and (b) to determine the fulfillment of domestic water demand in the Upstream and Midstream of Bengawan Solo Watershed. Prevailing climate change has affected the condition of water source in Upstream and Midstream of Bengawan Solo Watershed. One of the impacts was extreme fluctuation of meteorological water availability that might cause flood and drought. Survey was selected as the research method while descriptive quantitative method was used for data analysis. The findings indicated the difference between precipitation and corrected evapotranspiration (P-EP) at the Upstream and Midstream of Bengawan Solo Watershed was between (-11.19 mm) to (78.56 mm). The highest value was obtained by Bambang Sub-watershed and the lowest was Wiroko Temon Sub-watershed. Positive value indicated the water surplus while negative value indicated water deficit. Domestic water demand for local communities was in the range of 50,782,500 liters to 131,690,700 liters, and the level of water availability varied, namely fulfilled and unfulfilled.