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POTENCY AND PROBLEMS OF COASTAL REGION DEVELOPMENT IN WEST BORNEO Sudrajat, Jajat
Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture
Publisher : Jurnal Social Economic of Agriculture

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Abstract

The development of coastal region in West Borneo have basic problem, that is: first, many household are still poor. The second, there is deterioration of environmental quality. This conceptual study is intended to describe some problems of coastal region development and also try to formulate alternative strategy which can be done. Although its natural resources is very rich which is indicated by slope slightly of coastal and type of land is enough fertile, but some classical problems still occur, that is: a) still many communities are isolated, and b) social structure of community indicated to social polarization (two class community). Based on these features, so that some development strategy can be formulated, that is: (1) for isolated rural communities, the development strategy which can be done, is combine the participative  and welfare strategy, and (2) for coastal rural, is suggested to do comprehensive strategy  which is combine three development strategy, that is growth, welfare, and participative strategy. To increase income of fisherman needs to diversification source of income, not only on fisheries and agriculture but also non farm sector. Keywords: coastal region, development, development strategy
Pengembangan Sistem Informasi Kredit Usaha Rakyat Di PT. BPR Nusamba Tanjungsari Sudrajat, Muhamad Sandi; Sudrajat, Jajat
JURNAL COMPUTECH & BISNIS Vol 8, No 2 (2014): Vol. 8 No. 2 Desember 2014
Publisher : STMIK Mardira Indonesia, Bandung

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Abstract

Peoples  Business Credit Application System Development in PT. BPR Nusamba Tanjungsari, its data processing still make use of Microsoft Excel or semi EDP (Electronic Data Processing) and not available file reports on a running system. The author also tries to make a credit application system using Delphi7 programming language that can generate a report file. The examines the system uses descriptive method and develop the waterfall method. The credit information system maybe one solution that can be used to facilitate the submission of the data processing system of credit reports credit transaction becomes easier, because the available facilities in this program directly print files to media reports the paper.Credit information system is built using Borland Delphi7 to make the main interface and Microsoft Accessas its database. This program allows the user to input the data, edit data, delete data, data retrieval, and data printing to paper media. The data entered in the form of customer data, the data requirements of credit and credit data. While the resulting output of this applicationin the form of credit data reports and reports of customer data. Keywords: credit application system
Livelihood Strategy of Coastal Community: A Case Study in Tanjung Saleh Islands, Kubu Raya District, Indonesia Sudrajat, Jajat
KOMUNITAS: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN SOCIETY AND CULTURE Vol 8, No 1 (2016): Komunitas, March 2016
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

This study is intended to identify the characteristic of livelihood strategy and to formulate the exit strategy from poverty trap in a coastal community. This study was done in Tanjung Saleh islands, one from 39 islands at Kubu Raya District, West Kalimantan Province, Indonesia. Data were collected by depth interviews, group interviews, observation, and literature study. The results of this study show that the livelihood strategies at Tanjung Saleh islands can be identified into five types: (a) the strategy that relied on the natural resources extraction, (b) traditional agriculture cultivation strategy, (c) household worker utilization strategy, (d) migration strategy, and (e) institutional strategy. The institutional strategy is categorized as exit strategy from poverty trap meanwhile the other strategies are categorized as survival strategy. Fact in the field shows that institutional strategy and the role of women are important factor to support the fishermen household livelihood system. There are two institutions often utilized in fishermen community, “arisan” (rotational saving and credit association) custom and patron client relationships between fishermen and village traders. Through the utilizing of social capital on both institutions, the fishermen household can access financial capital effectively. Therefore, the nurturing of social capital and the role of women must be considered in arrangement of sustainable livelihood strategies in fishermen community.
Sejarah Pemanfaatan Sumber Daya Hutan dan Pergeseran Nafkah di Kalimantan Barat Sudrajat, Jajat
Paramita: Historical Studies Journal Vol 26, No 2 (2016): PARAMITA
Publisher : History Department, Semarang State University and Historian Society of Indonesia

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Abstract

This study is intented to analyze the history of forest resources utilization and its implication toward socio-economic problems and livelihood orientation of Dayak tribe in West Kalimantan. This research was done by environmental history approach, while data were analyzed by qualitative method. The results of study show that there are three periods in utilization of forest resources, before independence until Old Order, New Order, and Reformation Order. New Order intervention has depleted primary forest in rapid period, while Reformation Order has built oil palm plantation as consequence the open space of forest land which is very vulnerable toward land burning problem. Now, Dayak tribes live in three types of ecosystem, forest conservation area, wetland paddy field location, and plantation zone. Still done rotating cultivation in forest conservation area caused conflict to the government policy, while livelihood change to be paddy farmer has positive impact. Conversely, livelihood change to be oil palm farmer has implication to social and economic disparities.Penelitian dimaksudkan untuk menganalisis sejarah pemanfaatan sumber daya hutan dan implikasinya terhadap masalah-masalah sosial ekonomi dan orientasi nafkah suku Dayak di Kalimantan Barat. Kajian menggunakan dua pendekatan, yaitu sosiologi sejarah dan sosiologi nafkah dalam suatu studi kasus. Data dianalisis dengan metode kualitatif. Hasil kajian menyimpulkan bahwa terdapat tiga tonggak penting dalam pemanfaatan sumber daya hutan, yaitu era sebelum kemerdekaan hingga Orde Lama, Orde Baru, dan era Otonomi Daerah (Reformasi). Intervensi Orde Baru telah menghabiskan hutan primer dalam waktu yang singkat, sedangkan era Otonomi Daerah telah melahirkan pembukaan perkebunan kelapa sawit sebagai konsekuensi dari lahan hutan yang terbuka dan rawan kebakaran. Kini suku Dayak berada di tiga ekosistem, yaitu area sekitar dan dalam kawasan hutan konservasi, daerah pertanian padi sawah, dan sekitar perusahaan perkebunan. Masih berlangsungnya perladangan rotasi dalam kawasan hutan konservasi telah mengakibatkan konflik dengan pemerintah, sedangkan perubahan nafkah menjadi petani padi sawah melahirkan dampak positif. Sebaliknya, pergeseran nafkah menjadi pekebun kelapa sawit mengarah kepada menguatnya kesenjangan ekonomi dan sosial.
SIAM CITRUS MARKETING ANNEXATION HISTORY IN SAMBAS Sudrajat, Jajat
Paramita: Historical Studies Journal Vol 28, No 1 (2018): PARAMITA
Publisher : History Department, Semarang State University and Historian Society of Indonesia

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Abstract

 Up to the present, the factors underlying the need for direct interventions from the government in Siam citrus market in Sambas regency still raise many questions. Therefore, this study is intended to analyze some moments in the dynamic history of Siam citrus farming and also to investigate some paradigms which affect them. This study used an agriculture development historical approach. This study found three periods in the dynamic history of Siam citrus farming in Sambas. They were marketing domination period by the middlemen during 1950s-1990, marketing domination period by the company during 1991- 1997, and recovery period from 2000 to present. Siam citrus farming achieved its prosperity and showed the sustainability aspect when it was organized by the middlemen. Unfortunately, this farming lost ground after its marketing was intervened directly by the government having appointed a private company as a marketing coordinator. This investigation also found at least three paradigms underlying the need for direct government intervention to regulate the Siam citrus market. They were the existence of a negative view (stereotypes) about middlemen, the drives to apply a core-satellite pattern in the marketing of agricultural products, and the spirit to develop cooperatives as a supporting institution of agricultural development.Hingga saat ini, faktor yang mendasari perlunya intervensi langsung pemerintah ke dalam pasar jeruk Siam di Kabupaten Sambas masih memunculkan banyak pertanyaan. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini dimaksudkan untuk menganalisis beberapa momentum dalam dinamika sejarah usahatani jeruk Siam, dan juga menganalisis beberapa paradigma yang memengaruhinya. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan sejarah pembangunan pertanian. Studi ini menemukan tiga tonggak dalam dinamika sejarah usahatani jeruk Siam di Sambas, yaitu periode penguasaan pemasaran oleh pedagang pengumpul: 1950an-1990, periode penguasaan pemasaran oleh perusahaan: 1991-1997, dan periode pemulihan: 2000-sekarang. Usahatani jeruk Siam mencapai kejayaan dan menunjukkan aspek keberlanjutan ketika diorganisir oleh pedagang pengumpul. Sayangnya, usahatani ini kemudian mengalami periode kehancuran setelah pemasarannya diintervensi langsung pemerintah dengan menunjuk perusahaan swasta sebagai koordinatornya. Penelaahan menemukan sekurang-kurangnya ada tiga paradigma yang mendasari perlunya intervensi langsung pemerintah mengatur pemasaran jeruk Siam, yaitu adanya pandangan negatif terhadap pedagang pengumpul, terdorong untuk menerapkan pola inti-plasma dalam pemasaran hasil pertanian, dan semangat menjadikan koperasi sebagai lembaga pendukung pembangunan pertanian.  
ANALISIS KINERJA HEAT EXCHANGER SHELL & TUBE PADA SISTEM COG BOOSTER DI INTEGRATED STEEL MILL KRAKATAU Sudrajat, Jajat
Jurnal Teknik Mesin Vol 6, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Mercu Buana

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Abstract

Penggunaan heat exchanger pada sistem COG booster bertujuan untuk mendinginkan temperatur oli yang akan digunakan sebagai pelumasan dan pendinginan bearing. Semakin lama heat exchanger digunakan akan menyebabkan terjadinya fouling (pengotoran) di bagian dalam heat exchanger. Semakin besar fouling yang terjadi akan menyebabkan terjadi penurunan kinerja heat exchanger seperti besarnya laju perpindahan panas aktual dan efektivitas. Oleh karena itu dilakukan analisis heat exchanger untuk mengetahui pengaruh fouling terhadap laju perpindahan panas aktual dan efektivitas heat exchanger dengan rentang waktu 1 tahun setelah booster beroperasi yang dibagi menjadi 2 periode. Analisis dilakukan dengan membuat perhitungan parameter-parameter yang dibutuhkan. Dari hasil perhitungan dan analisis, ditunjukan bahwa terjadi penurunan pada laju perpindahan panasnya hingga sebesar 0,411 kW atau 19,45%, setara dengan energi yang dihasilkan dari penggunaan solar sejumlah 0,036 liter selama satu jam. Fouling yang terjadi mengalami kenaikan hingga sebesar 0,561 m2.K/kW. Sedangkan efektivitasnya mengalami penurunan sebesar 3,7%.
Peranan social capital dalam memelihara keberlanjutan agribisnis jagung Sudrajat, Jajat; Mulyo, Jangkung Handoyo; Hartono, Slamet; Subejo, Subejo
Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik Vol 28, No 3 (2015): Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik
Publisher : FISIP Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

Study the role of social capital on nurturing of agribusiness sustainability is still limited. Whereas, the indepth understanding toward the role of social capital in facilitating cooperation on relationships among institutions (actors) of agribusiness is very important and strategic for planning of agricultural development. This study is aimed to describe the role of social capital in facilitating cooperation on relationships among marketing institutions of corn in Tujuh Belas sub district, Bengkayang regency. The primary data were collected by observation, focus group discussion, and indepth interview to farmers and traders. The result of this study shows that the implementation of social capital element in farming activities or agribusiness in this location, generally based on effort of resources exchange among actors. On the relationships among the farmers, social capital is implemented by exchange of household labor (strict and sort term reciprocity). Meanwhile, in relationships between farmer and village trader and also between village trader and wholesaler, the social capital is implemented by exchange of economic resources. The exchange of resources is frequent implemented by trial risk, risk sharing, and applying flexibility in any type of transaction (non strict reciprocity in the sort term). This resources’s exchange is understood as effort to nurture agribusiness sustainability in the long run.
Studi Peningkatan Kualitas Belajar melalui Analisis Gaya Belajar Individu dalam Membentuk Kompetensi Entrepreneurship Sudrajat, Jajat
The Winners Vol 14, No 2 (2013): The Winners Vol. 14 No. 2 2013
Publisher : Bina Nusantara University

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to analyze the influence of learning styles of individuals in shaping entrepreneurial competence as a study improvement of the quality of learning. Participants of this study were students at University Telkom Business Management, Department of Telecommunications and Informatics, Bandung. This study used descriptive analytical method. Results of this study found that the effect of simultaneous greatest between individual learning styles: concrete experient (X1), reflective observation (X2), abstract conseptualization (X3), and active experimentation (X4) on the competence entrepreneurship: thinking & problem solving (Y3) relatively strong at 93.4%. This research proves that learning styles of students have an influence on the formation of entrepreneurial competence. Greatest amount of influence an individual learning styles simultaneously to the competence of entrepreneurship is 93.4%. Based on these results, it is recommended as follows: (1) the curriculum is constantly made to improve and have confidence entrepreneurial competencies (personal maturity); (2) the quality of faculty members should be improved by improving education and training, especially the training of soft skills in order to familiarize themselves to the learning style of analytical thinking can be improved; (3) facilities and infrastructure to support teaching and learning process should continue to be evaluated in order to function properly.
Entrepreneurship Learning Process by using SWOT Analysis Sudrajat, Jajat; Rahman, Muhammad Ali; Sianturi, Antonius; Vendy, Vendy
The Winners Vol 17, No 1 (2016): The Winners Vol. 17 No. 1 2016
Publisher : Bina Nusantara University

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Abstract

The research objective was to produce a model of learning entrepreneurship by using SWOT analysis, which was currently being run with the concept of large classes and small classes. The benefits of this study was expected to be useful for the Binus Entrepreneurship Center (BEC) unit to create a map development learning entrepreneurship. Influences that would be generated by using SWOT Analysis were very wide as the benefits of the implementation of large classes and small classes for students and faculty. Participants of this study were Binus student of various majors who were taking courses EN001 and EN002. This study used research and development that examining the theoretical learning components of entrepreneurship education (teaching and learning dimension), where there were six dimensions of the survey which was a fundamental element in determining the framework of entrepreneurship education. Research finds that a strategy based on a matrix of factors is at least eight strategies for improving the learning process of entrepreneurship. From eight strategies are one of them strategies to increase collaboration BEC with family support. This strategy is supported by the survey results to the three majors who are following the EN001 and EN002, where more than 85% of the students are willing to do an aptitude test to determine the advantages and disadvantages of self-development and more of 54% of the students are not willing to accept the wishes of their parents because they do not correspond to his ideals. Based on the above results, it is suggested for further research, namely developing entrepreneurship research by analyzing other dimensions.
UPAYA PENANGANAN LIMBAH OLAHAN IKAN MENJADI PAKAN TERNAK DAN APLIKASINYA TERHADAP BUDIDAYA TERNAK ITIK Sudrajat, Jajat; Komariyati, Komariyati; Supriyanto, Supriyanto
JURNAL PENGABDIAN KEPADA MASYARAKAT Vol 24, No 1 (2018): JANUARI - MARET
Publisher : LPM Unimed

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Abstract

AbstrakUpaya ini merupakan integrasi antara usaha penanganan limbah pengolahan ikan menjadi pakan ternak dan upaya peningkatan gizi serta pendapatan keluarga kelompok usaha pengolah ikan di Desa Sungai Kakap. Metode yang digunakan dalam pelaksanaan kegiatan adalah sosialisasi, pelatihan, pendampingan, serta monitoring dan evaluasi. Hasil kegiatan menunjukkan tim pelaksana berhasil membangkitkan semangat berwirausaha bagi ibu-ibu anggota kelompok usaha olahan ikan yang tergabung dalam Kelompok Lina Sederhana dan kelompok rumah tangga lainnya. Keberhasilan ditunjukkan berupa peningkatan omzet penjualan melalui pengelolaan sistim produksi dan pemasaran sekaligus menjadi model usaha ramah lingkungan. Kegiatan ini dapat menjadi model pembinaan bagi lembaga terkait dalam meningkatkan keuntungan usaha olahan ikan dan mewujudkan model rumah tangga pangan lestari.Kata kunci: limbah olahan ikan, pakan ternak, ternak itikAbstractThis effort is an integration between the handling of fish processing waste as animal feed and the effort to increase the household’s nutrition and income of fish processing business group in Sungai Kakap village. The methods is used in the implementation are socialization, training, mentoring, and monitoring and evaluation. The results showed that the team is successful in generating entrepreneurial spirit for the women of fish processing business group belonging to the Lina Sederhana group and other household groups. The success is shown by increasing sales turnover through the management of production and marketing systems as well as being an environmental friendly business model. This activity can be an empowerment model for government institutions in increasing the profit of fish processing business and realizing the model of sustainable food household.Keywords: fish processed waste, animal feed, ducks