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Journal : PCD Journal

Who are “Normal” and “Extreme” Muslims? Discursive Study of Christians’ Voice about Muslim’s Identity in Surakarta, Central Java Suhadi, Suhadi
PCD Journal Vol 5, No 2 (2017): Challenges to Democracy at the Local
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (274.788 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/pcd.29035

Abstract

This article assumes that language is not only a way of saying things (informative), but also a way of doing things (performative) or exercising power. Through conducting eight focus group discussions (FGDs) involving 39 Christian participants in Surakarta Central Java, this research studies the Christians’ discourse on their fellow Muslims. In those FGDs, I stimulated the participants’ discussion by the basic question, “How do you speak about Muslims”. Though the question is about Muslims, but in fact sometimes they also speak about themselves. I am concerned about the discursive study of religion taking advantage from Norman Fairclough’s discourse analysis theory and method focusing on the analysis of linguistic practice, discursive practice, and social practice. As a result, the discussions of participants were on a hegemonic struggle between dominant and peripheral voices to define what is considered “[ab]normal” Muslims. Christian participants identified extremist (fanatical, fundamentalist) Muslims as abnormal. They positioned extremists and excessive persons as extraordinary. Thus, they identified extremism as not the norm but an exception to the rule of religions. In distinguishing between “normal” and “extreme” the participants primarily positioned themselves as normal or ordinary religious people who are moderate. They identified those who cause conflict as neither moderate Muslims nor moderate Christians, but fundamentalists in their respective faiths.
Co-Authors Ali Altway Alimin Maidin Ambo Sakka, Ambo Anitasari, Rahayu Fery Anton Sudrajat Asmiati Asmiati Astuty, Esti Atok Masofyan Hadi, Atok Masofyan Baidhowi Baidhowi, Baidhowi Bonny Timutiasari, Bonny Burhanuddin Bahar Cahya Wulandari Candra Kirana devi savitry effendi, devi savitry Dian, Elsy Dosi, Nurmay Purma Dwiatmoko, Marselinus Untung Fahmi Alfa Muslimu Ferdiana Ferdiana, Ferdiana Fifi Nirmala Fithria, Fithria Fitri, Medya Ayunda Guswika, Hajmia Hanib, Mohamad Tofan Hanib, Mohamad Tofan Hermawati Hermawati, Hermawati Inaroh, Dewi Irwan Irwan Jaliana, Jaliana Japar, M. Jhoni, M Junaid Junaid, Junaid Kadek Dwi Suciasih, Kadek Dwi Khaerunisah, Iis La Dupai, La Dupai Limanihtada, Fathiyyatul Lina tilik Lisnawaty Lisnawaty, Lisnawaty Ma'mun, Muhammad Aman Mawan, Agni Rimba Mawan, Agni Rimba Meliny, Meliny Mimien Heni Irawati Al-Muhdhar, Mimien Heni Irawati Mimien Henie Irawati Al-Muhdhar, Mimien Henie Irawati Mimien Henie Irawati, Mimien Henie Moh. Amin Mohammad Iqbal Ahnaf Muhammad Mustaqim Munsir, Noviani Murni Sapta Sari, Murni Sapta Nafiah, Kharirrotun Nani Yuniar, Nani Nugraha Luhur Nurmaladewi, Nurmaladewi Nurul Fibrianti Rahmat, Nur Cahyani Amaliawati Raja Marpaung Rakhmawati, Ita Ramadhan, Agung Fajar Reski, Elpita Rofi Wahanisa Rohidi Rohidi Saismana, Uyu Saktiansyah, La Ode Ahmad Sani, Lena Riana Sarkadi, Sarkadi Sartono Sahlan Saru Arifin Setiawan, M. Eval Sety, La Ode Muhammad Silalahi, Alrios Okto P Sodik, Amirus Sri Endah Indriwati, Sri Endah Subiharto Subiharto Sujinal Arifin Sukri Palutturi Sunarmi Sunarmi Susianto Susianto SYAIFUL SAGALA, SYAIFUL Tina Martini, Tina Titiwiarti, Titiwiarti Tri Anggono Vindri Catur Putri Wulandari, Vindri Catur Putri Wulandari, P. Wijayati Yasnani Yasnani, Yasnani Yunawati, Irma Yusuf Sabilu, Yusuf Zainuddin Zainuddin