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Efektivitas Ekstrak Putri Malu (Mimosa pudica Linn.) sebagai Nefroprotektor pada Tikus Wistar yang Diinduksi Parasetamol Dosis Toksik

e-Journal Pustaka Kesehatan (e-ISSN: 2355-178X) Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : e-Journal Pustaka Kesehatan (e-ISSN: 2355-178X)

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Abstract

The ethanolic extract of Mimosa pudica Linn. was evaluated for its nefroprotective and antioxidant activity against paracetamol induced kidney toxicity in wistar rats. Liver damage was induced by administration of 1.350 mg paracetamol/kg body weight. The ethanolic extract of Mimosa pudica Linn. (400mg/kg, 600mg/kg, and 800 mg/kg) was administered orally to the rats for 6 days. Curcuma® was given as positive control. All of the test drugs were administered orally by suspending in 1% of Na CMC solution. The nefroprotective activity was assessed using the levels of BUN and creatinine serum. The result revealed that all doses of the extracts showed effective activity in inhibiting the increase of BUN and creatinine serum and the doses of 800 mg/kg showed the biggest percent value (9,4% of BUN level and 12,19% of creatinine level). The positive control group could prevent the increase of BUN and creatinine serum better when compared with the group of Mimosa pudica Linn.The result of the present study indicated that the ethanolic extract of Mimosa pudica Linn. significantly prevent the increase of the level BUN and creatinine serum in wistar rats induced with paracetamol toxic dose.Keywords: Antioxidant, nefrotoxic, Mimosa pudica, paracetamol, BUN, creatinine.  

Terapi Nutritif Modifikasi Modisco Menggunakan Ekstrak Nanas Meningkatkan Hemoglobin pada Tikus Wistar KEP Berat

Pustaka Kesehatan Vol 2, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Pustaka Kesehatan

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Abstract

The data from the Health Research Association of Indonesian Ministry of Health in 2010 showed approximately 35.6% infants having PEM. The diet therapy for severe PEM is modisco. However, due to protein deficiency such as a protease enzyme resulting in nutrients malabsorption, modisco has not been able to compensate the lack of protein in PEM. It requires an active substance to increase protein absorption by adding a proteolytic enzyme. One of the source of proteolytic enzyme is pineapple. The study aimed to prove that addition of pineapple extract on modisco can increase levels of albumin and hemoglobin in severe PEM rats. This was a true experimental study with pre-post test control group design. The sample were 25 male Wistar rats aged 2 months. The data analysis using the Pairwise T test, one way ANOVA followed by LSD showed a significantly difference between pre and post test for both albumin and haemoglobin. The pineapple extract at a dose of 9 and 11 mg/day increased albumin level. And the dose of 7, 9 and 11 mg/day pineapple extract increase haemoglobin level. In conclusion, a modisco modification using pineapple extract for nutritive therapy increased both albumin and hemoglobin levels on severe MEP rats.   Keywords: Severe PEM, Modisco, Pineapple extract

The Self Directed Learning with System of Rice Intensification (SRI) in Twelve Subaks in the Province of Bali

Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol 8, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Jurnal Penyuluhan

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Abstract

The traditional irrigation water management system in Bali known as Subak has a great potential for adopting the SRI innovation. In the adoption process, there is also a learning process on the individual members of the subak. The objectives of this research are (1) to analyze the characteristics of the Subak members, competence of facilitators, competence of Subak caretakers, the perceptions, and attitudes that influence Subak members in Self Directed Learning, and (2) to formulate the strategy of approach and effective extention in improving Self Directed Learning of the Subak members. This research was carried out in seven regencies in the province of Bali. The total amount of samples in this research is 104 farmers selected through the Stratified Random Sampling methods which also included famers that applied SRI innovations. Primary data were collected through interviews and direct obserations from September to October 2011. The design of this research is an ex Post Facto and data analyzed using Structural Equation Model (SEM). The result of this research shows that: (1) The better the perceptions, attitudes towards SRI, characteristics of members of Subak, competence of facilitators and caretakers of the Subak, the better the level of Self Directed Learning of Subak members; and (2) The role of facilitator is very important to helping subak members decided to accept an agricultural innovation. The discovery of dominant factors which affect the adoption of SRI among Subak members will facilitate the caretakers in making a change in Bali. © 2012 Jurnal Penyuluhan, Department of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University. All rights reserved.Keywords: adoption, innovation, SRI, farmers, caretakers [How to cite: Putra, I., Jahi, A., Susanto, D., Asngari, P., Purnaba, I., & Sugiyanta, S. (2012). The Self Directed Learning with System of Rice Intensification (SRI) in Twelve Subaks in the Province of Bali. Jurnal Penyuluhan, 8(2). Retrieved from http://ejournal.skpm.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jupe/article/view/52]

The Self Directed Learning with System of Rice Intensification (SRI) in Twelve Subaks in the Province of Bali

Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol 8, No 2 (2012): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : IPB

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Abstract

The traditional irrigation water management system in Bali known as Subak has a great potential for adopting the SRI innovation.In the adoption process, there is also a learning process on the individual members of the subak. The objectives of this researchare (1) to analyze the characteristics of the Subak members, competence of facilitators, competence of Subak caretakers, theperceptions, and attitudes that influence Subak members in Self Directed Learning, and (2) to formulate the strategy of approachand effective extention in improving Self Directed Learning of the Subak members. This research was carried out in sevenregencies in the province of Bali. The total amount of samples in this research is 104 farmers selected through the StratifiedRandom Sampling methods which also included famers that applied SRI innovations. Primary data were collected throughinterviews and direct obserations from September to October 2011. The design of this research is an ex Post Facto and dataanalyzed using Structural Equation Model (SEM). The result of this research shows that: (1) The better the perceptions, attitudestowards SRI, characteristics of members of Subak, competence of facilitators and caretakers of the Subak, the better the level ofSelf Directed Learning of Subak members; and (2) The role of facilitator is very important to helping subak members decidedto accept an agricultural innovation. The discovery of dominant factors which affect the adoption of SRI among Subak memberswill facilitate the caretakers in making a change in Bali.Keywords: adoption, innovation, SRI, farmers, caretakers

Pengaruh Ekstrak Air Ubi Jalar Ungu (Ipomoea batatas L.,) terhadap Jumlah Endhotelial Progenitor Cell (EPC) pada Tikus Wistar Diabetes Melitus

Pustaka Kesehatan Vol 2, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Pustaka Kesehatan

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Abstract

Diabetes melitus adalah penyakit metabolik dengan karakteristik hiperglikemia yang terjadi karena kelainan sekresi insulin, kerja insulin, atau keduanya. Hiperglikemia menjadi faktor penentu dalam perkembangan disfungsi endotel dan penurunan kemampuan pembentukan pembuluh darah baru. Proses pembentukan pembuluh darah baru dihasilkan dari proliferasi endotel setempat dan peran dari Endhotelial Progenitor Cell (EPC) yang dapat dicegah dengan pemberian antioksidan. Salah satu tanaman yang mengandung antioksidan adalah ubi jalar ungu. Dalam penelitian ini, 25 ekor tikus dibagi menjadi 5 kelompok, yaitu 2 kelompok kontrol dan 3 kelompok perlakuan. Pemberian ekstrak dilakukan selama 14 hari melalui cara sonde dengan dosis 1,4 cc/ekor/hari, 3,5 cc/ekor/hari dan 5,6 cc/ekor/hari untuk P1, P2 dan P3. Penghitungan jumlah EPC tikus dilakukan dengan flowcytometry, selanjutnya data dianalisis dengan analisis Oneway ANOVA. Meskipun tidak berbeda secara signifikan, jumlah EPC pada tikus yang diinduksi ekstrak ubi jalar ungu lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan kelompok tikus diabetik tanpa perlakuan). Dapat disimpulkan bahwa pemberian ekstrak air ubi jalar ungu dengan berbagai dosis tidak menunjukkan adanya perbedaan nyata terhadap kadar EPC tikus yang diinduksi diabetes mellitus.   Kata Kunci: Antioksidan, Diabetes melitus, EPC, Ubi Jalar Ungu

Pengaruh Terapi Kombinasi Ekstrak Etanol Mentimun (Cucumis sativus) dan Vildagliptin terhadap Penurunan Kadar Glukosa Darah Tikus Wistar yang Diinduksi Aloksan (The Effect of Combination Treatment of Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) Ethanolic Extract and Vilda

Pustaka Kesehatan Vol 3, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Pustaka Kesehatan

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Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease characterized by hyperglycemia. Effective management is needed. Cucumber is one of traditional medicine contains saponins with antihyperglycemic effects. This study aimed to determine the differences between combination therapy of cucumber ethanolic extract and vildagliptin and monotherapy of cucumber ethanolic extract or vildagliptin to decrease the blood glucose. The rats were injected with alloxan 125 mg/kgBW. There were 5 groups: K1 was normal group, K2 was a group of diabetic rats without treatment, K3 was a group of diabetic rats with cucumber ethanolic extract (200 mg/kgBW), K4 was a group of diabetic rats with vildagliptin treatment (1,8 mg/200 gBW), K5 was a group of diabetic rats with combination treatment of cucumber ethanolic extract (200 mg/kgBW) and vildagliptin (1,8mg/200 gBW). After 14 days, fasting blood glucose (FBG) was measured. The result showed that the mean FBG after treatment (FBG 2) of K1, K2, K3, K4, and K5 were (82,4; 277,2; 188,2; 199,2; 180,6) mg/dL, respectively. In conclusion, the potential of cucumber ethanolic extract and vildagliptin in combination treatment was more effective to decrease the blood glucose levels than both monotherapy of cucumber ethanolic extract or vildagliptin in Wistar rats.   Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, Cucumber, Vildagliptin, Blood Glucose Levels, Alloxan

The Correlation between Service Quality of Maternal and Child Healthcare/Family Planning Clinic and Degree of Maternal and Child Health at Two Primary Health Care Centers in Jember

Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 2, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Medical Faculty of Jember University (Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Jember)

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Abstract

The high Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) and Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) is still a major health problem in Indonesia. As an one of indicator to assess the quality of maternal and child healthcare is MMR and IMR. Service quality consists of five dimensions i.e., tangible, responsiveness, reliability, assurance, and empathy. The aim of this research was to determine the correlation between service quality of maternal and child healthcare/family planning polyclinic and degree of maternal and child health at Two Primary Health Care Centers in Jember. This research used cross-sectional design with 144 respondents. Service quality was measured using ServQual questionnaire and degree of maternal and children health were measured using MMR and IMR. The results of statistical test with Spearman correlation test showed that the significance (p) = 0.000 and correlation coefficients (r) = 0.690. Thus, it can be concluded that there were a strong correlation between service quality of maternal and child healthcare/family planning clinic and degree of maternal and child health at Two Primary Health Care Centers in Jember. Keywords: Maternal Mortality Rate, Infant Mortality Rate, ServQual. 

ANALISIS BELANJA MODAL DAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHINYA PADA PEMERINTAH KABUPATEN/KOTA DI INDONESIA

JURNAL AKUNTANSI UNIVERSITAS JEMBER Vol 14, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Infrastructure development is one of important aspects in achieving high economic growth of all regions in Indonesia. On the other hand, portion of capital expenditure in the budget of Local Government spending a very important component for the realization of capital expenditure undertaken local governments will have a multiplier effect to drive the regional economy. Therefore, the higher the ratio of capital spending in the budget structure, is expected to be the better its impact on economic growth. The purpose of this study was to analyze the influence of Local Independence (Local Own Source Revenue/PAD), General Purpose Grant DAU, Specific Purpose Grant (DAK), Shared Fund (DBH), Personnel Expenditures, and Surplus of Budget Financing (Silpa) in allocating of capital expenditures. Population of this research is the local goverment in Indonesia with year study period from 2011 to 2013. This study uses multiple linear regression analysis to examine the effect between variables. The result of this study shows that empirical evidence that Specific Purpose Grant and Surplus of Budget Financing has positive effects to capital expenditure. While the Local Own Source Revenue General Purpose Grant, Shared Fund, and personnel expenditures also holds negative effects to capital expendicture.

An evaluation model of educational quality assurance at junior high schools

REiD (Research and Evaluation in Education) Vol 2, No 2 (2016): December
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta (Yogyakarta State University)

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Abstract

The study was to develop an appropriate evaluation model of quality assurance (QA) for evaluating the programs of the educational QA (EQA) at junior high schools. The study was a research and development study that referred to the steps developed by Borg and Gall. The results of the study show that the evaluation model of EQA in junior high schools consist of the implementation of QA system and the performance of QA. The constructs for the instrument of QA system implementation consisted of planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation, and the act of revision is based on the exploratory factor analysis at the significance level of 0.000. The constructs for the instrument of EQA performance consisted of: resource development; program and activity development; participation, satisfaction, knowledge change, attitude change, and behavior change of school community; social, economic, and school environmental development based on the exploratory factor analysis at the significance level of 0.000. The feasibility of the evaluation model is in a good category based on  experts’, users’, and practitioners’ judgment and the evidence found in the field testing.

PEMANFAATAN KETRAMPILAN LITERASI INFORMASI BAGI GURU-GURU SMP (INFORMATION LITERACY) (Studi di SMP Negeri 1 Jatiagung Lampung Selatan)

PROSIDING KOMUNIKASI PROSIDING : AKSELERSI PEMBANGUNAN MASYARAKAT LOKAL MELALUI KOMUNIKASI DAN TEKNOLOGI INFORMASI (BUKU
Publisher : PROSIDING KOMUNIKASI

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Abstract

Sumber daya manusia dalam masyarakat informasi dapat diketahui dari tingkat kesadaran, pemahaman, pengetahuan, dan pendayagunaan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi yang disebut literasi informasi. Seiring dengan perkembangan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi, konsep-konsep literasi informasi mengalami penambahan kompetensi yang ditekankan pada penggunaan teknologi. Perkembangan teknologi dewasa ini, terutama internet, telah mempengaruhi berbagai aspek kehidupan masyarakat, termasuk dalam bidang pendidikan. Sesuai dengan uraian terdahulu, maka tujuan dari kegiatan penulisan ini adalah memberikan pemahaman kepada para guru-guru SMP mengenai pentingnya keterampilan information literacy dalam rangka menggunakan informasi untuk kepentingan pembelajaran. Berdasarkan tabel di atas, secara keseluruhan focus observasi terhadap guru masih ada kekurangan dan belum bisa dikatakan berhasil yang dilaksanakan dengan diklat pada hari pertama atau atau tindakan I. guru masih malu-malu untuk mengajukan pertanyaan kepada peneliti. Kriteria penilaian 70% hasil ini mununjukan bahwa aspek yang diamati oleh penulis kepada guru belum di katakana baik karena pengamatan masih jauh dari sempurna. Berdasarkan tabel di atas, secara keseluruhan focus observasi terhadap guru peserta diklat mulai menunjukan hasil yang diharapkan dan sudah menunjukan hasil yang baik. Guru sudah mampu untuk memanfaatkan literasi informasi, meskipun masih ada sedikit kekurangan, dari hasil observasi Tindakan II hasil 95 % dapat disimpulkan diklat pemanfaatan literasi informasi sudah dapat dikatakan mengalami kemajuan dan berhasil, karena hasil penelitian mengalami peningkatan dari Tindakan pertama. Kata kunci: Literasi informasi