Bowo Sugiharto
Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UNS, Surakarta, Indonesia

Published : 45 Documents
Articles

PENGARUH METODE GUIDED DISCOVERY LEARNING TERHADAP SIKAP ILMIAH DAN HASIL BELAJAR KOGNITIF BIOLOGI SISWA SMA NEGERI 7 SURAKARTA TAHUN PELAJARAN 2011/2012 Melani, Riyan; Harlita, Harlita; Sugiharto, Bowo
Pendidikan Biologi Vol 4, No 1 (2012): Pendidikan Biologi
Publisher : P Biologi FKIP UNS Surakarta

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ABSTRACT – The purposes of this research are to ascertain: 1)  the influence of guided discovery methode toward scientific attitudes and 2) the influence of guided discovery learning methode  toward student’s achievement in cognitive domain. The research was quasi experiment research. The research was designed using randomized control-group pretest-postest design. Experimental group applied guided discovery method. Control group applied conventional metode. The populations of this research were all of 10th degree students at SMA Negeri 7 Surakarta in academic year 2011/2012. The samples of this research were the students of X2 as control group consist of 30 students and X3 as experiment group consist of 31 students. The sample of this research was established by cluster random sampling. The scientific attitudes data was collected by questionaire and the student’s achievement in cognitive domain was collected by essay test. The hypotheses of scientific attitudes data analyzed by t test and the student’s achievement in cognitive domain data analyzed by anacova.  The conclusions of this research are: 1) application of guided discovery learning method had significant effect toward scientific attitudes;  2)  application of guided discovery learning method had significant effect toward student’s achievement in cognitive domain. Keywords: guided discovery methode, scientific attitudes, cognitive achievement of Study in Biology
INTEGRASI MEDIA ICT KE DALAM PENDEKATAN COLLABORATIVE LEARNING UNTUK MENINGKATKAN IKLIM KELAS DAN MOTIVASI BELAJAR BIOLOGI SISWA KELAS X-1 SMA BATIK 1 SURAKARTA Febriyanti, Shelli; Prayitno, Baskoro Adi; Sugiharto, Bowo
Pendidikan Biologi Vol 4, No 2 (2012): Pendidikan Biologi
Publisher : P Biologi FKIP UNS Surakarta

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ABSTRACT – The  research is classroom action research. The aim is to improve class climate and student’s learning motivation in class X-1 of SMA Batik 1 Surakarta by integrating ICT media into collaborative learning approach  that implemented in biology learning  process.  This act is based on the biology learning process observation  in class X-1 where   researcher found some learning problems. They are class  climate  and  student’s  learning motivation. Based on literatures  study, we give solution to improve them by integrating ICT media into collaborative learning approach.  Main data  is  collected from questioner  and    observation. While additional data is taken from interview, documentation, and test. Validation data uses triangulation and expert team. The act of research consists  of two cycles. Research target is 65% for class climate and 60% for student’s learning  motivation. The result of cycle  1 describes that generally the research target is accomplished not optimally. Percentage of class climate is 65,54% and student’s learning motivation  is 72,58%. The result of cycle  2 describes that generally the research target is accomplished optimally.  Percentage of class  climate  is  73,65%  and  student’s learning motivation is 77,30%. This cycle stopped here because targets accomplished optimally. Class climate and student’s learning motivation increase well.  This learning approach can improve targets because it’s syntax  support student’s  interaction and  interest. The conclusion of this research describes that integration ICT media into collaborative learning approach can improve  class climate and student’s learning motivation in class X-1 of SMA Batik 1 Surakarta. Keywords:  ICT Media,  collaborative  learning,  class  climate,  student’s  learning motivation
PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN CLASS-WIDE PEER TUTORING (CWPT) DISERTAI MEDIA CERGAM UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KUALITAS PEMBELAJARAN BIOLOGI SISWA KELAS X 7 SMA NEGERI 2 SUKOHARJO TAHUN PELAJARAN 2011/2012 Hidayah, Evi Noor; Sajidan, Sajidan; Sugiharto, Bowo
Pendidikan Biologi Vol 4, No 2 (2012): Pendidikan Biologi
Publisher : P Biologi FKIP UNS Surakarta

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ABSTRACT – The aim of this research is improve quality of biology learning for teacher’s performance, conditioning class, student science attitude in class, and student motivation of achievement in student class X 7 in 2nd senior high school of Sukoharjo. The research is classroom action research. The steps of research include planning, acting, observing, and reflecting. The collecting data of research uses questionnaire, observation, and interview. Validation data uses triangulation of methods and triangulation of observers. The research uses descriptive as analytic data. The acts of research are consists of three cycles. The result in cycles I describes that generally the research target is not achieve yet that showed teacher’s performance indicators are 86,46%, conditioning class indicators are 62,14%, science attitude of students in class are 62,86%, and motivation of achievement in students are 53,33%. The result in cycles II describes that the research target is not achieve yet optimally that showed teacher’s performance indicators are 100%, conditioning class indicators are 67,86%, science attitude of students in class are 63,81%, and motivation of achievement in students are 65,40%. The result in cycles III describes that the research target is completely achieve and showed that teacher’s performance indicators are 100%, conditioning class indicators are 75,71%, science attitude of students in class are 75,72%, and motivation of achievement in students are 79,05%. Cycles stopped in cycles III because the research target is achieve. The conclusion of this research describes that the implementation of Class-Wide Peer Tutoring learning model with drew story medium can improve quality of biology learning for teacher’s performance, conditioning class, science attitude of student, and motivation of achievement in student of class X 7 in 2nd senior high school of Sukoharjo. Keyword: Class-Wide Peer Tutoring, drew story medium, quality of biology learning
PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN STRATEGI PEMBELAJARAN ACTIVE KNOWLEDGE SHARING TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR BIOLOGI DITINJAU DARI GAYA BELAJAR SISWA KELAS X SMA NEGERI 5 SURAKARTA TAHUN PELAJARAN 2011/2012 Purwaningsih, Desi; Harlita, Harlita; Sugiharto, Bowo
Pendidikan Biologi Vol 3, No 3 (2011): Pendidikan Biologi
Publisher : P Biologi FKIP UNS Surakarta

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ABSTRACT -  This research aims to find out : (1) the effect of the implementation of active learning strategy; Active Knowledge Sharing strategy towar student achievement in Biology at the grade of Class X at SMA Negeri 5 Surakarta; (2) the effect of students’learning style toward student achievement in Biology at the grade of Class X at SMA Negeri 5 Surakarta; and (3) the interaction between learning strategy and learning style simultaneously toward student achievement in Biology at the grade of Class X at SMA Negeri 5 Surakarta. Learning process at school which is dominated by teacher causes student  haven´t got active role. The different learning styles of the students necessitate the teacher has to use varied and innovative learning strategyes that enable students to be actively involved in learning process. The use of those strategies are expected to be able of optimizing students  achievement. This research belongs to Quasi experiment which use Randomized Control Only Design. The independent variables of this research are learning strategy and learning style, while the students’ achievement in Biology is the dependent variable. The population of this research is all student of  Class X at SMA Negeri 5 Surakarta in Academic Year 2011/2012. The sample of this research are the students of class X-5 as the control group and the students of class X-4 as the experimental group that are taken by cluster random sampling. The data of the students’ achievement are completed by test and observation techniques. Learning style is meansured by questionnaires. The analysis technique of this research is two away anava in different cell while the advance analysis is Bunfferoni test. From the results, it can be concluded that: : 1) Active Learning;  Active Knowledge Sharing strategy has significant effect toward biology’s student achievement (cognitive, affective, and psycomotor) of Class X at SMA Negeri 5 Surakarta; 2) Learning style does not have significant effect toward biology’s student achievement (cognitive, affective, and psycomotor) of Class X  at SMA Negeri 5 Surakarta; 3) There is an interaction between learning strategy and learning style toward biology’s student achievement (cognitive, affective, and psycomotor) of Class X  at SMA Negeri 5 Surakarta.   Key Word: Student Achievement In Biology, Active Learning,  Active Knowledge Sharing, Learning Style
INTEGRASI PENDEKATAN KONSTRUKTIVISME DALAM MODEL PROBLEM BASED LEARNING BERBASIS KOOPERATIF UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KOMPETENSI MAHASISWA PADA MATA KULIAH STRATEGI PEMBELAJARAN BIOLOGI TAHUN AKADEMIK 2009/2010 Sugiharto, Bowo; Prayitno, Baskoro Adi; Suciati, Suciati
Prosiding Seminar Biologi Vol 8, No 1 (2011): Seminar Nasional VIII Pendidikan Biologi
Publisher : Prodi Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UNS

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ABSTRAK Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk meningkatkan kompetensi mahasiswa dengan pembelajaran yang mengintegrasikan pendekatan konstruktivisme dalam model problem based learning berbasis kooperatif pada mata kuliah Strategi Pembelajaran Biologi. Sejalan dengan tujuan yang ingin dicapai, penelitian ini merupakan Penelitian Tindakan Kelas (PTK). Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Program Studi Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UNS pada semester genap tahun akadamik 2009/2010. Subjek penelitian adalah 48 mahasiswa semester IV kelas A yang menempuh mata kuliah Strategi Pembelajaran Biologi. Variabel masalah yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah kompetensi mahasiswa dalam mata kuliah Strategi Pembelajaran Biologi, sedangkan variabel tindakannya adalah penerapan pembelajaran yang mengintegrasikan Pendekatan Konstruktivisme dalam Model Problem Based Learning Berbasis Kooperatif. Tindakan ini dirumuskan dengan langkah-langkah pembelajaran yang terdiri dari pembentukan kelompok kooperatif, orientasi masalah, kerja kelompok, konstruksi pengetahuan, diskusi kelas, dan finalisasi proyek. PTK ini dilaksanakan dalam tiga siklus. Masing-masing siklus terdiri atas perencanaan, pelaksanaan, pengamatan, dan refleksi. Target dari penelitian ini adalah rata-rata nilai uji kompetensi mahasiswa sebesar 85. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terjadi peningkatan rata-rata nilai uji kompetensi yaitu sebesar 82,92 pada siklus I, 84,44 pada siklus II, dan 85,15 pada siklus III. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ini disimpulkan bahwa kompetensi mahasiswa dapat ditingkatkan dengan pembelajaran yang mengintegrasikan pendekatan konstruktivisme dalam model problem based learning berbasis kooperatif pada mata kuliah Strategi Pembelajaran Biologi.   Kata kunci: kompetensi mahasiswa, integrasi pendekatan konstrtuktivisme dalam PBL berbasis kooperatif, Strategi Pembelajaran Biologi
KONSEPSI GURU IPA BIOLOGI SMP SE-SURAKARTA TENTANG HAKIKAT BIOLOGI SEBAGAI SAINS Sugiharto, Bowo
Prosiding Seminar Biologi Vol 8, No 1 (2011): Seminar Nasional VIII Pendidikan Biologi
Publisher : Prodi Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UNS

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ABSTRAK Penelitan ini bertujuan untuk mengungkapkan persepsi guru biologi SMP Se-Surakarta tentang Biologi sebagai Sains. Penelitian ini juga bertujuan mengungkapkan sejauh mana guru biologi memposisikan dirinya dalam pembelalajaran biologi. Sejalan dengan tujuan yang ingin dicapai, penelitiann ini merupakan peneliti eksplorasi. Teknik sampling yang digunakan adalah convenience sampling atau captive sampling karena bertujuan untuk menjajagi persepsi guru. Sampel diambil sebanyak 62 orang guru biologi yaitu semua guru peserta yang hadir pada saat peneliti melakukan pengabdian kepada masyarakat di MGMP IPA Biologi SMP di Kota Surakarta. Data dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan angket. Teknik analisis yang digunakan adalah deskriptif kuantitatif. Penelitian ini mengungkapkan hanya ada 6 orang guru atau sekitar 9,7% yang menyatakan bahwa biologi mempunyai dimensi proses, produk, dan sikap ilmiah. Dengan demikian, penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa pemahaman guru biologi terhadap hakikat biologi sebagai sains masih rendah. Guru biologi belum mengoptimalkan perannya sebagai fasilitator dalam mendampingi siswanya dalam menemukan konsep melalaui proses sains.   Kata kunci: konsepsi guru biologi, hakikat sains
PEMBERDAYAAN HASIL BELAJAR KOGNITIF BIOLOGI MELALUI STRATEGI PEMBELAJARAN INSTAD PADA KEMAMPUAN AKADEMIK BERBEDA Mumpuni, Kistantia Elok; Prayitno, Baskoro Adi; Karyanto, Puguh; Sugiharto, Bowo
Prosiding Seminar Biologi Vol 9, No 1 (2012): Seminar Nasional IX Pendidikan Biologi
Publisher : Prodi Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UNS

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ABSTRAK   Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui potensi strategi pembelajaran INSTAD dalam memberdayakan hasil belajar kognitif biologi. Rancangan penelitian quasi exsperiment dengan desain faktorial 2x2 dan prosedur penelitian pretest-postest non-equivalent control group design. Penelitian dilaksanakan di SMA Batik 1 Surakarta. Sampel penelitian dipilih melalui cluster random sampling. Hasil belajar kognitif diukur menggunakan tes esai. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa strategi pembelajaran INSTAD dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar kognitif biologi baik pada kemampuan akademik atas maupun bawah. Peningkatan siswa akademik atas dengan penerapan INSTAD sebesar 95,30% dan siswa akademik bawah sebesar 115,34%.   Kata Kunci: Hasil Belajar Kognitif, INSTAD, Kemampuan Akademik.
PENGARUH STRATEGI PEMBELAJARAN INSTAD TERHADAP KETERAMPILAN PROSES SAINS Sidiq, Yasir; Prayitno, Baskoro Adi; Karyanto, Puguh; Sugiharto, Bowo
Prosiding Seminar Biologi Vol 9, No 1 (2012): Seminar Nasional IX Pendidikan Biologi
Publisher : Prodi Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UNS

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ABSTRAK   Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh strategi pembelajaran INSTAD terhadap keterampilan proses sains. Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan adalah quasi experiment dengan desain posttest only non equivalent control group design. Penelitian dilaksanakan di SMA Batik 1 Surakarta, menetapkan variable keterampilan proses sains yang diukur menggunakan lembar observasi dan tes tertulis. Aspek mengamati, mengelompokkan, mengkomunikasikan, merancang percobaan, dan melaksanakan percobaan diukur dengan lembar observasi, sedangkan aspek merumuskan hipotesis diukur dengan tes tertulis. Dua kelas ditetapkan dalam penelitian sebagai kelas kontrol dan kelas eksperimen. Pemilihan kelas tersebut dilakukan secara clustered random sampling. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis menggunakan uji-t. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa strategi pembelajaran INSTAD berpengaruh signifikan terhadap keterampilan proses sains siswa.   Kata kunci:  Keterampilan Proses Sains, INSTAD
PENERAPAN STRATEGI PEMBELAJARAN THINK TALK WRITE BERBASIS KONTEKSTUAL UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KETERAMPILAN PROSES SAINS SISWA KELAS X-8 SMA NEGERI 1 SUKOHARJO TAHUN PELAJARAN 2010/ 2011 Ningsih, Dwi Untari; Santosa, Slamet; Sugiharto, Bowo
Pendidikan Biologi Vol 3, No 2 (2011): Pendidikan Biologi
Publisher : P Biologi FKIP UNS Surakarta

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ABSTRACT – This research aims toimprovebiologi’s  science skill process towards students in grade of X-8 of SMA Negeri 1 Sukoharjoby implementation of Think Talk Write strategy based on contextual learning. This research belongs to Classroom Action Research. Qualitative research paradigm is used asan approach to view all the obtained data.This Classroom Action Research is performed and consist of3 cycles. Each cycles consist of four stages namely planning, implementation, observation, and reflection. Data for each cycle were gathered by using 3 kinds of data collection procedures, questionnaires, observations, and interviews. All the obtained data then were analyses descriptively to ascertain whether the applications of Classroom Action Research is considered as effective or otherwise. From the results, it can be concluded that the implementation of Think Talk Write strategy based on contextual learningtowards students of class X-8 SMA Negeri 1 Sukoharjo academic year 2010/2011 has given a good effect. According to theobservationof student activities indicators is rise from  62,25% to the 77,08% during the 1st Cycle and rise up to 82,25% during the last Cycle. As compare to the previous observationthe result of thequestionnaireupon the same indicators is rise from 65,02% to the 70,69%duringthe 1st Cycle and ended with  77,55 % during the last Cycle. Yet it can be concluded that the application of Think Talk Write strategy based on contextual learning could improve the science skill process. Keywords: Think Talk Write, Contextual, Science Skill Process
KEKUATAN DAN ARAH KEMAMPUAN METAKOGNISI, KECERDASAN VERBAL, DAN KECERDASAN INTERPERSONAL HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN HASIL BELAJAR BIOLOGI SISWA KELAS XI IPA SMA NEGERI 3 SUKOHARJO Sholihah, Isnaini Maratus; Karyanto, Puguh; Sugiharto, Bowo
Pendidikan Biologi Vol 4, No 1 (2012): Pendidikan Biologi
Publisher : P Biologi FKIP UNS Surakarta

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ABSTRACT – This research is aimed to know the strenght and direction between: 1) metakognitif achievement and cognitive learning achievement of biological lesson of XI IPA student’s grade of SMA Negeri 3 Sukoharjo in academic year of 2011/2012, 2) Verbal intellegences and cognitive learning achievement of biological lesson of XI IPA student’s  grade of SMA Negeri 3 Sukoharjo in academic year of 2011/2012, 3) Interpersonal intelligences and  cognitive learning achievement of biological lesson of XI IPA student’s grade of SMA Negeri 3 Sukoharjo in academic year of 2011/2012. It is a kuntitatif correlational research. The population was taken all of students XI IPA grade of SMA Negeri 3 Sukoharjo in academic year of 2011/2012. The sample was taken using simple random sampling technique. Test technique was used to uncover student’s verbal  intellegences, documentation  technique was used  to uncover student’s cognitive learning achievement, while metakognition achievement and interpersonal intellegences was measured by using questionnaire. The obtained data was analysed using multiple linier regression analysis with SPSS 16. The result showed that (1) there is corellation between metakognition achievement and cognitive learning achievement of biological lesson of XI IPA student’s grade of SMA Negeri 3 Sukoharjo  in academic year of 2011/2012, with  the  regression coefficient is  0,238, the  relative  contribution  is 42,4% and the  effective contribution is 19,6%,  2) there is corellation between verbal intellegences and cognitive learning achievement of biological lesson of XI  IPA student’s grade of SMA Negeri 3 Sukoharjo in academic year of 2011/2012, with the  regression coefficient is 0,154, the relative  contribution  is 32% and the  effective  contribution is  14,8%,  3) there is corellation between interpersonal intellegences with cognitive learning achievement  of biological  lesson of XI IPA student’s grade of SMA Negeri 3 Sukoharjo in academic year of 2011/2012, with the  regression coefficient is 0,175, the relative contribution is 25,6% and the effective contribution is 11,8%. The three aforementioned corellation are considered as significant and positive valuable. They have 46,2% contribution to learning achievement of biological lesson. Each of independent variable that is metakognitif achievement, verbal intellegences and interpersonal intellegences has contribution to dependent variable, that is learning achievement of biological lesson. Student achievement at biological lesson as much as 53,8% is affected by other factor. Keywords:  metakognitif awareness, verbal intellegences, interpersonal intellegences, cognitive learning achievment of biological lesson